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O. R. Emerson, M. D. 

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The E. & M. Hospital 

Newport, Maine 

Admits all medical and surgical cases except conta- 
gious and mental diseases 

For information, rates, etc., address: 

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The Indians of Maine 3 

Hon. Elias Dudley and Some of 

His Political Correspondence 10 

The Old Hugh McClellan 17 

Major John Moor 20 

Hunnewell Data 25 

Joseph Robinson Parrott 29 

The Relations between Bowdoin 

and the Judiciary 35 

Mt. Katahdin National Park ... 37 

History in Our Schools 38 

Penobscot County Centennial . . 40 

Maine 1920 45 


Local History in Our Public 

Schools 46 

The True Family 47 

The Dyers of Narraguagus 49 

Woolwich, Maine 5 1 

The Shirley House 53 

Letters Referring to Colonial 

Maine 54 

Shall We Have a Forest Sanctu- 
ary in Maine? 57 

Rebecca Weston 60 

Notes and Fragments 61 

Sayings of Subscribers 64 








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Sprague's Journal of Maine History 

Vol. IV 

JUNE, 1916 

No. 1 

The Indians of Maine 

(From Backwoods Sketches) 1 

Section 10 of Chapter 13 of the Revised Statutes of Maine, which 
chapter relates to Indian affairs, reads as fellows: 

A tribal committee of the Penobscot tribe of Indians shall be chosen annu- 
ally in the month of November to consist of twelve members of said tribe 
(the Penobscot). No member of said committee shall be less than twenty- 
one years of age, six members thereof shall be chosen by the old party, so 
called, and six members thereof by the new party, so called, at separate 

There are now two tribes of this fast fading race in Maine, who 
were once owners of all of our territory, of our forests, mountains, 
meadows, rivers, lakes and pends. descendants of the ancient Abnaki 
nation ; namely, the Penobscots and the Passamaquoddys. The 
former are located on Indian Island in Penobscot river, twelve 
miles above Banger, and the latter on Indian reservations in Wash- 
ington county, being known as Indian Township on the St. Croix 
river and also at Pleasant Point near Eastport. Agents for these 
tribes are appointed by the Governor to hold office during his 

Their reservations are under the supervision of these agents. The 
law permits them to elect a governor, lieutenant governor and a rep- 
resentative to the Legislature on the first Tuesday of November, 

The Penobscots were for many years under the lead of Baron 
de St. Castin, and later of his son Aselm de St. Castin, known in 
history as "St. Castin the Younger." The Baron was the real 
founder of the tribe cr rather he organized it into its present tribal 
government which has maintained its autonomy ever since. Boun- 
ties are paid to every Indian o't the tribes for crops actually raised 
by them. 

The origin of the division among the members of the Penobscot 
tribe at Old Town, which caused them to be formed into the two 

(') Backwoods Sketches, by John Francis Sprague (Augusta, Maine, 
1912) pp. 83-95. 


parties before mentioned, and which are recognized by the statute 
law of Maine, above quoted, is explained in "The Abnakis and 
Their History," published in 1866 by Reverend Eugene Vetromile, 
who was for several years a priest of a Catholic church in Bangor. 
During this time the Penobscot Indians were directly under his 

According to his account, more than half a century ago the tribe 
had a bad and corrupt chief, Atien Swassin. He was accused of 
drunkenness, adultery and other crimes and misdemeanors. He 
was called to an account in public council and convicted of these 
accusations, removed from office and another Indian was elected 
Sachem of the tribe. The friends and followers of the old Sachem 
were, however, loyal to him, so the tribe became divided and like 
the more civilized palefaces had two political parties. 

Those who had elected a new Sachem called themselves the New 
Party ; and others who stood by the old Sachem were called the Old 
Party. They immediately raised two liberty poles near each other 
and two flags waved in opposition. This schism became more and 
more intensified as time went on and quarrels, dissensions and bitter 
fights were of frequent occurrence. 

Finally messengers were sent to Passamaquoddy, St. John, Cough- 
naquaga, St. Francis and other Indian tribes of Canada, inviting 
them to come to Old Town to participate in an Indian war on the 
Island. Vetromile says : "With the exception of a few wicked 
Indians, who joined the Old Party, all the tribes not only refused 
to give them assistance, but advised them to desist from this evil 
design and make peace." 

The result was the "Great Fire Council" held in Canada by rep- 
resentatives from all of the other tribes. This Council denounced 
and severely censured the Old Party, although it had a staunch 
friend in Sachem Francis, of the Passamaquoddy Indians at Pleas- 
ant Point, who, Vetromile avers, denounced the New Party, rebuked 
them, and made every effort to bend the decision of the assembly 
in favor of the Old Party. The Great Fire Council sent two envoys 
to Old Town to urge peace, and they were ably seconded by their 
pastor, Father Bapst. 

The result of the conferences was an agreement to abolish both 
parties, cut down both liberty poles, and forever after live in har- 
mony and brotherly love. A day was appointed for this general 
reconciliation and the removal of the two poles. This event was con- 
sidered of such importance to the future welfare of the tribe that 



when the day arrived, not only Father Bapst was present, but also 
the Rt. Reverend John B. Fitzpatrick, Bishop of Boston, whose 
jurisdiction at that time extended over eastern Maine, was to be 
the master of ceremonies. 

The Bishop and priest had caused a large cross to be erected 
near the church upon which was a Latin inscription which in Eng- 
lish read, "I pray that they may all be one." 

Piel Sakkis was the boss of the Old Party. He was wise and 
cunning. He may have learned political tricks from his paleface 
brothers. He made a proposition which all accepted in good faith, 
which was that the New Party cut down its pole first. This was 
done, but when the brawny red- faced choppers approached the pole 

VV.i IS 

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A Street Scene in the Indian Milage, Old Town, Maine 

of the Old Party, the wily Boss Sakkis with two of his lieutenants 
clasped the pole in their arms, exclaiming that it should never be 

The committee of Indians selected to perform the work found 
that the Old Party pole could not be demolished without cutting 
the arms of the three Indians who were protecting it. 

The bishop and priest, finding that they could not persuade these 
leaders to carry out their agreement, ended the proceedings, de- 
nounced these three Indians for their duplicity and excommunicated 
them on the spot. Soon after Piel Sakkis and one of his comrades 
wrote letters of repentance and apology to the bishop and were 
subsequently absolved from the excommunication. 

From that time until today these two parties have existed on 
Indian Island and would have wrecked the tribal government had 


not the Maine Legislature stepped in and by legal enactment com- 
pelled them to regulate their tribal affairs by a council composed 
equally of members of each party. 

I have not been able from any local histories to fix the exact date 
when the Old and New Parties above mentioned were formed, but it 
was somewhere between 1848 and 1859, as I find in the "History 
of the Catholic Church in the New England States,'' by Very Rev- 
erend Wm. Burne, D. D., that Reverend John Bapst was, at the 
request of Bishop Fitzpatrick, sent to Old Town bv the Tesuit 
Superiors of the Maryland Province in 1848 and that he continued 
his pastoral duties there until 1859. when he left Bangor. 

The Indians of Old Town Island are, as a general rule, frugal 
and industrious, and like all of their dusky ancestors are makers of 
baskets of curious designs, fancy colors, and artistic workmanship. 
Like the once mighty and powerful Abnaki nation from which they 
have descended, they still love the woods, mountains, lakes and 
mighty flowing rivers of Maine, and spend much of their time in 
. these domains. As a consequence, they are among the most skilled 
and faithful of all the twenty-three hundred registered guides of 
Maine and are always in demand among visiting sportsmen who 
make the canoe trips of hundreds of miles down the vast waterways 
of the Maine woods. During the summer while the men are pursu- 
ing this avocation one who visits any of the seashore resorts along 
the coast of Maine and Massachusetts will see Indian women and 
girls, many of them comely and attractive, in little stalls, selling 
Indian baskets and moccasins, miniature war clubs, canoes, snow 
shoes and a hundred and one similar trinkets, useful and ornamental, 
which they have made during leisure hours in their homes in their 
little village on Indian Island in the Penobscot river. 

The visitor to this village sees but little to remind him of anything 
different from the white man's village. Its mode>t and pretty little 
Catholic Church, school-house and snug; and tidy homes are like 
those of the palefaces, but one will meet on its streets men, women 
and urchins of a darker visage, and he is saddened by the thought 
that they are only a remnant of a once majestic and powerful race 
of earth's inhabitant^ : a race which was doomed to fall and perish 
beneath the terrible march of preponderating forces. One can but 
see in. this the most fearful evidence of the eternal law of the sur- 
vival of the fittest, and yet one cannot help pausing for a moment 
and saying to himself, "How cruel is that law!" 



When the aboriginal people of Maine first came into historic 
view, we find them grouped by the- English into five tribes and occu- 
pying several principal river valleys. 

The Tarratines dwelt on the Penobscot ; the Wawenocks from 
Pemaquid to Sagadahoc; the Shokas (Sacos) from the Saco to the 
Piscataqua ; and the Canibas (Kennebecs) from Merrymeeting Bay 
to Moosehead Lake. 

In the beginning of Indian History in Maine a personage called 
the Bashaba 1 presided on the Penobscot. Champlain (1605) met him 

Cabahis, a chief of less dignity, was Champlain's guide whom he 
took from the Penobscot, deserted his vessel on the St. George ''be- 
cause the savages of the Ouinibequy were their enemies." At 
Saco Champlain ''bartered a kidnapped Penobscot boy for the 
products of the country. " 

The sceptre of the red man was his tomahawk ; his chariot was the 
birch-bark canoe, and for three centuries the white man has copied 
its model but has never been able to improve upon the original de- 
sign of the Indian. These dusky artisans had working tools made 
from stone, flint and bone, and their weapons were stone-headed 
clubs, spears, bows and arrows. 

The religion of all of the descendants of the Abnakis was such 
as would in these days be denominated Spiritualistic. They believed 
in one Great Spirit ( Ketchinwesk) who was the Master and Ruler 
of all, and the source of all good things which came to them. They 
also believed in an evil spirit ( Matchinwesk), who was the cause 
of all their disasters and tribulations. 

Their spirit land, or Heaven, to which all good spirits would 
depart after death, was a place where there would be plenty of good 
fishing and hunting, and where no bad Indians nor wicked palefaces 
would molest or make afraid. This has been popularly known by 
writers of Indian history and tradition as the "Happy Hunting 

They saw manifestations of both the good and evil spirits and 
the spirits of their departed friends in storm and" sunshine; in good 

O The Bashaba of Penobscot was a sort of prince superior in rank to 
the Sachems of the various Indian tribes. All the Sachems westward as far 
as Naumkeag (Salem, Mass.), acknowledged subjection to him. He is 
frequently mentioned in the accounts of the first voyagers to New England, 
but was killed by the Tarrateens in 1615. There is no account of any other 
Indian chief in the North Atlantic country whose authority was so exten- 
sive. (See the Journal, Vol. 1, p. 47.^ 


\ i 


fortune and bad fortune; in the chase, in fishing, and in the result 
of battles. 

The wicked would receive punishment by being scalped and tor- 
mented by their enemies. But they also held to a theory of a "mid- 
dle state" where in some manner they could be relieved and assisted 
by their living friends. Hence, when an Indian died they thought 
to do some good to his spirit by setting fire to his wigwam where 


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as .* 
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Basket Making by Maine Indians 

he had died, killing his best dog, burying with his remains his bows 
and arrows, carrying victuals to his grave, singing, dancing, crying. 

Undoubtedly this was one reason why the Roman Catholic religion 
appealed to them more than did the mysticism of the Puritan, for 
their ancient traditions of this middle state were more in harmony 
with the dogma of purgatory and the offering of prayers for the 
repose of souls. 

The story of the Aborigines of Maine blends inseparably with the 
struggle that lasted for so long a period between France and Eng- 
land in the New World. 

xiJLU ii>iyir\ A \o \si. .u.^ii\x^ 

The geological formation of Mt. Kineo, midway of Moosehead 
Lake, is silicious slate, or hornstone, and was so well adapted to the 
requirements of the Indians in the making of weapons and imple- 
ments, that it is evident they came from many parts of the country 
to obtain this stone for these purposes. 

Traditions of Maine Indians, and especially of the Penobscots, 
relate that many battles were fought at and around Mt. Kineo by 
different tribes who went there to secure this. Many hundreds of 
these arrowheads and spearheads have been found on the beaches at 
Kineo and other shores at Moosehead Lake. 

These children of the wilderness were nomadic in their habits, 
roaming over immense stretches of hunting grounds and continually 
travelling from river to river and lake to lake. Their wigwams 
were easily and quickly constructed of poles and bark and aban- 
doned when the builders moved to another place. The sites of 
many of these encampments may now be identified by burned and 
crumbling rocks and other vestiges, and the debris of the weapon 
and tool makers. Evidence of many of these sites has been seen 
along the Penobscot and Kennebec and other rivers of the State. 
They indicate that there were at different times many encampments 
along the Kennebec, especially where are now Augusta, Gardiner 
and Waterville. In the absence of geographical names, a river to 
the Indians was a series of places where food could be procured at 
certain moons or in special manner. A range of mountains was 
divided by them into the abode of different genii. 

The English were never successful in their dealings with the 
Indians, with the exception of Penn, Eliot. Jonathan Edwards and 
a few others, and it seems that the Puritan scholars and historians 
did not consider it of enough importance to make much of any 
record in regard to them ; their language, their names of places or 
of mountains, rivers and lakes. The greater part of what they 
wrote of the red men related to their almost continuous warfare 
with them ; what victories they achieved ; and their own version of 
the cruelties of the Indians. 

Washington Irving, in his life of Philip of Pokanoket, expresses 
this idea and says : 

It is to be regretted that those early writers who treated of the discovery 
and settlement of America have not given us more particular and candid 
accounts of the remarkable characters that flourished in savage life. The 
scanty anecdotes which have reached us are full of interest; they furnish us 
with nearer glimpses of human nature ; and show what man is in a compara- 
tively primitive state and what he owes to civilization. 



Honorable Elias Dudley and Some 
of His Political Correspondence 

With Notes by the Editor. 

(Continued from Vol. 3, Page 147.) 

The Honorable Lucillius A. Emery, of Ellsworth, Chief Justice 
Emeritus of the S. J. Court of Maine, recently furnished the Jour- 
nal with old letters to and papers of Honorable Elias Dudley who 
was prominent in the political affairs of the Whig party in Maine, 
when Edward Kent was Governor of the State and its political 
leader, and who was later a Justice of the Supreme Judicial Court 
of Maine. 

Bangor, Jan. 2^, 1841. 
Dear Sir: 

I have applied to Gov. Kent for the office of Public Administrator for 
this County, and as you know something of me I take the liberty to ask 
your aid in having me appointed to that office. It is not a very great office, 
to be sure, but it may be one of some emolument & beneficial in otlier re- 
spects. I have some acquaintance with the duties of an Administrator, and, 
if I had not, there would not be much difficulty in fitting myself for them. 
By rendering what assistance you can consistently in this matter you will 
very much oblige. 

Your Friend 

& Servt, JOHN E. GODFREY. 1 

P. S. If anything further should be necessary in the way of petitions, 
will you be kind enough to inform me? 

J. E. G. 

John Edwards Godfrey, was born in Hampden, Maine, September 
6, 1809, and was the son of John and Sophia Godfrey. His father 
was the John Godfrey already mentioned in these notes (Vol. 3, p. 
147), born at Taunton, Massachusetts, May 27, 1781, and a direct 
descendant of Richard Godfrey of England. His mother was the 
daughter of Colonel Samuel Dutton, born at Hallowell, July 31, 
1786. Married in Bangor, May 21, 1806. 

During his boyhood his father moved from Hampden to Bangor, 
which was ever after his home until the time of his death. He 
was educated in the public schools of Hampden and Bangor and the 
academies in Machias and Hampden. He read law with William 

O Also see Journal, p. 144. 


Abbot, and was admitted to the bar, at the Court of Common Pleas, 
1832, and at the Supreme Judicial Court in 1835. He first com- 
menced the practice of law in Calais in 1833, Dut remained there only 
one year, when he returned to Bangor. 

On May 16, 1837, he married Elizabeth Angela Stackpole. daugh- 
ter of David Stackpole of Portland. They had two children, John 
Franklin Godfrey, born June 23, 1839, and George Frederick God- 
frey, born October 23, 1840. This wife died May 27, 1868. and on 
September 19, 1876, he married again, Laura Jane, daughter of 
Michael Schwartz, by whom he had one child, a daughter Ethel, 
born September 26, 1878. 

He was a member of the City Council in Bangor in 1840-47, and 
of the Common Council 1848, 1854 to 1859, during the last of which 
he was its president, and from 1866 to 1870, was a member of the 
Board of Aldermen. He served as a member of the school commit- 
tee from 1847 to 1853 and from 1874 to 1877. In 1856 he was 
elected Judge of Probate for Penobscot county, and served until 

He was a member of the Maine Historical Society and one of the 
originators and members of the Bangor Historical Society, and 
was elected its president in 1873, which place he held for the re- 
mainder of his life. 

He was an ardent and faithful student of Maine Historv and 
devoted much of his time to this pursuit. 

The Honorable Albert Ware Paine, in a paper on Mr. Godfrey 
read before the Maine Historical Society, May 28, 1885, and pub- 
lished in its Collections, Series II, Vol. I, p. 79, says : 

No man had probably a more perfect knowledge of the early annals of 
Eastern Maine, including Old Norombega and the pre-historic events of the 
Penobscot region, as well as the history of the city of Bangor after its inhab- 
itancy commenced. It was in recognition of this qualification that he was 
selected as the orator on the occasion of Bangor's centenary celebration in 
1869. The satisfactory manner with which he executed the trust and the 
great value of his address, as a historical memento of the past, is uniformly 
recognized by all and will ever remain a monument to his memory. Upon 
the contemplated semi-centenary of the city's charter, on the year of his 
death, he alone was looked forward to as the person to perform the like 
part of the service, and thus finish the history which he had so faithfully 
brought down to the present century. His death however came just in season 
to defeat his candidacy and with it the celebration itself. The volume, which 
perpetuates the valuable history alluded to, also contains, in other contribu- 
tions for the occasion, further and pleasant evidence of his literary qualities. 
The Rhyme of the Ancient City Hall,' and 'To the Penobscot, Now' both 
bear testimony to a merit not to be overlooked or disregarded. 




On many other occasions and in various ways did Mr. Godfrey exhibit for 
the benefit of the world and especially of the community in which he lived 
peculiar talent as a writer of antique and hidden events, Volume VII and 
VIII of the Maine Historical Society's 'Collections' bear ample evidence of 
this proposition. 'The Ancient Penobscot,' 'The Pilgrims at Penobscot,' 
'Baron de St. Castine,' 'Castine the Younger,' 'Basheba and the Tarratines,' 
'Norombega' and 'Memorial notice of Edward Kent' are among the articles so 
contributed by him, and are evidence of great versatility of talent as well as 
of varied information. In addition to these he also furnished important con- 
tributions to the 'History of Penobscot County,' filling a very large portion 
of all the material contained within the pages of the work published in 1882, 
including notices of the bench and bar of his county. In a previous 'History 
of the Press of Maine' published in 1872 and 1879, he was also a valued con- 
tributor of important material. 

During his life he was a zealous advocate of the anti-slavery 
cause and was allied with the Free Soil party and the Liberty Party 
and was for a time editor of the Bangor Gazette, the official organ 
of these parties in eastern Maine. 

Previous to this he had been a Whig and upon the formation of 
the Republican party he joined that political organization, of which 
he was an active member until his death. 

In the History of Penobscot County, published by Williams, 
Chase & Co.. Cleveland, 1882, appears much of Mr. Godfrey's most 
valuable work as a historian. His thirty chapters in that work 
entitled "The Annals of Bangor" containing about 200 pages, is an 
exhaustive and accurate history of Bangor from its earliest settle- 
ments to 1882. 

His death occurred in Bangor, February 20, 1884, aged seventy- 
five years. 

Bangor, February 6, 1841. 
Elias Dudley Esquire. 

Dear Sir: Excuse the freedom I now take in addressing you at this time, 
on the subject of the probate office — I have made an application to Governor 
Kent in person for assistance, to reinstate me in the office from which I was 
removed about six years since, by the influence of certain Loco-foco gen- 
tlemen whose views & feelings were not (as I supposed) in accordance 
with mine, to give place for another person, having such as were more con- 
genial to them — 

Should I be presuming too much to ask your friendly aid and assistance 
in this matter? — the other gentlemen of the Council board I have not the 
pleasure of an acquaintance — It would be unbecoming in me to say anything 
to favor myself on this subject, therefore I would refer you and the other 
members of the Council to such gentlemen here as are somewhat acquainted 
with the records & probate proceedings of the office during the time I had the 

William Abbot — Esq — was a commission appointed especially by Chief 
Justice Mellen at that time to make inspection of all the County records — he 



therefore or James Crosby, Esqr. would be happy to make any remarks or 
statement in relation to the duty by me performed when in office — my family 
is somewhat large at this time, and should the office aforesaid become vacant, 
to be reinstated therein would confer a favor on, 

Sir, '. Your Humble Servant, 


Hon. Elias Dudley. Bangor, Feb'y. 6, 1841. 

Dear Sir: 

As much dissatisfaction has been expressed respecting the present Reporter 
of the decisions of our Sup. Jud. Court, without distinction of party, and- as 
it is generally believed that a change will be made as regards that office; I 
beg leave to state, that in my opinion, John Appleton, esq. 2 of this city, would 
well sustain that office and would be very acceptable to the profession here. 
Mr. Appleton is a gentleman of great legal attainments and discriminating 
mind, with all the habits of industry necessary in that situation. His appoint- 
ment would be very gratifying to 

Your friend & hum. Serv. 


Stetson, Feb. 7th, 1841. 
Respected Sir: 

I hope you will excuse my presuming to give you any advice in any mat- 
ters relating to your duty as a Counsellor to our much esteemed Governor, 
and I hope you will believe me when I say, I would not so far presume, 
were it not for to acquit myself of a duty I think I owe to the section of 
Country that I live in to use my best endeavors to get good appointments 
where removals are necessary for the good, and are expected by the Whig 
party, I am aware the duty of Governor and Council must be an arduous 
one, and to satisfy all applicants for office, out of the question. But Sir, 
allow me to state my opinion which is that no appointment could be more 
judicious than that the Honorable Samuel Butman should be chairman of 

O Alexander Savage of Bangor was the second Register of Probate for 
Penobscot County, 1820- 1836. 

(*) John Appleton was born at New Ipswich, New Hampshire, July 12, 
1804, and died at Bangor, Maine, February 7, 1891 ; graduated at Bowdoin in 
1822; was admitted to the bar in 1826; appointed to a seat on the bench in 
1852; promoted to the Chief Justiceship in 1883, having thus served as a 
member of the bench for thirty-one years, and previously as a raemDer of 
the bar for twenty-six years, thus fifty-seven years in all of active profes- 
sional work. He first began practicing law in Sebec village in what is now 
Piscataquis county but remained there six years when he moved to 
Bangor which remained his home until his decease. He was a man of great 
learning and recognized as one of the ablest jurists that New England has 
ever produced. 

O Allen Gilman was a lawyer and the first Register of Probate of Pe- 
nobscot county, 1816-1820, and the first Mayor of the city of Bangor, 1834-5. 
He was born in Exeter, New Hampshire, July 16, 1778. Died in Bangor, 
April 7, 1846. 


the board of County Commissioners for Penobscot, his Gentlemanly manners 
and talent, when serving in that capacity before commanded the respect of 
all in our section that had any business with him officially, and I think I 
speak the truth when I say that to leave him out when he can be had will be 
a source of more regret than generally attaches to such an office, both to 
Whigs and locos, it would be difficult to get any other Whig for the office 
spoken of that the locos would not find fault with the appointment. I think 
that the locos generally will be glad and certainly the Whigs will, to hear the 
present loco commissioners are turned adrift and Mr. Butman and two other 
good men appointed in their places, if only to stand until next faii when I 
think that the offices should be filled by the people say for two, or three 
years. There is another office in Penobscot that I would recommend not tq 
touch, that is the Clerk of the District and Supreme Courts, for Penobscot. 
The present incumbent is a man that has many powerful friends in both 
political parties as for his moral worth and gentlemanly deportment it is 
perhaps better understood by the Governor himself, and you, than by me. 
But I feel it my duty to admonish you for the good of Whig party, not to 
turn out every loco that may be found in office, but only the bad ones and 
the Lord knows there are many. But if some of them can be kept In with 
safety and I think that Charles Stetson may, I would not make a clean 
sweep this year, at any rate our weakness admonishes us, to try and make it 
understood that the Whig party have other objects in view than merely to 
possess themselves of all the offices in the Country. Now friend Dudley, I 
hope you will give this due consideration. I have not signed any petition but 
this letter, although several were brought me for that purpose, and perhaps 
I may have displeased some for not having done so. But I will say in advice 
of this kind I wish to act as the public good requires without favor or hope 
of reward. 

To the Hon. Elias Dudley, Councillor to the Gov. Edward Kent. 

Wash., Ap. 15, 1841. 
My Dear Sir: 

Although I have not before acknowledged the receipt of your favor of 18 
ult. I have not been inattentive to the subject to which you requested my at- 
tention. I called immediately after its receipt upon the P. M. Gen. & stated 
the merits of the case to him as well as my limited knowledge would allow. 
It appeared that no change of site would be made until full opp. was granted 
for all parties to be heard; and that I should be appraised before any move- 
ment was made. Not having heard from him since, I presume all is right. 

C) Samuel Stetson, born in Randolph, Mass., January 12, 1793. In 1819 
he emigrated to Penobscot county, settling in Stetson Plantation, and which 
is now the town of Stetson, named for Major Amasa Stetson of Dorchester, 
Mass.; November 6, 1822, married Hannah, daughter of Dr. Thomas Stow 
Ranney, of Newport, Maine. He purchased a farm of Major Stetson and 
became a farmer of means, and was an influential citizen of the town and 
county. He died in Stetson, October 31, 1843. 




Nevertheless it may well to forward me any proofs or statements calculated 
to help your views, which may be obtained. 

Very truly & respectfully 
Elias Dudley, Esq. GEO. EVANS. 1 

Bangor, Sept. 19, 1841. 
My Dear Sir: 

I regret that I did not meet with you the other day, when you was at 
Bangor, but Mr. Hamlin informed me that he told you that I had written 
to Mr. Benson in reference to going to Augusta this week. I did think of 
remaining at home, but on the whole have concluded to go over, although 
there is little or nothing to do, that cannot as well be done in October. In 
reference to yourself, I do not think it very important that you should attend, 
unless the letters I have written to Mr. Kimball & Mr. Singer should induce 
them to remain at home & one other should be absent, in which case there 
would not be a quorum. If you can go as well as not, I think you had better 
go, but if it is inconvenient I cannot see anything which ought to urge me 
to press the journey upon you. I do not know how I shall go over or 
whether Tuesday or Wednesday. If you come to Bangor on Monday or 
Tuesday please callat my house or at the law office. 

Very respectfully, 

Yours, EDW. KENT. 2 
Hon. Mr. Dudley. 

O Honorable George Evans of Gardiner, Maine, was born in Hallowell, 
Maine, January 12, 1797, and died April 5, 1867. He was a giaduate of Bow- 
doin College. He was a lawyer of note and ability. He was elected a mem- 
ber of the Maine Legislature in 1825-26-27-28-29, and was speaker of the 
House in 1829. The same year he was elected by the Whigs representative 
in Congress from the Kennebec district. He was elected seven times suc- 
cessively serving 12 years. He did not, however, enter the House of Repre- 
sentatives for the last term, to which he was elected, having in the mean- 
time been elected by the legislature, U. S. Senator. He served in both 
Houses of Congress eighteen years successively. He was renowned for his 
ability as an orator. He had also served his state as Attorney General three 

(*) Edward Kent, son of William Austin Kent of Concord, New Hamp- 
shire, born in that place January 8, 1802. His mother was a sister of Pren- 
tiss Mellen, the first Chief Justice in the State of Maine. He graduated 
from Harvard College in 1821 ; settled in the practice of the law at Bangor, 
Maine, in 1825; was successively a representative in the State Legislature, 
Chief Justice of the Court of Sessions for Penobscot County, Mayor of the 
City of Bangor, Governor of the State of Maine for two terms, one of the 
Commissioners on the part of Maine to settle the Northeastern Boundary 
Question, U. S. Consul for four years at Rio Janeiro, under Preseident Tay- 
lor's appointment, and, after his return to this country, was for fourteen 
years one of the Judges of the Supreme Judicial Court of Maine. He re- 
ceived the degree of L. L. D. from Waterville College in 1855. He was recog- 
nized as one of the ablest jurists in Maine and New England. He died in 
Bangor, May 19, 1877. 


Cemetery Inscriptions in Piscata- 
quis County 

Copied and Contributed by Edgar Crosby Smith. 


In Memory of 
Daniel Buck 

who died 

Oct. 27, 1837. 


David Weymouth 


Nov. 10, 1871. 



Wife of 

David Weymouth 


Feb. 22, 1872. 

yj yrs. 6 ms. 


Sarson Chase 


Sept 5, 1843. 


The sweet remembrance of the just, 

Shall flourish when they sleep in dust. 


Wife of 

Dea. Sarson Chase 


May 11, 1838. 


The sweet remembrance of the just, 
Shall flourish when they sleep in dust. 


Chandler Woods 

Aug. 21, 1808. 

Jan. 21, 1877. 

Sarah H. Woods 
June 24, 1809. 

(To be continued) 



The Old Hugh McLellan House 


Frances Meserve Cotton. 

About one-third of a mile in a north-westerly direction from Cen- 
tral Square in Gorham Village, is situated the first brick house 
erected in Cumberland county. It is the old McLellan homestead, 
and is of historical interest to all who have been sojourners in the 
town or read "Good Old Times,'' by Elijah Kellogg, himself a 
descendant of this family. 

In the year 1733, Hugh and Elizabeth McLellan, with their first- 
born, William, left their humble home in the north of Ireland and 
came to America. For the first few years they lived in York, Wells, 
Saco, and Falmouth. In 1739, Hugh purchased a grantee's right 
of two hundred acres in Xarragansett No. 7, which is now Gorham. 
For this land he paid ten pounds, all the money he possessed. The 
deed was given in the same year and was signed by Shubael Gorham. 

The family journeyed to their new home on a cold, winter's day, 
Hugh bearing a pack on his back, and carrying his little girl in his 




■ ^ "^*J,^"'^ 


The Hugh McLellan House, Gorham, Maine. 

Elizabeth rode on the white horse, with most of their household 
goods, and the boy, William, led the cow. At first, they had to live 
in a deserted hunter's cabin, and were very poor. Later, they built 
a comfortable log house in which they were living at the time of 
the outbreak of the French and Indian War. 


In 1746, the day following the massacre of the Bryant family who 
were neighbors of theirs, they entered the fort on the hill, which 
Hugh had helped to build, and there their daughter Jane was born. 
In seven years, after the close of the war, they returned to their 
home and the succeeding years were prosperous. For many years 
following 1763, Hugh paid the highest provincial tax of anyone on 
town. He was a successful lumberman as well as farmer, and 
both land and mills were his. 

The family owned fifteen hundred acres, and had large stocks of 
cattle. They were blessed with many children and grand-children, 
and one Thanksgiving Day when all were gathered about the table 
in the primitive log cabin, William, the eldest-born, suggested that 
a larger dwelling-house be built. His father replied that he had no 
idea of spending all the money that he and Elizabeth had so hardly 
earned, in a brick house (and she would have no other), and they 
must build it themselves. So they hewed the timber, shaped the 
shingles, and sawed the boards fn their own mills. A kiln was set up, 
the clay procured from their land, and the bricks made by the old 
Highlander and his sons. Four years passed before the house was 
completed, but it was a noble building when finished. The lower 
story has the thickness of four bricks and the upper, three. The walls 
are firm, and the well-seasoned timbers bearing the axe-clips of 
Hugh and his sturdy sons, are strong as ever. A brick in the wall 
between two front windows in the second storv, bears the date of 
erection, traced by the fingers of Elizabeth in the soft clay. 

At the time of the Revolution, this family contributed largely to 
the cause, and all their sons and sons-in-law were in the army. 

At one time when the families of Gorham soldiers were in great 
need, having few resources. Hugh McLellan furnished money to 
purchase a large cargo of corn to be distributed among the needy 

Alexander, his son, was captain of a full company of men from 
his own town, under Col. Jonathan Mitchell of Yarmouth; and that 
his company had a drum is shown by the following letter: — 

"To the Selectmen of Gorham: — 

Gentlemen : — I am obliged to carry off Austin Alden's drum, or 
go without one. I desire you to pay him for it. as I think the Select- 
men are obliged to find one for me : I think the Drum is well worth 
Ten pounds, tea shillings, old way. as things went seven years ago. 

Yr Hubl Servt, 





Falmouth, July 15th. 1779." 

This note has the following endorsements : 

"Gorham, May 14th, 1781. We have considered of the within and 
find that the Town were obliged to find a Drum for Capt. McLellan, 
and therefore think Mr. Alden ought to be paid the same by the 





It is a remarkable fact that, during a period extending from 1861 
to 1903, there were no deaths in this house, and no young person 
has ever died within its walls. 

The old mansion is now owned and occupied by Miss Ella Re- 
becca Hale, who is the great-granddaughter of Jane McLellan, born 
in the fort on the summit of the hill. The water with which the 
house is abundantly supplied, comes from a crystal spring beside 
which the log cabin stood, and where the pioneers in the Narragan- 
sett wilderness slaked their thirst. In the front hall stands Eliza- 
beth's wheel brought from Portland, upon which she spun the flax 
for her family. There, too, is to be found the Bible from which the 
rigid Presbyterians read the Bread of Life to their children; and the 
trammel from which the great kettle swung in the stone fireplace. 

Xo more is heard the terrifying yell of the Indian; gone, too, are 
the forests through which the Redmen came on their way to the sea- 
coast, to hunt, fish, and trade skins with the settlers. 

Where once towered mighty pines of three feet in diameter, 
marked with a broad arrow by a surveyor sent out by the Royal 
Commissioner of Forests, to be reserved for the ships of the king, 
now are green fields and pastures. But the old house remains on 
the hillside, undisturbed by the changes of time. Since its cellar 
was dug, from the wilderness has sprung a prosperous village, an 
educational center ; but the townspeople like to visit the mansion and 
tell its history to all who come that way. 


X : 

Major John Moor 

By A. W. Stewart of Augusta, Maine. 

The ancestors of Major John Moor were "Scotch-Irish," they 
migrated from Scotland, and settled in Londonderry, Province of 
Ulster, Ireland, about 1616, and in 17 18 removed to this country. 

The Moor's were a sept of the Scottish Clan, Leslie, and derived 
their name from the Gaelic word "Mhor' which means, big, tall, or 

The earliest authentic record of the Moor family which we have 
been able to obtain is of Samuel Moor, who, in 173 1 became a resi- 
dent of Nanticoot, N. H., which was incorporated as Litchfield in 
1749, and was located in Antrim, N. H. from 1773 to 1776, and 
also lived in Merrimac, N. H. 

He married Deborah, daughter of Leut. Joseph Butterfield, one 
of Capt. Thyng's "Snow Shoe Men'' and also one of the first set- 
tlers of Nutfield, — Londonderry, N. H. 

Samuel Moor was conspicuous in the French and Indian wars; 
in 1755 he was a Lieutenant in Capt. John GoftVs company, of Col. 
Jos. Blanchard's regiment; he also served as captain in 1758, and 
major in 1759 in Col. John Gorte's regiment, and marched through 
Springfield, Mass., and Albany, N. Y. and participated in the cap- 
ture of Quebec. 

Their children were, Olive, John, Priscilla, Samuel, Deborah, 
Joseph, and Abraham. 

John Moor. 

John, son of Maj. Samuel, and Deborah (Butterfield) Moor was 
born in Litchfield, N. H., Nov. 28, 1731. 

Married in Derryfield, N. H. Sept. 8, 1754, Margaret (Peggy), 
daughter of Col. John, and Hannah (Griggs) Goffe, of Derryfield, 
N. H. 

He resided at Cohas Brook after the Conquest of Canada, and 
later in Bedford and Derryfield, N. H. and Norridgewock and 
Anson, Me. 

He was by occupation a farmer and miller, he built the first mill 
in Anson. 

He was a man of ability and influence, as a citizen he filled nearly 
every office, in the gift of his fellow-townsmen, in town and parish. 






Of his military achievement The History of Bedford says: "In 
the Crown Point Expedition, in 1755 Col. Johnson led six thou- 
sand men against the French, of these. New Hampshire furnished 
five hundred, one company being commanded by Capt. John Moor 
of Derryfield : on the twenty-eighth of August they arrived at Fort 
Edward where Col. Blanchard with the New Hampshire regiment 
was left in charge, soon after came the battle of Lake George in 

which the New England sharp-shooters did valient service 

In August, 1757, when Montcalm treacherously allowed the Indians 
to plunder, kill, and take prisoner the surrendered forces of Monroe, 
the 'Amoskeag company, being in the rear, felt the full force of 
the fray; and John Moor of Bedford, was taken captive by the 
Indians, sold to the French in Canada, and returned home by the 
way of France. 

In the French and Indian war he won a reputation as a man of 
courage and energy ; after the conquest of Canada he quietly set- 
tled on his farm at Cohas Brook." 

The History of Manchester, X. H.. says : 

"When the Alarm was sounded in 1775. Capt. John Moor of 
Derryfield, X. H. led a company of forty-five men to Lexington, 
Mass. He was commissioned Apr. 24, 1775, by the committee of 
safety of Massachusetts as a captain in Stark's regiment: He 
enlisted a company of fifty men: in this company were thirty-four 
from Derryfield. out of thirty-six of that town capable of bearing 
arms. £ 

"On June 17, 1775, the British began fire on the American works 
at Copp's Hill, near Bunker Hill. Col. Stark of the First Xew 
Hampshire regiment, who already had two hundred men upon the 
Hill, saw that the whole regiment would be needed, and he hastened 
to Med ford where the remainder of his men were quartered. They 
were immediately paraded and as there were no cartridges, a gill 
cup of powder was dealt cut to each man with which to replenish 
his powder-horn; a spare flint and fifteen bullets was also given to 
each, and the regiment was ready for action. 

"Stark marched his men across Charlestown Xeck. and took his 
position between the redoubt and the Mystic river, at this point 
was enacted some of the most desperate fighting of the Battle of 
Bunker Hill. 

"Capt. John Moor with his company from Amoskeag was sta- 
tioned there, behind a breastwork of stone across the beach to the 

C) Amoskeag, the vicinity of Derryfield. 


water; this wall served a most excellent purpose, as the sharp- 
shooters behind it could take the most deadly aim at the advancing 
enemy. It is a well established fact that the British troops in 
front of this wall were almost completely annihilated. 

"In this battle none did better service than Capt. John Moor, and 
on June 18, 1775, the day following the battle, he was complimented 
with a major's commission, to take the place in Stark's regiment of 
Major McClary who was killed the day previous ; he remained 
with the army but a few months, when the state of his health 
obliged him to retire to his farm. In 1777 the town of Derryfield 
was called upon to furnish rive men for the Continental army, 
among those enlisted was Major John Moor.'' 

The Hon. Chandler E. Potter, the New Hampshire historian, in 
describing the battle of Bunker Hill, says: "Here was posted Capt. 
John Moor, with his company from Amoskeag. It is a well estab- 
lished fact that the British in front of this wall were almost com- 
pletely annihilated. They were the Welch Fusileers, a veteran 
regiment of much service and the flower of the British army. They 
deployed in front of the rail fence and wall with the precision and 
coolness of a dress parade, and marched up to the American lines 
with the confidence of men wearing laurels of the field of Minden. 
With the courage of well earned reputation they moved forward at 
Bunker's Hill to the clo-e range of eighty yards, when the New 
Hampshire hunters opened upon them with a fire so rapid and severe 
that they wavered, broke their ranks, and fled in dismay. Rein- 
forced, again they rallied and marched to the attack, and again 
they were repulsed with terrible loss. It is not too much to assume 
that if the rest of the American lines had been defended with equal 
success the entire British force would have been driven from the 
hill, or annihilated." 

Bancroft, the historian says: 

"The little handful of brave men, from the redoubt, would have 
been effectually cut off but for the unfailing courage of the provin- 
cials at the rail fence and the bank of the Mystic. They had re- 
pulsed the enemy twice, they now held them in check till the main 
body had left the hill. Not till then did the Connecticut companies 
under Knowlton, and the New Hampshire soldiers under Stark quit 
the station they had so nobly defended/' 

In Allen's History of Norridgewock, Me. we find the following: 

"In 1780 Major John Moor who had been an officer in the Con- 
tinental army came to this place in his uniform, epaulets and in- 



MAJUK jUti\ MUUR 23 

signia of rank, and excited considerable attention by his dress and 
address. He had four sons who came with him. Having lost his 
wife he married Eunice (Farnsworth) widow of Joseph Weston 
the first settler of Canaan. 

"He was a man of more than ordinary talents, was respected for 
his intelligence and activity, and was a very useful citizen. A finan- 
cial report of the town affairs in 1791, was drawn up by him in a 
correct, and businesslike manner, and remains on the files of the 
town records. 

"When the militia in this vicinity was organized, he was chosen 
Colonel, and was esteemed as an officer and gentleman. He pur- 
chased a large lot, on which North Anson village is situated, and 
removed there." 

There lived for a great many years, in the household of Maj. 
John Moor, in the capacity of man of all work, and general factotem, 
a colored man named Yorke. who, from his long service seemed to 
think himself one of the family. It is a well demonstrated fact 
that the Moors were a bald race ; Yorke also was very bald, in fact, 
had no hair on the top or sides of his head. A friend of the Moors 
meeting him one hot day, and as the old man wiped the perspiration 
from his head, jokingly remarked, "well Yorke, you are getting 
rather bald/' the darky replied, "yes massa it am natural to the 
Moors to be bald.'' 

The following extracts are from The Major John Moor Memo- 
rial: "On Oct. 12, 1904, ninety-four years after his death, thirty- 
five descendants of Major John Moor, a distinguished officer at the 
battle of Bunker Hill, met at Xorridgewock to dedicate to his 
memory, a granite monument, which was purchased solely by his 

"The monument was placed in the old Xorridgewock cemetery, 
where the remains of this famous soldier lie, but the day was so cold 
that the dedicatory exercises were held in the Congregationalist 
church near by, which was built before the Major died, in 1809." 

"The Star-Spangled-Banner was sung by the audience, after 
which Mrs. Emma H. Dunton, a great-great-granddaughter sang, 
in its true spirit. 'The Sword of Bunker Hill,' a particularly ap- 
propriate selection, from the fact that across the pulpit lay the 
sword that Major Moor carried at the Battle of Bunker Hill." 

"As the children of the old patriot, even unto the fifth generation, 
Hood about his grave and sang America, the scene was pathetic and 
patriotic. The starry ensign on the granite, enfolding the ancient 


sword with its historic associations ; the living soldiers of the war 
'to save the nation ;' the sacred dust of a hero of the 'war to found 
the nation;' the thrilling spirit of the national hymn — ail commingled 
in patriotic pathos." 

"I thought I would write you a few lines this morning about the 
Major. There were so many military men in his family I thought 
I would name them. As I take them from my histories, nothing is 

The Major was a Captain in the French war: a Major in the 
Revolution; afterward a Colonel in the Maine Militia. 

His father Samuel Moor, was a Major in the French war. His 
father-in-law, John Goffe. was a Colonel in the French war. His 
brother-in-law, John Goffe. Jr., was a Major in the French war, and 
afterwards a soldier in the battle of Bunker Hill. His brother, 
Samuel Moor, Jr., was a soldier in the French war, and a soldier at 
the battle of Bunker Hill. His brother, Joseph Moor, was a soldier 
at the battle of Bunker Hill. His son. Benjamin Moor, was a soldier 
at the battle of Bunker Hill. His son, Goffe Moor, was a soldier 
at the battle of Bunker Hill. His grandson, Samuel Moor, 
was a soldier in the war of 1812. His grandson, John White Moor, 
was a soldier in the war of 1812. 

The children of Major John, and Margaret (Goffe) Moor, were 
Deborah, Benjamin, Goffe, Margaret. John, Abraham, Joseph, Olive, 
and Hannah. 

Editor Blanchard and Manager Crosby and their co-workers in 
the publication of The Bowdoin Bugle have issued a publication this 
year which for style and general makeup they may well be satisfied. 
"To give a bird's-eye view of the life at Bowdoin has ever been our 
aim in the present volume." the editors say in the foreword. To 
publish a book of this kind containing some 300 pages shows enter- 
prise and business ability. The finely illustrated pages must have 
the desired effect of interesting readers in the activities of the in- 



Hunnewell Data 

By Jennie Ames Gren of Bangor, Maine. 

Ashton is a little village six or eight miles west of Exeter, Devon- 
shire, England. There is at present a medium sized, aged church 
which was probably standing in 1600. As one enters this church 
by the main aisle one passes over a gray stone walk, each stone of 
which may be raised and which covers the long-ago-dead of the 
village. Ten or a dozen feet beyond the doorway there is a large 
stone on which is bolted a smooth brass plate, bearing in very plain 
black letters the inscription, "In Death is Lyfe. Here Lyeth William 
Honnywill, son of Mathew Honiwell and Joane his wife, deceased 
the first of November, Anno Domini 1614." 

This is supposed to be the inscription over the ancestor of all the 
Hunnewells known in America. The parish register of Ashton 
contains the will of this William Honnvwill and the name has vet a 
third variety of spelling Honnywell, which shows the carelessness 
of early English spelling. The amount of property spoken of in this 
will shows him to have been a man of means for his time and he 
is styled "Mr." which was then the mark of a gentleman. 

There is another will attested at Buckfastleigh, Devon, Eng., 
Oct. 16, 1609, the will of one Roger Honywill, note the fourth 
spelling — probably a brother of William who died in 1614. Yet 
neither of these wills mentioned another Roger Hunnewell, pre- 
sumably the son of William. Why , probably because they 

thought him dead at that time, as it was somewhat of a custom in 
old England, if a person's whereabouts were not known for a year 
to consider him dead. So it seemed that Roger Hunnewell left Eng- 
land before 1609, but it seems probable that he left a young son in 
England. We are now confronted by the problem of Roger's disap- 
pearance from England and his reappearance very early in the 
Kennebec country. 

All the county of Devon, as well as the other southern counties 
of England, must have been somewhat excited over the fitting out 
of a vessel called the Archangel at Plymouth, England in 1604-5 
by the Earl of Southampton and Lord Arundel, in which vessel 
Captain Waymouth was to sail on an exploring trip to the coast of 
New England, and it is an historical fact that Captain Waymouth 
set sail from Plymouth, March 5, 1605 and on May 17th, following, 
landed at Monhegan, Maine, and named the place St. George. He 


■ — - ____ 

explored the Maine coast from the Kennebec to the Piscataqua. saw 
the distant White Mountains, as they can be seen today from the 
mouth of this Piscataqua, made charts of the coast and looked at 
sites suitable for settlements, particularly noted the situation where 
two years later came the Popham colony ; made estimates of the fish- 
ing and fur trade, obtained a few native Indians to return with 
him, (Shakespeare's Tempest (Act. II, Scene II) and arrived again 
at Dartmouth. England, July 18. 1605. 

Sir Fernando Gorges, then Governor of Plymouth, Eng., had in 
the meanwhile bought out the grant and other rights of the Earl of 
Southampton and Lord Arundel and was resolved with Lord Chief 
Justice Popham to fit out a colony, who should come to New Eng- 
land and settle at the mouth of the Kennebec at that situation so 
favorably remarked by Way mouth. 

The Popham Colony is a matter of early Maine History, it was 
led by the brother of Chief Justice Popham, but the leader Popham 
dying, the colony returned to England in about one year. They had 
come over in two ships, one of them called the Gift of God, being 
old, they built a new one. When about to return they divided them- 
selves into three parties, the party with the best ships and the party 
with the new ships returning to England, but the third party of 
forty-five men that were assigned to the Gift of God, elected to 
remain in America, and while a few of them tarried at their old 
settlement others scattered along the coast or amongst those few 
families of fishermen who by this time had begun to make their 
homes along the seaboard. 

Was Roger Hunnewell of this party? Certain it was that he was 
living verv earlv at Saco, because there he was found when the 
party of half-starved Plymouth Pilgrims sailed across the bay to 
obtain provisions without which they must have perished the winter 
of 1623. If Roger Hunnewell was not of the Popham Colony it is 
possible that he came en some fishing boat and remained. 

If he brought a wife from England or if he found one here it is 
more than probable that his sons Richard and John were born in 
Maine and would have been very successful rivals of Peregrine 
White, because among those recorded settlers of Essex or old 
Norfolk Co., Mass., in 1663. is Richard Hunnewell aged 50 years, 
and if he was 50 in 1663 he must have been born in 1613, while 
Peregrine White does not date until 1620. 

Richard Hunnewell's name is mentioned many times by the writ- 
ers of Plymouth. Benj. Church (Vol. IV, 7) calls him Richard 



Hunnewell of Scarborough, son of Roger of Saco and sends his 
orders as Commander-in-Chief of the Plymouth forces to Lieut. 
Richard Hunnewell in charge of twenty soldiers at Blue Point, 
Black Point and Spurwick Garrisons. Richard Hunnewell is also 
mentioned in York Co., Maine deeds Vol. 9. Folio 179, as deeding to 
his brother John, property at Winter Harbor (Saco). There are 
traces of the two brothers also in the Weathersfield, Conn., colony. 
They probably went there after the breaking up of the Merrymeet- 
ing Bay (Maine) Colony on account of Indian outrages in 1692, 
but Richard, at least, returned when the colonists returned to their 
old homes. It was probably during this trouble with the Indians that 
Richard lost a wife and some of his children and in the appeal which 
these poor colonists send to Plymouth for assistance it is stated 
that their homes are burned, their provision destroyed and all their 
records wanting, which would account for our lack of early knowl- 
edge of these colonists. Richard is said to have turned Indian hater 
and fighter. It is stated on authority of Drakes History of the In- 
dians that Richard was killed in battle at Black Point with eighteen 
men of his garrison in 1703, if correct he would have been ninety 
years old. 

There is a marriage record at Plymouth, England, dated Nov. 1st. 
1659, of Ambrose Hunnewell and Jane Homes, no further trace of 
them can be found in England, but in 1661, seven years after the 
death of Roger of Saco, Ambrose and his wife Jane are recorded at 
Saco, Maine. He seems to have been a grandson of Roger and this 
being the reason for supposing Roger left a son in England. 

Ambrose and Jane had five children : Ambrose married a Mary 
— — ; Man* m. a Whiting; Richard m. Sarah Adams, probably of 

the Plymouth Adamses ; Stephen m. Man' and was killed by 

Indians ; Charles m. Eliz. Davis and from this latter couple are 
descended the Hollis Hunne wells of Wellesley, Zvlass. We have 
never been able to trace Lieut. Richards' line and would be very 
glad of any information on this point or any additions or correc- 
tions on the above matter. 

(The method pursued by Waymouth to '"obtain" these Indian captives 
cannot be defended. He used gross deception to induce them aboard his 

Shakespeare, as cited by the writer, makes Trinculo, who discovers a 
salted and dried hake then called "poor-john" say: — 

What have we here? a man or a fish? Dead or alive? A fish: he smells 
tike a fish; a very ancient and fish-like smell; a kind of not-of-the-newest 
poor- john. A strange fish! Were I in England now, as once I was, and 
had but this fish painted, not a holiday fool there but -would give a piece of 

:S •- 

.<-:• . . 


silver: there would this monster make a man; any strange beast there 
makes a man; when they will not give. a doit 1 to relieve a lame beggar, they 
will lay out ten to see a dead Indian. 

Undoubtedly his sole object in committing this outrage upon innocent sav- 
ages who had made him friendly calls was to take them to England and 
exhibit them as curiosities. The Tempest was written according to the best 
authorities about 1610 and no American red men, except Waymouth's cap- 
tives, had been carried there prior to that date, hence Shakespeare probably 
referred to this. 

The poet evidently speaks of a fact then well known to all that these 

Indians were exhibited to the public for pay ; "any strange beast 

there makes a man : when the}' will not give a doit to relieve a lame beggar 
they will lay out ten to see a dead Indian" at least corroborates this assump- 
tion. However cruel the act in its nature may have been there is no eidence 
that Waymouth in any manner outraged or ill-treated them. 

These captives fell into the care of Sir Ferdinando Gorges, who was 
intensely interested in promoting the colonization of the New World, and 
who treated them with kindness and consideration. 

During the three years they remained with him he taught them so much 
that they were able to make for him valuable plans and maps of the Maine 
coast, rivers, bays, etc. 

And yet although no harm befell them, this act of Waymouth's was un- 
fortunate for the English colonists. 

It was the beginning of the red man's distrust of the white man in Maine, 
which only too soon developed into an unreasoning hatred and an unquench- 
able thirst for blood and revenge. Editor.) 

C) A cheap Dutch copper coin. 

I shall be content if those shall pronounce my History useful 
who desire to give a view of events as they did really happen, and 
as they are very likely, in accordance with human nature, to re- 
peat themselves at some future time— if not exactly the same, yet 

very similar. 

THUCYDIDES. Historia. i. 2, 2. 





Joseph Robinson Parrott 

By Charles E. Waterman. 

It is a trite saying, that the best products of Maine are her men 
and women. Certain it is. they are to be found in every state of 
our Union, to say nothing of lands beyond the seas, and many of 
them have won success in various walks of life. One of these, the 
subject of this sketch, Joseph Robinson Parrott, has had a prominent 
part in one of the greatest and most picturesque engineering feats 
of the age. 

In the western part of the state is an irregular parcel of land 
given to Alexander Shepard, Jr., of Newton, in early days when 
the Commonwealth of Massachusetts was rich in lands but poor in 
purse, for making a map of the then District of Maine. It was 
called Shepardsfield Plantation. Air. Shepard was, perhaps, a better 
cartographer than colonizer, for he died insolvent. After his death 
quite a portion of the original grant was sold to Andrew Craigie, 
apothecary general of the Revolutionary War, whose home in Cam- 
bridge, the old Vassal house, is well known to tourists, as the 
headquarters of Washington during the siege of Boston, and later 
as the home of the poet Longfellow. He was an ambitious man 
and not only encouraged agriculture in his Maine domain but manu- 
facturing. He dammed the outlet of Lake Thompson, put in grist 
and lumber mills, and had his dream of making woolen and cotton 
cloth. It is in this connection that the subject of this sketch comes 

In 1792, Shepardfield Plantation was incorporated as the town of 
Hebron. In 1829, Hebron was divided, the western part becoming 
the town of Oxford. It was named in honor of the newly formed 
county in which it was situated, and which General David Learned, 
of Livermore. the first sheriff, christened after his old home in Mas- 
sachusetts. Oxford contains the cutlet of Lake Thompson and the 
village of Oxford, first known as Craigie's Mills, and where the 
woolen industry of the town is situated. 

Cloth-making began in Oxford as early as 1825, but was not in 
a prosperous condition continuously. Several of the mills burned 
and the personality of the firms operating them changed several 
times.' About 1850, Joseph Robinson, a native of Hunslett, England. 
and an expert dyer, took an interest in the business, and from that 
day to the present it has prospered. 




Mr. Robinson had not only followed his trade in England before 
coming to America, but also in Germany. He had a large family of 
children, born in the several countries in which he had resided. It 
was his joke that he had Englishmen, Germans and Americans in his 
family, to say nothing of one daughter whose nationality he did not 
know, having been born on the high seas. His oldest daughter, 
Mary, married George J. Parrott, an overseer in his mills, and their 
eldest son, Joseph, born October 30, 1858, is the subject of this 

Young Parrott's childhood was passed in the environment of a 
New England manufacturing village of half a century ago. He 
played about his grandfather's mill, and as a result of early investi- 
gation with machinery, carried one finger with the final phalange 
missing, to the grave. He went to the village schools. The educa- 
tional advantages were those of the "Little red schoolhouse" (It 
was a brick structure in Oxford). The curriculum consisted mostly 
of the three R's. Thoroughness was the prevailing note. Pupils 
could not help being thorough, for each term they began at the 
preface of their text-books and continued until the close of the 
term, the amount covered depending largely on the length of term. 
There was no choice of subjects. It was the same thing over and 

Some excellent teachers occupied this little brick schoolhouse, 
and one of them was, perhaps, of greater assistance to rural schools 
in Maine, and to young Parrott, than any other man — Sidney Per- 
ham, one time governor of the state. The free high school law, 
whereby every little village can have its high school, was a pet 
scheme of his. 

Oxford was among the first towns to adopt the free high school 
system, and the first high school was opened in the fall of 1875. Mr. 
Parrott and the writer were among the students. The fathers and 
mothers of the town were some time in deciding what studies the 
new high school was to teach. Some thought it was simply an 
extension of the common school system to which a pupil of any 
degree of proficiency might attend ; and others that it should be de- 
voted entirely to higher studies. Some thought it should be a fitting 
school for college, and others that its course of study should be 
wholly English. As there were but few pupils in town fitted to enter 
a high school of any sort, there was a compromise. Several classes 
of a grammar grade were formed and those who desired to study 
anything higher were permitted to do so. It was several years be- 



tore anything like regular courses of study were arranged, or the 
terms of admission agreed upon. 

Teachers fitted for high school positions were not as numerous 
then as now, and sometimes instructors outside the regular corps of 
teachers were employed for special studies. Dr. John Dearborn 
Holt was the first principal, and when the first class in Greek was 
formed, Rev. George A. Lockwood, pastor of the Congregational 
Church in the village, was instructor. Dr. Holt, then a medical 
student, was an enthusiastic teacher, and greatly desired to send a 
class of boys from his school to college. Rev. Mr. Lockwood, was 
a scholarly man, a graduate of Yale University, and the influence of 
these two men inclined young Parrott toward a liberal education. 

Things did not run smoothly in the new school, however. Before 
establishment, it was decided to house it in a more pretentious 
building; but the choice of a site made trouble. There were several 
available lots, but each near resident preferred to have the building 
and its restless occupants somewhere else. The result was that the 
site finally chosen was seized in disregard to the wishes of the owner, 
Miss Frances Norton. It resulted in a law suit and victory for the 
owner. That broke up the school until the matter of school build- 
ings could be adjusted 

This interruption caused Parrott to continue his studies at He- 
bron Academy, at that time the natural school center for Oxford 
county. Later he went to Phillips Academy, Andover, Massachu- 
setts, where he remained until he entered Yale University in 1881. 

Parrott attained a fair rank in college and took some part in 
athletics. He pulled an oar of the boat's crew in their annual 
regatta with Harvard on the Thames during his third year. So- 
cially he was liked, and was a member of several college societies, 
including The Skull and Bones, in his time the most exclusive soci- 
ety at the university. It may be of interest to note that during the 
time he was at Yale, William H. Taft, future president of the 
Lnited States, was a student, although not a member of Mr. Par- 
rott's class. 

On graduating, he took up the study of law, remaining two years 
more in New Haven in the university law school. On receiving his 
degree of Bachelor of law, he was admitted to the bar of his native 
county in 1887, Dut had but one case at Paris, the shire town of Ox- 
ford couny. 

In the fall following his admission to the bar, he entered the office 
of the late Honorable Charles F. Libby in Portland: but in a few 


months time he hung out his shingle in Jacksonville, Florida, where 
he found his life work. 

At the time of Mr. Parrott's settlement in Jacksonville, Florida 
was just awakening to modern life. A large part of the state was 
unsettled and given over to pine barrens and scrub palmetto hum- 
mocks. Most of the large cities we now know were unborn. Rail- 
roads were only penetrating the northern part of the state. The 
winter tourist was just invading the region around Jacksonville and 
St. Augustine, but they were of the kind to advertise the beauties of 
climate and situation. Harriet Beecher Stowe had built a cottage 
among the pines and written a book describing the beauties of a 
winter near Ponce De Leon's fountain of youth. Those who were 
old, those who were ill. and those whose blood the northern frosts 
and snows congealed should go to Florida, and in a short time an 
innumerable throng began to start each autumn for the land of 

Among the first clients of the law firm Mr. Parrott was connected 
with was the Jacksonville. Tampa & Key West Railroad Company, 
a John the Baptist railroad, their locomotives crying, or rather 
screeching, in the wilderness. A pioneer railroad, or a pioneer any- 
thing, does not have an easy time. They penetrate a land where 
business is yet in embryo. The Jacksonville, Tampa & Key \Yest 
Railroad was no exception and it was soon forced into a receiver's 
hands. Mr. Parrott was the receiver. He did his best to put the 
road on a paying basis, but it was a long time investment and it 
needed capital furnished by some one who had faith in the future 
of Florida. 

At about this time amid the winter birds of passage was General 
Henry M. Flagler, a man rich with the profits of Standard Oil but 
poor in health. He was anxious to exchange the dividends of that 
Croesus enterprise for health, and the sub-tropic sun and gulf 
breezes brought it. A land which restored health was worth cultivat- 
ing. A man would give all he possessed for health, therefore, 
exploitation must be profitable. Such must have been the thoughts 
which passed through General Flagler's brain, so he was ready to 
purchase this bankrupt railroad when approached by Mr. Parrott 
with a proposition to invest and assist in developing one of the best 
states in the L nion. 

General Flagler was a host in himself. His bank account alone 
was sufficient to develop this land of sunshine, and his will was as 
good as his financial ability. Dreams floated through his brain, not 


only of railroads, but steamships, palatial hostelries and new cities. 
He needed a lieutenant, and he chose Mr. Parrott, who had already 
had some experience in taming the wilderness and making it blossom 
like the rose: so he left his Blackstone to grow dusty on the shelves 
to take up the more active life of hotel, railroad and steamship 
manager, colonizer and builder of cities. 

The first part of General Flagler's dream was easy of fulfillment, 
if provided with an ample pocketbook, but there comes an end to 
dreams and it looked as if the end of Flagler's had come when the 
far point of the Florida coast, where ocean and gulf clasp hands 
had been reached. But it did not so appear to General Flagler. Hi?' 
fancy skipped from key to key out into the blue gulf until Key 
West was reached. How the intervening space of water was filled 
with concrete archways is a tale that has been many times told, 
and each time the wonder grows. Tunneling mountains becomes 
commonplace beside this giant bridge, the supervision of which was 
the privilege of Mr. Parrott. 

Perhaps a summary of the construction of this road may be 
permissible here. It extends from Jacksonville to Key West. The 
entire distance is about 520 miles. The first 394 miles is along the 
east coast of Florida (hence the name, East Coast Railway), then 
it leaves the main land to skirt the line of keys extending to the 
southern terminal, a distance of 126 miles. Of this section, 74 miles 
is over land, 25 miles is through swamps, and 29 over water. Of 
the roadbed, 97 miles was grade over land, 23 miles embankment 
through water, and about six miles of concrete arch and steel span 
work. The material used was 176,900 cubic yards of crushed rock, 
106,100 cubic yards of sand. 286,800 barrels of cement, 5.760 tons 
of reinforcing steel, and 612,000 lineal feet of piling. The average 
cost per mile for building this extension was $95,000. 

This dream was not the first of General Flagler's visions. It 
was the climax of a series of dreams. Materializing the^e visions 
took decades and untiring energy. So severe was the work that Mr. 
Parrott lost his health. He was a much younger man than Flag- 
ler. The work was pushed strenuously that the older man might see 
the fulfillment of his dreams. He did see the fulfillment — the 
Promised Land — but barely, and Mr. Parrott survived him only by 
a few months. 

During his active life, he took few vacations. Each autumn, he 
spent a few days in his boyhood home ; but with failing health he 
was forced to take more frequent and longer breathing spells. It 



was a dream of his boyhood to visit the Old WorlJ, but the demands 
of his vocation were so strong, that it was put off until sickness 
made a change of environment advisable; but the pleasure of the 
trip was thereby greatly diminished. 

Lake Thompson was one of the attractions of his boyhood. He 
sailed its surface, swam in its depths, and camped on its islands. 
One of the latter — Megquier Island — he bought in his later years, 
connected it with neighboring islands and the main land by bridges 
and erected a beautiful summer home. This island, comprising 
some fifty acres, was named after Edward Megquier, first owner 
and also first settler in that part of Poland (in 1790) on a strip of 
highland adjacent to the lake opposite to the island, and now known 
as Megquier Hill. Tradition has it that it was cleared of the 
heavy forest which covered it in 181 5, during the three years of 
famine which Maine suffered from extremely cold weather. It 
was planted to corn the next year and by reason of the vapor aris- 
ing from the water, the crop was saved from frost and matured, the 
only corn to ripen in the vicinity. To this island he came each 
summer for the last year or two of his life, and it was here that he 
died, October 13, 191 3, at an age of a few days less than 55 years. 

His bodv was carried to Florida for interment. He loved Oxford, 
but his life had been spent in Florida, and it was there he wished to 
rest finally. He was greatly missed there. No newspaper was too 
obscure not to contain an editorial or biographical notice of his pass- 
ing, and the prominent ones devoted pages to his memory and accom- 
plishments. His name was coupled with Flagler's. . They were 
called the two great Floridians, although neither was a native of the 

Mr. Parrott married Helen Mercier, of New Haven, who sur- 
vives him, and he had a daughter, Helen, who married Gordon R. 
Macdonald of New York. 


* • t 



The Relations Between Bowdoin 

and the Judiciary 

At the Bowdoin Alumni Association dinner in Lewiston, Maine, 
February 24, 191 6, the following letter from the Honorable Lucillus 
A. Emery, Chief Justice Emeritus of the Supreme Judicial Court 
of Maine, was read by its President, Mr. Frank L. Dingley : 

Colonial Hotel, 
Bangor, Me., Feb. 23, 19 16. 
My Dear Dingley and Brother Alumni: 

I first accepted with hearty thanks the kind invitation to attend 
your banquet and speak upon "The Relations between Bowdoin 
and the Judiciary,"' but a threatening cold has intervened and the 
physician, to whom the question was referred, has ruled that I 
ought to forego the pleasure. Xo longer having authority to over- 
rule unsatisfactory rulings, I have to submit. 

The relations between Bowdoin and the judiciary have been quite 
intimate in the past though just now other colleges are having their 
innings. Nearly half of Maine's chief justices were graduates of 
Bowdoin and every chief justice from Prentiss Mellen to my own 

(time was in his day a trustee of the college. Eight of the associate 
justices also were graduates and twelve associates have been or are 
members of the board of overseers. 

Three of the justices of the Cumberland county superior court 
graduated from Bowdoin and two of them served as overseers of 
the college. 

The number of Bowdoin graduates, who served acceptably or are 
so serving as judges of probate and judges of municipal courts, is 
too great to be even counted. 

But Bowdoin has also contributed judges and able judges to 
other courts than those of Maine. It sent one graduate out to 
become an honored chief justice of the United States and he in 
turn served the college as one of its trustees. The present judge 
of the U. S. circuit court of appeals for the first circuit and the 
present judge of the U. S. court for the Maine district graduated 
from Bowdoin and also served it — one as a trustee, the other as 
president of the board of overseers. 

Bowdoin also graduated Bellamey Storer to become a judge of 
the supreme court of Ohio, Samuel S. Bowd^o tfapQa«rC|i© <purt 


of Mississippi, Alpheus Felch to the supreme court of Michigan, 
Amos Morrill to Texas as the head of its supreme court and later 
as judge of the U. S. circuit for the same state. 

Thomas Drummond, for many years the eminent judge of the 
U. S. circuit court for the Chicago circuit, was a Bowdoin graduate. 
Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New York, Nevada, Colorado 
and Minnesota have also drawn upon Bowdoin graduates for their 
superior courts. 

Just now no Bowdoin graduate has a place on Maine's supreme 
court or either of its superior courts, though there are many that 
would honor such a place. I can point to one in Androscoggin 
county pre-eminently qualified and whom I hope to live to see 
serving the State on its judiciary as faithfully as he now serves 
the college on its board of overseers. 

Other colleges have come into being and are flourishing. Their 
graduates are doing good service as judges and otherwise. Bow- 
doin has perhaps had her full share of judicial honors. However it 
may have been in the past, her future graduates, if called to the 
judicial bench, will serve the State and the college worthily and well. 

As ever yours, 


We have received an interesting pamphlet, ''Notes On Explora- 
tion of Martha's Vineyard" by Samuel J. Guernsey, Assistant Cu- 
rator of Archaeology and Ethnology of the Peabody Museum. It 
is a reprint from the American Anthropologist, Jan. -March, 1916, 
Vol. 18, No. 1, (pages 81-97 ') is well illustrated and a valuable sci- 
entific paper. 



Mt. Katahdin National Park and 
Forest Reservation 

Lewiston, Me., May 8. 1916. 
To the Editor of S Prague's Journal of Maine History : 

The Maine Sportsmen's Fish and Game Association, having a 
membership of over 600 representative hunters, fishermen and out- 
door lovers, is deeply interested in the establishment of a national 
park and forest reservation in the Mt. Katahdin region, to be known 
as the Mount Katahdin National Park. 

Congressman Frank E. Guernsey, a member of this association, 
introduced in the National House of Representatives on April 17th 
a bill for the establishment of such a park. This authorizes the 
Secretary of Agriculture to examine, locate and report to the 
National Forest Reservation Commission for purchase such lands 
in the region of Mt. Katahdin as. in his judgment, may be suitable 
for a national park and necessary to the regulation of the flow of 
navigable streams ; and upon recommendation of the National For- 
est Reservation Commission, the Secretary of Agriculture is author- 
ized to purchase in the name of the United States such lands as they 
shall approve at prices fixed by the commission. 

The importance of the establishment of such a park cannot be 
over-estimated. It would give added significance to our title "The 
Playground of the Nation.'' It would be a permanent forest sanc- 
tuary that in years to come would attract thousands of visitors. It 
is worth working for with every available resource. 

There is just one thing that will insure the passage of such a bill 
as Congressman Guernsey has introduced, and that is, an over- 
whelming and insistent public sentiment within the State of Maine. 
When such a sentiment exists and keeps manifesting itself per- 
sistently, it will be recognized by congress. That is the judgment 
of those versed in the history of national parks. 

The instrument that can best arouse and voice public sentiment 
is the Maine press. Therefore we ask the newspapers of Maine, 
through their news and editorial columns, to push this movement 
all they consistently can ; to give it its full value and from time to 
time give it another push. We believe the proposition is big and im- 
portant enough to justify editorial attention, and that there will be 
a gratifying response. 

. ■ 


\ \ 

We believe the present bill will go through congress if the people 
of Maine show interest enough. At any rate this bill or one like it 
is going to pass in the next few years — just as soon as sentiment 
grows to the point where it cannot be denied. This association alone 
can only do a little, but if everyone in Maine interested in the great 
outdoors will use their influence whenever and wherever possible 
the thing will be accomplished. 

Yours truly, 

R. C. Whitehouse, Sec. 

History in Our Schools 

A Plea for the Teaching of Maine's Past Story. 

(George E. Googins in the Bar Harbor Times). 

The announcement that members of the graduating class of the 
Bar Harbor high school will institute a novel departure and write 
essays on Maine, some of which are to be read at the commencement 
exercises in June, should be received with satisfaction by those who- 
are interested in the study of Maine history. This important study 
has been too long neglected in our public schools, though not 
through any fault of the pupils themselves. 

Our school system is lamentably derelict in its duty in this respect, 
and if the essays to be written at the high schools should have the 
effect of awakening interest in the study of Maine history, then they 
will not be written in vain. The study of Maine history should 
have a permanent place in our school curriculum. 

"The lives of former generations are a lesson to posterity," is a 
saying full of truth. The safety of our free institutions will always 
depend, principally, upon those who know and appreciate the cost 
and sacrifice at which they were purchased. The first step towards 
preparedness should be veneration of the citizen for the government, 
and that comes from a knowledge of its history and of the men 
who have had the foundations of liberty. 

The pre-ent courses in hi.-tory should be supplemented with a 
course in Maine history. The pupils should be taught the principles 



of government, local as well as national, that they may be prepared 
to fill the state and town offices after they have finished their educa- 
tion. Such instruction would be valuable to all pupils who expect 
to pass their lives in their native state, as most of them do. 

The study of history should begin at home ; that is. with the town, 
and expand to the world beyond. No man can be said to possess a 
practical education, if he does not have a general knowledge of the 
state in which he lives. The pupils in the schools should be taught 
the importance* of knowing the history of their town and state, its 
early settlement and development. 

While most pupils could tell us much about Washington and Na- 
poleon, only a small proportion of them could tell us about the men 
who settled Maine and built up her institutions. They could tell us, 
no doubt, of Webster and Clay and Calhoun. But how much could 
they tell us of Parris and Mellen and Kent and Fessenden? 

The implication was once made against the people of Maine that 
they were unfit for self-government, but we hope it may never be 
made again. When the movement for separation from Massachu- 
setts was first agitated, it was strenuously opposed by citizens of 
Boston. The opposition of course was based upon economic 
grounds, but these Bostonians argued that the people of Maine were 
unfit for self-government. They looked upon the people in the Prov- 
ince of Maine first, as many of us today look upon the people in the 
Philippine Islands, who are now clamoring for independence. But 
the connection was dissolved and the result was prosperity and 

The study of Maine history and Maine civil government in our 
schools would be useful to the pupils who will be our future voters. 
It would inure to a more progressive state and a higher intellectual 
average of citizenship. 


\ y 

Penobscot County Centennial 

(Industrial Journal). 

Saturday, April ist, 1916, was the one hundredth anniversary of 
Penobscot county's birth and the day was fittingly observed by the 
Bangor Historical Society with exercises in the lecture hall of the 
Bangor Public Library. 

Honorable Henry Lord, the society's President, presided and the 
principal address was by James M. Gillin, Esq., his topic being "Pen- 
obscot County's Centennial.'' The address was a masterly one, the 
eloquent speaker being accorded a unanimous vote of thanks by the 
interested assemblage. 

Secretary Edward M. Blanding read numerous letters from prom- 
inent individuals who were unable to be present and sent regrets. 

Penobscot county was a part of Hancock county from 1789 to 
18 16, and from 1760 to 1789 a portion of Lincoln county, while 
prior to 1760 this region was a part of York county. An interesting 
feature was the reading by Secretary Blanding of letters from repre- 
sentatives of these three counties and likewise from President 
Sprague of the Piscataquis County Historical Society, Piscataquis 
county having been formed in 1838 and a large portion having been 
a part of Penobscot county from 18 16 to 1838. These letters ac- 
company this article. 

There were also letters by Justice Arno W. King and Honorable 
Hannibal E. Hamlin, both of Ellsworth : Reverend PL E. Dunnack, 
state librarian, of Augusta; Reverend Henry S. Burrage, state his- 
torian, of Kennebunkport, who is now in Washington ; Honorable 
James Phinney Baxter, President Maine Historical Society and 
Governor Oakley C. Curtis. Honorable W. R. Allan, former state 
senator from Washington county, now a resident of Bangor, spoke 
eloquently of the relations between Penobscot and Washington. 



Boston, March 30, 1916. 
E. M. Blanding, Esq. 

My dear Blanding :— I much regret not being able to attend the 
meeting of the Bangor Historical Society to observe the centennial 
of the birth of Penobscot county. I was born, studied law, admitted 
to the bar, and best of all was married in that county to a Penobscot- 



born girl. All this has made me feel at home in that county, and 
given me a feeling of warm fellowship with all its people. 

I believe I am now the Nestor of the Penobscot Bar. having sur- 
vived all those admitted prior to my own admission, which was at the 
August term, 1863, before Judge Cutting and when U. S. French 
was clerk. There have been many changes since then, and I am 
sure most of them for the better. 

I trust the meeting will be interesting and profitable, and stimu- 
late our local pride in the history of old Penobscot. 

Sincerely yours, 




Damariscotta, Maine, March 30, 1916. 
My dear Branding: — 

I have your cordial letter of March 2"]. extending an invitation to 
be present at the exercises of the Bangor Historical Society in ob- 
serving the one hundredth anniversary of Penobscot county on 
Saturday, April 1st. 19 16. I assure you that were it riot for an en- 
gagement here, advertised for the past week or more, I should be 
very glad indeed to join your society in celebrating their centennial. 

Lincoln county has given itself freely, for lo ! these many years in 
the formation of other counties, and it would appear to reflect credit 
upon her that she has produced such sterling and thrifty and upright 
children, and upon the children that they take occasion to recognize 
their ancestor. I know we have every reason to be supremely proud 
of our Penobscot, and I am glad to know that she feels to pay us a 
tribute of respect and remembrance which we hope is not misplaced. 

I trust your exercises will be eminently satisfactory, pleasant and 

Very sincerely yours, 




Biddeeord, March 29. 19 16. 
My dear Friend Blanding : 

I regret exceedingly that the performance of my public duties 
renders it impossible for me to be with you on Saturday. But it 

- SS ^ 



may be that you, as a former citizen of York county, can speak for 

I suppose York county really stands in the position of a proud 
father, aged 274 (if we hark back to tne City of Georgiana, existent 
in 1642 at the place now known as the Town of York) and such 
father is pleased to be able to felicitate a lusty son — Penobscot by 
name — on attaining the age of one hundred years. The more I think 
of it the better I like this ''father and son" idea : because it contains 
and preserves the principle of the solidarity of the family. \Ye 

' know that wherever we find a man who has gone out from Maine 
and written in capital letters (as he usually does) his name in the 
history of the State of his adoption, that man is ever loyal to, and 
proud of, old "Pine Tree." 

We are also aware of a growing sentiment within our State, among 
our own people, that Maine should keep abreast of its motto — "I 
direct." Let us. then, as citizens, lend all our efforts to the purpose 
of keeping within our own borders, for our own use, our greatest 
asset — our splendid men and women — to the end that our desired 
and merited future may exceed in accomplishment and fame our 
glorious past, and to the further end that our principle annual crop 
may be men and women of old time ability and worth, with their 

' roots firmly and permanently embedded in that soil wherein each 
reaches the greatest height and most satisfactory fruition. 
With kindest regards, I am, 

Sincerely yours, 




Dover, Maine, March 31, 1916. 
My dear Mr. Blaxding: 

Your favor of the 27th inst. found me committed to prior engage- 
ments which I much regret prevent me from accepting your kind 
invitation to participate in your exercises tomorrow, in observance of 
the one-hundredth anniversaray of Penobscot county. 

The relations between Penobscot and Piscataquis counties are 
intimate, historically and industrially. 

Abel Blood and Eli Towne felled the first trees on the banks of 
the Piscataquis river in what is now Dover about 1798 and in 1802 
that brave old Revolutionary soldier and renowned hunter, Captain 



Ezekiel Chase, farther down the river in that part of Sebec now 
known as "Sebec Station" and largely regulated by Honorable 
Charles J. Chase, begun his settlement. At this time all of that 
portion of Piscataquis county, where are now the thrifty and pros- 
perous towns of Guilford, Sangerville, Foxcroft, Dover, Sebec, At- 
kinson, Milo, Brownville, Orneville, Med ford, Bowerbank, Wil- 
liamsburg and the plantations of Barnard and Lake View, were like 
your beautiful Penobscot towns and cities of today a part of Han- 
cock county. This territory is designated on the old maps as town- 
ships N. W. P. (North of the Waldo Patent) and they remained 
under the jurisdiction of Hancock county until the Legislature of 
Massachusetts in 1816 established Penobscot county. For twenty- 
two years, or from 1816 until 1838, when the Legislature of Maine 
established the county of Piscataquis, we were of the sisterhood of 
Penobscot towns and dwelt together in peace and harmony as do 
all good sisters. 

Besides their material progress in those early days, these towns 
produced men of ability and character whom the Penobscot politi- 
cians recognized as their peers and who were often honored by 
election to the Legislature. When in 1819 they had an election to 
choose members of a convention to formulate a constitution for the 
new State of Maine, five of these future Piscataquis towns were 
represented therein. From Foxcroft appeared that sturdy citizen 
and strong character, Samuel Chamberlain, later being honored with 
the military title of "Captain,'' he having served as the first captain 
of the first company of State Militia organized within Piscataquis 
county. There was no opportunity to doubt the views of our for- 
bears on the subject of "preparedneses" for they all gathered at 
the trainings and mu>ters. Sangerville sent Benjamin C. Goss; 
Guilford, Joseph Kelsey ; Sebec, William R. Lowney and Atkinson, 
Eleazer W. Snow. 

From the pioneer days when those first hardy settlers along the 
Piscataquis river hauled with ox teams their loads of shaved cedar 
shingles to the town of Bangor and exchanged them with merchants 
there for W. I. goods and N. E. rum, until the present time, Bangor 
has always been the market place for these communities. 

For a long period the tote team carried the merchandise of the 
city and the products of the farms and mills to and from these 
towns and this city and hauled from it the lumbermen's supplies 
to the woods followed bv red shirted woodsmen; and the stage 

■* ':•'■ 


coach commanded by such valiant Sir Knights of the whip as Jere 
McDonald and Lem Nichols carried all of the passengers. 

These finally had to surrender to the march of progress and the 
city of Bangor herself built us our first railroad. Other towns in 
the western portion of the county come to us from Somerset county 
but except in the very earliest days the trade of the settlers did not 
go to the Kennebec region, but as soon as new roads made travel 
accessible it centered in Bangor. 

The people of the two counties have always been friendly and 
neighborly. Those of the Queen City of Eastern Maine have from the 
first days maintained close and cordial relations in business, social 
and political affairs with the citizenry of the Piscataquis valley. 
Their mutual interests are many. The enterprise, progress and 
prosperity of either is of direct benefit to the other. Whatever may 
be harmful to the one is equally so to both. 

That this kindly reciprocal sentiment bequeathed by the fathers 
shall ever be kept alive in these counties is the hearty wish of 

Yours sincerely, 



Doctor Alfred King, one of Maine's famous surgeons and physi- 
cians, died at his home in Portland, Maine, June 4, 1916. He was 
born in Portland in 1861, graduated from Colby College in 1883 
and from the Maine Medical in 1886. He conducted a private 
hospital in Deering. He had for many years past taken an active 
interest in public and political affairs. 

- ■ ■ ■ • ■ 

MAI Mil 1920 45 


MAINE 1920 

State Board of Trade and Legis- 
lative Committee Office 
of Chairman 

To Parties Interested: — 

As well known to some to whom this is addressed, at the last session of 
the Maine Legislature a Committee was named to act in conjunction with a 
Committee from the State Board of Trade to formulate a plan for the 
proper observance of the year 1920 to commemorate the 100th anniversary 
of the admission of the State of Maine to the Union, and the 300th anniver- 
sary of the Landing of the Pilgrims, said Committee to report to the next 
session of the Legislature and in furtherance of this plan, the Joint Commit- 
tee duly met at the Falmouth House in Portland on July 16th, 1915, to con- 
sider the matter. 

At this meeting, among other things, it was suggested that a public meeting 
be held at the State House in Augusta on the anniversary of the day Maine 
became a State, and that the City of Portland arrange some sort or an af- 
fair in that city on the anniversary of the date of the first meeting of the 
Legislature in that city, which was the first Capital. 

In order, then, to get all the ideas together so that a report may be 
framed, I am asking you to give us your opinion as to what should be done, 
and any suggestions will be gratefully received and duly considered. 

It is also hoped that the schools in the State will arrange proper exer- 
cises and that every city and town will work up a sort of Old Home Week 
in order to bring back to the State in that year all former residents and their 

This letter may be addressed to some of those who attended the meeting in 
question and therefore may be better informed as to the import of the affair, 
and thus be the better prepared to outline their ideas in the matter. 

Very respectfully, 



Waterville, Maine, May 22nd, 1916. 


Local History in Our Public Schools 

(Editorial in Bar Harbor Times) 

In another column we present a well-worded plea, by Mr. Googins, 
for the teaching of local history in Maine schools. It is a deplor- 
able fact that in many of our Maine towns and cities the school chil- 
dren know all too little about the history of their own county and 
town. The Honorable Pay son Smith, state superintendent of 
schools, and soon to be Massachusetts commissioner of education, 
last spring at one of the county teachers' conventions, expressed 
himself very forcibly upon this topic. Among his experiences he 
told of visiting one school whose pupils knew much about the early 
history of Crete and Sicily, but nothing whatever about the early 
history of Maine; another was well informed upon the geography 
of Egypt and northern Africa, but couldn't tell a definite thing about 
the geography of Maine. 

John F. Sprague, in his quarterly Journal of Maine History, has 
been urging this movement in almost every issue. In a few places 
in the State, in Bangor and in Dover and Foxcroft particularly, 
attention has been paid to the teaching of local history in the upper 
grammar grades, giving a year's course in it, so far as books were 


Unfortunately, and indeed the thing which has probably retarded 
the development of this subject more than anything else, only a very 
few books have been published on Maine's history that are available 
or teachable for school use. Much of the matter is in so fragmen- 
tary a state that a standard course is extremely difficult from a prac- 
tical point of view. The history and government of Maine, written 
by the late W. W. Stetson in the nineties, is still the most useful text, 
but this is written in a dull and dreary style, and is more adapted for 
college or very advanced high school students while, in spite of sev- 
eral revisions, the work is decidedly out of date in view of the many 
changes that have been wrought in the form of Maine's government 
i in late years. A little book. Sophie Swett's "Stories of Maine," in 

; use in the Bar Harbor high school and in the Dover and Foxcroft 

grades, gives some of Maine's leading and picturesque events in 
more or less sketchy form. Yarney's Brief History of Maine, long 
ago out of print, and dealing at great length with the earlier details 
of the Indian wars with all their bloodthirstiness. is another text 
more or less unsatisfactorv. With the exception of these, most of 

the material suitable for school use is in scattered articles, more or 
less difficult of access, or work dealing with a local or limited field, 
such as Street's History of Mt. Desert. 

Nevertheless, a great deal may be done in bringing the attention 
of school pupils to the events of their own State. And history may 
be made the most delightful, the most fascinating, the most valua- 
ble of school studies. The teacher who persists in forcing her 
pupils to memorize a meaningless string of dates; who persists in 
teaching history as an unconnected string of facts, instead of a 
great drama of cause and effect; who allows pupils to memorize 
the words of a text-book word for word and line for line, has done 
more harm to the minds of her pupils than can be undone by a 
lifetime of industry. Unhappily, there are hundreds and even 
thousands of such teachers in the classrooms of the State of Maine 
and of New England today, who are implanting a vivid distaste for 
history in the breasts of thousands of the growing generation. 
Such is a great pity, but unfortunately true. There is no subject 
in the entire school course so badly taught as history, with the 
possible exception of geography, which should require much the 
same treatment, and is accordingly mistreated and manhandled. 

All of which is respectfully offered to school officials and teach- 
ers wherever the coat mav fit. 

(The foregoing recognition and indorsement of our efforts in this direc- 
tion is encouraging and pleasing. It is also gratifying to learn that some of 
the principle schools are using the Journal profitably in this work. Among 
such is the U. of M. of Orono and the Bangor public schools, under the 
direction of Supt. Wormwood. Editor.) 

The True Family 

We were recently shown an old powder horn now in the posses- 
sion of Miss Mabel L. True, daughter of Walter E. True of Fox- 
croft, Maine, and who is a brother of William H. True of Dover, 
Maine, which bears an inscription cut into the horn as follows: 

"Bradbury X True July X 31 X 1759." 

They descend from Henry True born in England and who emi- 
grated to Massachusetts and resided in Salisbury in 1645. but data 
regarding his birth and immigration here appear to be missing. 


The following is what is known of the early history of the True 
family of Salisbury and of North Yarmouth, Sangervillt and Dover- 
Foxcroft, Maine : 

1. Henry True: Salem, Mass* married Israel (?) Pike, (date unknown.) 

2. Henry True (Capt. and Deacon) : Salisbury, Mass. b. in Salisbury, 
March 8, 1644 or 1645. d. there Sept. 8, 1735, m. there March 15, 1667 
or 1668, Jane Bradbury, daughter of Thomas and Mary (Perkins) 
Bradbury- She was born in Salisbury, May 11, 1646, d. there January' 
24, 1729 or 1730. 

3. William True: (Lieut, and Deacon) : Salisbury, Mass.. b. in Salisbury, 
June — , 1670, d. there March 18, 1733 or 1734, m. about 1692, Eleanor 
Stevens, daughter of Benjamin and Hannah (Barnard) Stevens. She 
was b. in Salisbury. January 2, 1675, d. there April 29, 1768. 

4. William True: (Captain): Salisbury, Mass., b. in Salisbury, Novem- 
ber 16, 1700, m. there November 9, 1721, Anna Bradbury, daughter of 
Jacob and Elizabeth (Stockman) Bradbury. She was born in Salis- 
bury, September 3, 1702, and died there March 18, 1774. William d. 
there June 10, 1768. 

5. Bradbury* True: Salisbury, Mass., b. in Salisbury, July 29, 1738; was 
dead January 5, 1777. He m. (1) Miss Sarah Parsons of New 
Gloucester, Maine. She d. in North Yarmouth, Maine, June 1, 1767. 
He m. (2) May 26, 1768, Sarah Pettingill of North Yarmouth. 

6. Jacob True : North Yarmouth, Maine, b. in North Yarmouth, August 
li 17/0; d. there April 7, 1817; m. there, October 30, 1794, Susanna 
Curtis. She d. in Bangor, 1838. She m. (2) in Bangor, June 12, 1829, 
Dea. Daniel Wallace of that place. 

7. Jacob True : North Yarmouth. Maine, b. in North Yarmouth, Sep- 
tember 3, 1805; b. in Foxcroft, October 4, 1878-; m. (1) in Guilford, 
June 11, 1826, Hannah Stockbridge Coombs, daughter of Joseph and 

— Coombs ; she was b. in Brunswick, June 12, 1807, d. in Guilford, 

November 6, 1848. He m. (2) in Foxcroft, November 11, 1849, Almira 

Buck, daughter of Moses and Buck; she was b. in Buckfield, 

April 26, 1806; d. in Foxcroft, September 8, 1889. 

8. Caleb Weston True: Guilford, b. in Guilford, July 4, 1833; d. in 
Foxcroft, November 10, 1002; m. in Guilford, May 3, 1859, Ellen 
Catherine Loring, daughter of Charles and Louisa (.Smith) Loring; 
and she was born in Guilford, September 29, 1832; d. in Foxcroft, 
May 19, 1905. 

9. Walter Eugene True: Guilford, b. in Guilford, February 23, 1865; 
m. in Sebec, May 29, 1886, Jennie Nelson Ladd, daughter of Albion 
and Ellen (Nelson) Ladd of that place. She was b. in Sebec, April 
21, 1863. 



The Dyers of Narraguagus 

The Dyers were closely identified with the early history of Steu- 
ben and the Narraguagus Valley. Captain Henry Dyer was the 
first to settle Steuben coming from Cape Elizabeth to what is called 
Dyers Bay with his brother Reuben in 1768. Reuben afterwards 
returned to Cape Elizabeth. 

Before coming east Henry Dyer married Betsy Simonton of Cape 
Elizabeth. Their children were : Andrew, Henry, Lemuel, Reuben, 
Eben, Asa, Walter, Betsy, Sally, Anna, Abigail, Christiana and 
Polly. Polly Dyer married James Moore of Steuben who were the 
grandparents of the late John G. Moore, banker, of New York City. 

Captain Henry Dyer, first settler, was a shipbuilder and built 
vessels at Dyers Bay, as did several of his sons. He was the son of 
Sir Lodowic Dyer, an English baronet. During the Revolutionary 
War he held a captaincy and did service at Machias and St. John, 
N. B. Betsy, his wife, died in 1800 aged 60. 

Asa Dyer, sixth son of Henry and Betsy Dyer, was born April 
1 2th, 1784. He lived at Dyers Bay and married Sally Yeaton. 
Their son Ezekiel Dyer was a shipbuilder who settled on the Narra- 
guagus at what is now Milbridge. He had two shipyards on the 
creek near his residence, where he built brigs, schooners and barks. 
He married Mary Collins Ray, daughter of Captain Joseph Ray 
and a granddaughter of Richard Collins of Cherryfield, a soldier 
of the Revolution. Ezekiel Dyer was one of the public spirited men 
of Washington county and was active in State and town politics, 
serving on the board of selectmen for several years. He was a 
Democrat in politics but was twice elected to represent a Republi- 
can (Cherryfield-Milbridge) district in the Legislature. He died in 
1887. His widow died in 1900. 

Their children were : Austin, Nathan, Edgar and Frederick, 
Belinda R., Sarah J., and Delia. The sons are all dead except 
Frederick the youngest. He has the distinction of being the first 
child born in Milbridge. The town was incorporated July 14th, 
1848, and he was born the same day. He is the only person by the 
name of Dyer now living in Milbridge. 

The daughters of Ezekiel Dyer are all living, though their hus- 
bands are dead. Belinda R. married Dr. George Googins who was 
the first physician and first postmaster of Milbridge. She still 
lives in that town. Sarah J. married the late Charles Foster of 
Bay View, Mass. She still lives there with her daughter, Edna A. 



- — ~~ — ■ ' — — i — i — — . — 7 " 


Foster, the authoress. Delia married Captain George Dow of 
Thomaston, and makes her home in Milbridge. Her husband died 
about ten years ago. Ezekiel had a brother, Amos, who was a noted 
shipbuilder at Cherryfield. He married Deborah Wallace of Mil- 
bridge. Another brother James and a sister, Martha, lived at Mil- 

Ezekiel Dyer was my grandfather, and having received several 
inquiries about Henry Dyer and his family, I have been prompted 
to write the foregoing, which is not much, but may add a little to 
the information desired. 


Bar Harbor, Maine. 



We are very much gratified to note that the Senior Class at the 
graduation exercises of the Dexter, Maine, high school, June 8, 
1916, made a new departure from the usual course. 

Mr. Edward Elms, first speaker and winner of the highest rank, 
gave in an entertaining manner an interesting account of special 
facts in the history of Maine and stated that in studying the history 
of the State, he found that its motto "lead" is well chosen. 

Following this Miss Alice M. Wilder presented "The Early Set- 
tlers of Dexter/' which according to the newspaper report was a 
very able and exhaustive and historical sketch of that town. 

This is a decisive step in the right direction and we hope all other 
Maine schools will follow the wise example set by the Dexter High 

\V KJVJLsW l^n, A MAll\.fi; 11 HALO 


Woolwich, Maine, Items 

(Contributed by Honorable Angus O. Campbell of Sangerville, 


The first list of Jurors in the Town of Woolwich taken agreeable 
to an Act pass'd March 12th, 1808 regulating the Selection the 
empannelling and the Services of Grand, Traverse and Petet Jurors 
Taken in Woolwich march 19th 1812. 

James Blen, Jun. 
Abner Brookins. 
Benjn. Bayley. 
Jesse Bayley. 
Joseph Brookins. 
Theos. Blen. 
Joshua Bayley, Jr. 
Stephn. Blackman. 
Peleg Bradford. 
I. M. Bayley. 
I. Card. 

Lemuel Carlton. 
Charles Curtis, Jr. 
Danl. Card. 
Danl. Card, Jr. 
Thos. Card. 
Thos. Card, Jun. 
I. Curtis. 
I. G. Carlton. 
I. Cross. 
James Cross. 
Francis Cushman. 
Charles Carter. 
Ebenr. Delano. 
Peleg Delano. 
Bradford Delano. 
Thos. P. Delano. 
I. C. Delano. 
Joshua Delano. 
Jacob Eames. 
Edward Farnham. 
Zebr. Farnham. 
\Vm. Fullerton. 
Saml. Fullerton. 
Nathl. Gould. 
I. G. Gould. 

Robt. Known. 
Thomas Motherwell. 
Saml. Mains. 
James C. Mains. 
Rich Mitchel. 
Wm. Pain. 
Robt. Perkins. 
Saml. Preble. 
Henry Preble. 
Francis Preble. 
Joseph Preble. 
Samuel Preble. 
Wm. Patridge. 
Saml. Reed. 
Saml. Reed. 
I. M. Reed. 
James C. Reed. 
Reliesh Reed. 

Chrisr. P. Ryan. 
Abram. Savage. 
Jacob Savage. 

Andrew Savage. 

Joseph Snell. 

Saml. Soule. 

Asa Snell. 

Ebenr. Smith. 

I. Shaw. 

Benjm. Shaw. 

Stephen Stinson. 

I. W. Stinson. 

Thos. Smith. 

I. R. Stinson. 

I. Stinson. 

Ebenr. Savage. 

Thos. Tibbets. 

Nathl. Tibbets, Jun. 

,.,-. . ■ 

$rv"« *# - 


V | 

Winthrop Glidden. 
James Gilmore. 
David Gilmore. 
I. Gilmore. 
Wm. F. Gilmore. 
I. Gray. 
Benjn. Grover. 
Rich Hamden. 
Aaron Hilton. 
Robt. Hanson. 
Saml. Hathorn. 
Seth Hathorn. 
Danl. Hathorn. 
Saml. Hamden. 
Wm. Hamden. 
Thos. Hodgkins. 
I. Hodgkins. 
I. Hodgkins, Junr. 
Seth Hathorn. 
Seth Hathorn, 3rd. 
Isaiah Hedgs. 
Andrew Knowlton. 
Rich H. Leeman. 
Ebenr. Lancaster. 
Geo. Lilley, Jr. 
Wm. D. Leonard. 
Archabald Murphy. 

Josiah Trott. 
Saml. Trott, Esqr. 
I. Trott, Jr. 
Thos. Trott. 
Leml. Trott, Jr. 
Wm. Trott. 
Geo. Trott. 
Joseph Trott — 2. 
Simeon Williams. 
James Williams. 
Tim Williams. 
Solomon Walker. 
B. A. Walker. 
Danl. Walker. 
Andrew Walker. 
Ezekiel Walker. 
Caleb Witham. 
Abner Wade. 
Turner Wade. 
Charles Wade. 
Joseph Wright. 
I. Wright. 
Robt. White. 
I. White. 
Nathan Webb. 
Peter Walker. 
Joshua Walker. 

I hereby certify that an intention of marriage between Mr. Joseph Thom- 
son of Boothbay and Miss Frances Sloman of Woolwich hath been entered 
with me fourteen days prior to the date hereof and published in the town of 
Boothbay as the law directs. Given under my hand this thirteenth day of 
April in the year of our Lord eighteen hundred & twenty-four. 

JOSEPH W. COBB, Clerk of the 

town of Boothbay. 

Mr. Campbell also has in his possession a deed of land in Woolwich from 
Nathaniel Freeman to Abner Wade of Woolwich dated October 17, 1791, 
and a deed from Israel Smith of Woolwich to Abner Wade dated May 4, 

lliU OllllvJ^iJi iiWLOE- 


The Shirley House 

• At Shirley Corner, Maine 

The last of the old tote team and stage coach taverns, between 
Bangor and Moosehead Lake. It was built about 1835 and was a 
public house until soon after the Bangor and Piscataquis R. R. 
was completed to Greenville. It is now owned and occupied as a 
residence by Honorable Allen M. Phillips. 

Shirley Corner was in the old times a lumbering and business 
center for that region. It was formerly a part of the Fullerstown 
settlement, incorporated as the town of Wilson in 1836, but was 

in i • r 

• ITT' 

k 3 - . 

'■->,■. - 

. ■ "-■..■. ... ,; 

The Old Shirley Tavern. 

dismembered by act of the Legislature in 1848, and annexed to 
the towns of Shirley, Greenville and Elliottsville. 

The territory, later known as Shirley Corner, was in that part 
that was annexed to Shirley. 

Paul S. Merrill was a practicing lawyer there for many years, 
and was a well known public man in Maine. For several years he 
was chairman of the Democratic State committee. He later re- 
moved to Lock Haven, Penn.. where he died a few years ago. 


Documents and Letters Referring 
to Colonial Maine Subsequent to 
Its Submission to the Massa- 
i chusetts Bay Colony 

(From "Baxter Manuscripts" in the Documentary History of 



Black Pt nth July 1689 post Merid 
Honorble Gentlemen, 

These may Inform your Honours, that this Morning about nine of the 
Qock ante Merid — the Indians, Attacqued our Town of Scarborough, Killed 
one Man about a Qr of a Mile from Leift Hunniwells Garrison, fired five 
houses one Barn next adjacent, gave them a Volley, laded two horses with 
Corn, marcht off. This day a Post from ffalmoth gives Acco, that severall 
Gunns from North Yarmouth was heard, & an Allarm their given, two 
Swine killed on Mrs Gendles Plantation, and Severall firings on Cheboog 
Island, the Enimy their deemed to be near them, Gentlemen if you please to; 
Consider our Townes (as our Town of Scarborough) without your Assist- 
ance will be disserted, when our Men cutt off then too late & being in great 
disorder & no greater Sign of Ruin, & all for want of Assistance to See 
Commands performed (being the Epedemicall distemper of this Province of 
Main) without Some Speedy Supply of Men and Ammunition for us, it is 
Impossible for us to gett in our harvests (& no greater Crops for this Many 
Yeares Seen) If your Selves See Cause to Releive us with Some Quantity 
of men and Amminition, to Offend our Enimy, defend our Selves, so that we 
may be able to Serve our God, our King, and Countrey in that respect will 
be of great Incouragement. Without your Speedy Assistance or Commands, 
our Town will draw off, having not forty men fitt for Service & three Gar- 

The Premises I thought good to Acquaint your honours with the greatest 
Expeditio & make bold to Subscribe 

Your Honours 
humble Servant 


Sackadehock Garsion July 20th 1689. 
May it Pleas 

your honers This day som of the Inhabetants was going to the 

West side of the river to take in som catel into a uesel and som of my men 
being desirous to go with them thare went nine of my men with them for 

x-,i^i x j-^JLvo ivi^i i-.ivi\i.>u iw v^WL,viM.-\u ivxrvLiN-C 




thair seacurity there being nineteen in all — and as thay ware goeing thare 
lay a Party of Indians upon Sackadehock Poynt against the Garason fireing 
upon our men and Pursueing them with 8 canues thay killed six men three 
of the Imhabitants and three of my men viz heriery dunwitt mark Emrson 
William hopkinson John Vearin William Baker Charles hunawall I desire 
your honers to send Either a stronger Party of men to keep the Garason or to 
send me orders to Draw of the people for we are not able to subsest for all 
the Planters would go but I have stoped them for the present tell I her from 
your honers and thay are out of prouesion and I must suply them as long 
as I stop them and I have but litel in the store and If your honers send 
men to send provision with them and som bulletts and to send what alouans I 
must deliver to them no more to trubel your honers with all at present but 
desireing a Spedy answar 

Your Honers humbly 

Saruent to Command 


Documentary History of Maine (Baxter Mss.) Vol. 9, p. 10 
lb. p. 15. 


Pemaquid July ye 23d 1689 

Yors of ye 13th Instant I Reed And Esteeme Well of Your Just and 
Reasonable offers, by which I have prevailed with my Men to stay and Defend 
this place asureing them of there Pay for the time Past & to come And that 
by the first occasion You will send them both Money & More Men as for 
myselfe I haue more then Ordenary occasion being Constreined to ye In- 
habitants for severalls both for my owne vse and the Garrisons as ffireing 
and Candles &./ which Cannot be had without Ready mony — 

You Intimate of My altering My Style and Desarting my Post for the 
which I had More Just Cause then some of Your Countrey officers who Did 
Desert their Posts to their Great Disgrace. & Ruine of the Counter}'. &c. 1 
seeing My Men wholly Resolved to leaue Me. & being almost without bread. 
& we not hereing from you in soe long time. As for my Proposing of More 
Honor And Advantage it is Not Doubtable were I Elsewhere : Neither is 
there any thing that Induceth me to be Confined here, as ye honor I owe to 
the King & ye Intrest of his People: / what Elce I haue to add I haue 
Comunicated in a line to the Treasurer: And subscribe myselfe — 

Gent Yor Assured Servant 


Gent I Expect Yor speedy supply of about 10 or twelve men to be in ye 
the Garrison for we are but weake at Present Srs it is verry hard that the 
Poore Man that brought You ye Captives has not been satisfied for his 
Paines as he Informes me be pleased to Resolve what I shall Doe. 


To the Honord Governr and Councill 

* In Boston 

lb. P. 15. p mr Hobby / 



Pemaquid the 24 1689 
Honorable Srs 

The Reson of our vnwillingnes to Stay heare was wee were doutfulle 
that Care would not be taikin of vs as fformerly and the Could winter 
aproching and our duty extrodenery hard and wee but a Small number of 
men not able to hould out with our fatick for to wach in the nights and 
part of the day which wee most doe to be Secure of our Hues having bouth 
the ffrench and heathen nere vs but as wee are commanded by so good a 
Commander and officer one whose word of honnere with youre promise of 
present payment for the time past sence the Confinment of our gouinner tell 
now and for time to Com whareby wee doe willingly Consent to Continnew 
and give our dutyfull saruis tell furder orders from England and Exspeckting 
heare more men and mony for the time past by the ffirst oppertunity and so 
wee Shall remane youre moust vmble saruams according to youre promas 
This from the Soulders of the garrisson of Pemaquid vnder the Command 
of Leftnant Weems 

Henry Ward Beecher, or some other great divine, once said that 
while he had loved the Lord's Prayer ever since he had first learned 
it from the lips of his mother, yet he had never completely appre- 
ciated the whole of its beauty and sublimity until he had heard it 
repeated by Joseph Jefferson or some other great actor. 

When we finished reading Walter Emerson's recent book on 
Maine, The Latch String, we thought of this. We thought that al- 
though we had for a lifetime loved the eld State of Maine, her beau- 
tiful scenery, her forests and fields, her lakes, rivers, ponds and 
streams, her mountains and dales, her song birds, and golden sunsets, 
yet after all we never before beheld its whole charm and grandeur 
until we had read Walter Emerson's book. 



Entered as second class matter at the post office, Dover, Maine, by John 
Francis Sprague, Editor and Publisher. 

Terms : For all numbers issued during the year, including an index and 
all special issues, $1.00. Single copies, 25 cents. Bound volumes of same, 


Bound volumes of Vol. I. $2.50. Vol. I (bound) will be furnished to new- 
subscribers to the Journal for $2.00. 

Postage prepaid on all items. 

Commencing with Vol. 3. the terms will be $1.00 only to subscribers who 
pay in advance, otherwise $1.50. 

In history a great Volume is unrolled for our instruction, drain- 
ing the materials of future zinsdom from the past errors and infirmi- 
ties of mankind. 


As applicable to all of you, I will say that it is highly expedient 
to go into History; to inquire into zvhat has passed before you on 
this Earth, and in the Family of Man. 


Vol. IV JUNE, 1916 No. 1 

Shall We Have a Forest Sanctuary 

in Maine? 

The appeal of the Maine Sportsman's Fish and Game Protective 
Association to the people "of Maine to labor unceasingly for the 
establishment of a national park and forest reservation in the Mt. 
Katahdin region, is a most commendable move on the part of this 
association and should be heeded by all Maine citizens and all 
lovers of Maine in other parts of the country. And the name of 
the latter class is legion. 

Secretary Whitehouse, in his call to the people, which we cor- 
dially print in full upon another page of the Journal, well says: 

The importance of the establishment of such a park cannot be over- 
estimated. It would give added significance to our title "The Playground of 
the Nation." It would be a permanent forest sanctuary that in years to come 


woul.d attract thousands of visitors. It is worth working for with every 
available resource. 

The value of such a forest reservation to the future generations 
of Maine, as is contemplated by Congressman Guernsey's bill, 
cannot now be comprehended or estimated. 

If a portion of Maine's northern wilderness could be set apart 
for this purpose where moose, deer, bears, beavers and all of the 
animals, and all of the song birds of our woods could forever re- 
main unmolested and be possessed of a real home safe and secure 
from vandals and destroyers, what a wonderful national park it 
would be in the vears of the future. 


Think of our rapidly vanishing wild life having one spot in Maine 
beyond the reach of the deadly hunter, left alone to propagate its 
species for all time. 

For it is a fact that the most scientific and careful students of this 
subject are fully convinced that our big game, or the moose at least, 
cannot survive many more decades. The time will surely come, 
in the net distant future, when a moose, a deer, or a beaver, dwell- 
ing in his own house built by himself in that mysterious way, that 
the good God of nature has taught him to build, will be unknown 
to the visitors to the far famed "Maine Woods.*' 

Then such a place would be as wonderful and as strange to the 
denizen of the canyon, like streets of New York, as anything that 
they behold today in Yellowstone Park. 

And this phase of the subject has not only its sentimental but its 
cold material and calculating side as well. For the millions who 
would visit it would ride on Maine railroads, put up at Maine 
taverns, employ Maine guides, and consume Maine farmers' 

And there is another feature yet more important if possible frcm 
the purely economic point of view. We believe that any citizen of 
Maine, who gives the matter the least thought will concede that the 
preservation of our forestry is the key to the most of Maine's 
future prosperity. Aside from the material value of the forest 
growth itself it is of inestimable worth in forever preserving and 
maintaining the water power of Maine, which is slowly being de- 
veloped, but which will sometime be the foundation of enormous 
wealth to the State of Maine. 

Science has fully demonstrated that in countries and regions 
where the forests have been denuded, the rain fall passes rapidly 
away, and the strength of the water power is greatly lessened, in 
some cases nearly exhausted. 


The power exerted through electrical energy and in operation in 
many industries is impossible without constant and uniform water 
supply. Hence, the preservation of our forests is a subject of vast 
magnitude as it embraces the value of the timber, the maintenance 
of the water power, and the promotion of the health of the commu- 
nity. And moreover such a reservation would lessen the danger to 
human life in the woods in hunting time. 

Every true sportsman truly knows and sincerely regrets the fact 
that so far as forest sports in Maine are concerned the one "fly in 
the ointment'' is the fearful loss of life which recurs with fatal 
accuracy during every open season. 

Mr. Guernsey, in his speech in Congress April 13, 1916, demon- 
strated by official figures of the commissioners of inland fisheries 
and game of Maine, that during the past ten years 224 persons had 
been killed and maimed in this manner, no of whom were killed 
outright. And he cogently added : 

As a national park it would not only benefit wild life in securing to it 
a place of freedom from the hunter's gun but mankind as well. Thousands 
of our eastern citizens would like to go into the Maine woods and enjoy 
for a season out of door and camp life but for the fear of the hunter's 
gun which seems to point with unerring aim when a human being is mistaken 
for game. 

The Hannah YYestcn Chapter, D. A. R., of Machias, Maine dedi- 
cated the Passamaquoddy Indian [Memorial at the Pleasant Point 
Indian reservation, June 14, 1916. The exercises were very inter- 
esting and were participated in by members of the chapter. The 
Sisters of Mercy and others, Rev. J. J. Ahern of St. Joseph's Cath- 
olic church of Eastport celebrated mass and delivered an eloquent 
address appropriate to the occasion. 

ii ".' 


Rebecca Weston 

Some of the patriotic ladies of Dexter, Maine, recently organized 
there a Chapter of the Daughters of the American Revolution, with 
Mrs. Carrie Brewster, Regent, and Mrs. Blanche Atkins, Vice- 
Regent. They have named it the ''Rebecca Weston Chapter." 

Rebecca Westcn was the daughter of Josiah Weston who was 
born in Falmouth, July 22, 1756. Two of his brothers, Edmund and 
Joseph, were killed by the Indians. Later Josiah, with his two 
sisters, Elizabeth and Rebecca, moved to Chandler's River 1 about 
sixteen miles easterlv from Machias. The exact date when thev 
emigrated there from Falmouth is not at hand, but it was probably 
prior to 1774, for he married Hannah, daughter of Captain Samuel 
Watts, in October of that year. They had been married less than a 
year when word was passed around among the outlying settlements, 
by Machias people, about June 11, 1775, that a British War Vessel 
was in Machias river, and that every man and boy who could load 
a gun or jab an advisary with a pitchfork, and every pound of 
powder, every ounce of lead, and every bit of provisions that were 
available were needed to capture this vessel of the enemy. 

And so it came to pass that on the next day, (June 12, 1775) five 
days before the battle of Bunker Hill, a dauntless Irishman 2 in 
Machias Bay on the easterly shore of the Province of Maine, with 
a handful of brave lumbermen, river-drivers, farmers, and sailors, 
fought the first naval battle of the American Revolution; captured 
the first Briti>h war vessel and was the first one to haul down the 
British flag in that war. 

When the news that an attempt was to be made to run down the 
Margaretta. what few men and boys were living at the Chandler 
settlement immediately proceeded with axes and guns to reinforce 
the Machias men. 

After they had left their homes it occurred to Hannah Weston, 
wife cf Josiah, and his sister Rebecca, who was a young girl only 
fifteen years of age, that they might aid the O'Briens, James Foster 
and the other patriots by scouring the neighborhood for whatever 
articles of lead they could find and melting them into bullets and 
carry them on foot to the scene of battle. This they did but on 

(*) Now the town of Jonesboro, Maine. 

(') Jeremiah O'Brien. See "The Lexington of the Seas" in the Journal 
Vol. 1, pp. 157-175- 



account of having lost their way once or twice in their journey 
through the woods, they arrived at Maehias too late for their muni- 
tions of war to be used. But it has ever since been recognized as a 
most worthy and patriotic act. 

The name of Hannah Weston, who was the elder one and the 
leader in the enterprise, has been properly honored by several writ- 
ers of Maine history. 

George W. Drisko 1 , the historian of Maehias, wrote and published 
her biography in 1857 and a second edition of it was published in 
1903, and the D. A. R. Chapter at Maehias was named in her 
honor. This was well and her name is entitled to a high place in the 
roll of brave and noble American women. And yet the writer has 
always felt that the name of her companion has never received the 
meed of praise that it deserved. This neglect by these writers was 
probably unintentional yet the result has been that her part in this 
truly patriotic act has chanced to be nearly overlooked. 

We are therefore very glad to make record of the fact that the 
name of Rebecca Weston has in this manner been justly though 
tardily recognized. 

O George W. Drisko, author of "A Life of Hannah Weston" (1857) 
and "History of Maehias" (1904). 

Notes and Fragments 

John J. In galls. 

MASTER of human destinies am I! 

Fame, love and fortune on my foot-steps wait, 
Cities and fields I walk: I penetrate 
Deserts and seas remote, and passing by 
Hovel and mart and palace, soon or late 
I knock unbidden, once, at every gate ! 

If feasting, rise; if sleeping, wake before 
I turn away. It is the hour of fate, 
And they who follow me reach every state 
Mortals desire, and conquer every foe 
Save death. But those who doubt or hesitate, 
Condemned to failure, penury and woe, 
Seek me in vain and ceaselessly implore; 
I answer not, and I return — no more. 


Mr. George Rich of Foxcroft, Maine, recently showed us an old 
account book kept by a blacksmith, Abner Hoxie. in Orneville, Maine, 
in 1845. Under date of July 31, of that year, appear charges against 
Judge Henry Orne who was one of the proprietors of the town of 
Orneville and for whom it was named. (See Journal Vol. 1. pp. 
43-47-13 1- 1 36.) 

In a recent issue of the "Maine Woods" appeared an interesting 
article from the pen of Mr. Howard Wood of Greenville, Maine, 
relating to the attractions for anglers at Moosehead, Sebec. Onawa 
and Schoodic Lakes. 

Oren Burbank Cheney, founder and first president of Bates Col- 
lege was born December 10, 18 16, and died December 22, 1903. 

"An Act Dividing the Town of Mount-Desert in the County of 
Hancock, into two distinct towns and for incorporating the north- 
erly part of said Town into a separate Town by the name of Eden," 
is the title of an act passed by the General Court of Massachusetts, 
February 23, 1796. 




At a legal meeting of the inhabitants of the town of Monson qualified by 
law to vote in town affairs holden on the eighth day of September, A. D. 

Chose, Cyrus Packard, Moderator. 

Voted— to Choose an Agent to Attend the next Court of Sessions to be 
holden at Norridgewock on the first tuesday of October next, to oppose the 
acceptance of the County Road recently laid out through the southwest part 
of the town of Monson. 

Chose Alexander Greenwood for the above purpose. 

Voted to petition the next Legislature to be set off from the County of 
Somerset and annexed to the County Penobscot. 

Voted to appoint some person to draw up a Petition and present the next 
Legislature for the above purpose. 

Chose Samuel Whitney for the above purpose. 

Voted — to dissolve this Meeting. 


Town Clerk. 

X^ V_^ JL. -l—w' - 1 J- ^ iS J. l\i 1VJ i.»X -l_«i.l| A w_> \J 

The reader may fcrm quite a clear idea of times, customs, etc.. 
of the early settlers in Maine from the following in the Maine 
Farmers' Almanac for 1826: 

In 1620. one hundred and fifty persons came from England to Virginia to 
carry on the manufacture of silks, iron, potash, tar, pitch, glass, salt, &c. ; 
but they did not succeed. In 1673, Chalmers says of New-England, "There 
be five iron works which cast no guns — no houses in New-England has above 
twenty rooms — not twenty in Boston has ten rooms each — a dancing school 
was set up here, but put down — a fencing school is allowed. There be no 
musicians by trade. All cordage, sail-cloth, and mats come from England — 
no cloth made there worth four shillings per yard — no alum, no copperas, no 
salt, made by their sun." 

The first buildings of the settlers were made of logs and thatched, or were 
built of stone. Brick and framed houses were soon built in the larger towns, 
and afterwards in the villages. The frames and bricks were, however, in 
some instances, imported. The first mill in New England was a windmill, 
near Watertown. but it was taken down in 1632, and placed in the vicinity of 
Boston. Watermills began to be erected the next year. — The first attempt 
to build water-craft, in New-England, was at Plymouth, in 1626. A house 
carpenter sawed their largest boat into two parts, and lengthened it five or 
six feet, built a deck, and rigged it into a convenient vessel, which did 
service for several years. 

The first vessel, built in Massachusetts, was a bark, in 1631, called THE 
BLESSING OF THE BAY, and launched July 4th. In 1633, a ship of sixty 
tons was built at Med ford. In 1636, one of one hundred and twenty tons 
was built at Marblehead. In 1641, a shop of three hundred tons was launched 
at Salem, and one of one hundred and sixty tons at Boston. From this time 
ship building rapidly extended in the northern colonies. 

The first PRINTING in New-England, was done in 1639, by one Day. 
The proprietor of the press, was a clergyman, by the name of Glover, who 
died on his passage to America. The first thing printed was the Freeman's 
Oath, the second an ALMANAC, and the third an edition of the Psalms. 
No other printing press was established in America, during this period. 
John Elliot, the celebrated missionary, having translated the Bible into the 
Indian language, had it printed at Cambridge, in 1664. 

The BANGOR DAILY COMMERCIAL will be sent to any 
address, post paid, during the State Campaign, or to Sept. 15, 19 16, 
for $1.00, or until the close of the Presidential Campaign for $1.50. 
Send P. O. money order to J. P. Bass Pub. Co., Bangor, Maine. 


\ Sayings of Subscribers 

Major Charles J. House, Augusta, Maine, the well known writer on 

Military Histcrv of Maine, Genealosrv, etc.: 

"I appreciate your publication and always watch for its coming. 
While it is of great value to the present generation it is to the 
future student of Maine history that its value will be greatest." 

Mr. Virgil G. Eaton, South Brewer, Maine, the well known Maine 
Journalist and former Editor-in-chief of the Bangor Daily News: 
"By the way, just what position in the State of Maine does a man 
have to hold in order to win the name of 'Honorable'? 

The late Abel D. Russell, who was formerly the State of Maine 
official engrosser of By-laws to be enacted, used to contend that 
any man who had never risen any higher than a member of the 
Maine State House of Representatives, could not claim the title of 
* Honorable to his name. Does the title belong exclusively to one 
who has been a Senator, Judge of some Court or Mayor of a city?" 

Mr. A. W. Stewart, Augusta. Me. : 

"I am much pleased with Sprague's Journal. It is doing a good 

Honorable Charles O. Small, Judge of Probate, Madison, Maine : 
"I enjoy reading your 'J ourna l °f Maine History' very much.' 

Henry Hudson, Esq., leading lawyer of Eastern Maine Guilford, 

Maine : 

"I think you are doing a great work for the preservation of a 
great many things which would be entirely lost to the history of 
Maine were it not for you. I fully appreciate the work which you 
are doing." 

UMES 1, 2 & 3. 


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Vol. 4 


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History is the truth; ever impartial; 
never prejudiced 




T AUG. 1916 ] 







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Worster Bros 



Portland-Monson Slate Co xx 

Eugene H. Flint xi v 

The Roberts House xiii 

W. A. Bray xiii 

The E. & M Hospital iv 


Wm. W. Roberts Co 

Inside Front Cover 

Smith & Sale. .. .Inside Front Cover 
A. J. Huston xxii, xxiii 

Crccker Photo & Engraving 

Co xxii 

Falmouth Hotel xviii 

H. J. Burrowes Co xviii 

U. S. Trust Co xviii 

Maine Register xv 

C. O. Barrows Co xv 

Portland-Monson Slate Co xx 

Forest City Trust Co 

Inside Back Cover 


L. M. Seabury. xvii 


Sentinel Publishing Co xii 



Introductory and Program 67 

Guilford Mfg. Co 75 

Historical Address, by Henry Hudson, Esq 77 

Samuel Weston's Letter IOI 

Centennial Poem, by Sarah (Lucas) Martin 104 

Oration, by Rev. George A. Martin 109 

Old School House •- Ir 7 

County Officers from Guilford Il & 

Guilford Trust Co "9 

Guilford Memorial Library ;• I21 

Biographical I2 3 

Documentary History r 4^ 




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Sprague's Journal of Maine History 

Vol. IV AUGUST, 1916 No. 2 

Guilford Centennial, 1816-1916 

On June ij and 18, 1916, in pursuance with a vote of the town 
at its last annual town meeting the people of Guilford, under the 
direction of the Guilford Board of Trade, commemorated the hun- 
dredth anniversary of its corporate existence as a town. 

The committee appointed by the Board of Trade to plan and 
execute the features and details of this celebration were as follows: 

Chairman, James H. Hudson. 

Treasurer, Paul H. Knowlton. 

Secretary, Raymond W. Davis. 

C. S. Douglass, John Houston. Chas. H. Herring, Chas. W. 
Stevens, Marcellus L. Hussey, Henry A. Elliott, Ralph H. Marsh, 
Wallace W. Edes, William E. Wise. 


Programs, Nelson N. Scales. 

Decorations, Chairman, O. D. Crockett, Mrs. James H. Hudson, 
Miss Florence Martin, A. C. Houston, Charter Mahar. 

Trades Parade, Chairman, Jas. G. Taylor, Walter S. Washburn, 
Mark Fairbrother, A. M. McKusic. 

Miduvy, Chairman, Henry A. Elliott, Charles W. Stevens, Aubrey 
M. Hussey. 

Ball, Chairman, Raymond W. Davis, Jos. T. Davidson, H. T. 
Barber, Walter S. Washburn, Samuel H. Boardman. 

Invitations, Chairman, Frank O. Martin, Fred H. Spearing, 

Emma R. Ellis. 

Advertising, Chairman, Irving C. Moulton, Chas. S. Bennett, 

Dana H. Edes. 

Antiques, Chairman, Mellen F. Ellis, Mrs. J. W. Patten, Mrs. 
Warren Chamberlain, John Scales, Mr. and Mrs. W. E. \Vise. T. B. 
Xichols,. Ernestine J. Hale. 

History, Chairman, Henry Hudson, Micajah Hudson, Ernestine 

J. Hale. ' 



Refreshments, Chairman, Eugene E.- Ross, Dale Boody, Selden D. 

Badges, Chairman, Chas. S. Bennett, Richmond D. Pearson, Ar 
tice C. Genthner. 

Auto Parade, Chairman, Carroll S. Douglass, Robert C. Houston, 
Manley H. Spearen. 

Music, Chairman, Samuel H. Boardman, James H. Hudson, R. 
W. Davis, Mrs. A. C. Genthner, Miss Hazel "Small. 

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Grade school building at right, Guilford High school at left. 

Sports, Chairman, Nelson N. Scales, Selden D. Rice, Harold E. 
True. Lewis A. Houston. Elmer Stevens. 

Sunday Services, Chairman, S. H. Boardman, Rev. Albert I. Oli- 
ver, Rev. H. M. Daniels 

Centennial Magazine, Chairman, James H. Hudson, R. W. Davis, 
P. H. Knowlton, A. W. Drake. 









On June 17, at 10.45 &* M- there was a magnificent street parade 
led by the Bangor Band of 24 pieces with Adelbert Wells Sprague, 

The parade was led by J. G. Taylor, who was chairman of this 
feature of the day, and whose efforts in this capacity did much 
toward making this parade one of the leading features of the whole 

Following Mr. Taylor came the two oldest residents of the town, 
Mr. Brawn and Mr. Howard in an automobile. 

The parade was formed as follows : 

Dale Boody, 

J. E. French & Sons, 

French & Elliott Company (2) 

Guilford Register, 

Manley Spearing, 

Genthner Brothers, 

Carl Martin, 

Hudson Farm, 

F. O. Martin, Victrola, 
Straw & Martin, 

A. G. Crockett, 

O. D. Crockett & Co., 

G. Boganzi & Co., 
J. K. Edes & Sons, 
H. Douglass, 

E. E. Ross Rexal Store, 

Guilford Manufacturing Company, (4) 
Town Road Department, (2) 

F. U. Witham & Co., 
A. S. Eldridge, 
Robert Prey. 

Bangor Band, 

Company A, Dexter, 

Company F, Dover, 

Guilford Schools, 

K. of P. Lodge, 

Modern Woodmen of America, 

Pythian Sisters, 

Queens of Avalon, 

La Utila Klubo Club, 

I. O. O. F. Lodge, 

Golden Link Rebekahs. 

Royal Neighbors of America. 

Women's Club of Guilford, 

Sunshine Society, 

North Guilford Grange, 

Center Guifford Grange, 

John Scales & Son, 

Guilford Clothing Company, 

C. S. Bennett, 

Page & Spearing Company (2) 

J. G. Crockett, 

W. E. Gilman & Co., 

At 2.30 P. M., in the Town Hall, were held the following Order 
of Exercises : 

Overture, "Masaniello" Auber 

Prayer Rev. Harry M. Daniels of Guilford 

Idyl, "The Glow Worm" Uncke 

History Henry Hudson, Esq., of Guilford 

Poem Mrs. Sarah Lucas Martin of Foxcroft 

Minuet and Barcarolle from "The Tales of Hofr- 




Oration Rev. George A. Martin of St. Johnsbury. Vt. 

.-:?.--~z?'h-'< ■■•■• . .... "-. ., 


Benediction Rev. Albert I. Oliver 

American March, "Gate City" Weldon 

Music by Bangor Band, 

Adelbert Wells Sprague, Conductor 

A leading feature of the celebration was the centennial Concert 
and Ball in the Town Hall. 

The program of the concert at 7.30 P. M. was as follows : 

Music by the Bangor Band, conducted by Adelbert Wells Sprague, 

1 Excerpts from the Musical Farce, "High Jinks'' Friml 

2 (a) "Eleanor" Deppen 
(b) "Captain Betty" Baxter 

3 March. "Guilford Centennial" Lee Sanford 

4 Overture "Norma" ^ Bellini 

5 Patrol, "The Blue and the Grey" Dalbey 

6 Scenes from the Comic Opera, "Pinafore" Sullivan 

7 March, "The Stars and Stripes Forever" Sousa 


A commemorative service was held in the Town Hall, Sunday, 
June 18, in the forenoon, by the Universalist and Methodist 

The Order of Services were: 

I. Prelude, Adagio from the "Moonlight Sonata" Beethoven 

Bangor Band 

2 Hymn, Onward Christian Soldiers 

3 Invocation 

4 Responsive sentences, lead by Rev. H. M. Daniels, pastor of 

the Universalist church 

5 Anthem, Send Out Thy Light, Gounod 

Double Quartette 
Soprano, Mrs. A. C. Genthner, Mrs. J. H. Hudson 
Contralto, Miss Helen Marsh, Mrs. C. M. Drew 
Tenor, Mr. Dana Edes, Mr. James Hudson 
Bass, Mr. Joseph Davidson, Mr. Raymond Davis 

6. Scripture, (Matt. 6, 19-34) Rev. Albert I. Oliver, Pastor 

Methodist church 

7. Violoncello Solo, "Sehnsucht," Tschaikowsky 

Mr. Adelbert W. Sprague 

8. Prayer, Rev. George A. Martin, St. Johnsbury, Vt. 

9. Response, Quartette 

10. Hymn, Holy, Holy, Holy 




11. Sermon, The Achievement of Life, Rev. Henry E. Dunnack, 


12. Hymn, Nearer My God to Thee 

13. Benediction 

14. Postlude, "Hallelujah Chorus" from "The Messiah" Handel 

Bangor Band 
In the afternoon a Sacred Concert was held on the lawn of the 
Universalist Church, at 2 o'clock, the exercises of which were: 

Music by the Bangor Band 

1 March, "Stabat Mater" Losey 

2 Overture, "William Tell" Rossini 

3 Solo for Cornet, "Echoes from the Valley" Hoch 

Mr. Harry D. O'Neil 

4 Scenes from the Operetta "Robinhood" DeKoven 

5 Variation Fantasy, "Way Down Upon the Swanee River" 


6 Quartet from "Rigoletto" Verdi 

7 (a) "Humoreske" Dvorak 
(b) "Puppschen" .. Gilbert 

8 "American Patrol" _ Meacham 

9 Excerpts from the Musical Play "The Only Girl" Herbert 
10 March, "Guilford Centennial" Lee Sanford 

"The Star Spangled Banner" 

Centennial Ode 

By James H. Hudson, adapted to "Guilford Centennial March" by 

Lee Sanford 
Today our hearts with joy, are filled ; 
One hundred years our men have tilled 
And made the harvest come to stay ; 
We celebrate our town's birthday. 
Stout hearts were theirs, to them all hail ! 
With pluck like theirs, we cannot fail. 
God bless Guilford, with flags unfurled, 
To us, the best in all the world. 

Auto Parade 

The auto parade was arranged by a committee appointed for 
this purpose, Carroll S. Douglass, chairman, and was composed of 
ten beautifully decorated automobiles. This parade was scheduled 


for Saturday morning, but was postponed because of the rain until 
Sunday afternoon at 4.15. 

The judges were Leland A. Ross, Dexter : A. Wade Campbell, 
Sangerville ; Mrs. W. H. Jones, Gorham, Maine, who awarded the 
first prize of Si 5.00 to Nelson N. Scales. This car was a most 
beautiful affair decorated in the color scheme of pink with a pro- 
fusion of flowers, lilies, chrysanthemums, and iris. It was driven 
by Nelson N. Scales and seated in the car were Mrs. Scales, Mrs. 
John R. Foulkes and Hugo Cross. 

The second car to receive the prize of $10.00 was that of James 
H. Hud-on. This car was beautiful in its decoration of pink cherry 

■ vr, ■* 

First prize Decorated Automobile, Nelson N. Scales, owner. 


blossoms, ferns and roses. It was driven by Mrs. Hudson and thos 
who rode in the car were Mrs. A. W. Drake, Katherine Drake. 
Charlotte Hudson, and Lillian Martin. 

The third prize of $5.00 was given to the Harry W, Davis car. 
This car was most handsomely trimmed in evergreen with white 
chry.-anthemums and red roses. It was driven by Manley Davis and 






those riding in the car were Misses Pauline Davis, Marjorie Cim- 
pher, Esther James of Boston, Vera Dinsmore of Minneapolis. Ruth 
Kimball of Pontiac, Michigan. 

Those entered were: Harry W. Davis, Nelson N. Scales. James 
H. Hudson, Carroll S. Douglass, Alexander J. Goldthwaite. Dr. 
Ralph H. Marsh, John Houston, Irving C. Moulton, Frank U. 
VVitham, Verne Knapp. 


An interesting feature of the celebration was the display of an- 
tiques at the Guilford Memorial library which was open all through 

F • -' • 

- ' - 



H 1 

French & Elliott Square. 

the celebration. This collection was very large and the articles on 
exhibition had great historical value. They had been collected with 
much care by the antique committee. Mellen F. Ellis, chairman. 
Mr. Ellis had spared no pains to make this collection one of great 
interest and the result was most gratifying. 


The articles all deserve mention so redolent with historical lore 
were they, but space not permitting a mention of all. we will briefly 
sketch a few which attracted our attention. One was a collection of 
bibles, one of which was the property of Deacon Robert Herring. 
who built the first camp where the first meeting was held in Guil- 
ford, another very old bible which was the property of James Rice 
an ancestor of Seldon D. Rice of this town, the first bible ever taken 
into the Kingsbury township in 1803, and many others. Another 
old book was an English book of sermons published in 1749, an 
official letter from Washington sent to Silas Hale, stage driver 
from Bangor to Monson in 1837, before the days of envelopes. An 
old spinning wheel with swifts and reel, upon which demonstration 
of the art of spinning was shown by Mrs. Ethel Henderson of 
Levant was among the exhibits. The chair and glasses used by 
Robert Low who founded the town and the crow bar which he 
brought here on the pommel of his saddle and which he first broke 
ground with were articles of interest and historical value. A large 
collection of dishes of 100 years ago and earlier was shown and one 
set which was used by Squire Kelsey on state occasions, the Squire 
being one of the big men of the times. A chair owned by Capt. 
William Stevens, who was prominent in town affairs, ancient mil- 
linery, a doll of the times of 1820 with wedding bonnet and pumpkin 
head, linen spun and woven by Phoebe, wife of Guilford's first 
minister, towel, spun and woven by Mary Rice from flax she raised 
in Guilford, inlaid card table, brought from England, some 100 
years ago, by John Fassett, sea chest brought from England 
during the war of 1812, by a Fassett, then 12 years of age, a flat 
iron, 100 years old, candle stick 100 years old or over, silhouette of 
Rev. David E. Burbank, who died Oct. 26, 1840. gold spoon loaned by 
Priscilla Elliott which belonged to her grandmother, Mary P. El- 
liott, a daughter of the Revolution and was presented to her by the 
National society of D. A. R., a piece of rope made from the sinews 
of a whale and used as a bed cord more than 175 years ago and in 
constant use for more than 100 years, a cane brought on the May- 
flower. Mr. Ellis had also an interesting collection of coins from 
his own collection, among which was a gold quarter of a dollar. 






_ijjil*S^» it rC\e 

Mills of Guilford Manufacturing Company 

manufacturers of lumber, box boards, boxes, packing cases and box shooks, 
house finish of all kinds and dealers in pulpwood. 

This concern, as at present organized, is the result of a consolidation of 
the business of the saw mill and box mill located in Guilford village. 

In 1891 the work was commenced on building the saw mill and opera- 
tions at this mill started in 1892. The original operating concern was 
styled Guilford Lumber Co. and composed of M. L. Hussey, George \V. 
Stacey, and Charles E. Packard. This was a partnership. In 1893 tne Guil- 
ford Lumber Co. was incorporated and stock was taken by many local busi- 
ness men. Mr. Harry W. Davis was Treasurer. This corporation cut logs and 
operated the saw mill for the three following years. They were succeeded 
in the lumber business by a firm composed of M. L. Hussey, A. J. Goldth- 
waite and Henry Hudson, who leased the mill from the Guilford Lumber Co., 
and until the fall of 1903 conducted the business under the firm name of 
Hussey, Goldthwaite & Hudson. 

During this period clapboards were a strong feature in the saw mill 
production. In the spring of 1901 Guilford Lumber Co. sold the mill to a 
syndicate composed of John W. Hinch of Danforth, Maine; Horace A. 
Bennett of West Newton, Mass.; Samuel H. Boardman of Bangor; and 
Mrs. Clara A. Brown of West Newton, Mass. 

This syndicate also purchased lands in Kingsbury and Blanchard. 

In the fall cf 1903 Mr. Hudson retired from the lumber business and 
for the following year the mill was operated by Hussey, Goldthwaite and 

In 1904 THE GUILFORD LUMBER CO. was incorporated, Mr. Hinch, 
Mr. Bennett and Mr. Boardman being the stockholders, and the saw mill 
and lumbering operations were conducted by this new corporation until 
January 1, 1907, when the consolidation above referred to occurred. Since 


January I, 1907, the saw mill business has been conducted by Guilford 
Mfg. Co. 

The Box Shook mill or "Novelty Mill" as it is still called by some, was 
built by local interests in November, 1889. and shortly afterwards was turned 
over to the L. C. Bass Mfg. Co. This plant was built for turning hardwood 
novelties, was shortly merged with the American Bobbin, Spool & Shuttle 
Co., which was not successful and the plant was closed for some time. 

On January 4, 1900, the assignees of the American Bobbin Spool & Shut- 
tle Co. 'sold the property to John S. Runnels. In February of the same 
year Runnels sold to Guilford Mfg. Co., which was organized as a corpo- 
ration in 1900 and was owned and controlled by local interests. Columbus 
W. Ellis took charge of the business for the corporation and with the 
assistance of his brother. Mellin F. Ellis, operated the plant as a box 
shook and house finish mill until 1907 when the consolidation occurred. 

To the ability of these two gentlemen much of the success of the indus- 
try is due. Beginning January 1, 1907, the two plants were operated under 
the same management, Mr. Boardman becoming General Manager of the 
woods and saw mill operations and Mr. Ellis still conducting the Shook 
Mill and House finish business. 

In June, 1908, Mr. C. W. Ellis was obliged to give up business on account 
of failing health and on January 3, 1909, passed away. The loss of his 
experience and advice was a severe blow to the company. 

Guilford Mfg. Co. for the past few years has been under the management 
of Mr. Boardman and has built up a successful business making rather 
more of a specialty of box shook than of lumber. Its products are shipped 
to widely scattered points and its business has been quite regular regardless 
of the fluctuations of the general business conditions of the country. 

The general policy of the company has been to arrange the sales of its 
product in such a manner as to secure for its men the largest possible 
amount of labor, shipping the finished product rather than the raw material. 

Its success is due in no small degree to the loyalty of its employees and 
the spirit of co-operation which exists between the management and the 

The present officers of the company are as follows: 

Directors : S. H. Boardman, 

Horace A. Bennett, 
Harry W. Davis, 
. Robert E. Hall. 
Walter S. Washburn, 
George H. Tozier, 
Elliot S. Boardman. 

Clerk and Treasurer, Frank O. Martin. 

President and General Manager, S. H. Boardman. 

Superintendent Saw Mill and Woods Department. George H. Tozier. 

Superintendent Shook Mill Department, Walter S. Washburn. 

Office Manager, Irving Pierce. 

Samuel H. Boardman*. 


Historical Address 

By Henry Hudson, Esq. 

Guilford prior to its incorporation as a town was a plantation, 
and before it was organized as a plantation, it was township number 
six, range seven, north of Waldo Patent. 

It may be interesting to give information as to what is meant 
by Waldo Patent. In 1630 John Beauchamp cf London, England, 
and Thomas Leverett of Boston, England, obtained a grant of land 
from a company acting under the authority of the Government of 

This grant was first known as the Muscongus Patent. The name 
no doubt was taken from the fact that a river of that name formed 
a part of its western boundary. 

The Waldo Patent extended from the sea coast northerly between 
the Penobscot Bay and river on the east and the Muscongus River 
on the west to the south line of the towns of Hampden, Xewberg 
and Dixmont. This srrant embraced a territorv of thirty-six miles 

The grant was not of the land itself but the grant of the right of 
exclusive trade with the Indians. A trading house was built an 1- 
supplied with such articles as were necessary for the traffic with 
the Indians. This exchange of articles was carried on until the 
opening of the first Indian war in 1675, a period of forty-five years. 

Somewhere about 1720, this grant was obtained by a family by the 
name of Waldo, who lived in Boston, Massachusetts ; hence, the 
name "Waldo." It is said that Gen. Waldo was held in high 
esteem for his sterling qualities. 1 

O Refers to General Samuel Waldo, who was born in England in 1696. 
He came to this country with his father, Jonathan Waldo, a merchant in 
Boston, when four years of age. 

Samuel also became a merchant and a man of wealth, and a large owner 
of lands in the District of Maine. 

Under the "Great Charter for New England" one of the subordinate 
grants of land in Maine was to Beauchamp and Leverett, in 1629. A part 
of this grant finally passed into the hands of a company known as the 
"Twenty Associates." later enlarged to an ownership of thirty persons, 
among whom were the father and brothers of General Waldo. 

One David Dunbar, about 1726, obtained control of these lands and was so 
arbitrary in his methods and so flagrantly violated the rights of the patentees 
that General Waldo was appointed an agent to visit England in their inter- 
ests and for their relief. He succeeded in obtaining a revocation of Dun- 
bar's authority, and for his services they were so grateful that they con- 

., -Li 



I have already stated that Guilford was originally township six, 
range seven, north of Waldo Patent. 

The townships were numbered by commencing on the west side oi 
the Penobscot River. On May I, 1794. the committee of the Com- 
monwealth of Massachusetts for the sale of eastern lands, through 
Daniel Carey, issued letters of instructions to Samuel Weston to 
proceed and survey three ranges of townships between the Penob- 
scot River and the east line of the million acres located on the river 
Kennebec, to be bounded west on the million acres, south on the 
sixth range and a line extended east from the northeast corner of 
township number one in the sixth range aforesaid to the Penobscot 
River, easterly on Penobscot River, and north on unlocated lands, 
to be numbered the seventh, eighth and ninth ranges progressing 
northerly, and the townships to be laid six miles square, excepting 
those bordering on the Penobscot River. A copy of these instruc- 
tions I include in this article. 

Under this letter of instructions, Samuel Weston did in the year 
1794, locate these three ranges and divided the ranges into town- 

I have also incorporated and made a part of my article a letter 
written by Samuel Weston to the Committee for sale of eastern 
lands under date of October 15, 1801. It would appear that com- 
plaint had been made in regard to the sale of township four range 
seven, and a request was made for a resurvey of that township. 

Township four, range seven is now the town of Sebec. This 
letter is a full explanation of the way in which the ranges and 
townships in the ranges were located. I incorporate a copy of 
these two original documents as a matter of historical interest to be 
t The Commonwealth of Massachusetts granted to Bowdoin Col- 
lege four townships of land. These townships were numbered four, 
five, six and seven in the seventh range of townships north of 
Waldo Patent. These townships subsequently became the towns 
of Sebec. Foxcroft, Guilford and Abbot. 

Guilford was township number six, range seven. Samuel Wes- 
ton and Ephraim Ballard under a warrant from the Commonwealth 

veyed to him one half of the whole territory. This was ever after known 
as the Waldo Patent. 

He distinguished himself as a soldier and was the second officer to Sir 
William Pepperell in the siege of Louisburg. 

He died suddenly near Bangor, Maine. May 23, 1759. 





of Massachusetts surveyed a township of land, which was number 
three in the fifth range of townships, north of Waldo Patent now 
Garland. This township was granted to the trustees of Williams 

About the same time township four, range five, now Dexter, was 
also surveyed. In 1801. the first settlers came to what is now the 
town of Garland and began to make homes there. Dexter was also 
settled at about the same time. Mills were erected for the manufac- 
ture of lumber in Garland and in Dexter. There were also mills 
in those two towns to grind the corn and wheat. 

k - 



8 I 

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3~#*' n 9; » -- 

* ■« 2 = ~ * s ~ « . -- *--. . . . • *« 

i a § i r.24 ? g-j ? :|t • ^ : .*3 

M. L. Hussey Woolen Company 

I allude to these facts in connection with the towns of Garland 
and Dexter for the reason that the early settlers in Guilford had 
to go either to Garland or Dexter for the purpose of grinding their 
wheat and corn and to do such trading as it was necessary to do in 
order to procure the necessary articles for use and for consump- 

In the year 1803, Deacon Robert Low and Deacon Robert Her- 
ring, both of New Gloucester, bought from Bowdoin College a large 
tract of land in township six, range seven, now Guilford. Ac- 
cording to the terms of the grant they were to establish homes in 




■ & 


said township. Immediately after their purchase they did begin to 
make preparations to clear the land and make homes and form a 


settlement in the township. 

On the first three pages of the plantation records is a historical 
sketch written toy Robert Low." Immediately following the his- 
torical sketch is the record of the warrant to the inhabitants of 
township number six, range seven, in the County of Somerset signed 
by Phillip Leavitt, justice of the peace. 

From this sketch I quote: 'These men (meaning no doubt 
Deacon Robert Herring and Deacon Robert Low) formed a de- 
termination to admit on their part no person as a settler who was 
not industrious, orderly, moral and well disposed. In this they so 
far succeeded that for many years thereafter lawsuits and broils 
among the neighbors were known only in name among the- neigh- 

I further quote from the historical sketch as follows : "In A. 
D. 1804, trees were felled in several places in the town and the next 
year corn was raised. On the sixteenth day of February, A. D. 
1806, the first family moved into the township and about the middle 
of March the second family came together with several men who 
worked during the summer and remained here the winter follow- 

These two families were Deacon Robert Low, Jr., and Deacon 
Robert Herring. Jr. Robert Low, Jr. settled on the farm owned 
by the late Joseph H. Deering. This is the first farm west of 
Lowe's Bridge on the river road. 

Robert Herring, Jr., settled on the farm next west of the Deer- 
ing farm and west of the highway leading from the river road north 
to Guilford Center, North Guilford and Monson. The farm set- 
tled upon by Robert Herring, Jr.. is now occupied by Herbert L. 

In 1806, there were only seven men residing within the limits of 
said township. These men were Robert Low, Jr., Robert Herring, 
Jr., David Low, John Bennett. Isaac Bennett, Nathaniel Bennett 
and John Everton. 

In the sketch before referred to. we learn that these seven men 
believing that some established regulations were necessary to pre- 
serve good order and harmony met and adopted such by-laws as 

(*) This sketch appears in the Documentary History of Guilford in this 





they deemed necessary for said purposes, to be in full force and 
effect for the term of one year. A clerk was chosen to keep a 
record of their doings and such other officers as were thought 
necessary to earn- into execution these laws were chosen. We 
read that these laws so adopted were respected and rarely ever 
known to be evaded. Public schools were supported and main- 
tained by private subscription. 

On the eighth day of October, 1812. Philip Leavitt of Athens by 
virtue of a warrant from the treasurer of the County of Somerset 
issued his warrant for the organization of the township into a plan- 
tation. For that purpose the meeting was held on the eleventh 
day of November, 1812. 

On the eleventh day of November. 181 2, Philip Leavitt was 
chosen moderator, Robert Low was chosen clerk, Robert Herring 
was chosen as first assessor, Nathaniel Greaves second assessor, 
Robert Low third assessor and Isaac Herring collector. 

On November 28th, 1812, a meeting of the voters in the plan- 
tation was held at John Bennett's house for the purpose of raising 
money for a school. Under article three of the record of that 
meeting, we find that a vote to raise money for the school was lost. 

Under article four, we find: "After some discussion and debate 
it was on reconsideration and some stipulated conditions voted to 
raise money for a school. Twenty-one dollars was raised for that 
purpose. John Bennett's former school room was selected to have 
the school kept it. Nathaniel Greaves, John Bennett, and John 
Robbins, Jr., were chosen committee for the school." 

It will thus be seen that immediately after the organization of 
the plantation the necessary steps were taken to provide for the 
education of the children within the plantation. Thus early com- 
menced that interest and that liberality which has ever been main- 
tained for the support of schools in our town. All through the 
years, as shown by the records of the plantation and of the town, 
will be found liberal sums raised and expended for the education of 
the children within the limits of township six, range seven, or 

From the records we find that Robert Herring was born June 1, 
1764. His wife was born May 20, 1765. From record book number 
one of the town of Guilford, on page eighty-eight, I take the fol- 
lowing : 

'■'■■'... r 

■ Si. 


Robert Herring, born June ist, 1764. 

Sally Herring, his wife, born May 20th, 1765. 


Robert Herring, Junr., born in New Gloucester, Me-, Jany. 

ist, 1784. 
Isaac Herring, born in New Gloucester, September 16th. 1786. 
Nathaniel Herring, born in New Gloucester. Angus: 8th, 1788. 
Sally Herring, Junr., born in New Gloucester, September 

25th, 1790. 
Lydia Herring, born in New Gloucester, July 27th, 1792. 
Benjamin Herring, born in New Gloucester, July 20th, 1794. 
Abagail Herring, born in New Gloucester, March 26th, 1797. 
David Herring, born in New Gloucester. March 26th. 17c/;. 
John Herring, born in New Gloucester, April 6th, 1801. 
Betsy Herring, born in New Gloucester, August 6th. 1804. 
Deborah H°rring. born in New Gloucester, October 20th, t8o6. 


Robert Herring, died April 27th. 1814. 

Sally, wife of Robeit Herring, died October 2nd, 1832. 

Robert Herring, Jr., d. Guilford, March 17. 1847. 

Isaac Herring d. Guilford, Sept. 20, 1865. 

Nathaniel Herring d. Guilford. Oct. 24, 1840. 

Sally Herring d. Rockford, Minn., Mar. 5, 1857. 

Lydia Herring d. Guilford, Nov. 28. 1881. 

Abagail Herring d. Guilford, Oct. 17, 1832. 

David Herring d. Guilford, Aug. 22, 1861. 

John Herring d. Guilford, Aug. 2^, 1875. 

Betsey Herring d. Augusta. Wis., Dec. 24, 1870. 

Deborah Herring d. Augusta, Wis., Mar. 14, 1873. 

Deacon Robert Herring and Sarah Herring, his wife, are buried in 
the burying ground just ea?t of the building formerly occupied as 
a town house. Your historian recently was in that burying ground. 
The stones at the grave of Robert Herring and of his wife, Sarah 
Herring, are in good condition. From the tombstone at the head 
of each grave I took the following inscription : "Deacon Robert 
Herring died March 21, 1851, age 87 vrs. Sarah Herring, his wife, 
died October 5, 1832, age 67 yrs." 

The first son it will he noted is Robert Herring, Jr. Robert 
Herring, Jr., at the date of his death owned the lumber mills at 
North Guilford. The sons of Robert Herring settled in Guilford. 





Robert Low, born in New Boston, N. H., March 1st, 1781. 
Rebecca Low his wife born in New Gloucester, Sept. 1st, 1782. 


Isaac Bradford Low, born in N. Gloucester, March 2d, 1805. 

Polley Leach Low, born in the Township, No. 6, now Guil- 
ford, Sept. 29th, 1806. 

Judith Moulton Low, born in the Township No. 6, now 
Guilford, April 4th. 1S09. 

Anna, second wife of Robert Low, born in N. Gloucester, 
April 20th, 1784. 

Rebecca B. Low, born in Pin. No. 6, now Guilford, June 
28th, 18 1 2. 

Frederick Plummer Low, born in Pin. No. 6, (now Guil- 
ford), Sept. 21st, 1814. 

Rachel Wharff Low, born in Guilford, May 13th, 1817. 

Roger Sherman Low, born in Guilford, April 30th, 1820. 

Sylvina Larrabee Low, born in Guilford, Sept. 26th, 1824. 

Mrs. Rachel S. Low, 3rd wife of Robert Low. born in N. 
Gloucester, February 3d. 1786. 

Thomas P. Wharff (her son by her 1st husband) born 
in Litchfield, October 5th, 1809. 


Rebecca Low, first wife of Robert Low, died Feby. 12th, 181 1. 
Anna Low, 2nd wife of Robert, died November 6th, 1826. 
Rachel Low, 3d wife of Robert Low, Esq., died December 
23d, 1858. 

John Everton was born in Dorchester, Massachusetts, April 5, 
1765. Rebecca Everton, his wife, was born in North Yarmouth, 
Maine. 1771. Esther, his second wife, was born in North Yar- 
mouth, in 1767. 

John Everton had three children ; two sons and a daughter. John 
Everton settled on what is known as the Maxfield Flat on the river 
road from Guilford to Foxcroft, west of the Beats' hill so-called. 
Xone of the three children of John Everton were born in Guilford. 
The last, John Everton, Junior, was born in Freeport, February 10, 

His second wife, Esther, served as nurse and doctor. While rid- 
ing on hor<e back to see a patient she was thrown from her horse. 
Her spine was injured so that she was never able afterwards to do 


anything. His son Simeon had a daughter who married a man 
named Bemis and afterwards lived in the towns of Charleston and 

John Bennett was born in New Gloucester, January 29, 1773. 
His wife, Sally Bennett, was born in New Gloucester, March 14, 
1772. They had eight children; seven sons and one daughter. 

The daughter, Sally Bennett, was the wife of Isaac Edes, whose 
descendants now live in Guilford. The seven sons all settled, lived 
and died in Guilford. Many of their descendants are now living in 
town. John Bennett was known as Captain John Bennett. 

X H 



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15-? : 91' 

ik :i -~±1 »^^.^^igLy.»afe-*a^r 

Methodist Episcopal Church 
Elm St. 

Nathaniel Bennett was born in New Gloucester, November 19th, 
1768. His wife, Rachel, was born in North Yarmouth, June 22, 
1774. Nathaniel Bennett had by his first wife eight children; two 
sons and six daughters. Nathaniel Bennett's second wife was born 
in Lewiston July 9, 1778. She was the widow of James Douglass. 
At the time of her marriage to Nathaniel Bennett she had four 
children by her first husband, James Douglass, all boys. The young- 


est of the four was George H. Douglass, a respected citizen and a 
prominent business man of our town and father of Henry Douglass, 
who is now deceased. Nathaniel Bennett by his second marriage 
had six children, four sons and two daughters. 

Isaac Bennett was 'born in Xew Gloucester December 8, 1770. 
His wife, Peggy, was born in Xew Gloucester May 29, 1771. They 
had eleven children ; six sons and five daughters. The three Ben- 
netts were brothers. 

On my visit to the old burying ground I found the graves of 
Captain John Bennett and his wife Sarah, and Nathaniel Bennett. 
Stones mark their graves. 

I have thus given a sketch of the first seven men who settled in 
Guilford, except David Low. I find no mention of David Low in 
the records. The descendants of these seven men are still with us. 

The town of Sangerville was incorporated on June 13, 1813. By 
the act incorporating the town of Sangerville, its northern boundary- 
was the Piscataquis River. On February 8, 1816, Guilford was 
incorporated as a town. When Guilford was incorporated the whole 
territory within the bound of township six, range seven, was in- 
corporated. The south line of this original township was nearly 
all south of the Piscataquis River. In making the center line of 
the Piscataquis River, in the act of incorporating the town of San- 
gerville, the division line between the two towns, the burden of 
supporting two of the bridges on the Piscataquis River came upon 
the two towns, Guilford and Sangerville. 

These two bridges are the bridge across the river near Sangerville 
Station and the bridge known as Lowe's Bridge. On careful exam- 
ination of the plantation records and of the early records of the 
town of Guilford facts have been learned which in some instances 
are different from what the popular opinion has been. 

The first record frcm the record books of the plantation and of 
the town of Guilford in regard to any bridge is in the ye$r 1822. 
On September 9, 1822, the voters in town meeting assembled voted 
to accept one half of the bridge across the Piscataquis Hiver be- 
tween Joseph Kelsey's and Carleton Mills. The first bridge across 
the Piscataquis River within the limits of the town of Guilford was 
built where Sangerville station now is. Prior to building the bridge 
at this place the river was forded. In 1821 we are informed that 
a bridge was built at this place by subscription. It was a primitive 
affair tout it served its purpose. In the spring of 1824 this bridge 
was carried out by a freshet. 


At a special town meeting on April 16, 1824. the town raised the 
sum of two hundred dollars to be applied to the building cf the 
bridge across the Piscataquis River near J. Kelsey's. At the same 
meeting a committee of three was chosen to act with a like commit- 
tee chosen by the town of Sangerville. This committee was Joseph 
Kelsey, Seth Nelson and Stedman Davis. The town voted to allow 
Joseph Kelsey one dollar and fifty cents per week to attend the 
ferry until the bridge or some other thing shall render it unneces- 
sary, provided that the town of Sangerville shall agree to pay to the 
town of Guilford one half of said expense and one half of the ex- 
pense of a boat. The bridge which was then constructed at this 
place was more substantial than the former one. There was a 
trestle in the middle of the river which supported the bridge. 

Mr. Loring in his history of Piscataquis County says this bridge 
was carried away by the high freshet in 1832. 3 The bridge, how- 
ever, at that time must have gone to decay considerably because .we 
find on the records where a meeting was held on the 4th day of 
June. 1 83 1, when the town voted '"that the selectmen cause San- 
gerville bridge, sc-called, to be repaired in the cheapest and best 
possible way they can consistently with the interests of the town 
considering it is an old bridge and unworthy of expensive repairs, 
and voted to raise fifty dollars in corn or grain as we raised it in 
March last to pay the expense which may arise in repairing said 

The first record, however, which we find in regard to our re- 
building the bridge after it was carried out by the freshet was held 
on September 8, 1834. The town at this time passed a vote to take 
measures to have the road across the river at this point discontinued. 
Sangerville would not agree to this. Thereupon the town chose a 
committee to rebuild the bridge. This meeting was held on the 29th 
day of September, 1834. Joseph Kelsey, Robert Herring, Jr., and 
Seth Xelson were chosen committee to superintend the building of 
the bridge. 

At the annual town meeting held on March 2, 1835. the town 
raised six hundred and eighty-one dollars to defray the expense of 
building a bridge near Joseph Kelsey's. The bridge, therefore, must 
have been built in 1835. Mr. Loring in his history states that the 
bridge was completed in the fall of 1835. The records of the town 
of Guilford substantiate his statement. We are aware that the 

(*) Loring's History of Piscataquis County, p. 104. 







papular opinion has been for many years that this bridge was built 
in the year 1833. For many years there were the figures 1833 on 
the south end of the present bridge. The bridge is now in fair 
repair although it has done service for eighty-three years. It is now 
the oldest bridge on the Piscataquis River. 

The first bridge built where the bridge now known as Low's 
Bridge was in the year 1830. This bridge was damaged seriously 
by the freshet in the spring of 1837. It became necessary to rebuild 
this bridge and it was rebuilt in the year 1843. In the high 
freshet in the spring of 1857, the bridge was carried away. During 
the summer of 1857, this bridge was rebuilt. Isaac F. YVharff did 
the stone work. The abutments under this bridge show the thor- 
oughness with which the work was done and are a credit to the man 
who did it. The bridge will apparently last many years. 

Bank Square 

In the early part of the year 1828 it had become neces- 
sary to have a bridge across the Piscataquis River at Herring 
and Morgan's mill. The lumber mill in our village was 
at that time known as the Herring and Morgan mills. 
During the summer of the year 1828, a bridge was started to be 
built by subscription across the river substantially where the present 
bridge now is. On September 8, 1828, a town meeting was called. 


Article four in the warrant was, "To see if the town will assist in 
building a bridge over the river at Herring's mills." The town voted 
to pass over the article. At this time no road had been located 
across the river at this point or near the point. There was consid- 
erable contention as to just where the road should be located and 
the bridge built. We find upon the record where there was an at- 
tempt to locate the road and bridge across the river near the west 
end of the lot on Elm Street now owned by Mrs. Cowie. There was 
also an attempt to locate the road and bridge near where Hussey & 
Goldthwaite's elevator now it. There must have been considerable 
agitation at this time because we find that on the third day of No- 
vember, 1828, there was an article, "To see if the town will petition 
the legislature to set off that part of the town lying between the 
river and the town of Parkman to the town of Parkman." The 
voters in the town meeting, however, voted to pass over this article. 

There were numerous town meetings held in regard to building 
the bridge across the river at Herring & Morgan's mills, or in the 
village of Guilford. We do not find, however, any definite action 
taken by the town toward the construction of the bridge across the 
Piscataquis river at the village .until the town meeting held the 
19th day of November, 1829. At that meeting, the record states 
there were considerable sums subscribed by individuals to expend on 
the bridge aforenamed. 

The town voted that after so much of the sum that can be 
collected has been expended the town will finish it in manner here- 
inafter described. The town voted that a town agent be chosen to 
superintend the finishing of the bridge and made provision as to the 
amount to be paid for the services rendered, fixing the compensa- 
tion for such agent. Isaac Smith was chosen agent. The town 
voted that a man and his oxen shall be entitled to eight cents an 
hour. In the fall of 1830, the town held meetings and passed votes 
towards the completion of this bridge. We do not find that the 
bridge which was built at this time was carried away by the freshet 
of 1832. Mr. Loring in his history states that it was. We find, 
however, that after the year 1832, considerable sums of money were 
raised to build the bridge at Guilford Village. We are of the 
opinion that this bridge was either carried away by the freshet or 
become so unfit for service that it was necessary to build a new 
bridge, for the reason that in the year 1839, the records state that 
the bridge was not safe for travel and a new bridge was built at 
that time. This bridge which was built was carried away in the 





spring of 1855, by the high freshet. During the season of 1855, tne 
bridge was built which was in use until it was taken clown and the 
new iron bridge put in its place. Willard W. Harris and Isaac B. 
Wharff took the contract to do the stone work and build the bridge, 
which was built in 1855. The selectmen for the year 1855 were 
George H. Douglass, Charles Loring and Isaac Weston. In the high 
freshet in the spring of 1857. this bridge received some injury and 
the town raised money that spring to repair it. 

Mr. Loring in his history states that there has been nine bridges 
on the .Piscataquis river. From these statements above can be seen 
that there have been three at Low's Bridge, three at Sangerville 
and three at Guilford village prior to the present structure. The 
burden upon the town in the earlv vears was necessarilv large It 
will be noted, however, that there must have been public sentiment 
in favor of them because we find no record of any dissensions, 
except possibly the one when the bridge was carried out at Sanger- 
ville in the year 1832. 

The west line of Sangerville came very near to the square at the 
top of the bridge hill. To state the fact accurately the town line 
of Sangerville as it existed for many years passed 'through the ell 
of the house now occupied by Daniel Cimpher. Nearly fifty years 
ago some of the leading citizens of our village believed that at 
some time in the near future it would be desirable for some por- 
tion of the land which was in such close proximity to our village 
ought to be set off from Sangerville to the town of Guilford. 
Efforts, therefore, were made at that time to get this tract set off 
by act of the legislature. At that time the petitioners did not suc- 
ceed. Later an amicable arrangement was made by which that part 
of lot eight, range one, south of the Piscataquis river, incorporated 
as a part of the town of Sangerville, was set off and annexed to 
the town of Guilford. This tract of land so set off is bounded on 
the south by the original township line between Guilford and San- 
gerville, and on the east by the east line of lot eight, range one, as 
originally surveyed. 

In the conveyance of township six, range seven, now Guilford, 
by the Commonwealth of Massachusetts to Bowdoin College four 
lots of three hundred twenty acres each were reserved for public 
uses. These uses were as follows : one for the first settled minis- 
ter, one for the use of the ministry, one for the use of school and 

' ■.. ■.-...■ ;. 


one for the future disposition of the Commonwealth of Massachu- 
setts. These lots, after Guilford was incorporated as a town, were 

The assessors of the plantation of Guilford issued a notice for a 
meeting of the voters in said plantation, dated March 7, 181 5, to 
be held at the dwelling house of John Bennett in said plantation 
on Saturday, the twenty-second day of April, 181 5, at three o'clock 
in the afternoon. Article two is as follows : 

To see if the plantation will agree to give Elder Thomas Macomber an 
invitation to settle here as a town minister on such conditions as shall be 
thought proper when met. 

At this meeting it was voted to give Elder Thomas Macomber an 
invitation to settle here as a town minister on the condition follow- 
ing, to wit : 

That he shall serve 'the town as their minister ten years, but should he 
or the people be dissatisfied, or should he leave the town before ten years, 
then to have such proportion of the land appropriated for the first settled 
minister as the time he shall serve as aforesaid shall bear to ten years. 

No doubt after due consideration of the vote thus recorded the 
inhabitants, or some of them at least, thought, no doubt, that the 
terms set out in the vote recorded giving him the public lot was too 
exacting for their pastor. A meeting, therefore, was called and 
held on the seventh day of June, 181 5. We find the article in the 
warrant for that meeting to be : 

To see if the plantation will agree to settle Elder Thomas Macomber as a 
town minister. 

At this meeting it was voted : 

That Elder Thomas Macomber be the minister of said town when it shall 
be incorporated so long as he and a majority of the people of the town are 

Thomas Macomber did settle as a minister and preached in the 
meeting house at Guilford Center for many years. He served his 
people well. He died in Guilford on December 18* 1852, at the 
age of seventy-eight years. His remains lie in the old burying 
ground at Guilford Center. At his grave is erected a stone from 
which your historian took memoranda as to the date of his death 
and age. Some of his descendants still live in town. 

The public lot which was reserved for the first settled minister 
was located. This lot is the place known for many years as the 
Macomber place east of where J. E. Herringnow lives. I am in- 
formed that Elder Thomas Macomber lived on this lot many years. 






The first annual meeting after the plantation was organized was 
held at the school room so-called on Monday, the fifth day of April, 
1813. Article ten in that warrant, reads: 

To see if the plantation will agree to lay out any roads in the plantation 
this year. 

Article eleven : 

To see if the plantation will vote to make and repair roads this season. 

Article twelve : 

To see if the plantation will choose one or more surveyors of roads. 

Article thirteen : 

To see if the plantaton will raise money to defray the necessary expenses 
of it. 

In the doings of the plantation under the above articles, we find 

that the plantation "Voted to raise one hundred dollars to be ex- 


S5 ■-•- / ~£Sg^$E8JiB§m 

- - 

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M' — - -T -• , > — ~ • :.* -.. 

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Universalist Church. 

pended on roads in this plantation this year, and the price of labor 
on the roads was fixed at one dollar per day before haying and 
seventy-five cents a day after haying, and that ten hours labor on the 
road be considered a day's work." At that plantation meeting it 
was voted to raise thirty dollars for the expenses of the plantation 
for that year. 

On July 7, 181 3, the first road in the plantation was accepted by 
the plantation. This was known as the River road and extended 
from Foxcroft town line to Abbot town line on the north side of the 

*«t ■ 


At the town meeting held on the twelfth day of September, 
1825, the town voted to accept the road from the old meeting house 
to the bank of the river near the east end of the saw mill. At the 
annual meeting held March 15. 1826. the town voted to accept the 
road from Herring and Morgan's mill to the River road towards 
Moses Stevens/ The place called the Moses Stevens place is the 
same place formerly occupied by David Stevens near the Bangor 
& Aroostook Station. Moses Stevens was the father of David 
Stevens. On the twenty-fifth day of May following the acceptance 
of the road, there was an effort made to discontinue the road lead- 
ing through the land of Moses Stevens. The voters, however, at 
the meeting voted to pass the article. The road from the top of the 
bridge hill to Abbot on the south side of the river was ultimately 
laid by the County Commissioners upon the petition of John Works 
and others in the fall of 1838. as recorded in vol. 1, page 12, on the 
County Commissioners' records. In locating this road the County 
Commissioners began at Works' Mills, so-called, in the town of 
Abbot and run easterly and terminated at the point where said loca- 
tion intersected the road leading south from the bridge across the 
Piscataquis River to Parkman. The highway from Foxcroft to 
Abbot town line known as the River road on the north side of the 
river was located by the County Commissioners in the County of 
Penobscot in 1832. This road was located upon the petition of P. P. 
Furber and forty-one others asking for the location of the county 
road from the west line of Guilford on the north side of the Pis- 
cataquis" River through the villages of Foxcroft and Milo to some 
point upon the Penobscot River. The record of this location is 
recorded in vol. 1, page 433, of the County Commissioners' records 
in the County of Penobscot. The road from Foxcroft Village to 
Guilford Village on the north side of the Piscataquis River was re- 
located by the County Commissioners of the County of Piscataquis 
on. petition of Elias J. Hale and others in the fall of 1865. Under 
this last location the terminal point was six feet south of the south- 
west corner of the hotel kept by Howard Turner. 

From the history of Piscataquis County written and published by 
Rev. Amasa Loring in 1880, I take the facts in connection with the 
religious meetings at Guilford Center and the church erected there. 
The two first settlers of Guilford, Robert Herring. Jr.. and Robert 
Lowe, were members of the Baptist church. The former a deacon 
and the latter an elder. On January 7, 1813, Elder Robert Low 


organized a church of fourteen members at Guilford Center. This 
church had and enjoyed a healthy growth. At the date of the or- 
ganization of the church there were fourteen members as follows : 
Robert Herring, Nathaniel Greaves. Edward Magoon, William 
Stevens, Peter Cummins and Samuel Wharff by letter. Sally Her- 
ring, Abby Greaves, Jerusha Magoon, Hannah Bennett, Sally Cum-? 
mins, Sally Bennett, Pegey Bennett, Esther Everton. At a meeting 
of the church held on January 9, 1813, Robert Herring was chosen 
Deacon. On March 20. 1813, William Stevens was chosen Deacon. 
On March 18, 181 5, voted to give Elder Thomas Macomber a call 
to become a pastor of the church and the first settled minister of 
the town. The lot upon which the meeting house stood was deeded 
to the Baptist church corporation of Guilford, January 27, 1833. 
It will be noted from the retirement of Elder Macomber that he oc- 
cupied the church but a short time. All of the church records prior 
to i860, were burned at the time the buildings of Chandler G. Rob- 
bins were burned. 

August 7, 1835. Rev. Daniel Burbank commenced his labors with 
the church. At that time he was a student. After his education 
was completer! he was given a call to become pastor of this church. 
On November 16. 1835.- he was ordained. From 1838 to 1848, 
there are no records showing the name of any settled minister or 
ministers, but Elder Hall of Parkman supplied, also the Rev. Mr. 
Bradford and Kingman were pastors. In 1848, Rev. E. G. Trask 
became pastor of the church. Just the date that he began services 
and ceased to serve the people I am not able to state. He was, how- 
ever, located in Abbot in 185 1. In 1866, Rev. A. M. Piper was 
pastor. The Rev. Mr. Piper moved to Guilford Village and lived 
here until the date of his death. In 1868, R. A. Patten supplied. 
Rev. A. B. Walker also supplied a part of the time between 1868 
and 1869. The Rev. Mr. Bower sent to Guilford by the Domestic 
Mission also supplied the church in 1869. In 1870, the Rev. Mr. 
Piper acted as paster for the second time. Rev. W. E. Noyes had 
charge of the church in 1871 and 1872. The years 1874, 1875 and 
1876, the Rev. Sewall Brown was pastor. The greater portion of 
the time from that time to the present time there has been no set- 
tled pastor. Supplies have been furnished from time to time each 
year during that period of time. The church recently celebrate! 
its one hundredth anniversary. 

In 1815, Elder Thomas Macomber first visited these people. He 
was invited to settle with them and received the ministerial lot as 


hereinbefore stated. He moved into Guilford in 1816. Soon after 
his removal a revival was 'held and the church received additional 
members. From time to time revivals prevailed and members were 
added to the church. An extensive revival took place in 1827. At 
the time of this revival sufficient members were added to the 
church so as to increase its membership to more than one hundred. 
Mr. Loring states that this revival was the most extensive, protract- 
tive and effective revival the town had ever enjoyed. 

In 183 1, the meeting house at Guilford Center, being the first in 
town, was built. It was dedidcated July 4. 1833. Elder Macomber 
retired from active work as a pastor in 1835. During his ministry 
one hundred eighteen persons had been added to the church. As 
already stated he had the public lot of three hundred twenty acres 
which was reserved for the first settled minister. He did not receive 
any stipulated salary. In addition to performing his duties as 
pastor he had to perform manual labor in order to provide for the 
large family which he had. Ever after settling he continued to 
live in town until his death which was December 18. 1852. At the 
date of his death he was seventy-eight years old. He was highly 
esteemed not only by his parishioners but by the people of the town. 

The greater portion of the village of Guilford is in lot eight, 
range one. The north line of lot eight, range one, is the north line 
of the house lot now occupied by Charles F. Scales, and the north 
line of the land formerly owned by Addison Martin. This line 
extended along, at the brow of the hill at the north of School Street. 
The west line of lot eight is the division line between the land 
formerly owned by Benjamin Davis Bennett and the late Benjamin 
F. Hussev. The old road west of Leavitt's residence is also on the 


line between lots eight and nine. The west line of lot eight south of 
the Piscataquis River is just back of the buildings formerly owned 
and occupied by John Leavitt. All of lot eight, range one, north of 
the Piscataquis River was conveyed by Bowdoin College to Moses 
Stevens. Moses Stevens' residence was where the large two-story 
house now is near the Bangor & Aroostook Railroad Station. David 
Stevens, Henry M. Stevens and Charles W. Stevens are grandsons 
of Moses Stevens. 

In 1825. the land now occupied by three of our public buildings, 
being our public hall and our two school buildings, was conveyed 
by Moses Stevens to Addison Martin. At the date of that convey- 
ance and at the time of the location of the road known as North 




Main Street, all of the land on the east side of that road was a cedar 
swamp. For many years nearly all of the residences and all of the 
places of business were on the north side of the river. The land 
now occupied by the hotel was first occupied by stores. W. W. 
Harris, who was the first person to give life and impetus to the 
business in our village, purchased the land where the hotel now 
stands and moved a building from where the residence of Charles 
F. Scales now is, over the tree which is now the large tree near the 
Universalist church, to the lot stated and built a house for the 
entertainment of the people. Mr. W. W. Harris came to Guilford 
to work in the store run by his uncle, Xathan Woodbury, and also 
to look after the property interests of Mr. X*athan Woodbury. 
After coming to Guilford he was married and carried on an ex- 
tensive business in town. In the early part of the fifties he moved 
from Guilford to Foxcroft where he lived a few years and then 
went to Portland and lived there until the time of his death. He 
was one of the prominent men in Guilford and the first to give life 
and energy to the business in our village. 

The land on the south side of the Piscataquis River where our 
village now is was conveyed by Bowdoin College to Amos Lambert 
on November 21, 1823. This conveyance included all of lot eight, 
range one, south of the river. The west line of this lot is back of 
the buildings now occupied by Mr. Johnson as hereinbefore stated. 
The south line is at the top of the high hill at the south of the 
village. The east line of this lot is now the line which divides the 
towns of Sangerville and Guilford. 

On September 4, 1828, Lambert conveyed to Elias T. Aldrich 
and S. C. Britton a lot extending ten rods above the dam across 
the river at that time and fifteen rods south of the river: thence 
east thirty-two rods and north fifteen rods to the river: thence west 
by the river to the first bound, containing three acres more or less, 
excepting the mill dam which joins said land. Aldrich and Britton 
were young men who came to Guilford and opened a store. In the 
old burying yard the wife of Elias T. Aldrich is buried. She died in 
1828. There is a tombstone at her grave. 

Upon the lot conveyed to Amos Lambert as hereinbefore 
described, Lambert built his buildings. These buildings were built 
upon the same spot where Henry Hudson now lives. Not long 
after the buildings were built Lambert sold his real estate and left 
town. It was said that his cattle all died with the murrain and 



for that reason he sold and moved away. Some years ago your 
historian started to dig a cellar under the barn on his premises. 
After digging but a short time the workmen came to a cellar which 
was all stcned. It evidently had been abandoned and not used for 
manv years. Your historian was told that it was not an uncommon 
thing to have cellars in early times under the barn in which to store 
vegetables to be fed to the cattle. 

The highway leading from Guilford Milage to Sangerville 
Village on the south side of the Piscataquis River was not located 
until the early 50's. He has been told that this road was 
located at the instigation of persons who lived in Sangerville and the 
apposition to the road was made by the people of Guilford Village. 
I am aware of the fact that the records show that there was a per- 
sistent fight at the time the road was located. This is an illustration 
that we can little know what may take place in the future. This 
street or road is now one of the principal streets or highways lead- 
ing to our village. 

For many years the residents of Guilford Center and the north 
part of Guilford came to the village of Guilford over what is called 
the western road or described as leading past the residence of Mr. 
Frank H. Leavitt. Not until the 40's was the road known as the 
Wharff road opened and travelled. Major Stephen Ellis, one of 
the early settlers in our town, who settled and lived for many years 
on the farm known as the Horace Coy farm north of the Conner 
farm, told me that he was made to believe that the water existed 


to that extent that it was not feasible or practicable to build a road 
where the Wharff road now is. Therefore, he with others was 
opposed to the location o'f the road there. He believed that the 
people should continue to travel over the old road, but we can now 
well see how in those early times with a dense forest on the land 
and as moist and swampy as it now is in places that it must have 
been wet. Your historian has found from the records that this 
road was located at different places. One of the locations of this 
road brought the southern terminus to intersect with what is now 
High Street near the eld church en the hill. 

The town of Guilford was divided originally into eight school 
districts. This number of districts was recognized and maintained 
until the district system was abolished and the town system adopted. 

District No. 1. was known as the Low's Bridge district. This 
embraced all territory in the southeast corner of Guilford, and the 






school house was located on the north side of the highway leading 
from Guilford to Dover, and east of the road leading from the last 
named road to the road which extends from Guilford Center past 
the Brown school house to Foxcroft. 








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a l 

t » r n> 




I I I I i i 





From the First Town Record 

District Xo. 2, was Guilford Village. The limits of this district, 
extended east as far as the west line of the John Bennett farm and 
the E. B. Beals farm, north by the north line of the Loring farm, 
the south line of the Wharff farm and the David Stevens farm, 
west by the town of Abbot, ea>t by the town of Sangerville, south 
by the line of Parkman and Sangerville. 

The first school house was built «ori the west bank of the brook 
and the north side of the highway leading from Guilford to Dover. 
This school house was burned. On February 8. 1843, Thomas S. 



Pullen, who then owned and lived on the farm formerly occupied by 
David Stevens near the station of the Bangor & Aroostook Rail- 
road, conveyed to school district No. 2, Guilford, by Warranty 
Deed a part of lot 8, range 1, bounded as follows: Beginning at 
the southwesterly corner of the school house in district Number 2, 
at the north line of the County road; thence northerly by said 
house 24 feet ; thence easterly by said house 45 feet ; thence south- 
erly 24 feet, to the north line of the road; thence westerly on the 
north line of the road to the first named bounds, it being the same 
lot on which the building now stands. 

The above description embraced the lot on which the school 
house stood near the station of the Bangor & Aroostook Railroad. 
It would appear that the school house had been built prior to the 
conveyance of the lot. This school house was used until 18S1. 
the spring of 1881 the citizens of our village in school district 
Number 2, were convinced that it was necessary to have larger and 
better accommodations for the scholars in this district. The annual 
meeting of the school district was held on the fifth day of April, 
1881. It was voted that the district build a school house the com- 
ing summer provided sufficient funds could be raised by subscription 
to build a hall in connection therewith on a suitable lot. The record 
shows that the vote stood twenty-one opposed to the motion and 
twenty-seven in favor. It was also voted that the district procure 
a lot for school house and hall, if a suitable one could be foimd 
and sufficient funds could be raised by subscription to build said 
hall. The vote upon this motion stood twenty-eight in favor and 
twenty-three opposed. 

George W. Pratt made all the motions in connection with the 
building of this school house. Henry Hudson was moderator, Otis 
Martin was clerk and Daniel Cimpher was school agent. There was 
at this time, considerable opposition in the school district to the 
building of a new school house, and there were those in our school 
district and village who were anxious to have a new hall. There 
were those in the district who desired better and more suitable 
rooms in which to accommodate our scholars in this district. In 
fact the number of scholars had increased to that extent that the 
one room in the old school house was not large enough to accommo- 
date the scholars. Those who desired a new hall and those who 
desired larger and better accommodations for the scholars by unit- 





ing, were able to carry the vote to build a building of sufficient 
capacity to accommodate the schools and the patrons of a public hall. 

Henry Douglas, Robinson Turner. John H. Morgan, Samuel 
Webber, and George W. Pratt were chosen a committee to purchase 
the necessary lot upon which to build a school and hall building. 
The meeting then adjourned to Douglas Hall, April 9, 1881. 

At the adjourned meeting the committee appointed, through Mr. 
Robinson Turner, reported that sufficient money had been raised by 
the citizens of the district to build a public hall in connection with 
the school house ; that the committee had examined the Martin lot, 
so called, and found it a suitable lot for said school house and hall, 
that the lot could "be purchased for the sum of five hundred dollars, 
of which sum the builders of the hall will pay two hundred dollars 
and own two-fifths of said lot; that the district pay the sum of 
three hundred dollars and own three-fifths of said lot. 'The report 
was accepted and the district voted to build forthwith a new school 
house in connection with a public hall, the school house to consist 
of at least two rooms, outside entries and entrance and to occupy all 
the lower space in said building. The district is to build the build- 
ing and finish all complete outside, in connection with the owners 
of said hall and each is to bear one-half of the expense, and each is 
to finish inside, at its own expense, that part owned by each." Vot- 
ed to buy the Martin lot, so called, on which to erect the building 
and pay therefor the sum of five hundred dollars, of which sum the 
school district is to pay three hundred dollars and the hall, two hun- 
dred dollars. 

Henry Hudson, Robinson Turner, Samuel Webber and George 
W. Pratt were chosen a committee to superintend the expenditure 
of the money and the erection of the school house, to investigate 
and allow accounts and draw orders on the town treasurer. Voted 
to sell the old school house and lot and that the committee be 
authorized and empowered to sell and convey the same. 

In accordance with the facts herein recorded the building was 
erected on the Martin lot. Some years ago the town of Guilford 
purchased the hall and now owns the hall. A few years ago the 
hall was renovated, made larger and is now a credit to the town. 

In ten years the population of our village had increased to that 
extent that the accommodations for our school became inade- 
quate. At the annual meeting of the school district held on the 13th 
day of April, 1892, there were articles in the warrant with refer- 


ence to the purchase of the new lot and the building of a new school 
building. At the meeting the district voted to purchase a lot and to 
build a new school building. A committee of three, consisting of 
John Scales, A. J. Goldthwaite and Henry Hudson were chosen to 
make an examination of the different lots which were available, 
ascertain the price of the same and to report at an adjourned meet- 
ing of the district. The meeting was adjourned to April 16, 1892. 

On April 16th, the committee chosen made report to the school 
district. The committee examined seven different lots. The first 
lot examined was the one owned by Otis Martin. This was ulti- 
mately purchased. 

To prepare this historical sketch has been a real pleasure to me. 
In doing it, I have lived over again my most pleasant associations 
with citizens of our town now dead, and have been delighted to 
delve into the earliest years of our town's history and have come 
more than ever to admire and respect Guilford's citizenship. 

We should be proud of our town. In this Centennial we have all 
done our best to pay full credit to the memories of our men and 
women not now with us. In the words of another written for this 


occasion : 

"Stout hearts were theirs, to them all hail! 
With pluck like theirs, we cannot fail; 
God bless Guilford, with flags unfurled, 
To us, the best in all the world.'' 




Samuel Weston's Letter 

The following letter of instructions to Samuel Weston, Esq., 
from the committee for the sale of eastern lands, and a letter from 
Mr. Weston to the committee, both relating to the survey of certain 
townships of lands in Piscataquis County, of which Guilford is one, 
are appended to Mr. Hudson's paper. These are not only important 
in so far as they relate to Guilford, but are valuable documents in 
considering the history of all the towns and townships in the 
seventh, eighth and ninth ranges. 




MAY i, 1794. 

In behalf of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts the Committee for the 
Sale of Eastern Lands to Samuel Weston, Esquire, Surveyor — Sir you are 
hereby Authorized and directed with Judicious Chainmen under oath to 
proceed and Survey three Ranges of townships between Penobscot River 
and the East line of the Million Acres located on the River Kenebeck and 
to be bounded West on the Said Million Acres South on the Sixth Range 
ahead}- Surveyed and a line to be extended east from the North East 
corner of township number one in the Sixth Range aforesaid to Penobscot 
River — Easterly on Penobscot River — and North on unlocated lands — all the 
lines are to be run and well Spotted and the corners of each township 
marked the Ranges to extend from east to west and to be numbered the 
Seventh, Eighth and Ninth Range progressing northerly — and the town- 
ships to be numbered in each range and to be laid out Six miles Square 
excepting those bordering on Penobscot River — which townships are to 
contain as nearly the quantity of Six miles Square as the course of the River 
and the adjoining townships will permit — the number of Acres to be noted 
on the plan in each township which contains a greater or less quantity than 
six miles square — And you will Survey accurately the Western bank or 
Water Edge of Penobscot Rver so far as the three Ranges aforesaid join 
on the same — taking proper care in the whole of this Survey to inspect the 
Chainmen ascending and descending the hills and dales, and make such al- 
lowance as to have the lines hold out horizontal measure. 

And you are to make Return of the Survey with Duplicate plans repre- 
senting the lines of the townships a border or margin of the adjoining 
lands, the Rivers, Streams, Lakes, Ponds, and the most prominent heights — 
and to be accompanied with such notes, minutes, and a field-book as may be 
necessary to illustrate the Survey — Showing the quality of the Soil — the 
growth of the timber, and the quantity of Land covered with water — Such 
Return to be made into our office at Boston or to either of the Corrninee 



as soon as may be after the business is completed— for which Service you 
shall be entitled to receive including all expense attending this business 
when completed twelve pounds for each township Surveyed and returned in 
manner as aforesaid. 


In behalf of the Committee. 
Hallowell, May i, 1794. 

Commonwealth of Massachusetts, Office of the Secretary, Boston, Sept 10 
^ 1895. 
Compared with the Original and found Correctly Copied. 




Canaan, Oct. 15, 1801. 

To the Committee for Sale of Eastern Lands. 

Gentlemen : 

In compliance with the directions forwarded on the back of the Resolve 
of the Genl. Court authorizing a resurvey of Township No. 4 in the seventh 
range north of the Waldo Patent, I have employed my Brother Stephen 
Weston who assisted in the Original Survey to perform that business, after 
first writing to the College Com. to know what was the ground of the ap- 
^ plication for a resurvey not knowing whether any error was supposed to 
be discovered in the contents of the Township or only in Numbering. 

I did not suppose there was any need of employing more than two per- 
sons as my Brother aforesaid had measured the line that divides the 
No. 3 and 4 ranges and found the three ranges to overrun 18 M but 6 rods 
only, he therefore from his own measure performed under oath has run a 
line West about, or nearly to the Million acre line, and consequently has 
rectified the error in all the Townships West in the 6 and 7 ranges. 

How the mistake or error has crept into this business is at this time an 
absolute mystery to me. 

When the 7, 8 and 9th ranges were surveyed I employed my Brother to 
run the N. line and one Mr. John O'Neil to run the line between the 8th 
and 9th ranges with particular instructions where to leave the Million 
acre line. I preceded up che Penobscot by water to the N. E. corner of 
Township No. 1, in the sixth ranges thence run east to the Penobscot. 
I then surveyed said River up and by casting the northing Easting dis. I 
found where to make the corners of the Townships on the Range lines — 
until I came to the N. E. corner, of Township No. 1, 9th range — and there 
I' waited until my brother arrived, and so true were my calculations and 
measure that my brother struck the River with his line within Six rods 
of my Station before made — and by repeated measurations said three 
Townships are honestly 18 miles wide together I have never had any rea- 
son to doubt but the Stations I had so carefully made on the Penobscot 
were true and lines extending from them west would be the true dividing 



line for the ranges — Master O'Neil met with so many obstacles from low 
swampy land and ponds on the line between the 8 and 9 ranges that he did 
arrive at Penobscot untill after my brother and I had left and gone to 
checking off the Towns — But he came down to the mouth of the Piscata- 
quis and found me there and gave me some account of his voyage, and I 
rather concluded he had struck the River above my station made for him 
to come out at, and concluded there might be some difference in the Com- 
passes w. h. in so long a line had ***** een easily discovered. I then 
sent my own land up to the corner I had made for him and gave up my 
* * * * own compass and fitted him out for to in the dividing * * * * 
line between the 7th and 8th ranges complained of by the * * * * trustees 
of Bowdoin College — under these circumstances I confess I cannot tell 
how to account for the difference in the width of the 7th and 8th ranges as 
altogether the measure is good — and Master O'Neil has been a practical 
Surveyor, is called a man of ability and good understanding and the ob- 
jection any person made against him when I enquired into his ability to 
undertake the task assigned him, was that he would be rather too nice, 
and curious to have the work performed Just so — which I thought would 
not by any means unqualify him — as the amount of the objections was that 
he would do the work well — but it would take the longer — But that he never 
would slight it nor can I now think that it is slighted — as an Instance of 
his faithtfulness — he was so afraid lest a line be crossed and made a corner 
thereon which was undoubtedly the million acre line — should not prove so 
eventually that he continued running West until he had got within four 
miles of Kennebec River — and his being so much behind with the lines he 
ran prevented a discovery of the Error — Absolute exactness cannot be 
expected in so broken a country as that is, so many obstacles from ponds 
with all their arms, legs, inlets and outlets, swamps, bogs, thickets, morasses, 
Mountain Cliffs and Gullies in so close a succession render it much more 
difficult to close lines than might often be wished for — sometimes inter- 
ested persons wish to exaggerate any little errors, or rather they appear 
greater when found by the measure of persons influenced by interest altho' 
I do not pretend this to be the case in this instance. I am conscious of the 
most upright and honest intentions in the whole progress of the survey of 
those ranges of Townships and the error in the amended line must have 
proved from and ought I think to be considered * * ■ * * as a misfortune 
— and I hope I shall be exc * * * * I say that I think the expense ought 
rath **** fall on the Government than on the Committee. 

most obed. Hum Sev. 


State of Maine. 
Land Office, Augusta, Jan. 15, 1897. 

I certify the above to be a true copy of the original as filed in this office. 


Land Agent. 



Guilford Centennial Poem 

Sarah (Lucas) Martin 


We bridge today the hundred years 

That part us from the long ago, 

And see across the drifted snow 
The coming of the pioneers. 

'Twas not in fair and leafv June : 

The February blasts blew cold 

Across the frozen, sunless wold 
As sand-storms o'er the desert dune. 

Their simple homes were small and low : 
The wintry winds were bleak and chill 
Which swept across the pine-clad hills 

In these first days of long ago. 

The weary months we scarce can trace, 
But women came, with child at breast, 
Upon this world old, home-land quest; 

And so the hamlet grew apace. 

The land was tilled. The forest felled : 

And with the Autumn crimsoned leaves 
They gathered in their golden sheaves, 

And praised the L/ord that all was well. 

The sufferings of that early few 

We may not know ; we cannot tell ; 
We only know they builded well : 

Ay! builded better than they knew. 

How 'bravely women bore their part! 
If their life-stories could be told. 
We'd write their names in lines of gold 

And shrine their memories in our hearts. 

They carded, spun and wove ; they made 

The garments which their households wore. 
And when the cares of life pressed sore, 

Serenely met them, unafraid. 



'Twas Esther Everton, true and brave, 

Went horse-back o'er the wooded hills, 
Through summer heats or winter chills, 

To soothe, to comfort and to save. 

She cradled babes upon her breast: 

She closed the dim, earth-weary eyes 
To ope again in Paradise : 

And clothed the form in robes of rest. 

Ah! well, more than physician she, 

With wondrous skill and tender heart. 
Ten years she wrought her healing art 

In service for humanitv. 

Twas woman* first for Sabbath School, 

The little children gathered in 

And taught them, always right should win, 
And meaning of the Golden Rule. 

'Twas .woman in those olden days 

Who sat beneath the forest trees, 
When softly blew the summer breeze; 

And taught the children wisdom's ways. 

And when the winter winds blew cold, 
'Twas woman oped the kitchen door ; 
And the first school, by Betsy Moore, 

Was taught in those brave days of old. 

In log camps first the people met 

For preached word 5 and praise and prayer. 

The hour of worship found them there, 
No matter how the wild storm swept. 

( 4 ) Amanda Morgan Herring and Mercy Macomber Herring organized 
the first Sabbath school. 

( 5 ) Reverend Thomas Macomber, the first minister, preached in a log 


Then mills were built, and bridges spanned 
The stream which flowed to meet the sea ; 
While homes arose on hill and lea 

And prosperous was all the land. 

For church and school house, side by side, 
Arose to crown the neighboring hill, 
The bulwark of our nation still — 

Our old New England hope and pride. 

Then came the village, younger born, — 

A well beloved Benjamin — 

It nestled on the river's brim 
And grew in beauty like the morn. 

O! childhood home! O! cherished town! 
A backward glance we turn today, 
We pause a moment on our way 

To lay a loving tribute down. 

Thy children come from far and near 

And view your growing bounds with pride; 
Yet some shall turn their heads aside ; 

The pictured past shall bring a tear. 


We miss old friends and kindred dear; 

We miss old school-mates, yet I ween 

They are not distant, though unseen. 

I seem to feel their presence near. 

And "hunter Ellis : famed world-wide 

For lore. in stream and wood-land ways; 
Delight of all our early days; 

Thoreau's disciple, friend and guide. 

The old-time covered bridge we miss. 

We saw its building, plank and pier; 

No other bridge is half so dear 
Which spans the old Piscataquis. 


The snowy church that crowned the hill! 
It served for worship and for art. 
For pastor's prayer and player's part. 

How blessed is its memory =till ! 

The crowded school house 'neath the hill, 
Where pupils from the primer age 
To Euclid's »scheme and Virgil's page, 

One teacher taught with wondrous skill. 

At length a room by Spartan rule 

Equipped with varied desks and rude, 
To those with learning's quest imbued, 

Was goal achieved ! the first High School. 

Ah, me! then came the country's need. 

And forth from school-rooms, shops and farms, 
Youth hastened at the call to arms, 

And saved the nation by their deeds. 


Some fell upon the southern fields; 

And some within a prison's wall. 

Jehovah's justice crowned them all 
With victory which true valor yields. 

Where'er they sleep, where'er their graves, 
'Neath southern palm or northern pine, 
Where violets bloom or trailing vine, 

The dear old flag above them waves. 

And some, thank God, are with us yet. 
We'll tell their story o'er and o'er, 
Their deeds recount f orevermore ; 

"Lest we forget! Let we forget." 

O, Time and change ! for spinning-wheel, 
For cottage loom and toilsome days, 
We welcome in these better ways, — 

Your factories with their hands of steel. 


.».» - ' 


For crowded school-room, low and small, 

High halls of education stand. 

For few books, loaned from hand to hand, 
Your Public Library, free to all. 

Perchance, New England stock is less, 
And some have come across the sea 
To fill the places thus made free 

By wander-lust and battle stress. 

. To all who come from other lands 

For freedom, home and service true, 
We know no German, French or Jew. 
We hail them all, Americans. 

They builded well, those pioneers ; 

And those who followed wrought as they, 

And did their duty day by day. 
And all adown these hundred years. 

On such a Past the Present stands. 

But in my dreams I seem to see 

More beautiful, the yet to be, — 
A future glorious and grand. 

A century more will pass away. 

Some other pen the tale will tell 

Of how you wrought and builded well ! 

Ye men and women of today. 







By Reverend George A. Martin 
Mr. President, Ladies and Gentlemen, Fellow Citizens: 

This is the golden day in the history of our town. The "sons and 
daughters of Guilford responding to her call have come from far 
and near to look again upon familiar scenes, to renew the pleasant 
acquaintances of other days, to live once more in the sweet memo- 
ries of the past and to share in the joyful festivities of this centen- 
nial occasion. 

Our historian and poet have so interestingly and comprehensively 
narrated the events of a century of town life that any attempted 
addition would be in vain. 

The world of 191 6 is vastly different from the world of 18 16 
when Guilford was incorporated as a town. In order to duly ap- 
preciate the achievements of our citizens it is necessary to consider 
some of the great world changes which have occurred in the last 
five score years. 

During the first fifteen years of the 19th century Europe was as 
bloody a field of battle as it is today. Austrians, Germans, 
Spaniards, Russians and Englishmen Avere fighting Frenchmen. 
Napoleon's legions were marching everywhere with the shout of 
victory. The Battle of Waterloo on which the fate of Europe hung 
had been fought in June 18, 1815, the year previous to our incorpo- 

France after the downfall of Napoleon, was entering upon a 
stormy career which was destined to witness the collapse of the 
Second Republic, the Second Empire, and the successful formation 
of a republican form of government. 

Germany was only a collection of independent states full of 
strife, jealousy and hatred. Not for half a century was the domi- 
nance of Prussia and the genius of Bismark to weld these discord- 
ant factions into the solidarity of the German Empire. 

Italy was only a vassal nation of Austria. Scarcely had she begun 
to dream of a national existence. Garabaldi and Cavour had not yet 
come to free her separated provinces and unite them into a new 

The Russia of Peter the Great and Catherine was slumbering in 
the deep sleep of ignorance, superstition and serfdom. 



. . 

Brave little Belgium whose heroic defense against the invading 
hosts of a perfidious neighbor has won the admiration of the world, 
had just declared herself free from Holland and adopted a consti- 
tutional form of government. 

England powerfully affected by the ideas which grew out of the 
French Revolution, was about to undergo an evolution which would 
carry on to a successful conclusion the principle of the Magna 
Charta, the Petition of Rights, and the enfranchisement of the 
masses of her people. 

Japan had not lifted her head on the horizon of the world's 

Africa was an unknown continent. 

South America with its domestic upheavals and revolutions at- 
tracted little interest and attention. 

As for ourselves, only twenty-seven years had passed since we 
had adopted self government. To the original thirteen states six 
had been added. Four Presidents, Washington, Adams, Jefferson 
and Madison had served. Florida was in the possession of Spain. 
Texas, Oklahoma, New Mexico, Arizona. Utah, Nevada, California 
and a part of Colorado belonged to Mexico. 

The Oregon territory was in dispute. Our population, mostly 
rural, was about eight millions. Our second war with England 
had just closed. We were an isolated people principally engaged in 
the conquest of primeval nature and in the solution of the perplex- 
ing problems of representative government. 

Whether the creative genius of the men of today is superior to 
that of the men of yesterday is a debatable question. The sculpture 
of the fifth century. B. C, has never been excelled. The poetry of 
the Hebrews is without parallel. Shakespeare as a literary genius 
stands alone and unapproached. Music and painting have reached 
no higher levels. 

We are too near to accurately estimate the real values and far 
reaching effects of the nineteenth century. We know that it rep- 
resents progress in invention, discovery, science, navigation, educa- 
tion, sanitation, government and religion. 

The harvest of one century is the seed sowing of another. Thus 
the beginning of popular education, architecture, arts and crafts, 
painting, libraries, national epics, dramas, organized charity,, hos- 
pitals, jurisprudence, music, explorations, modern commerce and 
self government are to be found in the thirteenth century. 




At the beginning of the sixteenth century the world knew only 
five great inventions, the sun dial, clock, compass, gunpowder and 
printing. In the three succeeding centuries ten more were added, 
the microscope, telescope, barometer, magic lantern, pianoforte, 
steam engine, balloon, weaving loom, gas lighting and the cotton 
gin. To these fifteen great inventions the last century has added 
the telegraph, telephone, wireless, dynamo, phonograph, harvester, 
sewing machine, spectroscope, automobile, submarine, airship, pho- 
tography, motion pictures and many others which have revolution- 
ized commerce and industry. 

The wonderful inventive genius of the American people is re" 
vealed in the 35.788 patents that were issued in 191 3 by our gov- 
ernment. In the early days of the Patent office one of the chief 
officers resigned because he said the inventive genius of mankind 
had exhausted itself. 

What progress has been made in the conquest of disease ! Malaria, 
yellow fever, smallpox, hydrophobia, typhoid fever, tuberculosis 
and black death have been robbed of their terror. Ether, antisep- 
tics, the X-rays, and radium have revolutionized surgery. Science 
has become man's informer and preserver. 

What progress has been made in the navigation of the sea and 
the air by the liner, submarine and aeroplane ! What progress has 
been made on land for travel and commerce by the building of 
great highways of stone and steel and the digging of great canals! 
Mountains are removed as by faith.. Deserts by irrigation blossom 
as the rose. Rivers by being harnessed give up their mighty energy 
to the service of man. Man's dominion is over earth, sea and sky. 

Over $500,000,000 are spent every year for the support of our 
public schools in which twenty-five millions of school children are 
being educated. There are three hundred and forty-four higher 
institutions of learning with an attendance of a hundred and thirty 
thousand young men and women. We have grown to the conviction 
that ignorance is weakness and knowledge is power. A nation that 
could not exist half slave and half free can not exist half ignorant 
and half educated. 

A new day is about to dawn in representative government. 
Never has the world witnessed such a titanic struggle as is taking 
place across the sea on the far flung battle lines of Europe. The 
shrieking shell, the roaring cannon, the black and burning embers 
of once happy home>, the fruitful and fertile fiel Is now bare and 


desolate, the cry of the widow and the fatherless, the moan of the 
starving and the groan of the dying, the blood soaked ground, the 
abandoned towns, the ruined cities, the unburied heaps of dead sons, 
husbands and fathers present an inferno that would have been the 
despair of Dante. Whatever may be the outcome we steadfastly 
believe that with this rich red blood of a manhood worthy of nobler 
tasks, the final chapter of the Bo»ok of Kings is being written. 

In religion we have come to clearer conceptions of God and duty. 
Atheism is dead. Everywhere men believe in God because they 
find his intelligence in creation, his purposes in history, his charac- 
ter in Christ. More and more creed is becoming deed, and deed is 
becoming creed. Racial barriers are breaking down. The spirit of 
brotherhood is alive and abroad. 

"For a' that, an' a' that 
It's coming yet, for a* that 
That man to man, the world o'er 
Shall brothers be for a' that." 

In whatsoever period of time the creative genius of man may 
express itself the product of his effort becomes the heritage of all 
men evervwhere. and like the incoming tide lifts everv little bark 
of human life. 

As a fitting background to give setting to the theme of this hour. 
the "Spirit <of Guilford," I have made this brief survey of the pre- 
vailing world wide conditions and some note of the centuries of 
achievement, in order that we may realize that the five generations 
which have made their entrance upon the stage of our town life 
have been a part of this onward movement of humanity and that 
they have made and are making their indenture on our community 

The kind of men and women who settled this town were of the 
best New England blood and type. They were pioneers of the 
Puritan civilization. They possessed strength of body, keenness of 
mind, integrity of soul. They had convictions for which if neces- 
sary they would die. These they ingrained into the warp and woof 
of -the fabric of town life. The elemental virtues of sincerity, 
courage, fidelity, reverence, honesty and justice were cultivated and 
harvested in their souls. To them life was far more than cutting 
down trees, burning stumps, clearing fields, building stone walls and 
erecting log hcju>es. The consciousness that they were laying the 



foundations of a civilization dignified and enobled every task. 
Though they knew it not this world spirit of progress and achieve- 
ment was brooding over them quickening and guiding them. 

Here for a hundred years the spirit of democracy as defined by 
Lincoln "a government of the people, for the people and by the 
people" has been maintained. In the open forum of town meeting 
our citizens have met' and counseled together concerning the meas- 
ures which were best for public welfare. Here without distinction 
of race or class or creed every man has been made to feel that he 
was a part of the community, necessary to its success, urged to 
express and register his convictions. 

1 - •. 



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322 I ]£fi 

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Piscataquis Woolen Company 

The men who have served this town in official capacity have been 
selected on the basis of ability and character. Not one of them has 
ever betrayed a public trust and the record of all for efficiency of 
service is something for which we should be proud. 

In towns like this ,are the springs out of which the life giving 
streams of true representative government flow. The purest form 
of self government is not always found in its largest representative 
assemblies such as national and state legislatures but often in the 
smallest unit where is first registered the consciousness of town 
life. There is no greater contribution to the perpetuity of a nation 
than in keeping alive in our town the unstained ideal of self govern- 
ment as set forth in the Constitution. 


Guilford has always been a bee hive of industry. The fertile 
and well tilled farms, the commodious and well stocked stores, the 
large and flourishing mills daily sending forth to the markets of 
the world the products of forest and field witness to our indus- 
trial life. Nature has not been prodigal to us in resources of soil 
or water power but we have sought to develop them to their utmost 

These splendid industries on the banks of our beautiful river 
have been developed and maintained by public spirited men who 
loved their town and had faith in their town. Not once or twice 
but many times in financial crises they have hazarded their all to 
keep their home industries and provide employment for our town's 
people. When the citizens of a town subscribe to this simple creed 
"I believe in my town" that town has a glorious future. 

The faith, the courage, the optimism, the vision and the success 
of this -creed has been realized in our homes, our schools, our 
churches, our stores, our banks and our mills. Out of this has 
come the spirit of cooperation. We have been spared friction and- 
strife. In essentials we have sought unity. In non-essentials we 
have maintained charity. Side by side the farmer, the mechanic, the 
teacher, the pupil, the employer, the employee, the merchant, the 
banker, the physician, the lawyer and the minister have worked. 
. They have been co-laborers together. As a community we have 
pulled together and out of this unity of purpose and endeavor we 
have developed one of our greatest assets — a community spirit. 

May we not be pardoned if we do pride ourselves in our beau- 
tiful village with its well ordered streets and walks, its fine public 
buildings, its home owned industries, and its attractive homes, for 
we know what toil, what thrift, what sacrifice they represent. They 
are memorials to men and women who have lived humbly, frugally, 
industrially, kindly and peacefully. 

This town has revealed two kinds of patriotism. One is the kind 
that dies for one's country, the other is the kind that lives for one's 
country. Our loyalty has never been questioned. On every field 
of battle we have been represented by the bravest of the brave. 
The little flags that flutter in the breeze in yonder cemetery are 
emblematic of our noble soldier dead. Some sleep on Southern 
battle fields where the birds sing and the flowers bloom and the 
sentinels of heaven watch over them by day and night. Some 





bivouac among the scenes of their childhood where loved ones 
cover their mounds with flowers and water them with tears. 

"Cover them with flowers 
These bold, brave heroes of ours. 
And oh! let their memory be 
A sacred trust to you and to me." 

Some linger in our midst while a grateful people bring tokens of 
gratitude and of love for the blessings of a land where there is no 
Xorth, no South, no East, no West, but everywhere "liberty and 
union one and inseparable." 

The call of today is for the same spirit of patriotism expressed in 
a different form. America is big, but not big enough for any 
hyphenated Americans. America is strong but not strong enough 
to neglect a reasonable program of preparedness in these days 
when treaties are only scraps of paper. America is rich, but not 
rich enough to buy the respect of humanity if she fails to make the 
world honor the rights of her citizens on sea and land. 

In the providence of God America is coining to world leadership. 
She must think and legislate in world terms. Her patriots are 
those who strive to maintain those high ideals expressed in the Con- 

The spirit of learning has always been honored here. These 
school 'houses express our belief in education of hand, heart and 
head. In size and equipment of building, in curriculum of studies, 
in length of school terms and in qualifications of teachers our 
modern educational svstem contrasts greatly with the little red 
school house, the narrow range of studies, the few months of- 
schooling and the limited knowledge of the teachers. The opportu- 
nities and advantages of today are far superior to those of yes- 
terday but the spirit is the same. 

Knowledge is not power by virtue of the range or variety of 
subjects studied nor by the kind of a building sheltering teacher 
and pupil, nor by the qualifications of the teacher, but by the ability 
°i the student to think clearly, comprehensively, logically and inde- 
pendently. Svstems of education come and 2:0 but the fundamentals 
never change. The world's greatest bequests are its thoughts. 
They alone survive the fall of empires and civilizations. He who 
can do a common piece of work whether it be the building of a 
house, the tilling of a farm, or the writing of a book, better than 


any other will command honor among men. In order to equip 
our boys and girls and not send them into the battle of life handi- 
capped this town has always pursued a liberal educational policy. 

Our churches witness to the spirit of religion. They have shared 
in 'our material progress. Without them there could have been no 
progress worthy of the name. Civilization is more than farms, 
houses, mills, .stores or any form of material wealth. Every nation 
has produced a civilization and every civilization has given rise to 
a religion. By the acid tests of time only one has met the world's 
needs. It has produced a christian civilization. It alone possesses 
the highest ideals for the individual and the state, and the power 
to regenerate the roots of moral life. On no other basis can we 
account for that tremendous intellectual, moral and religious supre- 
macy which New England has possessed. 

When the great European war is over and the representatives of 
the people gather in Parliament and Duma there will be battles of 
ideas such as the world has never known. The results which fol- 
lowed the break up of the Roman Empire will not 'be as far reach- 
ing as those which shall follow this war. 

The socialization of governments, the industrial and political 
emancipation of women, a just settlement of great moral questions 
such as temperance, and a new appreciation of the worth of the 
individual are sure to come. The test of the age will soon be upon 
us and can be solved only in the spirit of Christianity as. set forth 
in the teachings of Jesus Christ. 

Fellow Citizens : When another century shall have passed we 
will have made the Great Adventure. Let us resolve that when 
amid the scenes which have .become so dear to us other generations 
gather to review the history of our labors they may find that the 
heritage which we have received from those who have gone before 
has not been wasted. May it be true of us as of them that amid the 
changing order of the world, the rise and fall of nations, the growth 
and decay of institutions and civilizations we may maintain a simi- 
lar spirit of progress in democracy, industry, patriotism, education 
and religion. 


Old School House 



■ : W~-: \.\ 

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a* .,^-w^, .:^&.-.^».»-,^s^a»iBf^ ^^^~2^ ^*z&^*&m*iM 

Corner Blaine Avenue and High Street 

Now used as a tenement house. 

Names of those which appear in the 
Jennie Hussey, 
Mrs. C. Cimpher, 
Anna Ellis, 
Vaunie Hall French, 
Meda Goodwin, 
Mertie Goodwin, 
Ida Bennett Hudson, 
Freeman Bennett, 
Frank Leavitt, 
Nellie Davis, 
Will Appleyard, 
H. A. Bennett, 

group from a photo taken about 1875: 

Frank Hinkley, 

Gertrude Ross, 

Wm. Webber, 

Tina Hobart, 

Mary Loring, 

Mabel Nickerson, 

Rachel Bennett Densmore, 

Clara Webber Davis, 

Nora Hinkley, 

Dora Bennett Dix, 

Harriet Bennett Pearson, 

Villa Hight Prescott. 


■:'■,> 3fe 


County Officers from Guilford 

In the Sangerville Centennial number, 6 in recording the county 
officers from that town, we remarked that "in comparison with 
others of the larger towns in Piscataquis .County, it would seem 
that Sangerville has had rather a meagre share of the County 

This historical fact relating to tlaat town applies equally as truth- 
fully to .Guilford. 

Guilford's first county officer was Rofoert Low who was County 
Treasurer 1839-40; Willard \V. Harris was Sheriff of the county 
for one year, ,1856, and Otis Martin held that office five years 1885- 
90; Leonard Howard was County Commissioner 1853-4-5, and 
William G Thompson 1880-1-2, and when in 1882 a vacancy had 
occurred in this office Henry Hudson was appointed by Governor 
Harris M. Plaisted to fill it and served one year. This had to satis- 
fy Guilford's aspirants for county office until 1912 when James H. 
Hudson was elected County Attorney, which office he is now hold- 

Guilford has had one member of the Executive Council of Maine, 
Micajah Hudson, elected in 1915 and whose term will expire 
January, 19 17. 


Coritributed by Frank W. Ball 

From 1820 to 1838 
1825 Joseph Kelsey 1836 Joseph Kelsey 

From 1838 to 1916 
1907 John Houston 

From 1820 to 1838 

1820 Joseph Kelsey 1835 Stedman Davis 

1830 Joseph Kelsey 1838 Norman E. Roberts 

(•) See Journal Vol. 2, p. 181. 

.* jf-.' "V ': * ' 



From 1838 to 1916 



1841 Seth Nelson 

1842 John H. Loring 
1845 Joseph Kelsey 
1854 Isaac Weston 
1858 Charles Loring 
i860 Charles Loring 
1863 Sylvanus Ellis 
1869 William W. Lucas 


191 1 


Chandler G. Robbins 
George W. Pratt 
Otis Martin 
Marcellus L. Hussey 
Harry W. Davis 
Harry W. Davis 
William E. Wise 
William E. Wise 

H---0-J y Hi 

\k - Irll 1 ~M- ^aHUJLE-l I I I 4 4 

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Guilford's financial institution is represented solely by the Guilford Trust 
Company, a corporation organized in 1892 under the National Banking 
Laws, as the First National Bank of Guilford. The institution did business 
under this title and under these banking laws until 1906. when, in order to 
be of wider and more generous service to the community and in order to 
maintain a branch bank at Greenville, Maine, it was changed to the Guil- 
ford Trust Company, under the laws of the State of Maine. 

Since 1892, this bank has made steady increase in its patrons and custo- 
mers until at the present time, its depositors number close to four thousand, 
and its deposits total up to over $800,000. 

The first quarters of the Guilford Trust Company, then the First National 
Bank, were in the upstairs offices of the Scales' block, and in 1901 the fine 
modern brick building, used exclusively for banking business, was erected 
°n the corner of Oak and Main streets. 

■ - 



The first officers were : 

Henry Hudson, President, 

A. W. Ellis, Vice President, 

H. W. Davis, Cashier and Clerk. 

The Board of Directors at this time was composed of the following: 
H. Hudson, D. R. Straw, C. D. Shaw, David R. Campbell, J. R. Pollock, 
Rodney C. Penney, M. R. Morgan, A. W. Ellis, H. Douglass, D. T. Sanders, 
F. S. Carr, G. W. Morgan, M. L. Hussey, and H. W. Davis. 

List of officers for the years that the institution has been doing business : 

Presidents. Vice Presidents. Treasurers. 

H. Hudson, 1892-1904 A.W.Ellis, s 1892-1912 H.W.Davis. 1892-1909 

M. R. Morgan, 1904-1909 M. L. Hussey, 1912 F. B. Pease, 1909-1914 

H. W. Davis, 1909 R. W. Davis, 1914 

The Board of Trustees and the Officers at present are: H. W. Davis, 
President ; M. L. Husse} 7 , Vice President ; R. W. Davis, Treasurer ; J. T. 
Davidson, Secretary. M. L. Hussey, P. W. Knight, Abram Newton, A. A. 
Crafts, Hiram Hunt, C. D. Shaw, Chas. Cimpher, H. W. Davis, F. B. 
Pease, H. A. Sanders, J. E. French, C. S. Douglass, E. L. Dean, J. T. David- 

And the manager of the Greenville Branch is R. H. Dunbar. 

The following statements give an idea of the rapid and healthy growth 
of this institution, which has had no little part in the growth of the Town 
of Guilford and County of Piscataquis. 

Statement at close of business, June 30, igt6. 

Assets. Liabilities. 

Loans & Discounts $590,674 44 Capital Stock $60,000 00 

Stocks & Bonds 90,305 70 Surplus & Profits 80,099 35 

Real Estate 12,469 60 Savings Deposit 554,852 31 

Overdrafts 53 99 Demand Deposits 251,55508 

Cash in Banks 229,843 14 Dividends unpaid 70 00 

Cash on hand in vault . . 23,229 87 

$946,576 74 $046,576 74 

Comparative Statement of Deposits. 

June 30, 1893 $56,957 93 June 30, 1908 446.565 71 

30, 1898 95.013 97 Sept. 25, 1915 725.048 30 

30, 1903 194,034 31 June 30, 1916 806.407 39 J 






Guilford Memorial Library 



The Guilford Memorial Library dates its origin from the year 1900 pre- 
vious to which a circulating library had been in existence. 

The first movement for an established location was begun Jan. 26, 1903, 
when a few interested people met and appointed a committee to solicit funds 
lor a public library. At this first meeting the late David R. Straw was 
chosen chairman and Mrs. R. H. Marsh, Secretary. A committee consist- 
ing of H. W. Davis, John Houston, Mrs. M. R. Morgan and Mrs. E. W. 
Genthner was chosen to solicit financial aid from the business men of the 
town and in the course of a few weeks the sum of $1,500 had been raised 
and the purchase of books commenced. 

The library then became a town institution and was named Guilford 
Free Public Library. The first board of Trustees was created as follows: 

David R. Straw and Mrs. John Houston were appointed by the town and 
H. \V. Davis, Mrs. M. R. Morgan, Mrs. R. H. Marsh, Mrs. C. S. Bennett 
and E. W. Genthner were elected by the library association. 

The first meeting of the library association was held March 30, 1903, at 
which time the constitution and by-laws were adopted. 


For several years the Library had its location in the selectmen's office 
in the Scales Block. Miss Ernestine Hale was made Librarian and has 
continued in that position to the present time. 

As the Library increased in size it became apparent that larger quarters 
were needed and accordingly in the year 1908 an effort was made to 
raise funds for a library building. An appeal was made to Mr. Andrew 
Carnegie and a generous sum was donated by him which made possible the 
erection of the present beautiful building. 

The lot on which the library is located was very generously given to the 
town by Mr. David R. Straw. The building was designed and constructed 
by Frederick A. Patterson, an architect of Bangor. It is constructed of red 
brick and cut granite trimmings, with a flight of granite steps on the front. 
It is well lighted and has very ample accommodations for its liberal pat- 

The committee having charge of the building was Micajah Hudson, Chair- 
man, Manley R. Morgan, M. L. Hussey, Mrs. John Houston, Mrs. R. H. 
Marsh and F. B. Pease. 

The cost of the building was in the neighborhood of $10,000. 

The dedicatory services were held January 25, 1009, when a very inter- 
esting program was carried out. 

The Library is supported by an annual appropriation from the town and 
is very freely patronized by the citizens. 

It is an institution which the town may well be proud of and a credit to 
the enterprise and benevolence of its citizens. 

The present number of volumes is about 5.000. The present Board of 
Trustees are Mr. F. O. Martin and Mrs. John Houston, appointed by the 
town, and H. W. Davis, Mrs. R. H. Marsh, Mrs. E. O. Genthner, Mrs. 
Chas. Cimpher and Mrs. James H. Hudson, appointed by the association. 

Miss Ernestine Hale is the present efficient Librarian. 





Some of Guilford's Active Men, Past and Present 


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The first settled minister 
of Guilford. 



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Born in Shirley, Mass., July 
24, 1784. 

Moved to Guilford about 


Was a member of the Con- 
stitutional Convention of 
Maine in 1819; represented 
Guilford in the Maine House 
of Representatives in 1820-30 
and 1845 and of the Senate 
1825 and 1836. 

He d. July, 1861. 

-~- -... «-;*_. ■■ ; ■. - : 


Born in Newfield, Maine, 
Nov. 7, 1795. 

Graduated from Brown Uni- 
versity and in 1830 began to 
practice law in Sangerville, 
Maine. . 

Moved to Guilford about 
1833 and was in active prac- 
tice here for many years. 

He died in Guilford, Aug. 
31, 1876. 






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Born in Canaan, N. H., Oct. 
26, 1824. 

Admitted to the Piscataquis 
Bar in June. 1849. and was in 
active practice in Guilford un- 
til the time of his death, 
which occurred June 24, 1877. 

He attained reputation as 
one of the able law3 r ers of 
Eastern Maine. 

He was also active as a 
prominent democratic politi- 
cian and a delegate to the Na- 
tional Convention held in 
N'ew York City in 1868. 

He held the office of town 
agent while a resident of 

He m. Emily F. Martin (b. 
«n Guilford, May 13, 1831). 

Henry, b. March 19, 1851 : 
M'cajah. b. Nov. 23, 1854; 
James, b. Oct. 22, i8;7. 


Born in Guilford, May 16, 

Educated in the public 
schools and a graduate of 
Bowdoin College, 1859; ad- 
mitted to the Piscataquis 
Bar in 1862; was a practic- 
ing lawyer in Guilford for 
many years. 

He with Otis Martin 
established the insurance 
agency of Straw and Mar- 
tin in 1880. and he was a 
member of the firm until 
the time of his death. 

He died in Guilford, 
April 18, 1908. 

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Born in New Gloucester, 
Maine, March 3, 1797. 

He came to Guilford in 1825 
and was the pioneer merchant 
of the town and conducted a 
general store for 25 years. 
Besides the business of mer- 
chant and private banker he 
was also a Trial Justice. 

He was a member of the 
Methodist Episcopal Church 
and also of the Masonic 
Lodge, being made a member 
of Cumberland Lodge No. 74, 
of New Gloucester, April 21, 

Mr. Martin was twice mar- 
ried. His first wife was Lydia 
P. Otis (b. in Leeds, June 24, 
1799). His second wife was 
Achsa Leadbetter (b. in Mont- 
ville, Oct. 24, 1818). 
Of the five children born to his first wife there is only one row living, 
Martha A. Martin, who is now living in Guilford. Of the second marriage, 
both children, Otis Martin of Guilford, and Oscar E. Martin, of Amador 
City, California, are now living. He d- August 29, 1876. 

Born in Guilford, May 9, 
1826. ' 

Member of the Universalist 
Church, Masonic Lodge, Odd 
Fellows; Chairman of the 
Board of Selectmen for many 

He m. Lydia Davis (b. Nov. 
23. 1837) June 17, 1858. 

He d. April 22. 1891. 


William, b. in Guilford. 
July 17, i86o;'d. July 21, i860. 

William, b. Sept.' 8, 1861 ; 
Clara Etta, b. Feb. 9. 1864; 
Annie Syrena, b. April 16. 
1876; Frank Henry, b. Sept. 
18, 1880. 



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Howard Turner was born 
in Turner, Maine, May 13, 

Attended district schools 
when a boy. 

A farmer. 

Member of the Universalist 
Church ; was for many years 
first selectman of the towns 
of Parkman and Guilford, and 
well known in the early days 
as a staunch and worthy citi- 
zen. He d. Mar. 6, 1874. 

He m. Betsey E. Sargent (b. 
in New Gloucester, Maine, 
Aug. 4. 1813) Sept. 30, 1833- 
She was a member of the Uni- 
versalist Church. She d. Aug. 
13, 1897. 


Robinson, b. March 7, 1834; 
Julia L., b. Jan. 8, 1837; Za- 

doc L., b. Aug. 6, i838;George H., b. Aug. 2, 1859. 

Born in Litchfield, July 26, 
1806, and moved to Guilford. 

Started in business at Guil- 
ford Center in 1832 and 
moved to the Village in 1854. 

Educated in the public 
schools in Litchfield. 

He served for fifteen years 
as one of the Selectmen of 

He m. Sarah Edes (b. Sept. 
19. 1820) 1837. 


Henry, b. July 21, 1838; 
George A., b. Oct. 1, 1845 
(died in infancy) ; Sarah E., 
h - Feb. 3, 1847, wife of M. L. 

He d. in Guilford, Feb. 19, 




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Born in Guilford, March 17, 


In early life was engaged in 
the mining business and at the 
time of his death, and for 
some years previous, was in 
the hotel business at Guilford. 

Educated in the public 
schools of Guilford, Parkman, 
Dexter, Foxcroft Academy 
and Colby University. 

Member of the Universalist 
Church ; F. & A. M. ; I. O. O. 

He m. Alma Liscomb in 1874. 

He died Feb. 9, 1901. 


Born March 29, 1816. 

Son of Moses Low and 
Mina Morgan Low of Yar- 
mouth, Maine. 

He was the first male child 
born in Guilford. 

He d. May 5, 1909. 


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Born in North Yarmouth, 
Maine, Dec. 3, 1803. 

He m. Eliza Herring (b. in 
Guilford, Aug., 1810) 1832. 

He d. March 11, 1880. 

She d. Oct. 16, 1861. 


Anna M., b. June 23, 1833; 
d. Feb. 6, 1892. 

John, b. June II, 1835; d. 
Sept. 30, 1849- 

Amanda Susan, b. April 27, 
1840; d. Oct. 29, 1881. 

Charles Averill, b. July 13, 
1842; d. May 19. 1897. 

Mary E., b. April 30, 1845; 
d. Sept. 14, 1866; G. W., b. 
Aug. 28, 1847; d. Sept. 3, 
1910; Manley R., b. Nov. 1, 
1850; d. Sept. 18, 1908; Emma 
A., b. March 16, 1854; d. Feb. 

3, 19". 


Born March 13, 1832. 

Established the dry goods 
business in Guilford, April 30, 
1856, and until the time of his 
death was actively engaged in 
mercantile affairs. The busi- 
ness is now carried on under 
the firm name of J. K. Edes 
& Son, and is one of the 
largest dry goods establish- 
ments in Eastern Maine. 

He d. Sept. 1, 1906. 

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Born in Sumner, Maine, 
July 12, 1803. and moved to 
Guilford and cleared land for 
a farm in 1826. 

In 1855 he moved to Guil- 
ford Village and opened a saw 
and grist mill. 

He was educated in the 
public schools in Sumner. 

He attended the Universa- 
Hst Church. 

He received the title of Ma- 
jor at the time of the Aroos- 
took War, but never saw act- 
ual service. 

He was one of the Select- 
men of the town for a number 
of years. 

He m. Almeda Robinson (b. 
Nov. 9, 1805). 

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Stephen R., b. Jan. 4, 1826, 
d. Dec. 18, 1863. 

Almeda. b. Nov. 2, 1828, d. 
Feb. 11, 1910. 

Josiah T., Dec. 16, 1830, d. 
Oct. 11, 1907. 

David B., Dec. 30, 1833, d. 
Aug. 19, 189/ 

Andrew J., Isov. 9, 1835, d. 
Aug. 25, 1856. 

Albion W., June 3, 1838, d. 

July 12, 1840. 

Sylvia S., Sept. 11, 1840. 

Ellen M„ July 15, 1844. 

Mary, July 14, 1846. 

Albion W., Aug. 4, 1850, d. 
Oct. 27, 191 1. 

Abbie L., May 15, 1854, d. 
Nov. 1, 1879- 

He d. at Guilford, June 26, 







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Barn in Guilford, July 21, 

Started in business as a 
merchant upon the death of 
his father, George H. Doug- 
lass, in Feb., 1865, and took in 
as a partner Marcellus L. Hus- 
sey in 1870. He was one of 
five who were incorporated un- 
der the name of the Piscataquis 
Woolen Co., in 1881, and was 
treasurer of this company un- 
til about two years before his 

He was educated in the 
public schools of Guilford and 
in Hartland Academy. 

Member of the Universalist 
Church, Mt. Kineo Lodge, F. 
& A. M., Good Cheer Lodge, 
I. O. O. F., and Syracuse 
Lodge, K. of P., of Guilford, 
Piscataquis R. A. Chapter of Dover. St. John's Commandery, K. T., of 
Bangor and the Mystic Shrine of Lewiston. 
Never held any public office. 
He m. Ellen M. Ellis (b. July 15, 1844) Nov. 29. 1866. 

Carroll S., b. May 17, 1879. 
He d. at Guilford, Nov. 12, 1907. 


Born in Guilford, Jan. 31, 

Member of the Universalist 

Farmer and lumber manu- 

Member of the Piscataquis 
Historical Society, which 
passed eulogistic resolutions 
regardng his death, April 6, 
x 909; member of the Masonic 
and I. O. O. F. Fraternities. 

He d. at Guilford, Jan. 3, 



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Born in Barhead, Scotland, 
December 22, 1849, and was a 
descendant from the same 
Scottish ancestors as was 
Robert Pollock, the Scottish 
poet (1799-1827) author of 
The Course of Time, Tales of 
the Covenanters, etc. 

He settled in Guilford in 
1868 and was one of the 
founders of the woolen in- 
dustry in that town. 

He d. April 30, 1909. 

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Born in Hadfield, England, 
October 16, 1851. 

Came to this country when 
a young man about 17 years 

Member of the Universalist 
Church ; Mt. Kineo Lodge, 
No. 109, F. & A. M., its Sec- 
retary for 15 years; member 
of school board ; member 
of the firm of H. Douglass & 
Co. for about 20 years and at 
time of death; agent for the 
American Express Company 
for a long term of years. 

He m. Harriett W. Bennett, 
December 22, 1881. 

He d. December 15, 1907. 

H., b. 1882; Rich- 

mond D., b. 1884. 

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Born in Lyman, Maine, Dec. 
i, 1825. 

Moved to Guilford in 1840. 

Educated in the public 

A democrat in politics. 

Member of the Universalist 
Church, F. & A. M. Fraternity. 

Deputy Sheriff, 1880-84. 

He m. Sarah L. Works of 
New Sharon, Maine, March 9, 
185 1. 


Agnes S., Everett E., and 
Annie L. 

He d. in Guilford, August 
24, 1915. 

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Born in Scotland,. Sept. 24, 
1864. came to America with 
family in 1867. 

Member of the Universalist 
Church; Masons, K. T. 

Woolen Manufacturer. 

He m. Mabel Goodwin, 
Skowhegan, Maine, in 1890. 

He d. in Guilford, May 6, 
19 1 6. 


Robert C, b. 1890; George 
'-. b. 1898. 

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Born in Bangor, Maine, 
March 7, 1838. 

He m. Lucy Howard Lyon 
of New Gloucester, in 1866. 

Lived in Bangor until 1868, 
when he moved to Parkman, 
residing there until 1892, when 
he removed to Guilford. 

Was chairman of the 
School Board and of the 
Board of Selectmen in Park- 
man for a number of years 
and a member of the Legisla- 
ture of 1883-5 : was editor of 
the local paper, the Guilford 
Citizen, during his residence 
here ; member of the Univer- 
salist Church; Mt. Kineo 
Lodge, F. & A. M.; Good 
Cheer Lodge, I. O. O. F., and 
Syracuse Lodge, K. of P., of 
Guilford; served several years 

as Master of the Masonic Lodge and was always greatly interested ; belonged 
to John H- Morgan Post, G. A. R., during its existence. He d. May 22, 1912. 


John A., of the French and Elliott Company of Guilford; Mrs. Clara M. 
Couri of Guilford, and one son who died in infancy. 


Born in Guilford, March 21, 

A lawyer. 

Educated in the Guilford 
public schools, Coburn Classi- 
cal Institute and graduated 
from Colby University, A. B.. 
1900,; Harvard Law schon 1 . L. 
L. B., 1903. 

Attendant of Methodist 
church; member of Mt. Kineo 
Lodge. F. & A. M. ; Knight 
Templars ; town agent and 
first selectman of Guilford; 
County Attorney of Piscata- 
quis County since 1912. 

He m. Mary S. McKown (b. 
Jan. 30. 1880) Nov. n, 1903. 

Charlotte F., b. Jan. 10, 

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Born in Guilford, March 19. 

Educated in the public 
schools of Guilford, Foxcroft 
Academy, Coburn Classical 
fnstitute in 1871, and grad- 
uated from Colby University 
with the class of 1875 ; ad- 
mitted to the Piscataquis Bar 
in Sept., 1875. 

First commenced practice 
of the law in Dover, Maine, 
in 1875. 

Upon the death of his 
father, in 1877, he returned to 
Guilford where he has been in 
active practice ever since, and 
for many years has been one 
of the leading and best known 
lawyers in Maine. 

He has been President of 
the first National Bank of Guilford; has held various town offices, and was 
town agent for many years. 

He was a delegate to the Democratic National Convention held at St- 
Louis, in 1888. 

He has been a democratic candidate for various county offices. 

He was Town Treasurer from 1881-1897; he was appointed County Com- 
missioner by Gov. Plaisted in 1881 10 fill a vacancy and served for the year 

He is President of the Guilford Board of Trade and delivered the his- 
torical address at the Centennial celebration. 

He m. Ada M. Lougee (b. in Dover, Maine,) daughter of James S. and 
Betsey (Lunden) Lougee, Feb. 22, 1877. She d. Oct. 31, 1910. 

James H., b. March 21, 1878; Leslie E., b. Oct. 25, 1882. 


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Born in Guilford, May 4, 1873. 

Member of the Methodist Episcopal Church; Masonic Lodge and Knights 
of Pythias. 

He m. Maud L. Hoxie (b. Jan. 17, 1878) June 26, 1902. 
Residence, St. Johnsbury, Vt. 


Lillian M., b. Nov. 22, 1904; Robert O., b. Dec. 5, 1906; Clara E., b. Sept 
20, 1908. 







Born in Scotland, Aug. 4, 
1862, came to America with 
family in 1867. 

Member of the Universalist 
Church; Masons, K. T., 32a!. ; 
I. O. O. F.; K. of P. 

Woolen Manufacturer. 

State Senator, member of 
the Republican National Con- 
vention, 1916. 

He m. Lottie E. Taylor in 

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Born in Greenville, Maine, 
April 5, 1852, and now resides 

Son of Milton Gilman and 
Eunice (Spinney) Shaw. 

Educated in Monson Acade- 
my and Kents Hill School. 

Formerly in the lumber bus- 
iness; in later years has been 
engaged in electrical and man- 
ufacturing industries ; was one 
of the promoters and is one 
of the owners of the M. L. 
Hussey Woolen Company at 

Member of Columbia Lodge, 
No. 200; Piscataquis Chapter, 
*o. 3; St. John's Com- 
mandery, No. 3; Maine Con- 
sistory; Aleppo Temple, A. A. 
O- N. M. S. ; Bangor Lodge, 
No. 244, B. P. O. E. and I. O. 
O. F. 

He m. Clara F. Norcross 
(b. Feb. 23, 1854) Oct. 20, 






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Born in Knowlton, Quebec, 
March 23, 1870. 


Member of the Protestant 
Episcopal Church ; St. John's 
Commandery at Bangor. 

He m. Margaret L. Knowl- 
ton (b. Jan. 23, 1866) Aug. 
19, 1896. 

She d. Feb. 7, 1914. 



Henry C, b. Nov. 13, 1897; 
Sarah D. F., b. April 17, 1900; 
Paul H., Jr., b. July 13, 1901 ; 
David L., b. May 25, 1904; 
Thomas A., b. Feb. 17, 1909. 


Born in Parkman. Maine, 
Aug. 6, 1838. 

Educated in the public 
schools in Sangerville, Park- 
man and Foxcroft Academy. 

Was formerly engaged in 
Hotel business and is now a 
farmer and connected with 
Woolen Manufacturing. 

Member of the Universalist 

Has been twice married. 
His first wife was Samantha 
A. Bates, (b. May 21, 1845) 
m. June 26, 1864, d. Oct. 23, 
1867. His second wife was 
Mrs. Jane L. Piper Hayden, 
m. Dec. 25, 1873. 
Children, (by second marriage) 

Charles Piper, b. Jan. 20, 

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Born in Parkman, Maine, 
March 9, 1852. 

Educated in the public 

Engaged in horse and car- 
riage business. 

Member of the Universalist 
Church, selectman of the town 
of Parkman, 1884-87; a mem- 
ber of the Board of Directors 
of the Guilford Trust Com- 

He m. Agnes S. Cousins, 
March 13, 1875. 


Annie L., b. March 12, 1880; 
Arthur J., b. Dec. 15, 1887. 

Mm.-^iitt\ ' : ifii 'iifirfirtrtiiif 1 


Born in Sangerville, Maine, 
June 29. 1847. 

Educated in the public 
schools of Sangerville and 

Merchant and woolen man- 

Member of the Universalist 
Church; F. & A. M. ; Knight 
Templar; I. O. O. F. ; a mem- 
ber of the House of Repre- 
sentatives in the Maine Legis- 
lature in 1897; postmaster of 
Cuilford for twenty years. 

He m. Sarah E. Douglass 
< b - Feb. 3, 1847) May 14, 





a4^v. ^J>**t £^^tf^±&±^^^4-J,>£&&&!^ 







Born in Guilford, October 
2, 1867. 

Jeweler and Optometrist. 

Member of the Universalist 
Church; Mt. Kineo Lodge No. 
109, F. & A. M. ; Good Cheer 
' Lodge No. 37, I- O. O. F.; 
Moosehead Encampment No. 
51, I. O. O. F. ; Syracuse 
Lodge No. 89, K. P.; Town 
Clerk for the past 18 years. 

He was married twice. His 
first wife was Clara Eton 
Brown (b. Dec. 29, 1870) m. 
June 28, 1900. 

She d. in Ashland, Mass.. 
Feb. 25, 191 1. 

He m. Blanche Scales (b. 
May 31, 1883) June 9, 1914- 


Born in Corinna. Maine, 
Oct. 6, i860. 

Educated in the public 
schools, and Foxcroft Acad- 

Member of the Universalist 
Church; F. & A. M. ; Knight 
Templars ; Mystic Shrine and 
K. of P. 

Has been tax collector of 

A traveling salesman. 

He m. Adelia A. Haskell (b. 
Sept. 9, 1862) June 10, 1882. 

Edith A., b. May 19, 1883; 
James G., b. June 21, 1886; 
Nelson N., b. Sept. 7, 1888. 




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Born in Guilford, May 16, 


Educated in the public 

schools of Guilford and Mon- 
son Academy. 

Enlisted in Co. I, 226. Maine 
Inft., Aug. 10, 1862; was with 
the Regiment every day and 
discharged Aug. 14, 1863. 

From 1868-1900 was a resi- 
dent of Boston ; was first en- 
gaged as a bookkeeper and 
later entered the street rail- 
road and paving business ; in 
1900 assisted his brother in 
establishing the Guilford Man- 
ufacturing Company and 
served as its Treasurer until 


Member of the Universalist 
Church ; Mt. Kineo Lodge, F. 
& A. M. ; Logan Post, G. A. 
R., of Cambridge, Mass. ; has held various town offices. 
He m. Sarah B. Glass (b. in Guilford, Jan. 26, 1842) Feb. 28, 1871. 

Vinal H., b. Nov. 29, 1871. 


Born in Willimantic, Maine, 
July 16, 1864. 

Educated in the public 
schools of Willimantic and 

Farmer and lumber manu- 

Member of Mt. Kineo 
Lodge. F. & A. M., Good 
Cheer Lodge, I. O. O. F.. and 
of Hope Grange, P. of H., and 
its present Master. 

Member of Guilford school 
board and was a member of 
the House of Representatives 
in the 76 and 77th Legislature 
^ Maine. 

He m. Lillian E. Sears, 
March 14, 1867. 

D. Edith; Raymond C, b. 





Born in Greenville, Maine, 
Feb. 3, 1863. 

Graduated U. of M., 1888; 
Maine Medical School, 1893. 

Doctor of Medicine. 

Member of F. & A. M. ; I. 
O. O. F. ; K. T. ; Town Treas- 
urer, 1897 ; President Maine 
Medical Society; School 
Board 15 years; U. S. Pension 
Examiner 15 years. 

He m. Myrtie A. Holbrook. 

Helen Celia, b. 1888: Alice, 
b. 1893. 







' j 

Born in Guilford, Nov. 23, 


Son of Henry Hudson, 1, 
and Emily F. (Martin) Hud- 

Educated in the public 
schools- of Guilford, Foxcroft 
Academy and Coburn Classi- 
cal Institute. 

Lived in Guilford until Sept. 
1, 1875, where they resided on 
a farm in Abbot, Maine, until 
Aug. 15, 1885. 

Was engaged in the mer- 
cantile business at Guilford 
for 17 years, since which time 
has been engaged in the pulp 
wood business. 

Was chairman of the Board 
of Selectmen of Guilford for 
21 years. Is a member of the 
Executive Council of Maine. 

He is an attendant of the Methodist Q-iurch and is a member of F. & A. M. 

He m. Mabel X. Packard of Parkman (b. July 3, 1853) Jan. 22. 1876. 







ff n .;.^x.^.i > ^ ,^^.:A^ - ■ V, ^i^fciVrt v-rii tr 










mm-:: 3 





Born in Guilford, April 24, 1862. 

Ranking, having organized the First National Bank of Guilford in 1892, 
was its first Cashier, and afterward President of the Guilford Trust Com- 
pany, which position he still holds. 

Town Treasurer for several terms ; Member of the Legislature 1905-6 
and also 1911-12. 

Member of the Universalist Church, and Masonic Lodge. 

M. Clara E. Webber, (b. Feb. 9, 1864) Jan. 1, 1887. 

Raymond Webber, b. Oct. 15, 1887 (now Treasurer of the Guilford 

* FUST" I t\ 1 • AJ01I10 \\ (\r>¥ A tCa^ /nAiif Aire PaKoi-*- T-T /-» 11 o 4- r\ r> \ ■ Xi inlru 


- - . •. . : . -' ■ ■ 











- - --■--> W.:-.^ . ...— :., - ■-■■ — ■■ ~— ±a~*m±jp$fo[i 


■ — 

Author of the Centennial (1916) Poem 

, Sarah (Lucas) Martin was born in Guilford, June 5, 1844. 

She was the only daughter and youngest child of \Vm. W. and Sally 
(Latham) Lucas who moved to Guilford from Oxford 'County in 1833. 

Mrs. Martin is of Puritan stock on both sides, and descended, on the 
mother's side in the ninth degree, from Mary Chilton of Mayflower fame. 
She was also of Revolutionary stock on both sides. 

She was married Jan. 10, 1870, to Osgood P. Martin, a veteran of the 
Civil War and also of Revolutionary stock. 

Of this marriage three sons were born : 

Harold C, a promising young physician, who died in 1900; Herman S., of 
Maine. State University, Civil Engineer of Irrigation and Railway Construc- 
tion in Utah; Selden S., Professor of Economics in Harvard University. 
and now Statistician of the American International Corporation. 









Born in Guilford, Nov. 
14, 1844. 

Educated in the public 
schools of Guilford. 

Member of the Methodist 
Church ;.F. & A. M. ; Sher- 
iff of Piscataquis County, 
1885-1890, and served as 
Deputy Sheriff 21 years ; 
was a member of the Maine 
House of Representatives 
in 1891. 

He m. Annie Atwood (b. 
in Bangor, Maine, Aug. 17, 
1845) May 29, 1872. 


George A., b. May 4, 
1873; Frank O., b. Oct. 26, 
1875 ; Addison, b. ; Aug. 18, 
1878, died March 4, 1880; 
Carle, b. March 4, 1880; 
Florence Straw, b. Feb. 21, 


Born in Corinna, Maine, 
March 1, 1852. 

Educated in the public 
schools of Corinna. 

Moved to Guilford in 1874. 

Was in the drug store busi- 
ness from 1875-1893. 

Has been in the hardware 
business since 1893. 

Member of Universalis: 
Church, Mt. Kineo Lodge, F. 
* A. M., and Syracuse Lodge, 
K. of P. 

He m. Hattie A. Mudgett 
(born in Sangerville. Maine, 
A P r il U, 1855) May 4, 1879. 

x Children 

Charles Raymond, b. Feb. 9, 
l88l; Blanche, b. May 31, 1883; 
Eugene Mudgett, b. May 5, 




1 • 





■'-• •-- •■■ - ■-■" • T-— 'i i li ihn iririiiinT -ftiMHi 


Born in Bangor, Maine, Nov. 19, 1868. 

Educated in Bangor public schools. 

Left school at the age of 16 and entered business. 

Early business life spent in Timber Land. 

Business in Bangor, with the exception of three years spent in Typewriter 
business at Providence, R. I. 

Has been identified with Timber Land and Lumber business during the 
whole of his 32 years of business experience- 
Is at the present time President and General Manager of the Guilford 
Mfg. Co., also Treas. of the Kennebec Lumber Co.; a director in M. L. 
Hussey Woolen Co. ; a 32d Mason ; member of Palestine Temple Mystic 
Shrine of Providence; Knights of Pythias; and Abnaki Club of Augusta, and 
President of Eastern Shook and Wooden Box Mfgs. Asso. 

Attends Universalist Church. 

He m. Sept. 8, 1891, Mary E. Sheffeld of Florence, Mass. 

Elliot S"., now with the Kennebec Lumber Co., Augusta; Eleanor, a stu- 
dent at Smith College; and Kenneth S., a student at Bangor High School. 






|JJS^^^§ *<S53*f*8 











Born in Monson, Maine, 
July 24, 1864. 

Educated in Monson Acad- 
emy, University of Maine, 
graduated from Boston Uni- 
versity Law School, L. L. B., 
A lawyer. 

Member of the Universalist 
Church ; Mt. Kineo Lodge, F. 
& A. M., Foxcroft, R. A. C. ; 
St. John's Commandery, K. T. ; 
K. of P.; M. W. of A.; has 
been member of the Guilford 
Board of Selectmen and was 
Superintendent of schools for 
10 years ; was Internal Reve- 
nue collector from 1892-1897; 
Democratic Presidential elec- 
tor in 1908 ; delegate to Dem- 
ocratic National Convention 
at Baltimore in 1912; Presi- 
dent of Guilford Water Company and President of the Sangerville Water 
Supply Company, and is the present postmaster of Guilford. 

He m. Helen Katherine Montgomery, (b. July 10. 1870) daughter of 
Reverend Hugh Montgomery of Marblehead and Lowell, Mass., Sept. 25, 1897. 


■HTtffcridi riiri nrrih-mfttfftfc h n'ii W m 




Hugh Montgomery, b. Sept. 4, 1808; John Haynes, b. Sept. 26, 1899; Roger, 
b. Feb. 28, 1901 ; Victor Francis, b. June 18, 1904; Matthew, b. April 10, 1906; 
Edwin Ruthven, b. March 21, 1907; Helen Anne, b. Sept. 30, 1913. 



Documentary History of the Town 

of Guilford 




Historical Sketch taken from first page \of the Plantation Record 

The Township of land numbered six in the seventh range of townships 
north of the Waldo Patent (so called) was granted by the Legislature of 
Massachusetts to and for the benefit of Bowdoin College, A. D. 1794- 

In A. D. 1803 Rev. Robert Low and Dea. Robert Herring of New 
Gloucester having purchased a few thousand acres of land in the township, 
began immediately to make preparations for forming a settlement therein ; 
determining to admit on their part no person as a settler, but such as 
were industrious, orderly, moral and well disposed. In this they so far 
succeeded that for many years after, contentions, lawsuits, broils among 
neighbors, &c, were known only in name among the inhabitants. 

In A. D. 1804 trees were felled in several places in the town and the 
next year corn was raised there. 

On the eighteenth day of February A. D. 1806. the first family moved 
into the town 7 and about the middle of March the second family came' 
together with several men who worked during the summer and removed 

I here the winter following" and in one or two years after Dea. Robert Her- 

ring added his family to the number. 

From this time the settlement of the place went on sometimes slowly, and 
sometimes vigorously. 

As early as A. D. 1806 when but seven men resided in the place; con- 
sidering that some established regulation was necessary to preserve good 
order and harmony, those seven met and made such bye laws for one year 
as was deemed necessary; choosing a Clerk to keep a '-ecord of their doings 
and such other officers as were thought necessary to carry these laws into 
execution. 1 " 

There let it be noticed that although the only barrier which supported the 
execution of these laws was a pledge of honor they were rarly kncwn to be 

Public schools were several times supported by private subscription ; and 
at other times private schools ; parents paying in proportion to the number 

( 7 ) Robert Low, Junr. 
O Robert Herring, Junr. 

(') David Low, John Bennett, Isaac Bennett, Nathl. Bennett and John 

( ,0 ) This was done annually till it was organized. 


Public worship was carried on constantly from almost the first settling of 
the place; first by the few then in this place and Amestown (then so called) 
now Sangerville uniting together and afterwards by this town alone. 

From these and other, like regulations which were continued until the 
place was organized by law as a Plantation, the respectability and interest 
of the settlement were greatly promoted and the people prepared to enter 
on the duties required by a lawful organization. On the eighth of October 
A. D. 1812, Philip Leavitt, Esqur of Athens by virtue of a warrant from the 
treasurer of the county of Somerset issued his warrant for organizing the 
township into a plantation on the eleventh of November, from which time the 
before named regulations ceased, and a new order commenced with the war- 
rant which next follows. 



Somerset s. s. To Robert Herring of the plantation Numbered six in 
the seventh range in said County of Somerset, a principal inhabitant. 
Greeting : 

Whereas the Treasurer of the said County of Somerset has issued his 
precept to me, directing me to organize the above said Plantation numbered 
six in the seventh range as there may be, that the said plantaton be in a 
situation to receive warrants for State and county taxes. 

You are hereby required in the name of the Commonwealth of Massa- 
chusetts, to summon and notify all the male inhabitants, being freeholders 
in said plantation to assemble and meet at some convenient place in said 
plantation on Wednesday the Eleventh day of November next at ten o'clock 
in the forenoon, for the purpose of electing all needful officers for said 
plantation agreeably as the law directs. Fail not of making return of this 
warrant and your doings to me at the time and place- 

NOVEMBER nth, 1812 

Dated at Athens the eighth day of October A. D. 1812 

Philip Leavitt, Justice of peace. 
To Philip Leavitt, Justice of peace 

S'.r I have executed the within warrant by summoning and warning the 
inhabitants of the plantation within named and for the purposes within 
mentioned to meet at the dwelling house of John Bennett on the day and 
hour within named according to law. 

A true copy 

Attest ROBERT LOW, Plantation Clerk. 


Nov. nth, 1812. Pursuant to the foregoing warrant and return the in- 
habitants above specified assembled at the time and place mentioned in the 
above return, and the meeting being opened by the above said Philip 
Leavitt Esqur proceeded as follows, Viz. 

Article 1st. Chose Philip Leavitt Esqur Moderator! . 

Art. 2nd. Chose Robert Low Plantation Clerk. Oath of office admin- 
istered bv the Moderator. 

NOVEMBER 28th, 1812 

3rd Chose Robert Herring first Assessor 
Assessors 4th Chose Nathaniel Greaves second Assessor 

5th Chose Robert Low third Assessor 
Collector 6th Chose Isaac Herring for Collector 

Oath The Moderator then administered the oaths of office to the 

Assessors and Collector, and the meeting closed. 

Attest ROBERT LOW, Pin. Clerk. 


Method of 

$21 for 




November 28th, 1812. The inhabitants of the plantation num- 
bered six in the seventh range assembled at John Bennett's 
house, having been previously warned by the Collector by 
virtue of a warrant from the Assessors, (which warrant was 
unaccountably lost before recording) and proceeded as follows. 
1st Chose Nathaniel Greaves for Moderator 
2nd Voted to accept the above named method of warning 
plantation meetings now, and in future 

3rd Tried for a vote to raise money for a school, which 
was lost. 

4th After some discussion and debate it was on reconsidera- 
tion and some stipulated conditions voted to raise money for 
a school 

5th Voted to raise twenty one dollars for school 
6th Agreed to fix John Bennett's former school room and 
have a school kept therein. 

7th Chose Nath'l Greaves, John Bennett, & John Robbins, Jr., 
Committee for the school. 

8th Chose Nath'l Greaves Plantation treasurer who was 
sworn by the Clerk 

Attest ROBERT LOW, Pin. Clerk. 






In the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and sixteen. 
An Act to incorporate the town of Guilford 

Section 1st Be it enacted, by the Senate and House of Representatives 
in General Court assembled, and by the authority of the same ; 
That the Township numbered six, in the seventh range north 
of the Waldo patent, in the county of Somerset, as described 
by the following boundaries, be, and hereby is, established as 
a town, by the name of Guilford. Viz. East by the township 
numbered five in the seventh range ; West, by the township 
numbered seven in the seventh range ; North, by the town- 
ship numbered eight in the eighth range. South by the town- 
ship numbered four, in the sixth range ; being one of the 
four townships granted to Bowdoin College- And the said 
town of Guilford is hereby vested with all the corporate 
powers and privileges, and shall be also subject to all the 
duties, and requisitions of other corporate towns according to 
the Constitution and Laws of this Commonwealth. 

Sec. 2nd Be it further enacted that any Justice of the Peace for the 

county of Somerset is hereby authorized upon application 
therefor, to issue a warrant directed to a freehold inhabitant 
of the said town of Guilford, requiring him to notify and 
warn the inhabitants thereof to meet at such convenient time 
and place, as shall be appointed in said warrant, for the 
choice of such officers as towns are by law empowered and 
required to choose and appoint at their annual town meetings. 
Approved by the Governor Feb. 8th, 1816 

A true Copy, Attest, ALDEN BRADFORD, Secy, of the Commonwealth 

A true Record, Attest, THOMAS MACOMBER, Town Clerk 

1816 application for a warrant 

March 21 Plantation Numbered six seventh range March 21st. 1816 
1816 To Samuel Pingree Esqr one of the Justices of the Peace for 
the county of Somerset and Commonwealth of Massachusetts 
We the undersigned in behalf of the inhab- 
itants of the said Plantation, (or Township) request you to 
issue your warrant for calling a meeting of the inhabitants of 
said Township (now Guilford) for the choice of town officers, 
together with any other business which may be necessary in 
the organization of the said town agreeably to an Act of 
Incorporation, dated the eighth of February, eighteen hun- 
dred and sixteen. 

True Copy. Attest THOMAS MACOMBER, Town Clerk. 



March 22 Somerset ss. To Robert Low of No. 6, 7th range 

1816 (L. S.) Greeting 

You are directed in the name of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts, to 
notify and warn the inhabitants of said No. 6, now Guilford, qualified to 
vote in Town affairs, to assemble and meet together at the dwelling house of 
John Bennett in said No. 6 on Monday, the first day of April next, at nine 
of the clock in the forenoon, by reading this warrant, or furnishing a copy 
thereof to each individual, seven days previous to the day of said meeting, 
for the following purposes. Viz. : 

1st To choose a Moderator for said Meeting. 

2nd To choose a Town Clerk, Selectmen, and all other town offi- 

cers necessary to be chosen in the Months of March or April 
annually; and you are directed to make return of this War- 
rant, with your doings thereon to me at or before the day of 
said meeting. 
Given under my hand this 22nd day of March in the year of our Lord 
eighteen hundred and sixteen. 

SAMUEL PINGREE, Justice of the Peace. 


Pursuant to the within warrant, I have warned the inhabitants 

within mentioned, to meet, at the time, place, and for the 
purposes therein expressed. 
March 29th, 1816. ROBERT LOW. 


April 1st Met in conformity to the foregoing warrant; and the meet- 

1816 ing being opened, proceeded as follows. Viz- : 

Article 1st Chose Joseph Kelsey for Moderator. 
Art. 2nd Chose Thomas Macomber for Town Clerk. (Sworn by S. 

Pingree, Esq.) 
Art 3rd Chose Robert Low, Nathaniel Greaves and Wm. Stevens to 

be Selectmen. 

Art. 4th Chose Joseph Kelsey for Town Treasurer. 

Art. 5th Chose the Selectmen to be Assessors. 

Art. 6th The office of Collector was rendered and bid off by Robert 

Low for five and three quarters per cent. 
Art. 7th Chose Robert Low to be Constable. 

Art. 8th Voted to do the remaining business by hand votes. 

Art. 9th Chose Robert Herring & B. Loring for Tythingmen. 

Art. 10th Chose Robert Herring, Jr., Isaac Wharff, Robert Herring, 

Isaac Bennett, and Moses Low, for Surveyors of Highways. 
Art. nth Chose Isaac Edes, Benjamin Patten, Jr., Samuel Morgan, and 

John Robbins, Jr.. for field drivers. 
Art. 12th Chose John Bennett, Moses Stevens, Wm. Stevens and Isaac 

Herring for Fenceviewers. 



Art. 13th Chose the above Fielddrivers for Hogreeves. 

Art. 14th Chose Daniel Wallis, Joseph Kelsey and Stedman Davis to 

be town Auditors. 

Art. 15th Chose Wm. Stevens and Joseph Kelsey, for surveyors of 


Art. 16th Chose Thomas Macomber, Moses Low, and Stedman Davis 

to be a Committee for the examination of schools. 

Art. 17th Voted to allow to Edward Washburn one dollar and sixty- 

eight cents, being the amount of taxes committed to said 
Washburn to collect of Nath'l Bennett, Jr., and Ephraim 
Andrews, in the year eighteen hundred & thirteen. 

Art. 18th Joseph Kelsey and Robert Herring offered themselves as 

sureties for Robert Low. as Collector, and were accepted. 

Art. 19th Voted to dissolve this meeting. 

Note All officers concerning whose oath nothing is heretofore men- 

tioned were sworn by the town Clerk. 
True Copy. Attest THOMAS MACOMBER, Town Clerk. 



April 2 (L S.) To Robert Low Constable of Guilford 

1816 (L. S.) Greeting 

In the name of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts, you 
are required to notify and warn all the inhabitants of the 
town of Guilford, qualified by law to vote in town meetings, 
Viz. : such as pay to one single tax beside the poll, or polls. 
a sum equal to two thirds of a single poll tax; to assemble 
at the house of John Bennett in said town on the ninth day 
of April, instant, at ten o'clock A. M. to act on the following 
articles, Viz. : 

J st To choose a Moderator for said meeting. 

2nd To raise such sum of money as shall be thought necessary 

to defray the needful expenses of the town for the year 
present and all past arrearages, for which the late treasury 
is insufficient. 

3rd To raise such sum as shall needful, or expedient, to be 

expended on the roads ; with all other matters thereto relating. 

4th To see if the town will confirm the roads or votes now laid 

out and accepted by the late plantation (No. 6, 7th R.) or 
voted to be laid out and not yet done. 

5th To see if the town will lay out a road from the upper road 

(so called) from near to John, or Chandler Robbins in 
southerly direction to. or near the river. 

" tn To see if the town will lay out a road from the upper road 

(so called) to accommodate Jonathan Byram, &c. 


7th To see if the town Will lay out a road from, or near the 

house of Daniel Wallis to accommodate Daniel Rice, in such 
direction shall be thought proper. 

8th To see if the town will make void the last vote of the late 

Plantation concerning the road from John Bennett's to Daniel 
Wallis' and the road from Dea'n Robert Herring's North 
West corner (so called) and accept them or either of them as 
town roads, &c, with such other matters as may be legally 
brought before them concerning any other roads. 

9th To confirm the vote of the late plantation No. six, &c, con- 

cerning receiving Eld'r Thomas Macomber for a town Min- 
ioti To act on all other matters which shall then be thought legal 

and necessary. 

Given under our hands, and seals, this second day of April, 
in the year of our Lord eighteen hundred and sixteen. 
ROBERT LOW. Selectmen 

NATH'L GREAVES. of Guilford. 


Pursuant to the within warrant, I have notified and warned 
the inhabitants as within expressed, to meet at the time, place 
& for the purposes within mentioned- 

Guilford, April 9th, 1816. ROBERT LOW, Constable. 

True Copy. Attest THOMAS MACOMBER, Town Clerk. 


1 9m 











Met in conformity to the foregoing warrant and the warrant 
being read, proceeded as follows, Viz. : 
Chose Joseph Kelsey for Moderator. 

Voted to pass over the second article in the warrant for the 

Voted to raise three hundred and fifty dollars, to be expended 
on the roads this year. 

Voted to have one third of the above sum on the polls. 
Voted to expend one half of said sum as aforesaid by the fif- 
teenth day of July next; and the remainder by the first day 
of November next. 

Voted to allow one dollar and twenty five cents per day for 
labor of men or oxen during the first term of time above 
mentioned ; and one dollar per day for the same afterward. 

Art- 7th Voted that the Selectmen shall be paid for surveying and de- 

termining roads by abating their highway tax to the amount 
of their bill. 

Art. 8th Voted to confirm all votes, heretofore passed concerning roads 

which have been accepted by the late Plantation, (now Guil- 

Art 9th Voted to lay out a road from or near to John, or Chandler 

Robbins to or near the river if found expedident. 


Art. 10th 

Art. nth 
Art. 1 2th 


Art. 13th 
Addition to 
east part of 
upper road 
Art. 14th 

Art. istth 



Art. 1 6th 

Art. 17th 

Art. 18th 

Art. 19th 

to West 

upper road 
Art. 20th 

Voted to lay out a road where the Selectmen shall think it 
most convenient to accommodate Jonathan Byram. 
Voted to drop the seventh article in the warrant. 
Voted to make void the last vote of the late plantation No. 6, 
7 R. concerning the angle road (so called) from John Ben- 
nett's to Daniel Wallis', (Viz. Discontinuing it.) and again 
to accept it for a town road, and also to accept a continuation 
of it in the following directions i. e. from said Wallis' in the 
same direction. Viz. North forty one. degrees West, four 
hundred and sixty rods ; then North thirty seven degrees west 
one hundred and forty four rods ; then W T est between the 
seventh and eighth ranges of lots one hundred and thirty six 
rods ; then North forty five degrees West one hundred and 
eighty rods then North twenty degrees West, one hundred 
and twenty four rods then north thirty nine degrees west 
sixteen rods to the brook. 

Voted to confirm the vote of the late plantation No. 6, 7 R. 
discontinuing the road from the North west corner of Lot 
number four, third range (Dea'n R. Herring's corner) to 
west to the angle road. 

Voted to continue the east part of the Upper road (so called) 
from the center road (so called) as follows, Viz.: from the 
center road West, three degrees North eighty eight rods; 
forming a junction with the angle road. 

Voted that a continuation of the center road so called be- 
tween the fourth and fifth tiers of lots, shall be laid out as 
soon as convenient, from Dea'n R. Herring's corner afore- 
said North between the tiers of lots aforesaid to or near the 
middle of the fifth range of lots, as the land shall admit of, 
and from thence in as convenient a place as may be North- 
westerly to the line between the fifth and sixth ranges, thence 
westardly to the Angle road. 

Voted to alter the River road so that it may run between the 
first and second ranges instead of passing through the lot 
numbered six in the first range, then in such direction as 
may be found expedient. 

Voted to confirm the doings of the late plantation concerning 
the settlement of Elder Thomas Macomber and to accept him 
as a town Minister on the conditions then specified. 
Took up the second article and voted thereon to raise fifty 
dollars for the contingent expenses of the town and past 

Voted to accept an addition of the upper road on the west- 
erly and as follows, Viz. : From where it was left in July 
A. D. 1813, west six rods; then North thirty-nine degrees 
west one hundred and twenty-six rods, then north thirty- 
seven degrees west, one hund. & twenty-eight rods to the 
west town line ; then north on said line eighty rods. 
Voted to dissolve the meeting. 

Attest ROBERT LOW, Town Clerk Protemnore. 




Pursuant to the last clause of the seventh section of an Act 
of the Legislature of Maine, passed the twelfth day of Feb- 
ruary A. D. 1824 entitled "An act to provide for the sale and 
distribution of Ministerial and school lands" Robert Low. 
(Then Town Clerk of Guilford) notified the Selectmen and 
Treasurer of said town to meet at the dwelling house of said 
Low on Tuesday the fourth day of May, A. D. 1824, for the 
purpose of being organized, and qualified to enter on the 
duties in said act pointed out. respecting Ministerial funds ; 
And having met as aforesaid, they proceeded as follows, Viz. : 

1st Chose Joseph for a Moderator. 

2nd Chose Stedman Davis for President. 

3rd Chose Seth Nelson for a Clerk, who was sworn by Robert 

Low, Esq'r. 

4th Chose Robert Low for a Treasurer. 

5th Voted that any two or more of the Trustees may call any 

future meetings by posting up notice thereof at the Centre 
school house seven days at least before the meeting, or by 
giving the Trustees personal notice. 

6th Voted to adjourn Without day. 

A true Record. Attest SETH NELSON, Clerk. 


Notice This is to notify the Trustees of the Ministerial fund in Guil- 

ford, viz. : the Selectmen, Town Clerk & Treasurer to meet 
at the school house in the Centre district, on Saturday, the 
last day of April inst. at three o'clock, afternoon, to act on 
the following articles. Viz. : 
1st To give in their votes for a President. 

2nd To give in their votes for a Clerk. 

3rd To give in their votes for a Treasurer for the present year. 

4th To act on any other matters that are necessary when met. 

By order of the Trustees. 
Guilford. April 6th. 1825. 

Note. The above meeting is adjourned to Saturday, the 7th day of 

May next at 4 o'clock, afternoon. 
April 30th, 1825. SETH NELSON, Clerk. 

May 7th, 1825. Met agreeably to the above notice and pro- 
ceeded as follows, to wit : 

1st Chose Joseph Kelsey for President. 

2nd Chose William Webber for Clerk, who was sworn by Robert 

Low, Esq'r. 

3rd Chose Robert Low for Treasurer. 



4th Voted that our annual meeting in future shall be on the day 

following the annual town meeting in March or April. 
5th Voted that this meeting be dissolved. 


April 4th Met pursuant to the vote of the seventh of May, 1825, and 

1826 chose the following officers for the year ensuing, Viz. : 

1st Chose Stedman Davis for President. 

2nd Chose Seth Nelson for Clerk, who was sworn by Robert Low, 


3rd Chose Robert Low for Treasurer. 

4th Voted that this meeting be dissolved. 



Notice This is to notify the Trustees of the Ministerial fund in Guil- 

ford, viz. : the Selectmen, Town Clerk and Treasurer, to meet 
at the centre school house in said town on Tuesday, the third 
day of April next, at four o'clock in the afternoon, to act 
on the following articles : 
1st To choose a President. 

2nd To choose a Clerk. 


3rd To choose a Treasurer • 

4th To act on all other matters that may be thought necessary 

when met. 

By order of the Trustees 

Guilford, March 20th, 1827. 


April 3rd Met agreeably to notice and chose the following officers for 

1827 the ensuing year : 

J st Chose Robert Low for President. 

^d Chose George Haskell for Clerk, and he was sworn by Robert 

Low, Esq'r. 
3 r d Chose Joseph Kelsey for Treasurer. 

4th Chose Stedman Davis a committee to settle with the late 

5th Voted to adjourn without day. 








March 25 


March 31 




1 . 


4 th 


May 7 



This is to notify the Trustees of the Ministerial fund, viz.: 

the Selectmen, Town-Clerk and Treasurer of Guilford to 

meet at the centre school-house in said town, on Tuesday, the 

twnty-fifth day of March, Inst., at four of the clock in the 

afternoon to act on the following articles, viz. 

To choose a President. 

To choose a Clerk. 

To choose a Treasurer. 

To act on all other matters that may be thought necessary 

when met. 

By order of the Trustees 

Guilford, March 15th, 1828. 


This meeting is adjourned to Monday, 31st inst, to John 

Bennett's at 4 o'clock P. M. 


A true copy. Attest ROBERT LOW, Clerk. 

Met agreeably to adjournment and proceeded as follows, 


Chose Joseph Kelsey for President. 

Chose Robert Low for a Clerk, who was sworn by the 


Chose Joseph Kelsey for Treasurer. 

Voted to adjourn this meeting to Monday, the 7th day of 

April next, ^t one o'clock P. M., at the house of Robert Low. 

Attest ROBERT LOW, Clerk. 


Met agreeably to adjournment, and now on examination of 
our Records they are found to be incorrect, and informal in 
some important points; Therefore 

Voted that Robert Low be authorized and requested to tran- 
scribe and correct them so that the original intent and mean- 
ing may be made plain, And also that the said Robert Low 
shall call on the several Clerks for the years 1824 to 1827, 
inclusively for their signatures to the corrections by whom 
they were severally sworn & insert the same in proper places. 

Attest ROBERT LOW, Clerk 




Robert Herring 
Nathaniel Greaves 
Robert Low 


Robert Low 
Nathaniel Greaves 
Moses Low 


Nathaniel Greaves 
Moses Low 
Robert Low 

Robert Low 
Nathaniel Greaves 
Stedman Davis 


Robert Low 1812-1813 
Nathaniel Greaves 1814-1815 




Thomas Macomber, 1816-1817; Robert Low, 1818-1829; William Stevens, 
1830; Robert Low, 1831-1839; T. P. Low, 1840; Robert Low, 1841-1844; 
A. J. Nelson, 1845-1851 ; W. W. Harris. 1852; J. G. Fassett, 1853-1854; S. M. 
Grover, 1855-1857; Joseph M. Curtis, 1858-1862; David R. Straw, Jr., 1863- 
1874; Seth N. Davis, 1875-1876; David R. Straw, Jr., 1877; E. T. Pond, 
1878-1881; James Hudson, 1882-1896; Millard Metcalf, 1897-1898; C. S. 
Bennett, 1899-1916. 


1816, Robert Low, Nathaniel Greaves, William Stevens. 

1817, Robert Low, Joseph Kelsey, Stedman Davis. 

1818, Robert Low, Joseph Kelsey, Stedman Davis, 
^ig, Robert Low, Joseph Kelsey, Stedman Davis. 

1 820, Robert Low, William Stevens. Nathaniel Greaves. 

1821, Robert Low, Joseph Kelsey, Stedman Davis. 
^822, Robert Low, Joseph Kelsey, William Webber. 


1823, Robert Low, Joseph Kelsey. William Webber. 

1824, Robert Low, Stedman Davis, Seth Nelson. 

1825, Robert Low, Stedman Davis. William Webber. 

1826, Stedman Davis, Seth Nelson, George Haskell. 

1827, Robert Low, Stedman Davis. George Haskell. 

1828, Robert Low, Stedman Davis, Lewis Worthley. 

1829, Stedman Davis, Robert Low, William Webber. 

1830, William Stevens, Seth Nelson, George Haskell. 

1831, Seth Nelson, Joseph Kelsey, George Haskell. 

1832, Seth Nelson, Stedman Davis. John Monroe. 

1833, Seth Nelson, Stedman Davis, John Monroe. 

1834, Seth Nelson, Zebulum P. Grover, William Webber. 

1835, Seth Nelson, Moses Low, John Monroe. 

1836, Seth Nelson, John Monroe. Moses Low. 

1837, Seth Nelson, William Stoddard, John H. Loring. 

1838, Stedman Davis, Moses Low, David Herring. 

1839, Seth Nelson, William Stevens. John H. Loring. 

1840, Seth Nelson. Joseph Kelsey. Ezekiel Eveleth. 

1841, Joseph Kelsey, Stephen Ellis. William Stevens. 

1842, John H. Loring, Seth Nelson. Josiah C. Clark. 

1843, Seth Nelson, John H. Loring, Josiah C. Clark. 

1844, Seth Nelson. Stedman Davis. Joseph Kelsey. 

1845, Seth Nelson, Stedman Davis. Charles Warren. 

1846, Seth Nelson, Stedman Davis, George H. Douglass. 

1847, Stedman Davis, George H. Douglass, Charles Loring. 

1848, Seth Nelson, George Douglass, Charles Loring. 

1849, Seth Nelson, George Douglass, Oscar Woodward. 

1850, George H. Douglass, Oscar Woodward, Charles Loring. 

1851, Oscar Woodward, Charles Loring, Stephen Ellis. 

1852, Oscar Woodward. Geo. H. Douglass. Stephen Ellis. 

1853, George H- Douglass. Stephen Ellis, Isaac Weston. 

1854, George H. Douglass, Charles Loring, R. L. Bennett. 

1855, George H. Douglass, Charles Loring, Isaac Weston. 

1856, Geo. H. Douglass, Isaac Weston, Henry Hudson. 

1857, Geo. H. Douglass, Charles Loring, Orrin Stoddard. 

1858, Howard Turner, Stephen Ellis, Horace Coy. 
. 1859, Howard Turner, Stephen Ellis, Horace Coy. 

i860, G. H. Douglass, Stephen Ellis, William Macomber. 

1861, Chas. Loring, Jos. M. Curtis, Moses Haskell. 

1862, J. M. Curtis, G. H. Douglass, Moses Haskell. 

1863, Geo. H. Douglass. William W. Bennett, Henry R. Morse. 

1864, Eliphalet Haskell. W. W. Bennett, Horace D. Coy. 

1865, Howard Turner, Benj. B. D. Brown, Hiram Crockett. 

1866, Howard Turner, Horace D. Coy, Henry Douglass. 

1867, Howard Turner, Horace D. Coy, Wm. W. Bennett. 

1868, Andrew Wiggin, Wm. W. Bennett, Jas. K. Noble. 

1869, Andrew Wiggin, Wm. W. Bennett, John W. Greeley. 

1870, Andrew Wiggin, William W. Bennett, Benj. B. D. Brown. 

1871, Andrew Wiggin, W. W. Bennett, E. B. Beal. 


872, Andrew Wiggin, Wm. \\". Bennett, E. B. Beal. 





































Andrew Wiggin, Wm. W. Bennett, Lendall H. Whittier. 

Andrew Wiggin. Eliphlet B. Beal Lendall H. Whittier. 

L. J. Whittier, E. B. Beal, W. G. Thompson. 

Geo. W. Pratt, William G. Thompson, John H. Morgan. 

Wm. G. Thompson, John H. Morgan, John G. Herring. 

John H. Morgan, Wm. G. Thompson, John G. Herring. 

John H. Morgan, William G. Thompson, Samuel Webber. 

John H. Morgan, Wm. G- Thompson, Samuel Webber. 

John Morgan, Samuel Webber, Sumner Greeley. 

John Morgan. Sam Webber, Wm. Thompson. 

Sam Webber, Wm. G. Thompson, Wm. W. Bennett. 

Henry Hudson, Wm. Thompson, C. W. Ellis. 

Henry Hudson, Wm. Thompson, C. W. Ellis. 

Sam Webber, Wm. Thompson, C- W. Ellis. 

M. Hudson, Wm. Thompson, Sam Webber. 

Sam Webber, Wm. Thompson, D. R. Straw. 

M. Hudson, W. G. Thompson. R. L. Harlow. 

M. Hudson. Wm. Thompson, R. L. Harlow. 

M- Hudson, Wm. Thompson, R. L. Harlow 

M. Hudson, Wm. Thompson, R. L. Harlow. 

M. Hudson, Wm. Thompson, R. L. Harlow. 

M. Hudson, Wm. Thompson, E. O. Stoddard. 

M. Hudson, Wm. Thompson, E. O. Stoddard- 

M. Hudson, E. 0. Stoddard, W. M. Beal. 

C. W. Ellis, J. S. Williams, W. M. Beal. 

C. W. Eflis. J- S. Williams. John Scales. 

C. W. Ellis, E. 0. Stoddard. A. K. Herring. 

C. W. Ellis, E. 0. Stoddard. C. C. Dunham. 

E. O. Stoddard, James Hudson, E. W- Davis. 

E. 0. Stoddard, E. W. Davis, C. W. Stevens. 

M. Hudson, E. W. Dav*is. G. W. Morgan. 

M. Hudson, G. W. Morgan. E. W. Davis. 

L. H. Whittier, E. W. Davis. S. D. Rice. 

L. H. Whittier. E. W. Genthner. E. E. Fairbrother. 

M. Hudson, F. H- Weymouth. E. E. Fairbrother. 

M. Hudson, F. H. Weymouth, E. E. Fairbrother. 

M. Hudson, F. H. Weymouth, E. E. Fairbrother. 

M. Hudson, F. H. Weymouth, E. E. Fairbrother. 

M. Hudson, F. H. Weymouth. E. E. Fairbrother. 

M. Hudson, F. H. Weymouth, E. E. Fairbrother. 

M. Hudson, F. H. Weymouth, E. E. Fairbrother. 

914. M. Hudson. F. H. Wevmouth, E. E. Fairbrother. 

J. H. Hudson. F. H. Weymouth, E. E. Fairbrother. 
J. H. Hudson, H. A. Elliott, E. E. Fairbrother. 


Joseph Kelsey, 1816-1825; Seth Nelson, 1826; Joseph Kelsey, 1827-1831 ; 
Serh Nelson, 1832-1840; Robert Low, 1841-1842; Seth Nelson, 1843-1849; 


John Morgan, 1850-1855; David R. Straw. 1856-1859; Howard Turner, i860; 
David R. Straw, Jr., 1861 ; G. H. Douglass, 1862-1864; David R. Straw, Jr., 
1865-1871 ; Joseph K. Edes, 1872; David R. Straw, Jr., 1873-1877; David R. 
Straw, 1878-1880; Henry Hudson, 1881-1806; R. H. Marsh, 1897; H. W. 
Davis, 1898-1903; Frank O. Martin, 1904-1913; R. W. Davis, 1914-1916- 

(From the first Book of Records) 


John Robinson born in Durham March 1st, 1797 
Zelpha, his wife, born in Durham, Jan. 20th, 1795 


Mary E. Robinson, born in Durham, October 4th, 1818 
Joseph P. Robinson, born in Durham, March 10th, 1820 
Moses P. Robinson, born in Durham. September 16th, 1821 
Moses P. Robinson, (second of the name) born in Durham, January 3rd, 

Abigail B. Robinson, born in Brunswick. August 22nd, 1824 
Esther P. Robinson, born in Durham. July 17th, 1827 
Dorothy P. Robinson, born in Durham. November 13th, 1829 
Hannah H. Robinson, born in Durham. April 29th, 1831 
Zelpha P. Robinson, born in Durham, May 29th, 1833 
John S. Robinson, born in Durham, September 19th, 1835 
Lucy M. Robinson, born in Guilford. June 2nd, 1838 
David R. Straw, born in Newfield, Nov. 7. A. D. 1795 
Caroline A., his wife, born in North Yarmouth, Aug. 12, 1813 


Anges Mason Straw, born in Guilford, October 3rd, 1834 

Dav4d K. Straw, Jr., born in Guilford. May 16th, 1836 

Martha K. Straw, born in Guilford, February 7th, 1839 

William O. Straw, born in Guilford, July 10th, 1841 

An infant son born Dec. 14th, 1837 and died the day of its birth. 

An infant son born June 13th, 1840 and died 27th June, A. D. 1840. 

Gideon M. Straw, born in Guilford, July 23rd, 1843 

Caroline Augusta Straw, born in Guilford, July 27th, 1845 

Daniel Straw, born May 17, 1847 

Ellen Matilda Straw, born Sept. 2nd, 185 1 

Fred H. Straw, born March 24, 1854 

Naham O'Neal Wight Straw, born Oct- 2^, 1857, died Aug. 19, 1862 

Henry Straw, born in Bangor Aug. 5th. 1849 

(from pace 64) 
Abraham D. Young, Jr., 1812 
Eliza, his wife, born in Pittston Feb. 23rd, 1816 



Emily Young, born in Dover October 21st, 1833 
Bothwell Young, born in Dover. February 10th, 1834 
Grimsley Young, born in Dover, August 29th, 1835 
Augusta Young, born in Dover, November 13th, 1836 
Edwin Young, born in Dover, April 13th. 1838 
Lucy Jane H. Young, born in Guilford, January 30th, 1840 

(from page 126) 

Abraham D. Young, born in Andover, Ms., October 3rd, 1784 
Hannah, his wife, born in Lewiston, March nth, 1781 


Anna J. Young, born in Lewiston, December 1st, 1803 
Jonathan \V. Young, born in Lewiston, October 12th, 1805 
George W. Young, born in Avon, December nth, 1807 
Hannah Young, Jr., born in Avon. December 1st, 1809 
Abraham D. Young, Jr., born in Avon, April 23rd, 1812 
Elmira Young, born in Avon. April 12th, 1814 
Elvira Young, born in Avon, May 29th 1816 
Rolla Young, born in Avon, July nth, 1818 
Joseph Young, born in Philips, April 18th, 1820 
Julia Young, born in Guilford, October 20th, 1823 

Andrew Day, born in Strong. March nth, 1808 
Rebecca Day, his wife, born in Livermore 


Otis Greenwood Day, born in Guilford, May 5th, 1832 

John Morgan, born in N. Yarmouth, December 3rd, 1802 
Eliza, his wife, born in Guilford. August 21st, 1811 


Anne Maria Morgan, born in Guilford, June 23rd, 1833 
John Morgan, Jr., born in Guilford. January nth, 1835 
Amanda Susan Morgan, born in Guilford, April 27th, 1840 
Charles Averill Morgan, born in Guilford, July 13th, 1842 
Mary E. Morgan, 6, born in Guilford, April 30, 1845 
G. W. Morgan, 6, born in Guilford, Aug. 28, 1847 
Manly R. Morgan, 6, born in Guilford, Nov 1, 1850 
Emma A. Morgan, 6, born in Guilford, March 16, 1854 

Jacob Hammond, born in New Gloucester, January 5th, 1795 
Eunice, his wife born in Pownal, November 20th, 1794 




Elbridge K. Hammond, born in New Gloucester, January 18th, 1817 
Sylvanus Hammond, born in New Gloucester, June 22nd, 1819 
Susannah K. Hammond, born in Foxcroft. September 3rd, 1823 
Jacob True Hammond, born in Foxcroft, September 19th, 1825 
Levi K. Hammond, born in Guilford, April 25th, 1828 

Bela Hammond, Jr., born in 

Dorothy, his wife, born in New Gloucester, March 18th, 1804 


Cordelia A. Hammond, born in Foxcroft, February 8th, 1824 
Abigail M. Hammond, born in Foxcroft. December 13th, 1826 
Andrew Jackson Hammond, born in Foxcroft, August 22nd, 1829 
Bela A. Hammond, born in Guilford, November 5th, 1831 
Charles Hammond, born in Guilford, Feb. 10th, 1834 

Stephen Brown, born in Wheelock, Vt., September 7th, 1802 
Sally, his wife, born in Gorham, May 13th, 1802 


Samuel Brown, born in Buxton, March 2nd, 1828 
Elizabeth Elwell Brown, born in Guilford, October 20th, 1830 
Benjamin Brown, 2nd, born in Guilford, November 4th, 1832 
Ruth Brown, born in Gdilford. May 3rd, 1835 
Stephen D. Brown, born in Guilford, May 16th, 1837 

Silas Allen, born in N. J., February 6th, 1803 
Harriet S-, his wife, born in 


Harriet E. Allen, born in Burlington, Vt., June 8th, 1829 
Lucinda Allen, born in Wilmington, Del., December 19th, 1835 
Charles W. Allen, born in Guilford, May 6th, 1838 

Leonard Whiting, born in Lincoln (Mass.) 
Betsey, his wife, born in 


Ruth-Rachel Whiting, born in Guilford, February 22nd, 1828 
Elizabeth Whiting, born in Guilford, May 6th, 1829 
Mary Anne Whiting, born 'in Guilford, December 21st, 1831 
Emily Weston Whiting, born in Guilford, June 10th, 1833 

Isaac Wharff, born in Litchfield, August 27th, 181 1 

Hannah P., his wife, born in New Gloucester, April 3rd, 1810 





William H. Wharff, born in Guilford. September 24, 1836 
John F. Wharff, born in Guilford, December 30th, 1838 
Julia W. Wharff, born in Guilford, July 3rd, 1845 
Joseph H. Wharff, born in Guilford, May 30th, 1849 

Annas S. Whitney, born, (See page no) 
Drusilla, his wife, born, (See page 134) 11 


David W. Whitney, born in Guilford, April 26th, 1830 

(from page no) 

Robert Hildrith Whitney, born in Lisbon, December 18th, 1801 
Reliance Small Whitney, born in Lisbon, September 23rd, 1803 
Annas Spears Whitney, born in Lisbon, September 23rd, 1805 
Relief Hildrith Whitney, born in Litchfield, September 7th, 1807 
Sally Spears Whitney, born in Industry, October nth, 1809 
Thomas Flint Whitney, born in Industry, November 13th, 1813 
William Hildrith Whitney, born in Industry, October 7th, 1815 
Betsey Whitney, Jun'r, born in Guilford, October 7th, 1818 

Mary, 2nd wife of Aaron Whitney, born in Gorham, June 1, 1781 

children by her first husband 

Hannah Doble, born in Sumner, February 3rd, 1813 

Solomon & Bernice Doble (twins) born in Sumner, April 24th, 1816 


Stillman F. Whitney, born in Guilford, June nth, 1823 

George W. Young, born in Avon, December nth, 1807 
Ruhamah, his wife, born in Lewiston, March 4th, 1813 


Andrew W. T. Young, born in Guilford, November 6th, 1832 
Washington Young, born in Guilford. November 3rd, 1834 
Rodolpha Young, born in Guilford. October 21st, 1836 
Lovica P- Young, born in Guilford. January 6th, 1841 
George Young, born in Guilford. May 12. 1843 
George E. Young, born in Guilford, July 31st, 1848 
James R. Young, born in Guilford, June 3, 1852 

Henry Hudson, born in Canaan, N. H. 

Emily, his wife, born in Guilford, May 12th, 1831 

( ) No reference to this family on page 134. 



Henry Hudson, Jr., born in Guilford, March 19th, 185 1 
Micajah Hudson, born in Guilford, Nov. 23, 1854 
James Hudson, born in Guilford, Oct. 22, 1857 

Benjamin E. Stevens, born in Guilford, July 9th, 1818 
Jane B., his wife, born in Bucksport, Nov. 2, 1823 


Harriet A. Stevens, born in Guilford, May 30th, 1839 
Moses B. Stevens, born in Guilford, April gih, 1842 
Samuel Stevens, born in Guilford, June nth, 1846 
Frances S. Stevens, born in Guilford, March 23rd, 1848 
Charles A. Stevens, born in Guilford, July 20th, 1849 
Clara A. Stevens, born in Guilford, Sept. 6th, 1851 

Willard W. Harris, born in Poland, Jany. 30th, 1817 
Emma, his wife, born in Tamworth, N. H., July 14, 1823 


Fred Ford Harris, born in Guilford, Oct. 27, 1845 
Abba H. Harris, born in Guilford, Apl. 9, 1847 
Laura Harris, born in Guilford, March 29, 1849 

Thos. Edes, born in Guilford, Aug. 6, 1817 
, Melissa B., his wife, born in Bloomfield, July 4, 1821 


Edwin T. Edes, born in Guilford, April 2, 1844 
John D. Edes, born in Guilford, February n, 1846 
William M. Edes, born in Guilford, Mar. 28, 1848 
Emma E, Edes, born in Guilford, May 6, 1850 
Alexander F. Edes, born in Guilford. February 12, 1853 
Sarah W. Edes, born in Parkman, Oct. 7, 1859 

John M. Edes, born in , Aug. 29th, 1791 

Sarah, his wife, born in New Gloucester, Aug. 29th, 1801 


John M. Edes, and Sarah, his wife- 
Sarah Edes, born in Guilford, Sept. 19th, 1820 
Mary J. Edes, born in Guilford, Oct. 20th, 1822 
Eliza L. Edes, born in Abbot, Apr. 7th, 1825 
John M. Edes, Jr., born in Abbot, Apr. 13th, 1827 
Dorcas W. Edes, born in Abbot, July 13th, 1829 
Joseph K. Edes, born in Abbot, Mar. 13th, 1832 


Charles Whiting, born in Lincoln (Ms) May 1st, 1803 
Elvira, his wife, born in Garland. July 4th, 1813 


Sarah Jane Whiting, born in Guilford, Dec. 9th, 1830 
Andrew Whiting, born in Guilford, November c/th, 1831 
Julia Ann Whiting, born in Guilford, February 20th. 1833 
Rachel Whiting, born in Guilford, October 1st, 1834 
Franklin Whiting, born in Guilford, January 25th, 1836 
Charles Whiting, Jr., born in Guilford, July 30th, 1837 

Jesse M. Warren, born in N. Gloucester, September 18th, 1809 
Mary Ann, his wife, born in N. Yarmouth, January 17, 181 1 


Margaret Noble Warren, born in Guilford, March 31st, 1838 
Mary Alice Warren, born in Guilford, March 15th, 1842 

William Strickland, born in Turner, September 26th. 1800 
Sally W., his wife, born in Bridgewater, Ms., Nov. 16th, 1799 


Eliza Amanda Strickland, born in Guilford, Feb. 25th, 1825 
Sally Adeline Strickland, born in Guilford, Oct. 15th, 1827 
Martha Ann Strickland, born in Guilford, July 16th, 1830 

Horace Greenwood, born in Hebron, May 30th, 1807 
Cordelia, his wife, born in Farmington, June 18th, 1808 


Citoyenne Greenwood, born in Guilford, February 3rd, 1833 
Charles Otis Greenwood, born in Guilford, September 19th, 1834 

John Bennett, Jr., (See page 92) 

Rachel, his wife, born in Lewiston, May 12th, 1804 


Joseph Kelsey Bennett, born in Guilford, Dec. 29th, 1826 
Chancy Colton Bennett, son of Nath'l Bennett, Jr., and 
Betsey, his first wife, (now decaesed) born in Nov. 28th, 1822 

(from page 92) 

John Bennett, born in Gloucester, Ms., Jan. 29th, 1773 
Sally, his wife, born in Gloucester, Ms., March 14th, 1772 



Joseph Bennett, born in New Gloucester. Nov. 19th, 1795 

David Bennett, born in Gray, Sept. 15th, 1797 

John Bennett, Jr., born in N. Gloucester, Jan. 29th, 1799 

Sally Bennett, Jr., born in New Gloucester, Aug. 29th, 1801 

Eliphalet Wharff Bennett, born in New Gloucester, June 13, 1805 

Thomas Wharff Bennett, born in the Township now Guilford. May nth, 1808 

Alanson Bennett, born in the Township now Guilford, Jan. 12th, 181 1 

Lysander Bennett, born in the Township now Guilford, January 8th, 1813 

Isaac Edes, born in Freeport, March 8th, 1794 
Lydia, his wife, born in New Gloucester, Sept. 1797 


Thomas Edes, born in Guilford, August 6th, 1817 

Susan Edes born in Guilford, July 9th, 1819 

Susan Edes 2nd, born in Guilford. September, 13th, 1821 

Isaac Edes, Jun'r, born in Guilford. March 8th, 1821 

Lydia M. Edes, born in Guilford. March 24th, 1826 

Phebe Jane Edes, born in Guilford. January 20th, 1828 

Diadamia C. Edes. born 'in Guilford, May 16th, 1830 

James Edes, born in Guilford, September 19th, 1832 

Isaac Edes, Jr., the (2nd) born in Guilford. April 25th. 1835 

John M. Edes, born in Guilford, October 16th, 1837 

Stedman Davis, born in Shirley, March 25th, 1791 
Abigail, his wife, born in New Gloucester, March 26th, 1797 


Rosamond Davis, born l in Pin. No. 7th R. (now Guilford), Aug. 28, 1815 
Sophia Davis, born in Guilford, March 7th, 1817 
Stephen Decater Davis, born in Guilford, Jan'y 30th, 1819 
Stedman Davis, Jr., born March 6th, in Guilford, 1821 
Milly H. Davis, born in Guilford, August 31st, 1823 
Josiah \V. Davis, born in Guilford, June 2nd, 1826 
Abigail Davis, born in Guilford, April 5th, 1828 
Andrew Jackson Davis, born in Guilford, March 27th, 1830 

Joseph Kelsey, born in Shirley, Mass., July 24th, 1784 
Luly L., his wife, born in Gloucester, Dec- 25th, 1787 


Joseph L. Kelsey, born 'in Freeport, July 18th, 1807 
Eliza D. Kelsey, born in Freeport, May 20th, 1809 
Joshua W. Kelsey, born in Freeport, Oct. 21st, 181 1 
Mary P: Kelsey, born in Freeport, May 13th, 1814 
Susan R. Kelsey, born in Guilford, March 12th, 1816 
Joel W. Kelsey, born in Guilford, Dec. 17th, 1819 



Aaron L. Kelsey, born in Guilford, 

John W. Kelsey, born in Guilford, July 13th, 1825 

Priscilla H. Kelsey, born in Guilford, March 24th, 1828 

Samuel Morgan, born in Gloucester, Ms., June 10th, 1764 
Jemima, his wife, born in Gloucester, Ms., September 9th, 1766 


Samuel Morgan, Jun'r, born in North Yarmouth, May 3rd, 1800 
John Morgan, born in North Yarmouth, December 3rd, 1802 
William Morgan, born in North Yarmouth. Sept. nth, 1805 
Amanda Morgan, born in North Yarmouth, December 19th, 1809 

Moses Stevens, born in Gloucester, December 2nd, 1771 
Susannah, his wife, born in Gloucester, August 10th, 1780 


Moses Stevens, Jr., born in Litchfield, February 8th, 1802 
Arthur W. Stevens, born in Litchfield, April 12th. 1803 
Phebe \V. Stevens, born in Litchfield, January 8th, 1805 
Isaac W. Stevens, born in Litchfield, June 30th, 1807 
David Stevens, born in Litchfield, January 1st, 181 1 
Anthony B- Stevens, born in Litchfield, August 17th, 1812 
Fidelia Stevens, born in Guilford, March 8th. 1815 
Benjamin Edes Stevens, born in Guilford. July 9th, 1818 
Mary Anne Stevens, born in Guilford, May 2nd, 1820 
Samuel Beal Stevens, born in Guilford. December 4th, 1822 
Judith Stevens, born in Guilford, June 18th, 1824 

George H. Douglass, born in Litchfield, August 26th, 1806 
Sally, his wife, born in 


Henry Douglass, born in Guilford, July 21, 1838 
Sarah Ellen Douglass, born in Guilford, Feb. 3rd, 1847 

Thomas Macomber, born in Marshfield, Ms., August 17th, 1773 
Phebe, his wife, born Bedford, N. H., August 25th, 1778 


Charles Macomber, born in Bridgewater, April 17th, 1797 
Thomas Macomber. Junr.. born in Jay, August 16th, 1799 
Polly Macomber, born 'in Jay, April 21st, 1802 
Prudence Macomber. born in Sumner, Dec. 5th, 1804 
Deliverance Saul Macomber, born in Sumner, Nov. 7th, 1808 
Mercy Macomber, born in Sumner, March 18th, 1814 
William Macomber, born in Guilford, Feb. 20th, 1818 



Zebulon Parsons Grover, born in New Gloucester, Dec. 5th, 1791 
Mary, his wife, born in Gloucester, Sept. 18th, 1795 


George Grover, born in Guilford, January 4th, 1819 

Lebulun Grover, born in Guilford, Nov. 9th. 1821 

Sewall Grover, born in Guilford, January 2nd, 1823 

Samuel M. Grover, born in Guilford, June 10th, 1824 

Mary Grover, born in Guilford, March 19th, 1826 

Mina A. Grover, born in Guilford, Feb. 2nd, 1828 

Amanda Grover, born in Guilford. August 13th, 1829 

Sarah J. Grover, born in Guilford, July 17th, 1834 

William G. Grover, born in Guilford, April 30th, 1836 

Amanda Grover (2nd of the name), born November nth, 1831 

Daniel Rice, born in Scarborough, July 19th, 1787 

Mary, his wife, born in North Yarmouth, September n, 1782 

> ■ ■ „ 


Asa Lufkin Rice, born in , April 1st, 1813 

Abigail Rice, born in Guilford, March 15th, 1815 

Mary Rice, Jun'r, born in Guilford, December 28th, 1816 

James Rice, born in Guilford, November 29th, t8i8 

Daniel Rice, Jun'r, born in Guilford, October 5th, 1820 

Nathaniel Rice, born in Guilford, April 14th, 1822 

Levi York Rice, born in Guilford, September 5th, 1824 

Rufus Rice, born in Guilford, April 14th, 1827 

Calvin Rice, born in Guilford. July 28th, 1829 

Calvin Rice, (2nd of the name) born in Guilford, April 19th, 1833 

Eliza F. Rice, born in Guilford, January 8th, 1837 

Ezekiel Eveleth, born in N. Gloucester, July 4th, 1797 
Mary, his wife, born in Gray, April 6th, 1800 


Joseph Cushman Eveleth, born in Guilford, Sept. 13th, 1824 
Eliza K. Eveleth, born in Guilford, May 1st, 1828 
Rachel Bennett Eveleth, born in Guilford, February 27th, 1830 
Ezekiel Augustus Eveleth, born in Guilford, April 10th, 1832 
Mary Octavia Eveleth, born in Guilford, April 16th, 1835 
Susan Jane Eveleth, born in Guilford, June 6th, 1840 

Charles Loring, born in New Gloucester, Feb. 8th, 1808 
Louisa, his wife, born in Wayne, Aug. 27th, 181 1 



Ellen Catharine Loring, born Guilford, Sept. 29th, 1832 
Charles Henry Loring, born Guilford, Sept. 30th, 1843 
Frank Augustine Loring. born Guilford, Nov. 5th, 1855 
Mary Lizzie Loring, born in Guilford, Feb. 14th, 1858 

Leonard Howard, born in Scituate, Ms., August 29th, 1803 

Cyntha, his wife, born in Easton, Ms.. February 7th, 1796 

Cyntha Jane Howard born in Guilford, November 8th, 1824 

Leonard Everett Howard, born in Guilford. May 30, 1826 

Cyntha Jane Howard, (2nd of the name), born in Guilford, Sept. 8th, 1827 

Anne Alzada Howard, born in Guilford, August 5th, 1828 

Roscoe Rodelphas Howard, born in Guilford, May 14th, 1831 

Susan Jane Howard, born in Guilford. July 27th, 1833 

Charles Frederic Howard, born in Guilford, June 19th, 1836 


George H. Ellis died in Guilford, June 13th. 1853 

Mary E. Ellis died in Guilford, July 28th, 1854 

Nathan S. Ellis died in California, February 19th, 1861 

Rebecker Ellis died in Guilford. June 15th. 1868 

Sylvanus Ellis died in Guilford, April 2nd, 1870 

Emma R. Ellis died in Cambridge. Mass.. June 3rd, 1877 

S. Scott Ellis died in Minneapolis, Minn., July 8th, 1899 

Columbus W. Ellis died in Guilford. January 3rd, 1909 

Charles Lewis Ellis died in San Quenten, Calif., April 20, 1909 

Frederic Augustus Haskell died Jan. 16th, 1851 

Ruth Ames was lost (& never found) June 6th. 1822 
Mary, wife of Daniel Ames, died July 7th, 1837 

Moses P. Robinson, is-t, died March 13th, 1822 

Bothwell Young died Feb. nth, 1834 
Grimsley Young died August 31st, 1835 

John Morgan, at Guilford, March 11, 1880 
Eliza, (his wife), at Guilford. Oct. 16, 1861 
Anne M. Morgan, at Guilford. Feb. 6. 1892 
John Morgan, Jr., at Guilford. Sept. 30, 1849 
Amanda S. Morgan, at Guilford. Oct. 29. 1881 
Charles A. Morgan, at Guilford, May 19, 1897 
Mary E. Morgan, at Hanover, Sept. 14, 1866 

Jacob Hammond died at Calais, December 10th, 1828 
Elbridge K. Hammond died February 5th, 1835 


Mary W., wife of Allen Monroe, died. 183. 

Hosea B. Buck died December 17th, 1840 
Charles T. Stevens died June 19th, 1833 s 
Sophia, wife of John H. Loring, died 

John H. Loring, Jr., died March 10th, 1839 

Joseph Kelsey Bennett died Oct. nth, 1827 

Joshua S. Remic died August nth, 1829 

Lucinda P. Skillin died March 2nd, 1840 
Charles E. Skillin died February 20th. 1839 


Constania B. Latham died December 19th, 1834 


Mary, wife of Erastus Byram, died 

Sabina S. Byram died 

Angelia Constantia Thompson died February 21st. 1843 

Melissa B. Johnson died March' 18th 1835 
Charles E. S. Johnson died March 21st, 1837 

Sally S., wife of Charles Bradford, died October 26th, 1834 

Tho. Soule died April 30th, 1829 

Bial Soule died April 25th, 1830 

Dorcas, wife of Justin Whitcomb, died December 26th, 1839 

Benjamin F. Bursley died November 5th. 1826 

Rebecca, first wife of John Everton. died October 9th, 1802 
Esther Everton (2nd wife) died October 9th, 1836 

Benjamin Herring died April 27th, 1814 

Sally, wife of Robert Herring, died October 2nd, 1832 

Robert Herring, Jr., d. Guilford, March 17, 1847 

Isaac Herring d. Guilford, Sept. 20. 1865 

Nathaniel Herring d. Guilford, Oct. 24, 1840 

Sally Herring d. Rockford, Minn., Mar. 5, 1857 

Lydia Herring d. Guilford, Nov. 28, 1881 

Abigail Herring d. Guilford, Oct. 17, 1832 

David Herring d. Guilford, Aug. 22, 1861 

John Herring d. Guilford, Aug. 2^, 1875 

Betsey Herring, d. Augusta, Wis., Dec. 24, 1870 

Deborah Herring d. Augusta, Wis., Mar. 14. 1873 

documentary; history of gltl^okd 173 

Rebecca Low, first wife of Robert Low, died February I2ih, 1811 
Anna Low, 2nd wife of Robert Low, died November 6th, 1826 
Rachael Low, 3d wife of Robert Low, Esq., December 23d, 1858 

Asa Humphrey Herring died Noverber 18th, 1816 

Betsey, wife of Isaac Herring, died July 28th, 1818 

Rachel Herring died 1836-37 

Elizabeth S- Herring died Oct. 16, 1861 

Desire F. Herring died Aug. 31, 1002 

Asa H. Herring, 2d. died Jan. 23, 1892 

Betsey F. Herring died Oct. 14, 1891 

Susan M. Herring died Nov. 6, 1902 

Joanna A. Herring died July 16, 1853 

Edwin E. Herring died July 14, 1901 

George D. B. Herring died Dec. 17, 1898 

Thomas M. Herring died Sept. 22, 1901 

Rosamond G. Herring died Oct- 31, 1857 

John G. Herring died Nov. 23, 1905 

Eliphalet W. Bennett died June 30th, 1824 
John Bennett died May 14th, 1854 

Rachel, first wife of Nathaniel Bennett, died Feb. 3rd, 1809 

Sally Bennett died January- 7th, 1819 

Hannah Bennett, second wife of Nath'l Bennett, died August 7th, 1852 

Nath'l Bennett died Oct. 2nd, 1852 

Isaac Bennett died Feb. 23, 1847 

Lydia Herring died, aged six months, 1808 
Deborah Herring died March 22nd, 1827 

Calvin S. Warren died June 8th. 1839 

Ellsbury Greaves died December 27th. 1824 
Nath'l Greaves died January 16th, 1840 


Katherine d. Guilford. Jan. 20, 1885 

Aseneth d. Guilford, Sept. 28, 1884 

Betsey d. Guilford. March 28, 1900 

Jane Gray d. Northfield, Mass., Aug. 10, 1849 

Edwin d. near Knoxville. Tenn., Nov. 16, 1863 

Huldah d. 1908 

Lueretia, wife of Jacob Austin, died Feb. nth, 1820 

Sally N. Wharff died in Guilford, Feb. 27th. 1869, aged 78 yrs- 


Rev. Thomas Macomber died Dec. 12, 1851 
Phebe Macomber died Jan. 226., 1863 

Jael, widow of Thomas Prince, died January 8th, 1822 

Bezaleeb Loring died January 29th, 1837 

Benjamin Davis died March 3rd, 1819 

Susan Edes died July 1st, 1820 

Isaac Edes died Aug. 26th, 1873 

Isaac Edes Jr., died October 26th, 1826 

Betsey, wife of Aaron Whitney, died August 17th, 1819 

Betsey Whitney, Jr.. died December 29th, 1819 

Mary, 2nd wife of Aaron Whitney, died January 7th, 1826 

Seth N. Davis at Guilford April 7, 1881 

Amanda Grover died Nov. 5th, 1830 
Sewall Grover d. Guilford April 17, 1894 

Abigail Gross died in Guilford, April 18th, 1837 


Milly H. Davis died September nth, 1824 
Abigail, wife of Stedman Davis, died October 17th. 1832 
Stedman Davis d. Hazel Green, Wis-, Dec. 24, 1854 
Rosamond Davis d. Hazel Green, Wis., Sept., 1856 
Stephen D. Davis d. Santee Agency, Neb.. Sept., 1869 
Stedman Davis, (Jr.), d. Vancouver, B. C. 
Abigail Davis d. New Hartford, la., April 12, 1895 
Andrew J. Davis, d. Correctionville, la-, Dec. 21, 1879 

Chandler Roberts died May 10th, 1813 
Betsey Roberts died Nov. 25th, 1819 
Naomi Roberts died January 20, 1820 
Rufus Roberts died May 15th, 1820 
Lucy Roberts, died August 13th, 1820 
Manuel Roberts, died Nov. 19th, 1820 

William Greeley, Jr., died January 14th, 1833 

Hannah Greeley died February 5th, 1833 

John W. Greeley, d. Guilford March 6th, 1892 

Eliab Latham* (an apprentice) died February 9th, 1837 

Joanna Rose, first wife of Thomas Rose, died December, 1807 
Thomas Rose died February 28th, 1826 


! - 

Cinthia Woodward died February nth, 1818 

Joseph A! den Macomber died September 9th, 1828 
John H. Eells died November 25th, 1845 

Sally Harris Edes, died September 22nd, 1830 
Benjamin Edes died December 19th, 1840 

Mary, wife of Joseph Bennett died August 26, 1825 

Julia Young died September 2nd, 1824 
Elvira Young died August 20th, 1836 

William Morgan died July 30th, 1830 
Samuel Morgan died May 26, 1843 

Moses Stevens died March 9th, 1838 

Eliza Jane Wamoth died January nth, 1827 

Robert Weymouth d. St. James, Minn., April 22, 1891 

Polly Weymouth d. 1892 

Melinda Weymouth died in early childhood 

John Weymouth d. Sangerville Oct. 20, 1868 

William Weymouth d. 

Andrew W r eymouth d. Lake Crystal, Minn-, July 10, 1903 

George Weymouth d. near Princeton, Wis., 1851 

Elizabeth, wife of Jonathan Richardson, died Nov. 25th, 1828 

Julia M.' Hammond died March 31st, 1834 

Carina, wife of John Cahoon, died June 10th, 1824 
Matilda Cahoon died July 31st, 1824 
Tristrum G. Cahoon died Oct. 2nd, 1826 

Elenor Stevens died July 31st, 1826 

Andrew J. Greaves died July 27, 1828 

Lucy Robbins died August, 1828 

Edward Washburn, Jr., died August 31st, 1828 

Mary Elizabeth Martin died May 12th, 1830 
Lydia, wife of A. Martin, died July 5th, 1842 

Anne Maria Morgan died January 3rd, 1833 

William Morgan died October 16th, 1840 



Clarisa S. Morse died July 4th, 1833 
Polly B. Morse died February 23rd, 1836 
Aaron Morse died November 18th, 1843 

Alonzo R. Herring died Feb. 25th, 1829 

•Amanda, wife of David Herring, died January 30th, 1835 

Janet Herring d. Guilford, July 23, 1893 

Ann J. Herring d- Guilford, Oct. 3, 1861 

Elbridge Herring d. Guilford, Aug. 16, 1897 

Susan Herring d. Guilford, Sept. 17. 1864 

Stedman D. Herring d. Guilford, July 14, 1863 

Isaac B. Low died June 15th, 1833 

William Lombard died April 21st, 1831 
Nathan B. Lombard died July 27, 1837 

Dennis S. Greaves died December 19th, 1834 

Elizabeth, wife of Alfred Greaves, died April 25th, 1838 

Hannah Maria (the 1st) died February 18th, 1837 

Elvira B. Stevens died December 4th, 1848 

Esther, wife of James Conner, died April 12th, 1839 

Edwin Eustes died February 19th, 1828 

Charles H. G. Briggs died April 15th, 1829 

Cyntha Jane Howard, 1st. died September 3rd, 1825 
Cyntha Jane Howard, 2nd, died January 23rd, 1828 

James Briggs died September 13th, 1833 
Hannah Y. Briggs died September 2ist, 1833 

Josiah Briggs died January 24th, 1838 

Jesse Wright, 1st, died March 10th, 1834 
Widow Abigail Wright died January 7th, 1841 

Benjamin F. Young died August 18th, 1833 

John Brown died March nth, 1830 

John C. Brown died 

Albion W. Ellis died July 12th, 1840, Guilford 

Stephen Ellis (Father of Albion W.) died June 26, 1882, Guilford 

Almeda, his wife, died February 22, 1887, Guilford 

. ... . _a 
h, •■ } M 






John Herring d. Guilford, Aug. 23, 1875 
Mercy, (his wife), died Guilford Mar. 2, 1902 
Joseph M. Herring died Guilford, May 12, 1905 
Sarah B. Herring died Guilford, Dec. 14, 1006 
Mary L. Herring died Guilford, Sept. 20, 1840 
Mary D. Herring died Guilford, June 6, 1880 
Phoebe G. Herring died Lynn, Mass., Jan. 18. 1892 

Syrena Townsend died October 3rd, 1826 

John Dunning died May 17th, 1833 
Lithgow Dunning died July 19th, 1841 

Sabina, wife of Ezekiel Glass, died February 27th, 1835 
Ellen S. Glass died March 28, 1837 


1814 The following is a list of the presons whom I have 

joined in marriage the year past, Viz.: 
E. Washburn Mr. Edward Washburn of Plantation No. 6, range 7th 

County of Somerset, with Miss Betsy Farnham of 
Township No. 4, range 6th, County of Hancock. 
Given under my hand this fifteenth day of April, A. D. 
1814. NATH'L CHAMBERLAIN, Justice Peace. 

1815 Parkman (so called) in the County of Somerset 

February 27th, 1815 
I hereby certify that Mr. John Mace and Miss Hannah 
J. Mace Pingree were joined together in the sacred banes of 

marriage. By me. 

SAMUEL ELKINS, Justice of the Peace. 

1816 I hereby certify :hat the institution of marriage was 

solemnized between Mr. Isaac Edes and Miss Lydia 

I. Edes Stevens both of Plantation No. six, seventh range at the 

dwelling house of her father in said Plantation, on the 
21 day of March, 1816, by me 


1816 Mr. Richard Caswell and Miss Phebe Tyler, both of No. 

6 in the 7th range were joined in marriage by me in 

R. Caswell the year A. D. 1816, which with Mr. Isaac Edes, &c, 

is all the persons I have married in said year. 
Attest THOMAS MACOMBER, Town Clerk 

, •**J"~ V 



S. Davis 
B- Morgridge 

Wm. Davis 

Z. Grover 

C. Macomber 


B. Dunham 
M. Harris 

S- Packard 

Wm. Farnham 

I. Herring 

D. Wallis, Jr. 


Parkman, or No. 5, 6th range, April 1st, 1816. This 
may certify that I have married the year past Mr. 
Stedman Davis, to Miss Abigail Herring. Likewise 
Mr. Benjamin Morgridge to Miss Abigail Patten. 
SAM'L PINGREE, Justice Peace 

The following are the persons I have joined in marriage 
in the year 1817, Viz. : 

Mr. William Davis, and Miss Eunice Noyes, both of 

Also, Mr. Zebulon Grover and Miss Mary Morgan, both 
of Guilford, on the 12th day of March. 
Likewise, Mr. Charles Macomber and Miss Susan Mor- 
gan on the 12th day of March, both of Guilford. 


THOMAS MACOMBER, Town Clerk of Guilford. 

No. 5 — 6th range, July 26th, 1817 
This may certify that I have married the following 
persons within the last twelve months, Viz. : 
Mr. Bartimeus Dunham, to Miss Matilda Briggs 
Also, Mr. Moses Harris to Miss Eunice Merrill, all of 
No. 5, aforesaid 

Also Mr. Shepherd Packard to Miss Polly Jackins, 
both of Moore's town (so called) 

SAM'L PINGREE, Justice of Peace 
• True copy 

Attest THOMAS MACOMBER, Town Clerk 

I hereby certify that the institution of Marriage was 
solemnized between Mr. William Farnham of Sanger- 
ville and (Widow) Mary Eveleth of Guilford, on the 
twelfth day of February, 1818, in Guilford, by me 

A true copy Attest ROBERT LOW, Town Clerk 

I hereby certify that the institution of Marriage was 
solemnized between Mr. Isaac Herring and Miss Polly 
Macomber, both of Guilford, on the eighth day of 
March 1819 Also between Mr. Daniel Wallis, Jun'r and 
Miss Charlotte Bennett, both of Guilford, on the sixth 
day of April, 1819, in said town, by me 

A true copy Attest ROBERT LOW, Town Clerk 

In the year past I have joined the following persons 
in marriage to wit. 


J. Bennett 

Wm. Buck 

J. M. Edes 

T. Macomber, Jr. 
N. Bradbury 
W. Waymoth 
M. Low 
J. Cahoon 
R. Carleton 

1 821 

B. Hammond 
R. Morse 

S. Coburn 

J. Grover 

Mr. Joseph Bennett to Miss Mary Calquham, both of 
Guilford, on the 30th day of December, 1819 
Mr. William Buck to Miss Betsy Herring, both of Guil- 
ford, on the 12th day of January, 1820. 
And Ensign John M. Edes to Miss Sally Bennett, both 
of Guilford on the 30th day of March, 1820 

ROBERT LOW, Justice of the peace 
True copy ROBERT LOW, Town Clerk of Guilford 

I hereby certify that I have solemnized six Marriages 
since April last, whose names here follow. 
Mr. Thomas Macomber, Jun'r, to Miss Lucy S. Alden, 
April 23, 1820 

Mr. Nathaniel M. Bradbury to Miss Nancy Mitchell, 
May 1 8th, 1820 

Mr. William Waymoth to Miss Charlotte Herring, Au- 
gust 12, 1820 

Mr. Moses Low, to Miss Isabella Wallis, August 6th, 

Mr. John Cahoon to Miss Carina Loring, September 5, 

Capt. Robert Carlton to Miss Jane G. Byram, Jan. 30th, 
April 1st, 1821. 

A true copy Attest ROBERT LOW, Town Clerk 

The following is a list of the names of the persons I 
have joined in marriage the past year. Viz.: 
Mr. Beda Hammond, Jr., with Miss Dorothy Merrill, 
both of Foxcroft. on the tenth day of October, 1821 
Mr. Richard Morse with Miss Mary C. Hammond, both 
of Foxcroft on the tenth day of October. 1821 
Guilford, April 1st, 1822 

A true copy Attest ROBERT LOW, Town Clerk 

Guilford, April 15th, 1822 
This may certify that on the fourth day of April, in- 
stant I joined in marriage Ens. Samuel Coburn of Park- 
man and Miss Rhoda Barker of Guilford 

A true copy Attest ROBERT LOW, Town Clerk 

I hereby certify that the institution of marriage was 
solemnized between Mr. Jonathan Grover and Miss Pru- 
dence Macomber, both of Guliford on the twentieth day 
of March, eighteen hundred and twenty three. By me, 

March 20th, 1823 



T. Rose 
S. Beal 

F. Sturtevant 

P. Bennett 

S. Merrill 

S. Bursley 

J. Coombs 

L. Hersey 

N. Greaves, Jr. 

A. Soule 

By this I certify that the following named persons have 
been joined in marriage by me within the last year, & 
that they are all who have been so by me joined. Viz.: 
Mr. Timothy Rose and Miss Polly Bennett, both of 
Guilford, on the 13th day of March, A. D. 1823 
Mr. Samuel Beal and Miss Esther Herring, both of 
Guilford, on the 13th day of April, A. D. 1823 
Guilford, April 20th, 1823 

ROBERT LOW, Justice of Peace 
True copy Attest ROBERT LOW, Town Clerk 

I hereby certify that the institution of Marriage was 
solemnized between Mr. Francis Sturtevant, and Miss 
Mary Clough, the third day of October, 1823. By me 

Guilford, April 3rd, 1824 
True copy Attest ROBERT LOW, Town Clerk 

I hereby certify that the institution of Marriage be- 
tween Mr. Philemon Bennett and Miss Anne M. Hall 
on the twenty second day of May, A. D. 1823: And 
likewise between Mr. Silas Merrill, and the widow Sally 
Buck on the fifth day of January, A. D. 1824, by me 
ROBERT LOW, Justice of the Peace 
Guilford, April 3rd, 1824 
A true copy Attest ROBERT LOW, Town Clerk 

I hereby certify that I have joined in marriage the fol- 
lowing persons since the third day of April, 1824, Viz.: 
Mr. Silas Bursley and Miss Thankful Glass, on the 25 
day of July, A. D., 1824 

Mr. Joseph Coombs and the widow Betsey Huston on 
the 27th day of September, A. D., 1824 
Mr. Luther Hersey of Foxcroft and Miss Sarah Jane 
Allen of Guilford on the 25th day of January, A. D., 

Mr. Nathaniel Greaves, Jr., and Miss Ana J. Young on 
the 7th day of April, A. D. 1825 
Note. Where no town is named, Guilford is intended 

ROBERT LOW, Justice of the Peace 
Guilford, April 8th, 1825 
A true copy Attest ROBERT LOW, Town Clerk 

December 2nd, 1824. Mr. Alanson Soule, and Miss 
Mary Robbins, both of Guilford, were married by 

A true copy Attes: ROBERT LOW, Town Clerk 





W. Webber 

J. Bennett 













I. B. Low 


J. True 

L. D. Chenery 

L. Whiting 

I hereby certify that in A. D. 1825 I joined in marriage 
Capt. William Webber and Miss Serena Townsend, 
both of Guilford, on the 24th of July. 

ROBERT LOW, Justice of the Peace 
A true copy Attest ROBERT LOW, Town Clerk 

I hereby certify that on the nineteenth day of March 
A. D. 1826, I joined in marriage Mr. Joseph Bennett of 
Guilford and Mrs. Dorcas Small of Pownal, in the 
county of Cumberland. 

WILLIAM WEBBER. Justice of the Peace 
A true copy Attest ROBERT LOW, Town Clerk 

I hereby certify the following are the couples that I 

have joined in marriage since last April, Viz.: 

July 20, 1825. Mr. Ezekiel Glass and Miss Sabina S. 

Byram, both of Guilford 

December 8th, 1825, Mr. John Delano, and Miss Me- 

hetabel Warren, both of Guilford 

January 9th, 1826, Mr. Eliphalet Haskell and Miss Jen- 

nett True, both of Guilford 

January 22nd, 1826, Mr. David Herring and Miss 

Amanda Morgan, both of Guilford 

A true copy Attest ROBERT LOW, Town Clerk 

I hereby certify that I solemnized a marriage between 
Mr. Isaac B. Low and Miss Rachel B- Wright, both of 
Guilford, on the twenty first day of January, A. D. 
1827; and that they are all I have joined in marriage in 
the year past. 
April 24th, 1827 

WILLIAM WEBBER, Justice of the Peace 
A true copy Attest ROBERT LOW, Town Clerk 

I certify that on the eleventh day of June, 1826, I 
joined in marriage Mr. Jacob True and Miss Hannah 
S. Coombs. 

ROBERT LOW, Justice of the Peace 
A true copy Attest ROBERT LOW, Town C'erk 

March 27th, 1827, Mr. Lucious D. Chenery and Miss 
Deliverance S. Macomber, both of Guilford, were mar- 
ried by me 

Also April 10, 1827, Mr. Leonard Whiting of Guilford 
and Miss Betsey Hersey of Dover were married by me. 

April 25th, 1827 
A true copy Attest ROBERT LOW, Town Clerk 


'? ''■fe''': 




S- Lombard 

J. W. Young 

M. Harriman 


S. Saffordjr. 

A. Greaves 

E. Robinson 

J. Richardson 

S. Cothran 
A. S. Whitney 


J. Richardson 

K. Drake 

I hereby certify that in the last year I have joined in 
marriage the following persons, viz. : 
Mr. Simeon Lombard and Miss Christiana Wharff on 
the twenty sixth day of August, A. D. 1827 
Mr. Jonathan W. Young to Miss Mercy Robinson on 
the twentieth day of September, A. D. 1827 
Mr. Manoah Harriman and Miss Reliance S. Whitney 
on the eighteenth day of November, A. D. 1827 

ROBERT LOW, Justice of the Peace 
April 25, 1827 
A true copy Attest ROBERT LOW, Town Clerk 

Guilford, April 24th, 1828 
March 13th, 1828, Mr. Simeon Safford, Jr., of Ab- 
bot and Miss Sarah Washburne of Guilford, were mar- 
ried by me 

A true copy Attest ROBERT LOW, Town Clerk 

I certify that I joined in marriage on the twenty ninth 
day of April last Mr. Alfred Greaves and M<iss 
Elizabeth Edes, both of Guilford. 

WILLIAM WEBBER, Just, of Peace 
April 20th, 1828 
A true copy Attest ROBERT LOW, Town Clerk 

April 1st, 1829 
The following are all the persons I have joined in mar- 
riage the year past, Viz. : 

Mr. Elijah Robinson and Miss Deborah Anne Cothran 
on the 13th day of September, A. D. 1828 
Mr. Jacob Richardson and Miss Eliza Stevens on the 
9ih day of November, A. D. 1828 

Mr. Samuel C. Cothran and Miss Sarah Robinson on 
the 25th day of December, A. D. 1828 
Mr. Annas S. Whitney and Miss Druisilla Wright on 
the 22nd day of March, 1829 

ROBERT LOW, Justice of Peace 
A true copy Attest ROBERT LOW, Town Clerk 

April 1st, 1829. I hereby certify that the institution of 
marriage was solemnized between the following per- 
sons at the following specified times, Viz.: 
Mr. George Dunham of Monson and Miss Joanne True 
of Guilford, on the 26 day of August, 1828. 
Mr. Jonathan Richardson and Miss Abigail Grover, both 
of Guilford, March 18th, 1829 

Mr. Kingman Drake and Miss Louisa Parsons, both of 
Sangerville, March 18th, 1829 





G Glass, Jr. 

The following by some mistake unknown is not on 
record in its proper place, but being now received is 
here recorded 

Mr. Consider Glass, Jr. and Miss Thamson Robbins, 
both of Guilford, were married by me on the 9th day 
of July, 1818 

1829 Attest ROBERT LOW, Town Clerk 






Seth C. 


C. Whiting 

J. Blanchard 

A. Harlow 

R. Loring 

April 10th. 1829 
I joined in Marriage Mr. Seth C. Merrill of Parkman 
and Miss Prudence P. Greaves of Guilford on the 26th 
day of November, 1829 

ROBERT LOW, Justice of Peace 
A true copy Attest ROBERT LOW, Town Clerk 

Guilford, April 1st, 1830 
The following are the persons I have married the year 
past, Viz. : 

March 2nd, 1830, Mr. Charles Whiting and Miss Elvira 
Woodard, both of Guilford 

March 25th, 1830, Mr. Joseph Blanchard of Abbot and 
Miss Susan Eells of Guilford 

A true copy Attest WILLIAM STEVENS, Town Clerk 

Guilford, April 15th, 1831 
In the year past I have joined in marriage Mr. Asa 
Harlow of Parkman and Miss Polly L. Low of Guil- 
ford on the 2nd day of December 

ROBERT LOW, Justice of Peace 
A true copy Attest ROBERT LOW, Town Clerk 

To all whom it may concern. This is to certify that? 
Mr. Richmond Loring and Miss Mary W. Smith both 
of Guilford, in the county of Penobscot and State of 
Maine, were joined in marriage at said Guilford agree- 
ably to the laws of said State, on the twenty ninth day 
of March in the year of our Lord, one thousand, eight 
hundred and thirty two ; by me, 

SETH NELSON, Justice of the Peace. 
Guilford, March 30th, 1832 
A true copy Attest ROBERT LOW, Town Clerk 

The following are all the persons I have joined in mar- 
riage in the year past to this date. Viz. : 


A. Webber 

J. Herring 

D. Wallis 


J. Soule, Jr. 


E. E. Day 

J. Greeley 

C. Loring 
183 1 

L. Harlow 

Mr. Alvin Webber to Miss Susan Grover, both of 
Dover, on the eighth day of December, Anno. Domini, 


ROBERT LOW, Justice of the Peace 
Guilford, Aprl 3rd, 1832 

A true copy Attest ROBERT LOW, Town Clerk 
Also April 29th. George W. Young & Ruhamah Robin- 
son, both of Guilford. 

ROBERT LOW, Just, of Peace 
A true copy Attest ROBERT LOW, Town Clerk 

May 5th, 1831, Mr. John Herring & Miss Mercy Ma- 
comber, both of Guilford 

May 15th, 1831, Mr. Daniel Wallis of Bangor and Miss 
Susanna True of Guilford 

July 3rd, 1831, Mr. Jacob Soule, Jr., and Miss Elizabeth 
P. Robbins, both of Guilford 

October 24th, 1831. Mr. Eliab E. Day of Abbot and Miss 
Mary Warren of Guilford 

March 25th. 1832, Mr. John Greeley and Miss Rachel W- 
Herring, both of Guilford 

The above named couples at the specified times were 
married by me, 
(Guilford, May 3rd. 1832) 

The above is a true copy. 

Attest ROBERT LOW, Town Clerk 

This certifies that on the 24th day of November, 
eighteen hundred and thirty one I joined in marriage 
Mr. Charles Loring and Miss Louisa H. Smith, both of 
Guilford; they being all whom I have so joined the 
last year. 
April 20th, 1832 

JOHN H. LORING, Justice of the Peace 
True copy Attest ROBERT LOW, Town Clerk 

This is to certify that Lewis Harlow of Parkman, 
County of Somerset; and Emeline Wright of Guilford, 
County of Penobscot and State of Maine, were joined 
in marriage at said Guilford, agreeably to the laws of 
said state, on the twenty first day of February, in the 
year of our Lord, one thousand eight hundred and 
thirty three, by me 

JOHN H. LORING, Justice of the Peace 
Guilford, April 1st, 1833 
A true copy Attest ROBERT LOW, Town Clerk 


Guilford, April 10th, 1833 

I certify that on the fourth day of July, A D. one 

thousand eight hundred and thirty two I joined in 

Wm. Stoddard marriage Mr. William S. Stodard and Miss Margaret 

1832 P. Noble, the former of Orono, & the latter of Guilford, 

both in the county of Penobscot 

ROBERT LOW, Justice of the Peace 
A true copy Attest ROBERT LOW, Town Clerk 

April 4th, 1833. I hereby certify that the followng per- 
sons are those that I have solemnized the institution of 
marriage between, since last April, and at the times 
hereafter named. 
I. Blood September 6th, 1832, Mr. Ira Blood of Sebec and Miss 

1832 Rachel C. Pratt of Foxcroft 

I. W. Stevens December 6th, 1832, Mr. Isaac W. Stevens and Miss 

1832 Hannah Delanoe, both of Guilford 

A true copy Attest ROBERT LOW, Town Clerk 

April 29th, 1834. The following are the persons I have 

married the year past, viz. : 
May 5th, 1833 Mr. John Morgan and Miss Eliza Herring, both of 

June 24th, 1833 ^fr. Walter Leland of Sangerville and Mrs. Hannah 

Bennett of Guilford 
August 18, 1833 Mr. Sylvanus B. Byram of Guilford and Miss Sarah 

H. Carleton of Sangerville 
December 15th, 1833 Mr. Shepherd Moses and Miss Sally Herring, both of 

Abbot. (Note. The latter was of Guilford) 
February 27th, 1834 Mr. Seth C. Pratt of Foxcroft and Miss Polly Herring 

of Guilford 
The above named persons at the specified times were married by me 


A true copy Attest ROBERT LOW, Town Clerk 

July nth, 1833, I joined in marriage Mr. Abraham D. Young, Jr., and Miss 
Eliza Grover, both of Dover. 

ROBERT LOW, Justice of the Peace 
A true copy Attest ROBERT LOW, Town Clerk 
A. D. Young, Jr., F. C. Pratt, S. Moses, S. B. Bryant, W. Leland, J. Morgan 

May 20th, 1834, I joined in marriage Mr. Nathan B. 
N. B. Grover Grover and Miss Nancy Mason, both of Dover, being 

l &34 all in that political year 

ROBERT LOW, Justice of the Peace 
A true copy Attest ROBERT LOW, Town Clerk 
April 15th, 1835 

*l. : ' • '" 

* B; w W . 3-r.. 


S. Spencer 

W. C Noble 


A. B. Stevens 

W. Ordway 

A. Robinson 

O. Stodard 

M. Flanders 

E. Glass 

June 7th, 1835 I joined in marriage Mr. Stephen Spen- 
cer with Miss Sarah R. Washburne, the former of Le- 
vant, the latter of Guilford 

Also same day Mr. William C. Noble and Miss Salome 
B. Bayley, both of Foxcroft 

ROBERT LOW, Justice of the Peace 
A true copy Attest ROBERT LOW, Town Clerk 

To all whom it may concern. 

This is to certify that Anthony B. Stevens, and Sarah 
Fogg, both of Guilford, in the county of Penobscot and 
state of Maine, were joned in marriage at said Guilford 
agreeably to the laws of said state on the twenty third 
day of March, A. D. 1835, by me 

A true copy Attest ROBERT LOW, Town Clerk 

To all whom it may concern. 

This may. certify that Mr. William Ordway and Miss 
Esther Ane Rice were united in the bands of matrimony 
on the 31st day of March, A. D. 1835, by me 

SETH NELSON, Justice of the Peace 
A true copy Attest ROBERT LOW, Town Clerk 

I certify that on the twenty seventh day of December, 
A. D- 1835, I joineh in marriage Mr. Arthur Robinson 
and Miss Zophira Cochran, both of Guilford 

ROBERT LOW, Justice of the Peace 
A true copy Attest ROBERT LOW, Town Clerk 

I certify that on the thirteenth day of March, A. D. 
1836 I joined in marriage Mr. Orin Stodard, late of 
Parkman with Mrs. Rachel B. Low of Sangerville 

ROBERT LOW, Justice of Peace 
A true copy Attest ROBERT LOW, Town Clerk 

I certify that on the thirty first day of March, 1836, I 
joined in marriage Mr. Moses Flanders and Miss Lydia 
D. Parsons, both of Sangerville 

ROBERT LOW, Justice of the Peace 
A true copy Attest ROBERT LOW, Town Clerk 

Also on the sixteenth day of June, 1836, I joined in 
marriage Mr. Ezekiel Glass and Miss Eunice C. Wash- 
burne, both of Guilford 

ROBERT LOW, Justice of the Peace 
A true copy Attest ROBERT LOW, Town Clerk 



J. Wright August 14th, 1836, I joined in marriage Mr. Jacob 

1836 Wright and Miss Judith M. Low, both of Guilford 

ROBERT LOW, Justice of the Peace 
A true copy Attest ROBERT LOW, Town Clerk 

1836 I certify that on the fourth day of September, A. D. 

G. L- Dyer 1836, I joined in marriage Mr. George L. Dyer and Miss 

Jane A. Plummer, the former of Guilford and the latter 
of Foxcroft 

ROBERT LOW, Just, of the Peace 
A true copy Attest ROBERT LOW, Town Clerk 

B. Lane Also November 3rd, 1836, I joined in marriage Mr. 

1836 Benjamin Lane and Miss Hannah Adams, both of San- 


ROBERT LOW, Just. Peace 
A true copy Attest ROBERT LOW, Town Clerk 

C. Robinson November 7th, 1836, Mr. Charles Robinson and Miss 

1836 Martha Johnson, both of Guilford, were married by me 

A true copy Attest ROBERT LOW, Town Clerk 
Guilford, April 7th, 1837 

G. H. Douglass June 18th, I solemnized marriage between Mr. George 
1837 H. Douglass & Miss Sally Edes, both of Guilford 

ROBERT LOW, Just, of the Peace 
A true copy Attest ROBERT LOW, Town Clerk 

J- M. Warren July 3rd, 1837, I joined in marriage Mr. Jesse M. War- 

^37 ren to Miss Mary Anne Noble, both of Guilford; also 

G. B. Fasset August 2, 1837, Mr. George B. Fasset and Miss Mary 

^37 Ann W. Herring, both of Guilford 

T. F. Whitney April 5th, 1838, Mr. Thomas F. Whitney and Miss Ade- 

l8 3 8 line WYight, both of Guilford 

ROBERT LOW, Justice of Peace 
A true copy Attest ROBERT LOW, Town Clerk 

W. H. Eells April 23rd, 1838, I joined in marriage Mr. William H. 

1838 EelJ s and Mrs. Josephina Whitcomb, both of Guilford 

April 18th, 1839 

ROBERT LOW, Justice of the Peace 
A true copy Attest ROBERT LOW, Town Clerk 

C Robinson, 2nd This may certify that on the 5th day of April, A. D. 

1838, I joined in marriage Mr. Charles Robinson, 2nd, 
and and Miss Louisa J. Brown, both of Guilford, Coun- 
ty of Penobscot and State of Maine 
Guilford 16th, 1838 



D. E. Burbank 

G. R. Sampson 

W. Safford 

Rec'd April 18th 
1839, but without 
date, as appears 

May 17th, 1837. Rev. Daniel E. Burbank and Miss 
Catharine Stevens, both of Guilford, were married by me 

September 10th, 1837, Mr. George R. Sampson of Dover 
and Miss Mary Ann Cary of Bradford were married 
by me 

Guilford, April 19th, 1838 

The above are (all) the marriages I have solemnized 
since last April (1837) 

A true copy Attest ROBERT LOW, Town Clerk 

June 17th, 1838, Mr. Ward Safford of Dexter, and Aro- 
line A. Macomber of Abbot, were married by me 

A true copy Attest ROBERT LOW, Town Clerk 

L. Bearce 

M. Haskell 







On the 13th day of May, A. D. 1838, I joined in mar- 
riage Mr. Levi Bearce of Foxcroft and Miss Susan B- 
Skillin of Guilford 
April 15th, 1839 

ROBERT LOW, Justice of the Peace 
A true copy Attest ROBERT LOW, Town Clerk 

To all whom it may concern 

This is to certify that Moses Haskell and Persis Eliza- 
beth Nelson, both of Guilford, in the county of Piscata- 
quis and State of Maine were joined in marriage at 
said -Guilford agreeably to the laws of said State on the 
eighteenth day of December, in the year of our Lord, 
one thousand, eight hundred and thirty eight by me 

SETH NELSON, Justice of the Peace 
Guilford, April 18th, 1839 
A true copy Attest ROBERT LOW, Town Clerk 

To all whom it may concern I certify that I have joined 

in marriage the following persons of the places and at 

the several times, therein mentioned, to wit. 

Mr. Alfred Greaves of Guilford and Mrs. Calvinda 

Warren of Parkman, September 15th, A. D. 1839 

Mr. Enos G. Flanders and Miss Susan Adams both of 

Sangerville, November 17, 1839 

■■ '-V.-V- - 


E. Davis 

J. W. Coonner 

F. P. Lo 


A. Robinson 

G. Simpson 

S. Packard 

C. Jackson 

T. Mason 

Mr. Elisha Davis and Miss Clarissa B. Waterman, both 
of Sangerville. March 8th, 1840 

ROBERT LOW, Justice of the Peace 
April 7th, 1840 
A true copy Attest ROBERT LOW, Town Clerk 

I certify that Mr. John W. Coonner and Miss Elizabeth 
Barber, both of Guilford were joined in marriage by me 
on the Fourth day of February, 1840 

ADDIDON MARTIN. Justice of the Peace 
A true copy Attest ROBERT LOW, Town Clerk 

To all whom it may concern, I certify I have joined in 
marriage within the last year the following persons, viz. : 
Mr. Frederic P. Low and Miss Mary Jane Robinson 
both of Guilford, on the 17th day of May, A. D. 1840 
Mr. Alvin W. Robinson and Miss Mary Jane Grover, 
both of Guilford, on the 9th day of August, 1840 
April 22nd, 1841 

ROBERT LOW, Justice of the Peace 
A true copy Attest ROBERT LOW, Town Clerk 

To all whom it may concern. This is to certify that 
Mr. Gilbert Simpson of Monson, & Miss Sarah Cousins 
of Abbot in the county of Piscataquis were joined in 
marriage at Guilford agreeably to the laws of the State 
on the 11 of November, A. D. 1840 

SETH NELSON, Justice of the Peace 
A true copy Attest ROBERT LOW, Town Clerk 

This certifies that on the twen'y fourth day of October, 
1841 I joined in marriage Mr. Silas Packard and Miss 
Susan Keezar 

Also on the thirtieth day of November, 1841, Mr. Cal- 
vin Jackson and Miss Joanna Benjamin, both of Abbot 

ROBERT LOW, Justice of the Peace 
A true copy Attest ROBERT LOW, Town Clerk 

This may certify that in the town of Guilford on the 
eleventh day of July, 1841, I joined in marriage Mr. 
Thomas J. Mason of Corinth and Miss Susan Edes of 

JOHN C. GRIFFIN, Justice of the Peace 
A true copy Attest ROBERT LOW, Town Clerk 


Returns to the Clerk of court are made to this place 


S. P. Shaw 

T. P. Wharff 

E. H. Hunting 

This certifies that Mr. Samuel P. Shaw, Esq'r. of 
& Miss Hannah Buck of Guilford, both of the county of 
Piscataquis, were joined in marriage by me in Guilford, 
December 5, A. D., 1841 
Parkman, April 14, 1842 

A true copy Attest ROBERT LOW, Town Clerk 

This certifies that Mr. Thomas P- Wharff and Miss 
Desire F. Herring both of Guilford, were joined in 
marriage on the first day of May, A. D. 1842, by me 

ROBERT LOW, Justice of the Peace 
A true copy Attest ROBERT LOW, Town Clerk 

This certifies that I have this day united in marriage 
Mr. Ebenezer Henry Hunting & Miss Sarah Jane Bar- 

Guilford, Sept. 15, 1842 
A true copy Attest ROBERT LOW, Town Clerk, 



A town one hundred years old 

Has many strange stories untold. 

What a century means, 

Most fittingly gleams 

In what the centuries hold. 

There, fanciful dreaming has sway, 
As appears in our thinking today. 
Bright memories careen, 
And as thrown on life's screen, 
Show the past in its progressive way. 

What glory they have and renown, 

Who have settled and built up a town. 

For to set up a state, 

Is grand to relate, 

With a century handing it down. 

It speaks of each well settled home, 

In the wilderness silent and lone; 

And the pioneer's labor, 

With scarcely a neighbor, 

To answer his cry or bemoan. 

It speaks of the work of mankind — 

Its soul faith, and sweep of the mind; 

It tells of the fields, 

And what the earth yields ; 

And of people to labor inclined. 

It says of the town's hundredth year — 
The past has its fullness of cheer. 
Lift up the glad voice ! 
Have the people rejoice — 
Celebration, the world loves to hear. 

Job H. Montgomery. 

Camden, Me., May 17, 1916. . 


A Maine Town's Centennial 191 

W here Are the Mournful Songs Written by Thomas Shaw? 193 

Robert Bayley, First Schoolmaster in Falmouth 196 

Piscataquis County Cemetery Inscriptions 211 

Teaching Maine History in the Public Schools 214 

The Waldo Patent 222 

Slavery in the District of Maine 224 

Documents and Letters Referring to Colonial Maine 224 

Editorial 228 

dyings of Subscribers 230 

John Lynch's Book 232 

Charles F Wiknn ... ' 211 

' ■ - : 







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Spr ague's Journal of Maine History 

Vol. IV OCTOBER, 1916 No. 3 

Where Are the Mournful Songs 

Written by Thomas Shaw 

of Standish ? 

By Windsor P. Daggett, Ph. B., 
Professor of Public Speaking, U. of M. 

Thomas Shaw was born in Hampton, N. H., Oct. 10, 1753. He 
came to Standish (then Pearsontown) with his father, in 1763. 
He died in the house which he built — the second frame house in 
Standish — Oct. 20, 1838. He spent the first ten years of his life 
on Sargent's Island, in the mouth of the Hampton River, where 
his father moved his family to protect his children from the con- 
taminating influence of the world. He spent his youth "in the 
woods" of Cumberland County before there were schools or 
churches in Standish. At the age of manhood, he joined the con- 
tinental army. By the time the War of 181 2 was over and the 
treaty of peace signed, Thomas Shaw was sixty-two years old. He 
never went to school, for he was twenty-four when the first school- 
house in the town was erected ; he knew all the hardships of those 
pioneer and Revolutionary days. Like all the people of his class, 
who lived "in the woods," he knew nothing about any kind of art, 
and he lived before the day of American literature. Yet Thomas 
Shaw had ideas that sought expression, moods and emotions that 
knocked at the door of his brain, aspirations that followed him to 
the grave. In temperament he was the artist, and without even 
knowing what poetry was, he sought to be a poet. His verse was 
indeed "unlernt," lamentably bad, worthless today, except that it 
indicates the isolation of mind and poverty of vision that was 
inevitable in those days of material and political struggle. Yet 
the "mournful songs" of Thomas Shaw supplied a demand of the 
time. Thousands of these "broadsides" were sold in Portland and 
in the numerous villages of Cumberland County. One song, at 
least, went into a second edition, and the "poet" must have found 


his writing profitable, selling thousands of his "Broadside Ballads'* 
at six and a quarter cents a piece. They filled a certain want in 
the hearts of the plain people of that time and the writing of them 
filled a certain want in the heart of the Standish "poet." 

But where are the songs of yesterday? A few of Thomas Shaw's 
broadsides are known to have fallen into the hands of collectors 
where they are carefully preserved, but almost none of them can be 
located in Maine. If stray copies have come to light in an old 
scrap-book or in a family Bible, they should be preserved, and 
some of them should find their way to the Historical Library. 

Thomas Shaw's literary out-put consisted of seven broadsides, 
containing one "song" each, and a pamphlet containing two songs. 
If he printed other ballads no record of them has been found. The 
author refers to some of these publications in his journal. "1 
learned to read and write a little," he says, "and in the year 1775 I 
began in my ignorant way to write spiritual songs . . . and 
some of them I have got printed, such as on the fall of Gorham 
meeting house, and on Captain Adams' shipwreck at Richmond 
Island, and on the late Nathaniel Knight's wife and child being 
drowned in the year 1807, with many more pieces . . ." Fol- 
lowing is a complete list of the Shaw broadsides, so far as records 
of them have been found : 

1797 June. 

1807 February. 

1807 July. 

On the Fall of Gorham Meeting-house. 

This is probably the first song that Shaw took to the printer 
The occasion was the death of Dr Nathaniel Bowman of 
Gorham who fell and was fatally injured while working 
on the Gorham Meeting-house. 

"A Mournful Song on the death of the wife and child ot 
Mr. Nathaniel Knights of Windham . . . Feb. 22, 
1807. Written by Thomas Shaw of Standish." 

This song was in great demand, and perhaps was the 
longest remembered of any of Shaw's compositions. The 
event is still referred to by the older people of Windham. 
The song appeared in two editions, and also in a pirated 
edition of 500 copies. A large and a small coffin were 
printed near the title. 

"Melancholy Shipwreck, occasioned by the loss of the 
schooner CHARLES, Captain Adams, of Portland, which 
was wrecked on Richmond's Island ... on the 
night of the 12th of July, 1807, which schooner had on 
board 22 persons, sixteen of whom perished. 
Composed by Thomas Shaw of Standish." 





This ballad was headed by sixteen black coffins to represent 
the number of victims, and was surrounded by a heavy 
border. The sixteen coffins made this sheet a curiosity 
indeed and a prize among collectors. 

1808 August. 

On the Hanging of Drew. 

Shaw and his son went to Portland to see Drew hanged, 
and he records, in his journal, "Aug. 27. While I was 
at Portland I got a piece printed on Drew." 

1815 August 31. "A Mournful Song, occasioned by the shipwreck of the 

schooner Armistice, Captain Douglas, on Cohasset rock*, 
August 31, 1815 . . ■ . bound from Portland for 
Baltimore ... on which occasion five persons per- 
ished. By Thomas Shaw, Standish." 
There are five coffins printed on this song. It is printed in 
a pamphlet which also contains, — "A Solemn Song, On 
the Volcano of Albay . . . 1814." 

1815 February. 

'PEACE. Between the United States of America and Great 
Britain; Ratified by the President of the United State-;, 
Feb. 17, 1815. By Thomas Shaw of Standish." 

1819 March 17. "Mournful Song, On a man and wife, who froze to death 

in one night, on Standish Cape, so called." 
This sheet has two black coffins printed at the top, but does 
not contain the author's name. It commemorates the 
death of Mr. Samuel Tarbox and wife who froze lo 
death in the great storm of 1819. 

1825 June 24. "On General Lafayette." 

The author's name does not appear on this sheet, but the 
ballad begins : — 

Americans I pray draw near, * 
And listen to the truth you hear, 
I and some fathers still remain, 
Who saw our independence gain. 

Thomas Shaw was seventy-two years old when he went 
to Portland to see Lafayette who visited the city June 24. 
1825. It is fitting that his tribute to Lafayette should be 
his last publication. Shaw spent his first dollar to fit him- 
self as a soldier to fight in the Revolution, and his journals 
are filled with his effusions on the glory of America and 
of American independence. Shaw was forty-four when he 
printed his first poem. His education and view-point rep- 
resents a still earlier time, pretty nearly the crudest period 
of American life "in the woods." 
(Thomas Shaw's name appears as a Maine author in Joseph 
Williamson's Bibliography of Maine, Vol. 2, p. 417. Editor.) 


Robert Bayley, the First Schoolmas- 
ter in Falmouth (Portland) Maine 
and Some of His Descendants 

By Archie Lee Talbot, Lewiston, Maine. 

(Read before the Maine Historical Society, May 24, 1916) 
Gather up the fragments that remain that nothing be lost. John VI:i2. 

In the spirit of this command we have endeavored to gather up 
the fragments of records that remain which preserve all that is 
known of a once active and useful life in the early days of what is 
now Portland and adjoining towns. The story we have to present 
might be truthfully given under the title, "A Week in Alfred," with 
the thirty-five volumes of York Deeds, in the period when York 
County embraced what is now the State of Maine. 

We ask your patience while we examine the fragments of records 
that remain, which have been gathered from all known sources. 

Two days before the fire, in Portland, that destroyed the former 
City Hall, we copied all that related to Robert Bayley, in the 
original records of Old Falmouth, that were in the custody of tho 
city clerk, which were burned in that fire and forever lost. 

Robert Bayley, a resident of Biddeford, Maine, was admitted 1 
proprietor in Falmouth, August 17, 1727, his name being the first 
in a list of sixteen prominent persons admitted at that time. Con- 
spicuous among them is the name of Colonel Thomas Westbrook, 
of Portsmouth, N. H., who was in command of the military forces 
on the Eastern frontier, in 1721-23, now in the State of Maine, 
and who established his residence at Stroudwater, where he built 1 
garrison house, and later a paper mill, and whose name is per- 
petuated in that part of old Falmouth, that is now Westbrook. 
The conditions of admission as proprietors in Falmouth were that 
they each pay ten pounds, and settle on their lot in twelve months, 
and not alienate them until they had lived on the same seven years. 
These conditions were faithfully complied with by the proprietors 

In February, 1728, a house lot was granted to Robert Bayley, on 
the south side of Middle street, where Plum street has since been 
laid out. 


Falmouth (formerly called Casco Bay) was incorporated in 1718. 
As early as 1647, the General Court of the Massachusetts Bay 
Colony, made provision for schools in towns in the Colony. 

In 1692 the following Act was passed by the Province of Massa- 
chusetts Bay: 

And be it further enacted by the authority aforesaid, that every town 
within this province, having the number of fifty householders or upwards, 
shall be constantly provided of a school-master to teach children and youth 
to read and write; and where any town or towns have the number of one 
hundred families or householders, there shall also be a grammar school set 
up in every such town, and some discreet person of good conversation, well 
instructed in the tongues, procured to keep such school, every such school- 
master to be suitably encouraged and paid by the inhabitants ; and the 
selectmen and inhabitants of such towns respectively shall take effectual 
care, and make due provision for the settlement and maintenance of sucb 

And if any town, qualified as before expressed, shall neglect the . due 
observance of this act, for the procuring and settling of such school-master, 
as aforesaid, by the space of one year, every such defective town shall 
incur the penalty of ten pounds for every conviction of such neglect, upon 
complaint made unto their majesties' justices in quarter sessions for the 
same county in which such town lieth. 1 

By vote of the town of Falmouth, September 15, 1729, "the 
selectmen were requested to look out for a school-master to prevent 
the town being presented." 

Mr. Willis says : "It was not until 1726 that a number of families 
brought the town within the lowest provisions of the statutes." 2 

The first record of the employment of a school-master is in 
1733, when Robert Bayley was hired, at a salary of seventy pound? 
a year, to keep, "Six months on the Neck, three months at Pnr- 
pooduck, and three on the north side of Back Cove." The next 
year he was requireed to keep two months each on the Neck, at 
Purpooduck, Stroudwater, Spurwink, New Casco, and Presump- 
scot, and his salary was raised to seventy-five pounds. In 1733, 
Purpooduck was made a Second Parish, and in 1735 his services 
v/ere divided between the First and Second Parishes, seven months 
in the First and five in the Second. In 1736 he received six pounds 
extra as Grammar School-master. He taught the four years of 
T 733» T734, 1735, and 1736, in Falmouth, and the record that he 

O Section 4, and part of Section 5, of Chapter XIII, Province Laws of 
Massachusetts Bay, Published by the General Court 1814, p. 245. 
O History of Portland, Maine, by William Willis, 1865: 365. 

.J ■=■•■-■- ' 


was "Grammar School-master" in 1736, indicates that he taugj 
the "tongues" as required by the law of the Province, which in 
Colonial days was Greek and Latin. In the Colonial Laws of 167.1, 
is the following : 

Whereas the law requires every town consisting of one hundred families 
or upwards to set up a grammar school and appoint a master thereof, able 
to instruct youth, so as to lit them for the college. 3 

It appears by the town records of Scarborough that it was voted 
in 1737, "that Robert Bayley be school-master this year in th ; 
town; that it be kept all the year on Black Point side and that Mr. 
Bayley be paid seventy-five pounds in lumber for his services." 

Mr. Southgate in his history of Scarborough, says : "Mr. Bayley 
Js the earliest school teacher in town of whom we have any account 
whatever." 4 

Between February 8 and March 3, 1740, as appears by deeds of 
land and family history, Mr. Bayley became a resident of North 
Yarmouth in 1749. He was the town clerk in that town, and in 
1750 he was employed there as school-master. 

Robert Bayley was an extensive land owner in several townships 
ill Maine, as indicated by the county registry of deeds. The record 
of these deeds have thus far escaped the ravages of time (Cum- 
berland County deeds just escaped in the burning of City Hall, 
where they were kept, and the York County deeds are in no safer 
place today), and in this record of land conveyance are preserved 
many items of historical interest not elsewhere to be found. This 
record clearly shows that this first school-master, in what is now 
Portland, was an active business man of that day ; it indicates his 
residence at the time the deeds were made with absolute certainty, 
and much condensed, is made a part of our story, viz: 

Robert Bayley of Falmouth, conveyed to Samuel Proctor of Falmouth, 
by deed dated August 2, 1733, two tracts or parcels of land lying in town- 
ship of Falmouth, one containing sixty-three acres on the south side of 
Presumpscot River, the other tract or parcel of land containing ten acres on 
southerly side of Presumpscot. Consideration sixty-three pounds. 5 

Robert Bayley of Falmouth, conveyed to Isaac Ilsley and John Waite. 
both of Falmouth, by deed dated March, 1736-7 "in equal halves" a certain 
tract or parcel of land lying in the township of Falmouth, containing 
about three acres, be the same more or less, the same lying on the Xorth- 

(*) Part of Section 4, of Chapter LXXXVIII, Laws of Massachusetts 
Bay Colony, Published by the General Court, 1814, p. 186. 
(*) Collections of the Maine Historical Society, Vol. Ill: 168. 
( 5 ) York County Deeds, Book 16. Folio 43. 



west side of Back street, so called, together with the new dwelling house 
and my part of the fence thereon standing. Consideration three hundred 
and fifty pounds. Wife. Martha Bayley, releases dow r er. s 

Robert Bayley of Falmouth, conveyed to Isaac Ilsley and John Waite, 
both of Falmouth, by deed dated March 12, 1736-7 "in equal halves" seventy- 
seven acres and a half of land in the Township of Falmouth, and at a 
place called Back Cove in Falmouth, and the same is a thirty acre lot laid 
out to me by the Committee of Falmouth, aforesaid, and two ten acre lots 
I purchased of my mother-in-law, Martha Millet of Falmouth, aforesaid 
widow, and twenty acres and a half of land I purchased of one Joseph 
Whitefoot of Salem. The two ten acre lots are bounded as follows : 

Beginning at a white oak tree marked one knotch standing near the 
western corner of thirty acres of land laid out by the lot layers of Falmouth, 
to Thomas Millet of Falmouth, at a place called the Back Cove. Consid- 
eration three hundred and ninety pounds. Wife, Martha Bayley, releases 
dower. 7 

Robert Bayley of Falmouth, conveyed to Andrew Libbee of Scarborough, 
by deed dated August 31, 1737, six acres of land more or less in Township 
of Scarborough. Consideration forty-two pounds. 8 

Robert Bayley of Falmouth, conveyed to Zachariah Frasher of Ports- 
mouth, X. H., by deed dated March 1, 1736-7, ten acres of land yet to be 
laid out in the common and undivided land in township of Falmouth, being 
part of the right which was returned to the heirs and assigns of Francis 
Jeffords, dec'd., by the proprietors of Falmouth, aforesaid, which land we 
purchased "in equal halves" of our mother, Martha Millet. Consideration 
ten pounds. 9 

Thomas Ficket of Scarborough, conveyed to Robert Bayley of Falmouth, 
by deed dated May II, 1737, six acres of land more or less, lying in the 
Township of Scarborough. Consideration eighty-five pounds. 10 

Robert Bayley of Falmouth, conveyed to Thomas Ficket of Scarborough, 
by deed dated June 8, 1737, one hundred and four acres of land in Falmouth 
on Purpoorduck side on the southerly side of fore river near to a place 
called Barran Hill, beginning at a stake in the corner of land that John 
Bayley purchased. Consideration one hundred and fifty-six pounds. 11 

Robert Bayley of North Yarmouth, conveyed to Elisha Donham of Scar r 
borough, by deed dated March 3, 1740, one and one-half acres of land, 
being two house lots granted by the town of Falmouth, on the southerly 
side of Middle street. Consideration one hundred and sixty pounds." 

Robert Bayley of Xorth Yarmouth, conveyed to Benjamin Sweetster of 
Falmouth, by deed dated October 16, 1741, house and land in Falmouth, 

(*) York County Deeds, Book 18, Folio 190. 
O Ibid., Book 18, Folio 191. 
( 8 ) Ibid., Book 19, Folio 326. 
(*) Ibid., Book 20, Folio 42. 
( 10 ) Ibid., Book 20, Folio 104 
(") Ibid., Book 22, Folio 40. 
(") Ibid., Book 23, Folio 69. 



two and a half acres. Consideration four hundred pounds. Wife, Martha 
Bayley, releases dower. 13 

Robert Bayley of North Yarmouth conveyed to Benjamin Hartford of 
Scarborough, by deed dated October 3, 1749, fifty acres of land in Scar- 
borough. Consideration three hundred and fifty pounds. 14 

Benjamin Hartford of Scarborough, conveyed to Robert Bayley of North 
Yarmouth, by deed dated March 20, 1750, fifty acres of land with a house 
in said Scarborough. Consideration fifty pounds. 13 

Benjamin Sweetser of Falmouth, conveyed to Robert Bayley of North 
Yarmouth, by deed dated October 16, 1741, twenty-one acres of land in 
North Yarmouth, with house and barn. Consideration three hundred and 
seventy pounds. 1 " 

Robert Bayley of North Yarmouth, conveyed to Jacob Royall of Boston, 
by deed dated September 29, 1752, two hundred and forty acres of land 
in North Yarmouth, this being a conditional deed. Consideration three 
hundred and twenty pounds. 17 

Robert Bayley of North Yarmouth, conveyed to Jonathan Mitchell of 
North Yarmouth, by deed dated September 15, 1753, twenty-one and a half 
acres of land in North Yarmouth with buildings. Consideration one hun- 
dred pounds. 18 

Benjamin Hartford to Robert Bayley of North Yarmouth, by deed dated 
September 15, 1754, twenty-five acres of land in Scarborough. Consideration 
seventy-three pounds. 1 ' 

Robert Bayley of North Yarmouth, conveyed to Nathan Winslow of 
Falmouth, by deed dated April 16, 1754, one half of sixty acres of land in 
Falmouth. Consideration seventeen pounds. 20 

Rev. Thomas Smith, the first Minister of the First Church in 
Falmouth, writes: 

The first male teacher employed was Robert Bayley from Newbury. 11 

Mr Willis in a foot note relating to Robert Bayley, writes : 

He probably came from Newbury where the Bayley family settled about 
1642. The ancestor was John who came from Chippenham, England, to 
Salesbury, about 1639, with his son John, Jr., and died in Newbury in 1651. 
A John Bayley was admitted an inhabitant here December 14, 1727, and 
Joseph in 1728. 23 

Rev. Thomas Smith and historian Willis were both in error about 
Robert Bayley as coming from Newbury, Mass., for the town 

( u ) York County Deeds, Book 27, Folio 49. 

( ,4 ) Ibid., Book 27, Folio 264. 

C) Ibid., Book 29, Folio 62. 

( M ) Ibid., Book 29, Folio 94. 

(") Ibid., Book 31, Folio 49. 

( M ) Ibid., Book 31, Folio 130. 

(") Ibid., Book 32, Folio 63. 

(*) Ibid., Book 35, Folio 171. 

( n ) Smith and Deane's Journals, 1849: 70. 

( a ) History of Portland, Maine, by William Willis, 1865:366. 


records of North Yarmouth and the records of the First Church 
in that town conclusively prove that he came from Biddeford. - 

Mr. Coffin in his history of Newbury, Mass., gives the names of 
the children of Joseph and Priscilla Bayley, who settled in Arundel, 
Maine, as follows : 

Rebecca, b. Oct. 25, 1675; Priscilla, b. Oct. 31, 1676; John, b. Sept. i5, 
1678; Joseph, b. Jan. 28, 1681 ;, Hannah, b. Sept. 9, 1683; Daniel, b. June 10, 
1686; Mary, b. June 9, 1688; Judith, b. Feb. II, 1690; Lydia, b. Nov. 25, 
1695 ; Sarah, b. Feb. 14, 1698. 23 

Mr. Bradbury in his history of Kennebunkport (Arundel), 
Maine, states that John Bayley came from Chippenham, Wiltshire, 
England, and was cast away at Pemaquid, in 1639, on his passage 
to this country, and died in 165 1. His son John settled in New- 
bury. Joseph, the fourth son of John, Jr., was born April 4, 
1648. He bought land of Nicholas Morey in 1700, and resided in 
Arundel till it was deserted in 1703. He returned in 1714, and 
was one of the selectmen in 1719, and was killed by the Indians, 
October, 1723, aged 75. His children were Noah, Daniel, and Anna 
who married Joseph Lessel. There was a Joseph Bayley in Fal- 
mouth, in 1742, who owned land in this town. He was probably 
son of Joseph of Arundel." 

Mr. Folsom in his history of Saco and Biddeford, gives the name 
of John Baylie among the early settlers." 

An item of interest relating to the Bailey family appeared in the 
Deering News, which we quote : 

Concerning Dea. John Bailey, whose first child was born in Newbury, 
Mass., Oct. 30, 1722, and was admitted a citizen of Falmouth, Dec. 14, 1727, 
and who died at Libby's Corner, I will say I have much material : the same 
also concerning his brother, Joseph, whose first child was born at Newbury 
Nov. 5, 1727, and who came to Falmouth and died near Saccarappa." 

Robert Bayley was the first of the Bayleys in Falmouth, but no 
record of his birth has been found, or anything to definitely indi- 
cate the names of his parents. Strong circumstantial evidence 
indicates that he was a descendant of John Bayley who came from 
Chippenham, Wiltshire, England, in 1639, whose son, John, Jr., 
settled in Newbury, Mass. He was probably a grandson of Joseph 
Bayley, who settled in Arundel (Kennebunkport), Maine, and wa* 
killed by the Indians in 1723. The history of Newbury gives the 

( a ) History of Newbury, Mass., by Joshua Coffin, 1845 1294. 
(**) History of Kennebunkport, Maine, by Charles Bradbury, 1827:226 
C 3 ) History of Saco and Biddeford, Maine, by George Folsom. 1830:33. 
(*) Deering News, July n, 1893, L. B. Chapman, Editor. 


names of three of his sons, viz : John, Joseph, and Daniel, and 
the history of Kennebunkport gives the names of two, Noah and 
Daniel. Discovery of positive proof of the relationship of Robert 
Bayley to the early settlers in Falmouth of the same familv name, 
has not yet rewarded a most diligent search. 

Robert Bayley married Martha Millet, daughter of Thomas and 
'Martha (Ingersol) Millet, of Falmouth. This is proved by the 
will of Martha Millet of Falmouth, widow of Thomas Millet. The 
first bequest in the will is : 

I give and bequeath to my son, Thomas Millet, the house & land lying 
in Falmouth, afores'd, the which his father purchased of Benjamin Larraby, 
as may appear by ye Deed thereof, and the last item is : I do hereby ordain 
& appoint my son-in-law, Robert Bayley of Falmouth, aforesd., to be my 
sole Executor of this my Last Will and Testament. 

The will dated November 12, 1734, was probated October 13, 

- I741 •" 

The record of the original deed of house and land bequeathed in 

the will of widow Martha Millet, to her son Thomas, is of much 

interest, and a portion of same is given as follows: 

I, Benjamin Larraby, of ye Town of North Yarmouth, in ye County of 
York, in ye Province of Massachusetts Bay, in New England, know ye that 
I, ye sd Benjamin Larraby, for, and in consideration of, ye full and just 

sum of thirty-three pounds ten shillings in hand paid, have Given, Granted, 
Sold, Conveyd, and Confirmed, unto Thomas Millet, of ye Town of Gloces- 
ter, in ye County of Essex, in ye Province, aforesaid, a certain house, and 
tract or tracts of land or lands, lying and being in ye Township of Falmouth, 
aforesaid, said house being between ye house of Thorns Comming and 
Robert Williams wth one acre of land lying and adjoining on ye Westerly 
side on ye land now in ye possession of ye said Thorns Cummings Land, 
and ye land of Robert Williams, together wth a three acre lot and a thirty 
acre lot according to ye town vote, said thirty acre lot being ye fourth lot 
in number towards Brimhalls. 

Deed dated May 3, 1722. 28 

Thomas Millet of Gloucester, in ye County of Essex, bought of 
Benjamin Ingersoll of Falmouth, fifty acres of land in Falmouth. 
Deed dated May 5, 1722. 29 

Thomas Millet of Falmouth, in ye County of York, bought of 
John Jeffards of Boxford, in ye County of Essex, one acre lot with 
frame in first division ; three acre lot in second division ; thirty 

(") Maine Wills, 1640-1760: 438. 

(**) York County Deeds, Book 11 Folio 201. 

( w ) Ibid., Book 11, Folio 200. 


acres in the third division, all in Falmouth, also his interest in the 
common land in Falmouth. Deed dated February 22, 1724-5.*° 

Proof that Martha Bayley, the wife of Robert Bayley, was the 
daughter of Thomas and Martha Millet, is found in the record of 
several deeds, particularly a conveyance by Robert Bayley to Moses 
Pearson, February 22, 1737, of all his rights to the common and 
undivided lands in Falmouth, it being: 

All the rights of Comonage of Lands yet undivided, which I have or 
ever shall have by virtue of my being an Inhabitant and propr in said town, 
which is one Common Right, and also one-half of a Common Right which 
my father-in-law, Millet, bought of one Francis Jeffres, late of said Fal- 
mouth, and left by my said father-in-law to my mother-in-law, Millet, the 
which I purchased of her. 31 

Rev. Thomas Smith, referring to Thomas Millet, says : 

The early settlers of this name were Thomas and John, who were both 
Proprietors in the common land. Thomas died January 21, 1730, aged 59, 
leaving a widow, Martha. Thomas Millet had taken a house lot on the 
Xeck previous to 1722, on Congress Street, which was confirmed to him in 
1724; he was probably one of Major Moody's soldiers. 

Under date of Sept. 3, 1741, he makes the following record in 
his Journal : 

"I preached extempor at Mrs. Millet's ; had great assistance and 
preached a good sermon." 

On Sept. 9, he writes : > 

"I was at the funeral of Mrs. Millet, who dropped away sud- 

And Sept. 10, he writes: 

"I preached a funeral sermon on Mrs. Millet." 32 

The Province of Massachusetts Bay, in July, 1722, declared war 
against the Indians, which has been called the "Abenaki War." 
The Indian War raged destructively in Maine during this year. 
Nine families were captured in Merrymeeting Bay, in June, and in 
September, Brunswick and Georgetown were destroyed.* 3 

A careful search in the Archives of Massachusetts has failed to 
discover any Muster Roll or Pay Roll of Major Moody's soldiers 
that reinforced the garrisons in Falmouth in 1722. 

From the record of the deed of the house and lands purchased by 
Thomas Millet, of Benjamin Larraby, May 3, 1722, and of 
Benjamin Ingersoll, May 5, 1722, it is known that said Millet was 

( M ) York County Deeds, Book 11, Folio 201. 
( n ) Ibid., Book 27, Folio 321. 
C 2 ) Smith and Deane's Journals, 1849: 100. 
(") Ibid., 41. 





then a resident of Gloucester, Mass. In a statement of the Millet 
family, by Mr. Babson in his history of Gloucester, he refers to 
Thomas Millet, who came from England to New England in 1635, 
and to his grandsons, John and Thomas, the latter born in 1671, 
married Martha Ingersoll in 1695, and had seven children. The 
father and his son John, with their families, removed to Falmouth, 
Maine, about 1724, where the former died Jan. 21, 1730." 
. - In a later statement Mr. Babson says : 

In 1723, Thomas Millet sold to Joseph Allen, for £481, his house and 
land on the westerly side of the meeting-house green and removed to 
Falmouth, Maine. 35 

The earliest record of Thomas Millet, as a resident of Falmouth, 
is the deed of the one acre lot with frame in first division ; three 
acre lot in the second division ; thirty acres in third division, all in 
Falmouth; also his interest in the common land in Falmouth, 
February 23, 1724-5, as above stated. 

The record clearly indicates that although Thomas Millet made 
his first purchase of land and house in Falmouth early in May, 
1722, that he was detained in Gloucester, Mass., to look after his 
property there, that he did not sell until 1723, and did not remove 
to Falmouth until February, 1724, as stated by historian Babson, 
and indicated by the deed of land he bought of Francis Jefferds 
before cited. 

The large amount of land he purchased in Falmouth, the time 
his land in Gloucester was sold, and the time he became a residen: 
in Falmouth, strongly indicate that Parson Smith was in error in 
thinking that Thomas Millet was probably one of Major Moody's 

Several of the early settlers at Casco Bay and Falmouth, came 
from Gloucester, Mass., and this no doubt had much to do with 
the coming of Thomas Millet to Falmouth, Maine. Both Thomas 
and John were proprietors in the common land in Falmouth. 
Thomas Millett's wife, Martha, was the daughter of Joseph and 
Sarah (Coe) Ingersoll, and granddaughter of Lieutenant George 
Ingersoll, who was a land owner at Casco Bay in 1658/* and was 
iti command of the military forces there in 1675, in King Phillip's 

(**) History of the Town of Gloucester Cape Ann, by John J. Babson, 
i860: 117. 

("*) Notes and Additions to the History of Gloucester, Mass., by John J. 
Babson, 1876: 46. 

(*) York County Deeds, Book 1, Part I, Folio 105. 



From an item in Rev. Thomas Smith's Journal, above quoted, it 
appears that in 1741, before the new meeting-house, erected on the 
site of the First Parish lot on Congress street, was accepted, 
religious services were held in the house of Mrs. Millet, widow of 
Thomas Millet. 

Robert Bayley, and Martha (Millet) Bayley, his wife, were 
members of the First Parish Church in Falmouth (Portland)., 
organized in 1725. The records of said church show that Martha 
Bayley became a member October 3, 1726, and Robert Bayley 
became a member September, 1729. 

A foot note in the second edition of Willis' History of Portland, 
states that : 

In 1745, Robert Bayley and his wife, Martha, were dismissed from the 
Church in Falmouth to the Church in North Yarmouth. 37 

In the records of the old town of North Yarmouth, in the hand 
writing of Robert Bayley, when town clerk in 1749, appears the 
following record of his family, viz : 

Children of Robert and Martha Bayley: 

Bathsheba, born at Biddeford, March 14, 1727; 

Judith, born at Falmouth, September 14, 1730; d. April 25, 1731 ; 

Hannah, born at Falmouth, May 13, 1732; 

Mary Clark, born at Falmouth, March 10, 1734; 

Robert, Jr., born at Falmouth, June 15, 1736; 

Martha, born at Falmouth, February 8, 1740; 

Naomi, born at North Yarmouth, June 12, 1742; (Bapt. July 4, 1742, in 
the First Church of Falmouth) ; 

Achsah, born at North Yarmouth, April 5, 1748. 

The place and date of birth of his eldest child in Biddeford. 
March 14, 1727, show conclusively that Robert Bayley was married 
and resided in Biddeford before he was admitted a proprietor in 
Falmouth, August 17, 1727. 

The name of Mrs. Martha Bayley does not appear in the old 
book of records of the First Church in North Yarmouth. She 
probably died soon after the birth of her daughter, Ach>ah, April 
5- 1748. In the Manual of the First Church of North Yarmouth, 
compiled by Rev. David Shipley, in 1848, the name of Robert 
appears as received into membership on public confession, October 
14. 1764; died June 17, 1772. Opposite his name is added: "From 

This was probably Robert Bayley who was dismissed from the 
First Church in Falmouth, to the First Church in North Yarmouth, 

K") History of Portland, Maine, by William Willis, 1865: 366. 


in 1745. Mrs. Bayley was probably deceased ; the letter from the 
Church in Falmouth lost or too old to be accepted, consequently 
Mr. Bayley united with the church on a new confession. "From 
Biddeford" indicates his native town, or town where he resided in 
early manhood, which is also shown by the record of the birth of 
his eldest child born there March 14, 1727, before he was admitted 
a proprietor in Falmouth, August 17, 1727. 

Robert Bayley owned a large farm of two hundred and forty 
acres in North Yarmouth, on which he lived. This land he bought 
of Jacob Royall of Boston, in 1752, and is bounded as follows, viz: 

Northerly in part by land of Benjamin Mitchell; partly by land of Jacob 
Brown & partly on land of the widow Wyer ; easterly on Cussen's River, 
so called ; southerly on other land of Jacob Royall, Esqr., & westerly on 
Royall's River, so called. 38 

The trolley road from Portland to Brunswick runs through the 
old Bayley farm, and the landing near the bridge over the eastern 
branch of Cousin V River is called "Bayley 's Wharf" to this day. 
The granite quarry, known as "Bayley's Ledge," takes its name 
from Robert Bayley, the owner in Colonial days. 

Dr. Banks, in ''Old Times," 39 gives items of value relating to 
Robert Bayley and his family, gathered from the records of the 
town and First Church in North Yarmouth, viz : 

Bayley, Robert, 40 wf. Martha (Clark?) ; ch. Bathsheba, (Biddeford), 
March 14, 1727, in. Eliah Royall, June 17. 1746; Judith, b. Sept. 14, 1730 (Fal- 
mouth), d. there Apr. 25, 1731; Hannah, b. May 13, 1732 (Fal) ; Mary 
Clark, b. Mar. io r 1734, (Fal), m. Ambrose Talbot, Nov. 28, 1754: Robert, 
b. June 15, 1736 (Fal), m. Mary Hammon, Dec. 21, 1758; Martha, b. Feb. 8, 
1740 (Fal), d. June 14, 1814. 41 m. John Worthly, Oct. (Nov.?) 2, 1758:^ 
Naomi, b. June 12, 1742. bap. July 4, 1742, 43 m. Samuel Winthrop Royall. 
May 22, 1759; 14 Achsah, b. April 5, 1748; Robert (above), ch. ; Robert, bap'. 
July 13, 1760. 45 

' Naomi and Achsah, the last named children, were born in 

North Yarmouth, according to the town record made by their 

father when town clerk in 1749. 

( m ) York County Deeds, Book 31, Folio 49. 

(*) Old Times in Xorth Yarmouth, by Dr. Charles E. Banks, p. 907. 

(**) 225 1st Ch. Oct. 14, 1764, from Biddeford? 

( u ) 294, 1st Ch. 

(°) pp.. 660, 786. 

(•) P- 613. 

O PP. 579, 660. 

(*) P- 667. 




It will be noticed in the article of Dr. Banks, above referred to, 
that an interrogation point is placed after the words "From Bidde- 
ford?" relating to Robert Bayley. While he came from Falmouth 
to North Yarmouth, he came from Biddeford to Falmouth, and 
it was so stated in the records of the First Church in North Yar- 
mouth to indicate his native town or town from whence he came 
to Falmouth, made probably from his own statement. It will also 
be noticed that the name (Clark?) is inserted in parenthesis, with 
an interrogation point after the name of his wife, "Martha," as 
indicating her family name. The name of "Clark" as the family 
name of his wife, was no doubt suggested by the double name of 
his daughter, "Mary Clark," but it is amply proved that the maiden 
name of Robert Bayley's wife was Martha Millet. Why the name 
"Clark" was added to the name of his daughter, Mary, when all 
the other children had but one name, it not known, but it is known 
that it was not the family name of her mother. 

Two of the daughters of Robert and Martha (Millet) Bayley, 
married into the prominent Royall family in North Yarmouth in 
Colonial days, Bathsheba and Naomi. 

These sisters married brothers, viz : Bathsheba Bayley marrietf 
F.liah Royall, and Naomi Bayley married Samuel Winthrop Royall. 
They were the sons of Samuel Royall, grandsons of William 
Royall, Jr., and great grandson of William Royall who came 
from England in 1626, and settled near the mouth of the river 
then called "Wescustogo," now called Royall's River in his honor. 

Thomas Gorges, Esq., Deputy Governor of the Province of 
Maine, in behalf of Sr. Ferdinando Gorges, Knight, Lord proprie- 
tor of said Province, for divers good causes and considerations, 
made a grant of land to William Royall of Casco, it being: 

the land whereon his house standeth, being bounded on. the south with 
the sea; also an island before his house, being by estimation twenty acres, 
be it more or less; also land bounded on the south side with the river of 
Westgustuggo ; on the north side with the river of Chusquisacke, being by 
estimation two hundred and fifty acres, be it more or less. Deed dated 27 
March, 1643." 

This land conveyed to William Royall in 1643, is the larger part 
of the identical land conveyed by Jacob Royall of Boston, Mass., 
a brother of Eliah Royall and Samuel Winthrop Royall, to Robert 
Bayley, in 1752, and became the Robert Bayley homestead. 

(*) York County Deeds, Book I Part II, Folio 2 3. 


Mary Clark Bayley, fourth child of Robert and Martha (Millet) 
Bayley, married Ambrose Talbot, November 28, 1754, and became 
the mother of the first Talbot family in Maine of which there is 
any record. 

Ambrose Talbot, the son of Roger" and Hannah (Trarise) 
Talbot of Boston, Mass., and grandson of Ambrose and Jane 
(Metcalf) Talbot, of London, England, in early manhood (about 
1747) came from Dorchester, Mass., to North Yarmouth. 

He bought of Jeremiah Powell, Esq., 48 one hundred and fifty 
acres of land in North Yarmouth within the County of York and 
Province of the Massachusetts Bay in New England. Said land 
is located at a place then known as "Harraseeket," at Strout's 
Point on Casco Bay, now in the town of Freeport, in the Count v 
of Cumberland, and State of Maine. (First house west of the 
former Casco Castle on the Trolley Road between Portland and 
Brunswick) Deed dated March 3, 1759, but not recorded until 
22 April, 1767. 49 This farm has never passed from the Talbot 
name. After a period of one hundred and fifty-seven years, in the 
ownership of descendants, it is now (1916) owned and occupied by 
Mr. Herbert S. Talbot, a lineal descendant of the first owner of the 
family name. 

Ambrose and Mark Clark (Bayley) Talbot had a good Colonial 
family of eleven children, all born in the homestead in North 

(* T ) Roger Talbot came to Boston, Mass., about 171 1, and the time, with 
other evidence, indicate that the came in a government ship. He was a 
grandson of Roger Talbot. Esquire, M. P. of Thornton, County of York, 
England, and his wife, Elizabeth, daughter of Ambrose Pudsey, of Bolton 
in Bolland, County of York, England. His father's first cousin, Jane Pudsey, 
was the wife of Sir Hovenden Walker, a rear-admiral in the British Navv, 
who was sent to Boston in the summer of 171 1, in command of a fleet for 
an expedition against Quebec, via the St. Lawrence River, which terminated 
disastrously. Roger Talbot probably came to New England in this expe- 
dition, through his connection with Admiral Walker. He was the second 
officer in command of the armed Sloop George, in the Colonial Xavy of the 
Province of Massachusetts Bay, in the Abenaki War in 1722-23, and acting 
Captain after the Captain was mortally wounded by the Indians, in passing 
the mouth of the Kennebec River, when transporting troops and supplies to 
forts on the coast of Maine. 

(**) Honorable Jeremiah Powell, the former owner of this land was Rep- 
resentative to the General Court eleven years, having been first chosen in 
1766. He removed to Boston for a time and was President of the first 
Senate under the Constitution of Massachusetts in 1780. 

(**) Cumberland County Deeds, Book 3, p. 63, and on back of p. 64. 


Yarmouth, before that town was set off in 1789, and became 
Freeport, viz : 

Samuel, b. Aug. 25, 1755, m. Phebe Hallowell, Jan., 1782, (No children > : 

Hannah, b. Aug. 15, 1757, m. Jonathan Byram, Dec. 21, 1780; Ambrose, Jr., 

(3rd), b. Sept. 7, 1760, m. Olive Carter, July 19, 1792; Joseph, b. Jan. 16, 

1763, m. Sarah Patrick, Dec. 24, 1795; Mary, b. Aug. 11, 1765, d. Aug. 28, 

1766; Phebe. b. May 29, 1767, d. unm. Feb. 2, 1814; Asa, b. Jan. 30, 1769, 

m. Abigail Johnson, Sept. 27, 1792; Simeon, b. Nov. 1, 1771, m. Dorcas 

Fogg, Dec. 30, 1802; Robert Bayley, b. March 14, 1774, m. Joanna Thoits, 

Jan. 13, 1803; Sarah, b. Sept. 29, 1776, m. Edmund Pratt, Jan. 20, 1797. 

(One of the first deacons of the First Baptist Church in Freeport which 

position he continued worthily to fill for fifty-seven years until his death) ; 

Rachel, b. March 9, 1779, d. unm. April 17, i8co. 

Ambrose Talbot was a veteran of the French and Indian Wars, 
as indicated in Muster Rolls and Pay Rolls in the Archives ot 
Massachusetts. Both he and his three eldest sons were soldiers 
of the American Revolution, his eldest son, Samuel, serving three 
years in the Massachusetts line in the Continental Army. The 
service of each appears in Massachusetts Soldiers and Sailors in 
the War of the Revolution." A younger son (Simeon) was a 
soldier of the War of 1812, and the record is in the Archives of 
the State of Maine. 

Ambrose Talbot was, more than all and everything, from his 

youth and early manhood, distinctively, a churchman. He was a 

member in Dorchester, of a society of young men mutually joined 

together in the service of God. In 1742, he then an adult person, 

became a member of the First Church in Dorchester, Mass. The 

records of the First Church in North Yarmouth, show that he and 

his wife, Mary Clark (Bayley) Talbot, were members of that 

Church thirty-four years. They were founders of the First Church 

in Freeport. When the town of Freeport was taken from North 

Yarmouth and incorporated, February 14, 1789, it was at the same 

time made a distinct parish by the General Court of Massachusetts. 

The First Church in Freeport was organized within the new 

parish December 29, 1789, and it is recorded that Ambrose Talbot 

was the first deacon, he being unanimously chosen, May 15, 1790, 

and continued to serve in that position for fourteen years, until his 

death. There was at one time four legal voters in Freeport by 

the name of Ambrose Talbot, and they were numbered according 

to their ages, except the eldest, who was always known as "Deacon 

Ambrose Talbot," and as such he will ever live in the records of 

the town and of the First Church in Freeport, Maine. 




Robert Bayley had only one son, Robert Bayley, Jr., who married 
Mary Hammon, Dec. 21, 1756. He settled in New Gloucester, 
Maine. From the article of Dr. Banks in "Old Times in North 
Yarmouth," above quoted, the record of the First Church in North 
Yarmouth, indicates that he had a son, Robert, baptized July 13, 

Robert Bayley conveyed to his son, Robert Bayley, Jr., one entire 
lot of land in New Gloucester, Maine, if being according to the 
deed, "A whole right in said town, and numbered six in the first 
division." Deed dated Dec. 4, 1767. 50 

Robert Bayley, Jr., was an extensive land owner as was his 
father, which is clearly shown by the record of deeds of land con- 
veyance. He was Sergeant from New Gloucester, in Captain 
Moses Merrill's company, in Colonel Edmund Phinney's regiment 
(31st) in 1775" 

No record of the service of Robert Bayley, Senior, as school- 
master, appears after his employment in North Yarmouth, in 1750, 
owing, probably, to his military service against the French and 
Indians. He was Sentinel in active service in Captain William 
Lithgow's company at Fort Richmond, on the Kennebec River, 
from March 21, to Sept. 12, 1754" 

From a list of the first company of Militia in North Yarmouth, 
dated May 18, 1757, it appears that Robert Bayley was Sentinel 
in Captain Solomon Mitchell's Train Band (His son-in-law, 
Ambrose Talbot, was Sentinel in same company), in Colonel Ezekiel 
Cushing's regiment. List dated May 18, 1757. 53 

It appears that Robert Bayley was a private from North Yar- 
mouth in Captain Samuel Cobb's Company, in Colonel Jedidiah 
Preble's regiment, raised by the Province of Massachusetts Bay. 
for the reduction of Canada. Service from April 8 to Nov. 20, 


Robert Bayley always spelled his name "Bayley," the old English 
style. The entry in the record of the First Church in North 
Yarmouth, that "Robert Bayley died June 17, 1772," is the only 

( M ) Cumberland County Deeds, Book 3, Folio 157. 

( n ) Massachusetts Soldiers and Sailors in the War of the Revolution, Vol. 
1 :88 3 . 

(") Massachusetts Archives, Muster Rolls, Vol. 93:128. 

( M ) Massachusetts Archives, Vol. 95:383. 

( M ) Massachusetts Archives, Muster Rolls, Vol. 97:58. 


record of his death that has been found. No stone has been found 
that marks his grave, or that of his wife, Martha, although diligent 
search has been made in the old burial grounds in old Falmouth. 
and in old North Yarmouth. As the date of his birth has not been 
discovered, the years that he attained is not known for certainty, 
but it is quite sure that he was at least twenty-one years of age 
when he was admitted a proprietor in Falmouth, August 17, 1727, 
which would indicate that he was born as early as 1706, and his 
death in 1772, would make his age at least sixty-six years. __ More 
than this is not known. 

From the written fragments that remain it is known that Robert 
Bayley was an active business man, and leading citizen in Falmouth 
and North Yarmouth, in Colonial days; the first school-master in 
what is now Portland, Maine ; the first in Cumberland County, 
and one of the first in the State of Maine ; a pioneer educator, 
and patriot, whose memory should be revered and cherished, not 
only by his descendants, but by the citizens of the whole State of 

Referring to the above paper the Portland Evening Express, in 
its issue of May 25, 1916, said: 

The last paper of the series of 1915-1916 was read yesterday afternoon 
before a large and appreciative audience, including about 50 girl pupils from 
the Portland High School, in the lecture room of the Maine Historical 
Library, by Honorable Archie Lee Talbot of Lewiston. The subject of 
Mr. Talbot's interesting paper was The First Schoolmaster in Falmouth 
(Portland), Maine, and Some of His Descendants. Mr. Talbot's suggestion 
at the close of his paper that a memorial tablet to Robert Bayley, Portland's 
first schoolmaster, be placed in the new High School, now building, was 
received with applause. 

Cemetery Inscriptions in Piscata 

quis County 

Copied and Contributed by Edgar Crosby Smith 

(Continued from page 16) 



Born in Foxcroft Me. 


Apr. 17, 1893. 

JEt. 83 yrs. 8 mos. 



' His wife born in 
New Gloucester, Me., 
July 27, 1821. 


In Parkman, 

Nov. 2, 1881, 

JEt 60 yrs. 3 mos. 5 ds. 



Apr. .17, 1844. 

2&X. 75 yrs. 4 mos. 

The 4th son of 

Col. John Moore. 



Apr. 10, 1836. 

2Et. 70. 



Sept. 5, 1862. 

^Et. 87 ys. 8 mo. 

. Wife of 
Benj. Walton 


May 9, 1878. 

iEt. 68 yrs. 9 ds. 


Malachi Bartlett 


May 28, 1885. 

2EX. 95 ys. 9 mos. 

He rests from his labors. 

Liberty S. Dow- 
May 29, 1887. 
2Et. 79. 

C) Former wife of Elbridge G. Sprague, late of Sangerville, Maine. 



Wife of 

Malachi Bartlett 


Mar. 10, 1872. 

iEt 80 ys. 6 mos. 

There is rest for the weary. 


J. P. Moore 


Aug. 5, 1898. 

MX. 92 yrs. 4 mo. 

& 8 ds. 


Lucy M. 

Wife of 

Jefferson P. Moore 


Aug. 23, 1884. 

^t. 71 ys. 9 ms. 

8 ds. 

• Oliver Lowell 

Sept. 10, 1883. 
JEt. 87 ys. 3 mos. 


Wife of 

Oliver Lowell 

Passed to Spirit Life 

Dec. 25, 1851. 

2Et. 58 yrs. 8 ms. 

Jane Waugh 

Wife of 
Oliver Lowell 

May 5, 1809. 

Feb. 16, 1900. 
Death's a path that must be trod 
If one would ever pass to God. 

(To be continued) 



Teaching Maine History in the 

Public Schools 

At the Piscataquis Teachers' Convention held in the Foxcroft 
(Maine) Academy, May 19, the subject of the " Study of State 
and Local History," was discussed by Honorable William B. Ken- 
dall of Bowdoinham, and John F. Sprague, of Dover, Editor of 
Sprague's Journal of Maine History. 

Mr. Kendall's speech was an able and spirited one and received 
much applause from the teachers and students who were present. 
He spoke in part as follows : 

"The government of the State of Maine is well organized, and 
gets good returns for the money it pays out in carrying on its 
vital affairs. When, however, you hire a man you expect him to 
look out for and work for your own interests first, but the State 
of Maine falls down tremendously in the money she pays for the 
. teachers in her public schools, for she does not require of them, or 
expect them, to teach Maine boys and girls practically anything 
of herself. There are a few leading questions that are compiled 
in some popular geography, which is taught all over the United 
States, about the State of Maine that the pupils in our own State 
are taught, and no more. There should be an appeal for more local 
history, local geography and civic interests, and of our climatic 
conditions, the forces which these represent in the development of 
the sturdy character of our New England life, and a thousand 
other items of great local importance and value which now are 
totally untouched and ignored. 

"From these text books the pupils and students in our public 
schools of course cannot learn the boundaries of their own town or 
their own county; the distances from their town to the nearest 
cities, to Augusta, to Bangor, to Boston ; the distance to the sea, or 
the geographical structure of their town, or about its crop produc- 
tions, or any of its history, which doubtless contains much of 
richness in the lives of its citizens, both those that made the town 
and those that won success elsewhere. 

"Every scholar in every city and town in Maine should be 
obliged to study a compilation of a geographical, historical and civic 
nature to the extent of at least 50 or 100 questions and answers, 
. which could and should constitute such items of local interest of 


importance compiled and written in readable and attractive form, 
not forgetting to sound the praise of our Maine winters and the 
energy, power and fortitude which they arouse in the life of .1 
boy, or girl, who born in Maine has as a part of his heritage a 
license to develop himself splendidly and royally. Such conditions 
are sometimes regarded as adverse ones, but in reality, in after 
years, the scholar looks back and often recognizes in them the very 
foundation elements of his or her success. 

"An automobilist traveling our highways does not ask a school 
boy the distance to the nearest town or the best road to the nearest 
city because he realizes that the boy does not know, and the boy 
does not know because he has no way to find out. He only knows 
what the books teach him, and the books do not teach these things 
because the State of Maine is not interested enough in her own 
affairs in educating the youth properly, that they may know the 
proper things of their own State, their own county and their own 

"All school students in Maine should be taught the 'truth beau- 
tiful* of their native State, and there is no State in all the Union 
of which more beautiful things can in truth be said. Without fear 
of contradiction I assert that the conditions of life in Maine are 
doubtless fundamentally more forceful than in any other State in 
the Union. And the best crop grown in any State is its crop of 
boys and girls. Maine has never been behind in this, and yet 
nothing is ever said of it in a concrete way. This is of the greatest 
possible .import, and it is true, and if it is a truth, why is it so? 
Here is a question for our college students. 

"Much of the system of what we now call education is going to 
be, and should be, broken down and replaced by more practical 
things. The great things that concern the early makeup of human 
life; the love of our homes; the strength of our State; a govern- 
ment of and for and by the people cannot subsist except by cohe- 
sion and heroic development. This means patriotism and love of 
country, and we must have an intimate love of our State and town 
and vicinity to make us patriotic, to know the real absolute whole 
truth about it. Then, and not until then, can we love it and fight 
for it as we should." 

"A new ideal of Nationalism, a new and greater spirit of Ameri- 
canism, is rapidly developing throughout the length and breadth 




of our land. Maine people and Maine boys and girls, and Maine 
as a Commonwealth, should not lag behind in this patriotic growth. 
And the first step towards all this is to acquire this knowledge of 
ourselves, our history and our own people and institutions. This 
proposition of Maine history teaching in our schools appeals to 
me like this: The State of Maine ought to drive a better bargain 
and hire her teachers to do her work first. If they have any time 
after that then they can attend to other things, but this should be 
fundamental to instil the love of Maine and Maine conditions in all 
Maine boys and girls, there is so much that is lovable in it, and so 
much that is heroic in it, so much that is inspiring in it, and so 
much of magnificent development in it. And we Maine people are 
not true to ourselves in not having our laws made upon these lines. 

"Each town and city in Maine should compile ioo questions in 
history, geography and civic relations. For the 500 towns it would 
mean 50,000 questions. This would indeed be a systematic and 
successful way of getting some splendid history and State of Maine 
data, and as the years go by it could be revised at times, which 
would add up a splendid volume as the years went, along, doubt- 
less develop keener and keener interest in the honest resources and 
'good things' in our good old State. We need some proper, simple 
text books on these subjects. And further we need more efficient 
and practical laws passed to compel our schools to do their duty to 
the rising generation in this matter. 

"The people of Maine should not permit another session of the 
Legislature to adjourn without passing some laws that will make 
radical changes in our school system in this respect. And I must 
add that I believe Mr. Sprague is doing a grand work in his maga- 
zine, by constantly calling our attention to this. He is entitled to 
great praise, but he cannot do it alone. Wt should each and every 
one arouse ourselves to its importance and go to it and do it." 

He offered as suggestions to teachers a few of many question^ 
that ought to be asked for scholars to use in the study of the his- 
tory of their own town and county, among such were the following: 

Name various rivers in your county. 
What is the largest lake? 

What town and vicinity is generally thought to have the finest scenery? 
What is the most noted Institution in the county? 

In what town in Maine was the paper signed ceding Maine from Massa- 
chusetts in 1820: 

How was Maine separated from Massachusetts? 

>' : 


What is the oldest lighthouse on the Atlantic coast? 

What county in Maine is situated just .half-way between the northern 
borders of Maine and New York city? 

In what town are large pulp and paper mills? 

What cities comprise a part of the boundary line of your county? 

What town extends about 10 miles into the Atlantic ocean? 

Who -are the most famous men in your county? 

What article of utility does your own town or any town in your county 

Where is the largest cotton mill in Maine located? 

What is the largest summer resort island in Maine? 

Name the most famous inland resorts in Maine. 

Name various lighthouses. 

Where is the finest harbor on the Atlantic Coast of the United States? 

Name various water powers in the county. 

Name the railroads. 

What island is the most famous in story? 

What are some of the most beautiful inland rivers? 

Who was the most noted writer of juvenile books in Maine? 

What is the oldest public service building in your county? 

Name various railroad junctions. 

What valuable articles of commerce and export in your county? 

What is the most valuable agricultural product of your county? 

What is the largest natural commercial asset of your county? 

Name a large number of advantages and some disadvantages that a resi- 
dent of your county lives among. 

What is the largest town in area in your county? 

What town in your county has the smallest population? 

What is the highest land in your county? Where located? 

What is the highest mountain and what county is it in? 

What town in your county has the largest population ? 

Describe and bound your county. 

Name the towns in your county. 

The following are extracts from Mr. Sprague's paper on "The 
Value of Maine History" : 

"At some time subsequent to those unknown periods when men 
dwelt in caves and tree tops, he began to make crude record of his 
work and performances, and it so interested generations of men 
that they preserved it for the use and benefit of those who suc- 
ceeded them. 

"It is this transmission of the doings, the experiences, the 
struggles, the victories and the failures, the joys and the sorrows 
of mankind from epoch to epoch, from generation to generation 
that we call history. 

"The memorable deeds of history elevate and cultivate the mind. 
The student holds converse with those of other ages and scans and 



studies the imprint which the 'noiseless foot of time' has made 
upon the race. 

"By this method we create a reservoir for saving and conserving 
the results of past labors and accomplishments. . . . 

"It is inevitable that the story of the past, may, if utilized, 
serve to light the pathway in making the story of the present. 

" 'The Mind of the Past,' as Emerson calls it, should enter into 
the spirit of the scholar and influence it. 

"If this is a fact regarding history generally, the history of races, 
nations, and peoples, it may apply with equal force to the history 
of a state, a county, or a hamlet. 

"The history of the unit is relatively as important as is that of 
the whole. 

"We may never know the truth in its entirety with out first learn- 
ing all about each particle separately. 

"The early colonization and development of what is now our 
state of Maine is food for the statesman, the philosopher and the 
poet and the romancer as well. 

"The original sources of the history of Maine are imbedded in 
the obscure annals of the couriers of discovery and colonization, 
whose beginnings were in the early days of the sixteenth century, 
and who explored our coast and entered our bays and rivers in 
vessels sailing under the English, French, Spanish and Portuguese 

"Renowned seamen of the Elizabethan age, missionaries and 
adventurers of varied types here made their footprints, and here 
on our soil the Anglo Saxon resisted the invasion of the Latin race, 
and the followers of Cromwell triumphed over those of the Stuarts. 

"In scanning the basic work of our civilization, we obtain 
glimpses of the evolution of England from a community of agricul- 
turists to a great nation of makers and merchants. 

"A new national spirit was arising which finally burst through 
the narrow confines of mediaeval England and laid the foundation 
for that mighty British empire of commerce and industry, that 
proud mistress of the seas whose arrogant prowess has been such 
an amazing factor in the world's progress. 

"And this awakening of a new nationalism in England in the 
16th century evolved a wonderful class of men, brave, defiant and 
far-seeing, part statesmen and part pirates, the forerunners of the 
chartered stock companies which followed in the beginning of her 



commercial greatness, and among whom are to be found the dis- 
coverers of Maine and the founders of her civilization. And right 
here the study of Maine History scores a. point as a stimulas for 
the study of all history, for trace back as you may the circum- 
stances surrounding any of the first settlements on the shores of 
old Maine and you are in touch with the history of Europe and 
her social, economic, religious and political development during thj 
same period of time. 

"We see here not only the human ferment of more than 200 
years participated in by Catholic, Protestant and Huguenot, and 
the representatives of the intrigues and clash of the old world, but 
we also see much of the lurid tragedy of the Red man's race and 
its pathetic fading from off the face of the earth. 

"This picture of the past discloses to the view strange and 
remarkable characters whose deeds, vicissitudes, tragedies, suc- 
cesses and failures are interwoven in the history of Maine. 

"You may glance to the colonists under Sir Ferdinando Gorges, 
a royalist and of the aristocracy, and a man of great breadth of 
character, whose first inspiration for founding a colony in the new 
world came from his experience with five Indians whom Waymouth 
had cruelly captured on the coast of Maine. Or you may study 
the Plymouth colony and the Kennebec Purchase, the attempts at 
colonization of the French and the Jesuits on the Penobscot, the 
protracted struggle between France and England for Acadia which 
originally embraced all of that portion of Maine which is east of 
the Kennebec river, and almost numberless other sources of the 
history of Maine, and the knowledge which you will acquire will 
be fascinating as well as profound, and eminently practical and 
beneficial as well. 

"And later as Maine developed, as the great problem of self- 
government was gradually worked out here we find events of mag- 
nitude such as that of that brave Irishman, Captain Jeremiah 
O'Brien, hauling down the first British flag in the war of the Revo- 
lution in Machias Bay and making the beginning of the American 

"Men of Maine were not only in the Colonial wars, but they 
had to valiantly defend themselves, their homes and their property 
against British invasion in the war of 1812; and subsequently our 
Northeastern frontier was for more than half a century the sub- 
ject of a fierce international controversy between the government 



at Washington and Great Britain which came near ending in 
another bloody contest with the mother country and was only 
averted by wise diplomacy. 

"And a portion of the magnificent county of Aroostook was first 
settled by some of those French peasants who were driven by the 
English government in 1755 from their possessions around the Bay 
of Fundy, and whose story has been such a theme of sadness in 
poetry and romance, and immortalized by that sweetest of all 
singers, Longfellow, himself a native of Maine. 

"And Holman Day, Maine's famous novelist, has recently added 
much of interest to the history and romance of the Acadians of 
Aroostook by a highly entertaining novel, The Red Lane. 

"The critics of our public school system have often urged that 
its teaching is not practical enough, it is contended that while the 
scholars have a superficial knowledge of the ends of the earth and 
the islands of the sea, they know practically nothing about the 
things with which they come in daily contact ; that they know much 
about Homer's heroes and their doings and but little about the 
man they meet on the street ; that they have profound knowledge 
of the forum of ancient Rome and are as profoundly ignorant of 
how their own town meeting or city council is managed; that whUs 
they know a great deal about Grecian mythology they are lament- 
ably deficient in the history of the town, county and state of their 

In a word it is said that the scheme of school teaching is not 
wholly in touch with the progressive spirit of the times which is a 
relentless searcher for facts and for practical results as well. 

"There is much force and altogether too much truth in this 
criticism, and I believe that the evidence which we now see of an 
awakening among the educators of Maine to the importance of 
local history in our public schools is worthy of great praise and a 
matter for sincere congratulation. 

"The foundation of good citizenship is patriotism, a love not 
only for one's own country and its institutions, but also for the 
town and state in which one lives. 

"The child should be taught that which will inculcate this spirr. 
He should be encouraged to observe and investigate the things 
around him, his surroundings and their beginnings and learn to 
go to the original sources for his information. 

The efforts and failures of his ancestors will create in him not 
only a reverence for them and their achievements, but also a desire 


and a determination to improve upon their methods and to finish 
in a better fashion what they had begun. 
* "Such work will be the beginning of true patriotism and the 
formation of the loftiest ideals. It is a positive form of prepared- 
ness for the youth's future battle of life. It will evolve righteous 
government, lay the foundation for true progress and produce the 
highest type of American citizenship. 

"I would enter no protest against the boy or girl aspiring to 
the attainment of a so-called 'liberal' education, but I would not 
have the educational system cast in a complete ironclad mold of 
ancient classics. 

"I would have the scholar appreciate and develop a love for 
what is becoming venerable in Maine as well as for the Greek epic. 

"I would endeavor to engender within his breast a desire to 
have knowledge of the Baron St. Castin, and his beautiful wife, 
''The Lady of Pyrness,' the proud daughter of that noble Indian 
chieftain who dwelt on the banks of the river Penobscot, Mado- 

"I would have him care something about the history and legends 
of that eminent sachem of the Tarratines, Orono, for whom was 
named the University town of our state, or the brave Norridge- 
wocks who went to death in defence of Father Rale, as well as to 
be familiar with Neptune, Vulcan and Venus. 

"I would have him as much interested in the thrilling story of 
Arnold's expedition through Maine, as in the question of whether 
or not the Spartans betrayed their allies. I would have him know 
something of what we mean when we say that a farm lies north 
of the Waldo Patent, as well as to know all about Demosthenes' 
speech on the embassy. 

"I would impress upon scholars the importance of knowing who 
Martin Pring was as well as to know whether Alexander died of 
poison or by disease. 

"If they cannot have knowledge of both I would prefer that 
they know something of the landing of the Popham colony at the 
mouth of the Kennebec, than to know all about Nestor's chariot, 
or about all of the gods who have dined with the Ethiopians. 

"I would that they could talk learnedly of the tale of George 
Waymouth landing on the coast of Maine in 1605, as of the classi- 
cal Tale of Troy divine. 


"I may be somewhat imbued with the spirit of the muse who 
inspired Maine's charming poet, David Barker, in his stirring and 
patriotic poem, Old Willey, when he said : 

'Who cares in this crowd what a Homer says, 

Of the Warring men in the ancient days; 

What matters it now to you or me 

Though the Iliad or Odessey, 

May tell of the time when a Trojan corse 

Was trampled by the feet of a Grecian horse ; 

Though the epic song of the bard may state 

How Achilles fell at the Scaean Gate 

But it startles the world that I am come down 

To tell of a man from my native town ; 

Of a man, unknown, obscure and plain, 

But who once belonged to the nth of Maine/" 

The Waldo Patent ' 

Letter from Honorable Charles E. Oak of Bangor, Formerly 

State Land Agent of Maine. 

Editor of S Prague's Journal: 

Referring to the foot note in Henry Hudson's address in last 
number of the Journal, you might supplement it sometime with the 
following interesting facts : 

The Grant was made by English authoriites prior to Revolution. 

After this government was established the grantees or those 
holding under them, discovered, after making a survey, that they 
did not have as many acres as the Grant was supposed to contain. 
Consequently they went to the General Court of Massachusetts, 
plead their case and the Massachusetts authorities in the large- 
ness of their hearts gave them all the land located in what is now 
the towns of Bangor, Hampden, Hermon and Xewburg, that had 
not previously been disposed of, to make up their acreage. 

While the south line of Hampden is known as the north line of 
the Patent, you will thus see that it is not exactly the fact because 
as I understand it none of it was disposed of until after this gift, 
and the extra became a part of the Patent. 

I am not quite sure about none of it having been sold prior to 
that time, but think, if worth while, it could be easily ascertained 



— -'IK'*- 

■' '"■'■* i^ 

" ■ " -. ■'-":' .-3 

" ' -. -•". .-as 
*•'■•■ ' ' ' > -S>"-'» ""*:£ 

r - - ;> — 

On Pleasant River in Piscataquis County. 
(Courtesy B. & A. R. R.) 


Slavery in the District of Maine 

Copy of a Deed or Bill of Sale of a Negro Slave in Kittery, 
Maine, in 1748-9, and taken from "Eliot Miscellany" (page 11), 
compiled and published by Alfred Little in 1876. The original 
document was then in Mr. Little's possession. 

To all People, to whome these presents Shall Come Greeting: 

Know ye that I John Perry of Kittery, in ye County of York in ye 
Province of ye Massachusetts Bay in New England, Gentleman, for & 
in Consideration of ye Sum of One Hundred & Twelve Pounds Ten Shil- 
lings Lawfull Money of ye Province aforesaid, to me in hand, well & truly 
paid by James Gowen of Kittery aforesd, Yeoman the receipt whereof I 
Do Acknowledge & my Self therewith fully Sattisfied, Contented & paid, for 
a Certain Negro Man about twenty one Years of Age, named TRYSELL, 
To Have and to Hold ye said negro man from this time forward, and I ye 
said John Parry, warr't and Engage to & with ye aforesd James Gowen, 
that I am ye true & Lawfull Owner of ye aforesd Negroman, and have m 
my Self Good right full Power & Lawfull Authority to Sell & Convey ye 
aforesd Negro man in manner as aforesaid, & will warrant, Secure & 
Defend ye Said Negro man against ye Lawfull Claims or Demands of any 
Person or Persons whatsoever — in wittness whereof I Do hereunto Sett my 
hand and seal this first Day of February, Annoqr Domini, 1748-9. 

Signed, Sealed & Delivered 
In Presence of 

Benja' Stacy 

Robert Tiday ■ 

Documents and Letters 

Referring to Colonial Maine Subsequent to Its Sub- 
mission to the Massachusetts Bay Colony 


(From "Baxter Manuscripts" in the Documentary Histori- 

of Maine) 

Deposition of Lenox Beverly Aug. 17, 1689. 

Lenox Be very aged ab't 25: years being sworn saith that he being soldjer 
at Penyquid ye winter time 1688: where was Cap't Gen'l Sr Edm : Andross 
Kn't there came to ye fort where S'r Edm. then was two squaws the one 
Madochawondoes sister & ye other Moxis wife as was said, & two other 
Indian women that went along with them, they were in the fort with 
S'r. Edm : two dayes & when they came forth they seemed to be halfe drunk. 
1 his Deponant & Peter Ripley was commanded to guard these Squaws from 
Penyquid to New harbour, being in distance ab't two miles, and as wee 


passed on ye way Madochowondoes Squaw Layd down her burden in the 
snow, & comanded the Depon't to take it up : wherevpon ye Depon't Iook 
into ye basket, & saw a small bag w'ch he opened & found it to be Gun- 
powder w'ch he Judged five pound w't, and a bag of bullitts of a greater 
w't, and the w't of y't baskett I took up was as much as ye Depon't could 
well cary along. & ye other 3 : Squaws had each one of them their bas- 
kett w'ch appeared to be rather of greater then lesser burden y'n'y't ye 
Depon't caryed, w'ch were all of them loaden & brought out of ye fort, and 
Modachowandos Squaw said shee had ye powder of S'r Edm : and added y't 
shee was to come againe to him within 4 : dayes : 

Boston 17° August 1686. Lenox X Bewerly 

Sworn in Councill his mark 

Attest'r Is'a Addington Sec'ry 

This convent'n. haueing pased an order drawn by the Presid't of the Province 
of Mayne impowering Capt Silvanus Davis, Cap't Anthony Brackett. L'r. 
George Ingerson, L't Thadeus Clark, Elisha Gunnison & L't Elisha Andrews 
a comittee for regulating the affaires of the plantaccon of falmouth, and 
for the ordering and disposeing ye people into Garrisons, Scoutings, watches, 
& wardings and for regulating the militia of ye Town for their defence & 
destruccone of ye Enemy, Do approve thereof, and the like order to be 
made for other Towns in y't Province of Suitable persons in their respective 
Towns. 17 Aug° 1689. 
Approved of by the Governo'r and Councill. 

Is'a Addington Sec'ry 

Consented to by the Representatives 
1 7° Aug. 1689. . Ebenezer Prout Clerk 

(Documentary History of Maine, Baxter Mss. Vol. 9, p. 31.) 


Boston in New England Feb: 21st 169-2/3 
May it Please your Lordship 

By the Captain of the Samuell & Henry, I gave ye account, that at my 
arrivall here, I found the prisons full of people, Comitted upon suspitiou 
of witchcraft ; and that Complaints were Continually made to me, that many 
persons were grieveously tormented, by witches, and that they cryed out 
vpon severall persons by name, as the Cause of their Torments. The num- 
ber of those Complaints increasing every day, by advice of the Liev't. 
Govern'r. and the Councill, I gave a Commission of Oyer and Terminer 
to try som of the suspected witches, and at that time the generality of 
people, represented the matter to me as Reall witchcraft, and gave very 
strange instance of the same; The first in ye Comission was the Liev'*. 
Governour, and the rest were persons of the best prudence and ffigure that 
could then be pitched upon, and I depended vpon the Court for a right 
method of proceeding in cases of witchcraft; att that time I went to Com- 
mand the Army at the Eastern part of the Province, for ye ffrench, and 
Indians, had made an attacque vpon som of the frontier Towns, I continued 


there some time, but when I returned I. found people much dissattisfyed, a< 
ye proceedings of the Court, for about twenty persons, were Condemned, 
and Executed, of wich number some were thought by many persons to be 
inocent, the Court still proceeded in the same method of trying them, which 
was by the Evidence of the afflicted persons, who when they were brough: 
into the Court, as soone as the suspected witches, looked on them, instantly 
fell to the ground, in strange agonies, and grieveouse torment ; but when 
touched by them vpon the arme, or some other part of their flesh, they 
imediately revived, and came to themselves, vpon which they made oarh 
that the prison'r at the Barr, did Afflict them, and that they saw theire 
shape or Spectre, com from their bodyes, which put them to such paines, 
and torments; when Inquired into the matter, I was Informed by the Judges, 
that they began with this, but had humaine Testimony, against such as were 
Condemned, and undoubted proof of their being witches ; But at length I 
found that the Devill, did take vpon him the shape of inocent persons, and 
some were accused, of whose Innocency I was well assured, and many Con- 
siderable persons, of Vublamable life, and conversation were cryed out 
vpon as witches, and wizzards : The Deputy Govern'r notwithstanding per 
sisted vigorously in the same method, to ye great dissatisfaction, and dis- 
turbance of the people, vntill I put an end to ye Court, and stopped the 
proceedings; which I did because I saw many inocent persons, might other- 
wise perrish, and at that time I thought it my duty to give an account 
thereof, that their Maj'ties pleasure conferming this pplexed affaire might 
be signifyed, hopeing that for the better ordering thereof, the Judges learned 
in the Law in England, might give such rules, and directions, as have been 
practiced in England, for proceeding in soe difficult and nice a point : when 
I putt an end to ye Court, there was at least fifty persons in prison, in 
great misery by reason of the extream Cold, and their poverty, most of 
them haveing onely ' spectre Evidence, against them, and their mittimus's 
being defective, I caused some of them to be lett out vpon Baile, and put 
the Judges vpon Considering of a way to relieve others, and prevent their 
perishing in prison, vpon which some of them were Convinced, and ac- 
knowled that their former proceedings were too violent, and not grounded 
vpon a right foundation, but that if they might sitt againe they vould pro- 
ceed after another method ; and whereas Mr. Increase Mather, and severall 
other Divines, did give it as their Judgement, that the Devill might afflict 
in the shape of an Inocent person, and that the look, and the touch of the 
suspected persons, was not sufficient proof against them, these things had 
not the same stress laid vpon them as before ; And vpon this Consideration, 
I pmitted a Speciall superior Court to be held at Salem, in the County of 
Essex, on the third day of January, the Liev't Govern'r being Chief Judge, 
Their method of proceeding being altered, all that were brought to tryall 
to the number of fifty two were cleared saveing three, and I was informed 
by the Kings Attorney Gen'll that some of the Cleared, and the Condemned. 
were vnder the same Circumstances, or that there was the same reason, to 
Gear, the three Condemned, as the rest according to his Judgem't. The 
Deputy Govern'r signed a varrant for their Speedy Execution, and allso of 
five others, who were Condemned at the former Court of Oyer and Terminer, 

;_ '■ 



but Considering how the matter had been managed, I sent a reprieve where- 
by the Execution was stopped vntill their Maj'ties pleasure were signifyed, 
and declared ; The Liev't Govern'r vpon this occasion, was enraged and 
filled with passionate anger, and refused to sitt vpon the Bench at a Superior 
Court at that time held at Charles towne ; and indeed hath from the begin- 
ing hurryed on these matters with great precipitancy ; and by his warrant 
hath caused the Estates, goods and chatles, of the Executed; to be seized 
and disposed of, vithout my knowledge, or Consent ; the stop put to the 
first method of proceeding, hath dissipated the black Cloud that threatened 
this province, with destruction, For whereas this delusion of ye Devill, did 
spread, and its Dismall effects, touched the lives and Estates, of many of 
their Maj'ties subjects, and the reputation of some of the principall persons 
here, and indeed vnhapply clogged, and interupted their Maj'ties affairs, 
which hath been a great vexation to me. 

I have no new Complaints, but peoples mindes before divided, and dis- 
tracted, by different opinions, concerning this matter, are now well Com- 

My Lord 
I am yo'r Lordships most faithfull humble servant 

William Phips 
E:) Feb'y. 21 1693 

To The Right Hon'ble 

The Earle of Nottingham 

att Whitehall London. 

(Ibid., Vol. 10, p. 4.) 

Deacon Ambrose Talbot, the first deacon of the First Church in 
Freeport, Maine, was a pioneer settler, the first of the Talbot name 
in Maine, and the great, great grandfather of Archie Lee Talbot, 
the. writer of the interesting article on Robert Bayley, the first 
schoolmaster in what is now Portland, Maine. 




Entered as second class matter at the post office. Dover, Maine, by John 
Francis Sprague, Editor and Publisher. 

Terms : For all numbers issued during the year, including an index and 
all special issues, $1.00. Single copies, 25 cents. Bound volumes of same, 

Bound volumes of Vol. I, $2.50. These will be only furnished to new 


Postage prepaid on all items. 

Commencing with Vol. 3, the terms will be $1.00 only to subscribers who 
pay in advance, otherwise $1.50. 

In history a great Volume is unrolled for our instruction, draw- 
ing the materials of future wisdom from the past errors and infirmi- 
ties of mankind. 


As applicable to all of you, I will say that it is highly expedient 
to go into History ; to inquire into zvhat has passed before yon on 
this Earth, and in the Family of Man. 


Vol. IV OCTOBER, 1916 No. 3 

Another Leading Maine High 
School on the Right Track 

The Bar Harbor school at its commencement exercises, like 
Dexter, made local history its leading feature. 

Among the bright and entertaining graduation papers were The 
State of Maine Yesterday, Lula Marie Harvey; The State of 
Maine Today, Fannie A. Joyce, and Mt. Desert, Jane W. Parker. 

Referring to this the Bar Harbor Times remarks editorially : 

The school authorities who planned this year's graduating exercises of 
the local high school are to be congratulated in a move in the right direction, 
and the tendency of the program to simplicity, as well as having a strong 
state and local flavor. With the efforts of the young graduates directed to 
Maine, its history, its present conditions and its future, to Mt. Desert 
Island, with its beauties and advantages, the evening not only offers a pro- 

.■MWJWg iiaa^ 



gram of unusual interest to people here, but the things learned by the young 
people about their own state in preparing their essays cannot help being of 
value to them. 

"The Pageant of Aroostook History" is the title of a most 
valuable and interesting historical paper, by Anna Barnes, member 
of Fact and Fiction Club of Houlton, Maine, now running in the 
Lewiston Journal Magazine. 

The Manufacturers Record in a recent issue said: 

"The price of paper, which has advanced from 100 to 200 per 
cent, or more, over prices prevailing a year ago, seriously threatens 
the life of a large number of publications throughout the country 
and greatly lessens the profit of others. 

"It is doubted if any other large industry in the United States has 
had to face so serious a situation, because when prices of raw- 
materials have advanced the manufacturers of the finished products 
have advanced their prices and thus thrown the burden on the 
ultimate consumer. In the newspaper and periodical business this 
has not yet been done." 

The Journal can testify from experience that the recent disturb- 
ance in the paper market and the bouncing of prices is some tribu- 
lation for a publisher. 

The Eastern Argus of Portland, Maine, was established in 1803 
by Nathaniel Willis. 

His son, Nathaniel Parker Willis, won considerable literary fame 
as did his daughter, Sarah Payson Willis, who wrote both prose 
and poetry under the nom de plume of Fanny Fern. 

Maine newspapers have recently observed that : 
Mrs. Eugene Hale of Ellsworth, Maine, has a distinction that 
probably has not fallen to any other American woman — that of 
being the daughter of one United States Senator, the wife of 
another, and the mother of a Senator-elect. She is the daughter 
of the late Honorable Zachariah Chandler, United States senator 
from Michigan, the wife of Honorable Eugene Hale, for 30 years 
United States Senator from Maine, and the mother of Colonel 
Frederick Hale of Portland, who has just been elected United 
States senator from Maine for six years. 




The Journal wants No. 5 of Vol. 1 of Sprague's Journal of Maine 
History. For it, if in suitable condition for binding, will be given 
one year's subscription to the Journal, or $1.00 will be allowed on 

Address : Sprague's Journal, Foxcroft, Maine. 

Sayings of Subscribers 

Honorable Martin L. Durgin, Milo, Maine : 

"Under 'Notes and Fragments,' in the June number of your 
splendid Journal of Maine History, appears that little poetic gem 
by the late John J. Ingalls, entitled, 'Opportunity,' Every word 
of it tells of the poetic genius of its author, and yet it is heavy 
with pessimism. Here is the other side of the question by Judge 
Malone, of Memphis, Tenn., and every line of it breathes of 
optimism. While it may be termed less classical than the sonnet 
of Mr. Ingalls, yet somehow I like it better, for it bids us never to 
lose hope, while the former calls back to us, 'what's the use. 

They do me wrong who say I come no more, 
When once I knock and fail to find you in ; 
For every day I stand outside your door, 
And bid you wake and rise to fight and win. 

> >> 

Wail not for precious chances passed away; 
Weep not for golden ages on the wane; 
Each night I burn the records of the day ; 
At sun-rise every soul is born again. 

Laugh like a boy at splendors that have sped ; 
To vanished joys be blind, and deaf and dumb ; 
My judgments seal the dead past with its dead, 
But never bind a moment yet to come. 

Dr. B. Lake Noyes, Stonington, Maine: 

"I would not want to part with the Journal as it is valuable and 
I hope it will continue to confine itself wholly to Maine and docu- 
mentary material." 


Honorable H. H. Chamberlain, Round Pond, Maine: 

"The study of Maine history is one of the necessities of the 
times, and you have done, and are doing, valuable service in bring- 
ing within the reach of all the required information." 

Professor E. P. Sampson, Principal of the Yeates School, Lan- 
caster, Penn. : 

"I do enjoy reading the Journal. You have every reason to be 
proud of it." 

Miss Rhoda J. Porter, Bangor, Maine: 
"I prize your magazine very much." 

Mr. Frank C. Merritt, Private Secretary to Congressman Guernsey, 

Washington, D. C. : 

"According to my records you do not have the 1903 issue of the 
American Historical Association, 2 Volumes, and as I got hold of it 
the other day am pleased to ship it down to you. 

"I looked into the front of Vol. 1 and found that Goldwin Smith 
was the president for 1904. That recalled to my mind a trip I 
made to his home three years ago when roaming about Toronto. 
I saw a sign pointing to the home of Goldwin Smith and we went 
in and inspected his old home and library. He seemed to have 
been revered in Toronto much the same as Longfellow was in Port- 

Honorable Albert A. Burleigh, Houlton, Maine : 

"Sprague's Journal is one of my best magazines and deserves a 
large subscription list." 

Mr. Allen E. Hammond, Van Buren, Maine, lumber manufacturer, 
and well known business man in Northern Maine : 
"The bound volumes of the Journal have arrived and I have 
been dipping into them. I find them mighty interesting. I find very 
great pleasure in perusing them. The fund of information that you 
have accumulated is simply marvellous. The arduous labor you 
have done in gathering the data and in recording it in such inter- 
esting manner is deserving of praise higher than I can express. 
For the historian who will seek to compile for future generations 
your work is simply invaluable." 


Mr. Charles M. Starbird, Danville, Maine: 

"I have found the Journal an extremely interesting historical 
Journal and have been especially interested in the articles entitled 
'Hon. Elias Dudley and Some of His Political Correspondence', in 
Vol. 3, No. i, etc.; 'Centenary of War 1812-15/ in Vol 2, No. 2; 
'Sangerville, Maine, Centennial'; The Battle of Hampden ; 'The 
Moose Horn Sign', and 'Colonel John Allan*. 

"Each number of the Journal affords the reader a great store of 
Maine history that all should know, and I sincerely hope Mr. 
Sprague will continue the work so auspiciously begun." 

John Lynch's Book 

John F. Lynch of Machias, Maine, one of the bright, able 
and best known lawyers in the state, has recently written a book, 
issued this year from the press of George D. Loring in Portland. 
He has entitled it "The Advocate, An Autobiography and Series 
of Reminiscences." It is unique in its arrangement as it contains 
neither chapter nor section, but is one continuous and delightful 
relation of his life as boy and man. 

He begins it by giving evidence of what has undoubtedly been 
the experience of all writers of high or low degree in all the ages 
and that is what is commonly known as "inspiration." His first 
lines are these: 

Why I write, or what I am to write about, I do not know, and yet I 
am impelled by some influence beyond ny control to write something-. 

And then he humorously adds : 

It cannot be that I am divinely moved, for I am not good enough, and 
I feel sure that I am not bad enough to be entirely controlled by evil 

His varied experiences in his practice in the Courts, his life 
generally in a Maine country village ; his occasional visits to the 
cities and his casual peeps at city life ; his mingling with politics 
as a participant in the performances of one party and as a keen 
observer of the doings of another party; his views on religious 
and other vital subjects, and his remembrances of many noted 
Maine men of the past and of the present time are all told in a 
quaint and an exceedingly interesting manner and running through 
its every page is a vein of droll wit and humorous philosophy that 
is sure to captivate the reader. 

Every Maine lawyer will enjoy reading it for by its perusal he 
will gain much knowledge, some consolation and a lot of amuse- 


Death of Charles E. Wilson, a 
Former Maine Man 

Charles E. Wilson of San Francisco died at his home in that 
city, October 7, 191 6. 

He was born in Bradford, Maine, and was Jj years of age at the 
time of his death. 

He was the son of Miles and Melinda Kingsbury Wilson, his 
father being a brother of the late John H. W T ilson, once Sheriff* of 
Penobscot County and for many years, in the early days, a leading 
citizen of Bangor. 

During the Civil War, Mr. Wilson was a member of the Second 
Maine Cavalry. When elected commander of the G. A. R. in Cali- 
fornia he issued the general order, since adopted by all Grand 
Army posts and nearly all of the public schools, that the reading of 
Lincoln's Gettysburg address should be incorporated in the Memo- 
rial Day services. 

He was a cousin of the late Honorable Franklin A. Wilson, well 
remembered as an able lawyer and influential in professional, 
business, and political circles in eastern Maine and who was for 
many years the law partner of the late Honorable John A. Peters, 
member of Congress and late Chief Justice of the Supreme Judicial 
Court of Maine. 

After the Civil War he began the study and practice of law in 
the office of Peters & Wilson in Bangor. 

In July, 1868, Mr. Wilson took up the practice of law in San 
Francisco with Judge Robert Thompson, under the firm name of 
Thompson & Wilson. After two years he entered in partnership 
with S. N. Putnam, and six years later with George E. Otis under 
the firm name of Wilson & Otis. The latter partnership continued 
for four years. 

He was a member of the Unitarian, Commonwealth and Com- 
mercial Clubs, of the Masonic fraternity and of the Bar Association. 
In politics he was affiliated with the Republican party. 

His brother, the late Thomas K. Wilson, was one of the twelve 
original superior judges of that city. 

Mr. Wilson was a widower and is survived by one son, Fred M. 






We Specialize on Maine 



Your letters have that "catchey" ap- 
pearance that demand attention. We 
appiy the punch that gets you the 


Maine Register Offices 

390 Congress Street, 



Read Extract from Mr. O. H. Os- 
good's Letter. 

Bluehill, Me. 
Gentlemen: — 

After taking three bottles of Bux- 
ton's Rheumatic Cure, I am en- 
tirely free from all rheumatic pains. 
The medicine has done wonders for 
my indigestion. People here in 
Bluehill knew of my condition and 
wondered how I improved so 
quickly. I have placed nearly fifty 
bottles to friends of mine afflicted 
with indigestion or rheumatism and 
as yet have failed to hear of any 
case it has not helped, and some of 
them have been of long standing. 
Yours most respectfully. 

Intel's Rheumatic Core Co., Abbot Villus. Maine 

Livery and Sales Stable 

Stylish Rigs, Horses, Carriages, 

Sleighs, Harness and Robes 


Teams To and From all Trains 
Summer Street, near M. C R. R. Station 

Phone 92-2 


Dow & Boyle's 



Adler's Collegian, Kirschbaum 

Clothes, Hercules Suits for Boys 

Ed. V. Price Tailoring Line 

Gent's Furnishings 


Dow & Boyle, Dover, Me. 





Everything new and up-to-date 
— The Walrus Iceless Soda Foun- 
tain is always working. Our Ice 
Cream we have from Portland. 
Confectionery and Cigars. 


Registered Druggist 

Come in. We are always glad to 
see our old friends and 
make new ones 

Card Index Cabinets 

Letter Filing Cabinets 

and Supplies for the same 





Portland, Maine 

We have positive evidence of the reliability of the advertisers on these pages 


%&** """'"Ml 




I NO. Ar 

I J < 








History ia impartial; 

uevir prejudiced 

i / ' ■ 


., -.: .. 

[ JAN. 1917 ] 

2> Jbah. - - ■ - -— * < *' 


■ - 
- • 





- ■ 

- * -fc *^»*r;'VVO>HI»C-^* 

1 \ Y 






O. R. Emerson, M. D. 

J. J. McVety, M. D. 

i fillip I 

I If 

____ i! — ,: § : ■ * 

_... L^ 

The E. & M. Hospital 

Newport, Maine 

Admits all medical and surgical cases except conta- 
gious and mental diseases 

For information, rates, etc., address: 

OLGA J. HANSON, Supt., Newport, Me. 


YEARS the Insurance Man of Somerset Co. 

Never a Failure— Never a Law Suit---Whit more do you want? 


Hon. Elias Dudley and Some of 
His Political Correspondence.. 245 

Two Hundredth Anniversary of 
the First Permanent Settle- 
ment of Portland 252 

The Popham Colony Once More 253 

History of Aroostook County 
Probate Office and Records... 255 

Grandmother's Bear 260 

ihe Sword of Bunker Hill 261 

Piscataquis County Cemetery 
Inscriptions 262 

Deed from General Knox 265 

Documents and Letters Referring 

to Colonial Maine 266 

Teaching Maine History in Port- 
land Schools 269 

The Trail of the Maine Pioneer 271 

Personal Correspondence 271 

Sayings of Subscribers 272 

Letter from Hon. William R. 

Allan 274 

Albert Gallatin in Machias, 

Maine 276 

In Memoriam — William S. Heath 237 





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Sprague's Journal of Maine History 

Vol. IV JANUARY, 1917 No. 4 

In Memoriam — William S. Heath 

By Fannie Hardy Eckstorm. 

Lieutenant Colonel William S. Heath was bom in Belfast, Maine, 
in 1834; son of Solyman Heath, Esq.; read law in his father's 
office and was admitted to practice in 1858. Married a daughter 
of Honorable W . B. S. Moore of Watcrville; attended Yale for 
a time and graduated from Waterville College in 1855; r &ised & 
Company in Waterville in 1861 and was elected its Captain and 
assigned to Third Maine Regiment; was promoted to Lieutenant 
Colonel for bravery at the Battle of Bull Run, and received his 
commission September 24, 1861 as Lieutenant Colonel of the 
Fifth Maine. Was killed at the Battle of Gaines 1 Hill, June 27, 
1862, aged 28 years. (Editor.) 

He needs no monument of marble or brass to perpetuate the memory of 
his manly virtues; for, in the hearts of a loyal people, shall exist a memory 
ever green and living for the gallant defender of our Constitution and 

So spoke the Adjutant-General of the State in his ponderous 
report five and fifty years ago, 1 promising undying remembrance 
of the gallant dead. Yet today how many could recall Bill Heath? 
1 asked one of his old school-mates at the Chatham Barn school if 
he remembered Bill Heath. He did not. What has his state done, 
his native town, his own college for the memory of one who was 
promised to be shrined forever "in the hearts of a loyal people?" 
Green bays fade fast and even the willow sheds its leaves. It may 
be that this man's own children can not picture him as vividly as I 
who never saw him. 

Chance, if you will call it so, has drifted within my reach almost 
simultaneously the materials for this little history, a story common 
enough in the past and to be endlessly repeated in the years to 
come, of the high cost of warfare, where the best men give all and 

C 1 ) See Adjutant General of Maine Report for 1862, p. 138. 

::'■.:■ ■*-■. ' 


get nothing, not even a "memory ever green." This flamboyant 
official obituary, locked up in a musty old report; two letters of a 
youth who could not read the future; his mother's heart-broken 
response to words of sympathy — ("There seems to us now not one 
alleviating circumstance attending his sad departure") — and last, 

\ the program of his college commencement, plucked from a sheaf of 
old papers condemned to the fire, — why have all these come to me 
like homing doves, if not that I shall write of Bill Heath? 

I never saw Bill Heath. He died years before I was born. But 
when a child, driving along country roads, in the intimacy of a 
rare filial friendship, my father used to talk to me of Bill Heath, 

, the gallant, red-haired youth, two years younger than himself, 
whom he never ceased to love and lament, the youth who went to 
war when he himself could not go. 

"Saddled and bridled 
And booted rade he, 
Toom home came the saddle, 
But never came he." 

He went, and he did not come back. It is such a very common 
story, and it makes the world over for so many people. Often and 
often for twenty years my father spoke of Bill Heath; then not so 
often. Even a rare friendship in time merges into the background 
of life, not forgotten, but assumed as constant, immutable. It was 
the story of two boys, the boy of sixteen and the boy of eighteen; 
the younger bold and confident, instinctively victorious ; the elder 
shy, diffident, doomed to years of disappointment and suffering, yet 
of proven courage and in the end the master of his fate ; and to the 
successful youth the great prize of death in battle and the brief 
immortality of the Adjutant-General's report, and to the other a 
long life, spent in doing good, friends, a memory and the painful 
victory of working stubborn facts to the impress of his will, albeit 
in a village way. 

Lieutenant Colonel William S. Heath — I hardly know whether to 
be respectful or familiar, to call him Colonel Heath, or Bill, this 
man who died before I was born. He could have been my father, 
so far as age went, had he lived ; but I might be his mother, dying 
when he did. I smile on his rash youthfulness, dying at eight and 
twenty; but I should have listened with respect to his wisdom were 
he living at eighty. Colonel Heath, or Bill? It is one of the 
poignancies of grief for those who die young that we know not how 



we shall treat with them in another world. Are they deathlessly 
young while we are aging? Do the little children there grow up 
beyond cuddling? 

Bill Heath, as he was revealed to me, was a boy of pranks and 
sudden resolutions, of relapses of energy and periods of depression, 
always sure of victory in the immediate event, doubtful of the out- 
come of the distant one, a lad framed for action and emergencies, 
who fought the Mickeys daily on his road to school and spoke hog- 
latin after he got there and played pranks on everyone; ready in 
retort, genial in humor, rarely bested. It was the half-witted 
ferryman who came as near it as anyone. "Is Greek hard?" asked 
he, looking at the school books that travelled back and forth twice 
a day. "Look and see," and the half-wit, who had never seen a 
letter of Greek, opened the Aanabasis and without hesitation read 
the whole of "She went into the garden to get a cabbage-leaf to 
make an apple-pie," through the Pickalillies and the Joblillies and 
the Great Panjandrum himself. "I don't see anything very hard 
about that," said he, shutting the book. Bill Heath owned that he 
could not have done better himself. 

How much I forgot of this record of the two boy friends, those 
little things so long remembered, so faithfully narrated to me, and 
that which also must have been, of anxious and serious converse 
and youthful philosophy, attempting to make an unstable universe 
stand on end by sheer force of reasoning. 

Then Bill Heath went to college, and my father could not go. 
Then followed letters and the confidences of young men. Then 
that commencement to which my father, mounted in the old, strap- 
hung, two-wheeled chaise, journeyed a long, dusty August journey, 
that he might see Bill Heath graduate. Marriage, the Civil War, 
and obiit Bill Heath, aetat, twenty-eight. He left a frail young wife 
and three little children, too young to know him. 

But this is not such a tenuous tale as you may imagine, the studi- 
ous scholar, drifting off to war and presently snuffed out, before 
he had seen anything of life. Bill Heath belonged to an earlier day, 
when boys were men. He had not lived a sheltered life. He was 
an experienced traveller; a lawyer of proved ability; a teacher; a 
minor diplomat, and already a soldier of more than a year's experi- 
ence when he died at twenty-eight ; besides having graduated from 
college with distinguished honors. No boy today, thanks to our 
improvements in education, could put so much into so short a life. 


The Adjutant-General, in those early years of the Civil War, 
found time for long biographies of those who fell. He writes : 

In his early youth, Colonel Heath exhibited that precocity which indicates. 
not unfrequently, the man of genius. During the hours usually occupied 
in boyish sports, Heath was at home finding a keener enjoyment in the com- 
panionship of the historian and poet. 

One would infer some studiousness in a youth who graduates at 
twenty-one with distinguished honors. It is less easy to account for 
what follows. 

The intelligence of the gold harvest of California (again the Adjutant- 
General), created in young Heath an irresistible longing to see this magic 
land. We find him soon after, ardent and full of courage, meeting and 
conquering the innumerable hazards of an overland route to California. 

This must have been in 1849. Collating our dates we see that 
the boy was but fourteen. Who today would think of letting a scrap 
of a red-headed boy of that age take an overland trip even in an 
automobile? But then they did not count danger as something to 
be feared ; rather it was something to be sought and enjoyed. 

So Bill Heath killed buffalo and saw Indians, perhaps dodged 
their bullets, and thirsted on alkali deserts and got into the rush ot 
the gold fields. 

His curiosity was soon satisfied, and he became impatient to see more of 
the world. At length he engaged passage on board a ship and visited the 
Sandwich Islands. Here he remained but a short time when an opportunity 
offered, and he took passage for China. He remained with the Celestials 
but a few months, when he started on his return home by way of Cape of 
Good Hope. Before his sixteenth year he had thus accomplished the entire 
circumference of the globe. 

He was the eldest son of a lawyer ; therefore he had no immediate 
relatives to take charge of him. The inference is that this boy, 
well-trained, well-educated, not accustomed to shift for himself, 
made his way alone around the world, financing himself most of 
the way, and reached home before he was sixteen. 

But at sixteen he is home again, going to school with his book 
under his arm, as tractable a child as one could wish, barring the 
practical jokes which bordered both sides of every path he took. 

"Colonel Heath commenced his collegiate course at Yale, but 
was graduated with distinguished honors at Waterville, in 1855." 
He married, studied law, was admitted to the bar and removed to 
Minneapolis. But the next year he received a sub-consular appoint- 
ment at Montreal, and finally removed to his native state, to the 
fourth town in it in which he had lived. 


Here are letters. The first is dated 1853. 
Dear M , 

1 was both grieved and glad to receive your letter. . . . You seem to have 
been visited by more troubles than is usually the lot of mortals to encounter 
when as young and as pleasantly situated as well. We all of us have 
enough to undergo, to suffer and to sustain, writes this philosopher of nine- 
teen, but you, dear M., I think have experienced more severe and heavier 
trials than seems to our short-sighted wisdom to be kind or just. Still we 
must not repine, although complaints may well be pardonable. At least to 
myself any other affliction than that which you seem to bear with fortitude 
and serenity would be less fearful. 

I have passed through another of the many changes of life. I have 
actually been employed in teaching an Academy in Monmouth this spring 
I have finished this kind of business, I trust, forever. It may be a very 
beautiful thing in theory to train and develop budding minds, "to teach the 
young idea how to shoot," but let me tell you on the word of a pedagogue 
(and if necessary I could swear it by the ferule and the blackboard) that 
it is far different in practice. Ycu can imagine with what disgust I confined 
myself" to the school-room six hours in a day to hear all sorts of recitations, 
from Greek, Latin and Trigonometry down to Colburn's Primary lessons; 
you can picture the wretchedness I felt in initiating those youthful intellects 
in the mysteries of Numeration or the conjugation of Amo. But my school 
is now over and I am glad of it. 

I was thinking after I received your letter of the peculiarity of our 
acquaintanceship. More than four years, (a lapsus pernae for three) have 
glided away, sometimes swiftly and sometimes slowly, since we sat side by 
side in the walls of the old Chatham Barn and read Cicero and Virgil 
together. Months have rolled since we rowed over in the ferry to B., 
and fired at that piece of white paper from the fence and the tree, and since 
that memorable evening when your forehead came into such violent collision 
with mine — but yet though three years have passed we have not even seen 
each other. I sigh to think upon the changes that Time has brought to all 
humanity and especially to us. But yet I am not much altered either in 
feeling or in disposition. I believe I am still the same listless, unenergetic 
fellow born to sleep afternoons. 

How hard Wertherism died ! How natural it is to the young to 
look at themselves with detachment ! "A listless, unenergetic fellow, 
born to sleep afternoons !" Do young men still write to other young 
men after that strain in these days? 

And again he writes, the 6th of December of a year unknown, 
but probably 1856, and we may infer that he is in love and counts 
it some strange disease. 

I don't know why, but it is a fact nevertheless, that I am, to borrow a 
metaphor from the clockmaker, "all run down." I can't study, I can't read, 
I can't do anything as it should be done. My mental and physical system is 
entirely out of order. I want to recruit this winter and my question is this. 


Can't we go into the woods for about a month or so? I know you to be an 
intrepid backwoodsman and I have had some little experience in "camping 
out," so if you have nothing to do the scheme is quite feasible. 

I think that such a tramp would be very advantageous to us both. We 
could carry a buffalo skin and a few blankets on our backs. We might 
possibly shoot something that would give us provisions, or we might 
fall in with logging camps and partake of their hospitality. I think it would 
be most undeniably pleasant. But you know best whether we could suc- 
ceed in such an attempt or not. I want some change from this lazy life 
and must have it. . 

I am the most luckless of mortals, no, not the most luckless, for I have 
plenty of luck such as it is, a very undesirable quality, too, I assure you 
I shall expect a letter in about three days, containing the very pleasant in- 
formation that you are otherwise engaged and if you were not, still you 
wouldn't risk your life by peregrinating the region round about Mt. Katahdin 
with a half-crazy consumptive. I expect that, so you see, M., you can't dis- 
appoint me easily. 

I am exceedingly troubled with the "blues" and I have long since adopted 
it as an article of faith that there was a great mistake made when I was born. 
Only think, M., what a deal of trouble it would have saved to us both and 
to with all my friends. But as I don't suppose it can be helped now, I will 
try and forget it. 

Here is the program of the thirty-fourth commencement of a 
little college, relatively greater in those days than many far larger 
institutions today. The great men went to it with their lectures 
and addresses. Emerson gave his "Method of Nature" there, and 
in this year of our Lord, 1855, when William Solyman Heath was 
put down, near to the more honorable end of the program, with an 
English poem of the rank of an oration, the people were looking 
for a special treat in that part of the commencement which appeals 
more to a critical public than to the friends of the graduates. John 
G. Saxe, the wit of the day, was to give an original poem. 

The church was crowded that hot August afternoon. My father, 
on account of the press inside, had climbed up from without and 
sat in one of the windows, overlooking everything, eager to hear 
the famous stranger, but anxious to see what Bill Heath would do, 
anxious and fearful. Bill Heath had laid down a wager. "I will 
warrant that I can make that audience laugh harder than Saxe can," 
he had declared. "Don't try it," counselled the wisdom of twenty- 
three ; "they can withhold your diploma even now ; it's too big a 
risk."— "But I am going to succeed," said Bill Heath. 

Hot, hot, and stifling. Dust and sunshine. Outside only a cicada 
ripping the air with his chain-lightning music, and horses, hitched 
under the windows, stamping and switching flies. Within the usual 


black audience of an early New England commencement — men in 
broadcloth and elderly ladies in thick black silks, fanning themselves 
with hymn-books. Singers sang and orators orated and no one paid 
more than decent attention to anything but the heat until Saxe came 
forward with his graceful and witty theme. Whatever he said was 
either funny or accepted as funny and greeted with ripples of merri- 
ment or waves of laughter. He caught his audience and held them 
and reaped the harvest of applause that flattered his efforts while 
rewarding them ; then some better joke than usual ; some greater 
response to it, long and hearty laughter, chuckle, guffaws. Then the 
audience is settling back to listen ; the speaker has all but begun 
again. And suddenly, in the silence, echoes the belated roar of 
the utter blockhead who has but just seen the point, and who testi- 
fies that the joke has penetrated even his dull brain. The watcher 
in the window saw that it was Bill Heath's red head, among the 
graduating class, which was thrown back to let out that belated 
laugh, timing it exactly for the trough of silence after that great 
wave of applause, acting it so well that it was never suspected that 
a wager was beneath it. The audience were convulsed: The 
speaker joined in the laugh. The faculty gave way and even the 
grim dignity of the college president himself was not proof against 
the infection. He laughed, too. The wager was won, and Bill 
Heath held his diploma before anyone but the watcher in the win- 
dow knew what had really happened. 
But the Adjutant-General resumes : 

On reading this story of Fort Sumpter, he immediately returned to Water- 
ville, where he had a larger circle of acquaintance, enlisted as a private, 
and urged his whole influence to raise a company for the war. 

He was successful ; was elected Captain, and his company assigned to the 
3rd Maine Regiment. His natural enthusiasm suffered no abatement from 
his new mode of life. He very soon obtained the favorable notice of his 
superior officers, and for his soldierly bearing, his military ability, and his 
gallant and brave conduct at the Battle of Bull Run he merited and obtained. 
on the 24th of September, following, a commission as Lieutenant Colonel of 
the 5th Regiment of Maine Volunteers. 

This position he held at the time of his death. He had survived the 
natural disasters of the ill-fated campaign in the swamps of the Chicka- 
hominy. He had nearly survived that last terrible week of battle. On 
Friday evening, June 27th, in the battle of Gaines' Mills before Richmond. 
Colonel Heath fell. Colonel Jackson had already been carried wounded 
from the field, and Colonel Heath was by his voice and example cheering 
on the brave men of his skeleton regiment. Suddenly, as I am told, the cry 
ran along the lines. "You are firing on your friends." Colonel Heath, un- 
mindful of the peril, rode fearlessly into the wood which concealed the sup- 



posed enemy. Too late he discovered his error. The enemy were all around 
him. He fell in their midst, riddled by their bullets. No stone marks his 
resting place ; his friends search for his grave in vain. But he needs no 
monument of brass or marble to perpetuate the memory of his manly vir- 
tues ; for, in the hearts of a loyal people, shall exist a memory ever green 
and living for the gallant defender of our Constitution and Union. 

O brave rhetoric words without weight : We know that Bill 
Heath ought to have lived. We know that in the fifty years since 
the War, a man like that ought to have accomplished something. 
W r as this man worth no more than to be food for powder? What 
he gave, we have ; but no one of us can estimate what he might have 
given had he lived. And the green bays of the soldier, (even when 
they stay green longer than this man's), fade before the willow of 
grief fades, nourished by tears of parents and wife and children. 
''We have received many and kind words of compassion from vari- 
ous sources," writes his mother, "and of high commendation of our 
dear lost William, but as yet nothing can soften the terrible blow. 
He has left us in the very morning and beauty of manhood, when 
life to him must have been so pleasant and so much to be desired." 
As fresh and tragic as when written more than half a century ago, 
the words remain, though the rays of glory so lavished by the his- 
torian have faded. Grief outlasts glory ; it speaks one tongue ; it 
does not age nor change from century to century. And this is the 
story repeated everywhere today the half a world over, of men 
robbed of life when it "must have been so pleasant and so much 
to be desired." 

The following marriages are recorded in Book I, York County 
Probate Records : 

Married by Samuel Wheelwright, Esq., Justice of the Peace : 

Gilbert Endicott to Hannah Gowge, April 28, 1686. 

Richard Blanchett to Elizabeth Hussy, July 12, 1686. 

Samuel Littlefield to Mary Coale, Dec. 4, 1686. 

Married by Rev. Jno. Emerson : 

Jno. Leighton of Kittery to Hon'e Langley of Portsmouth, June 
13, 1686. 

She is given as Oner Langdon in the family history, and was the 
daughter of Tobias Langdon of Portsmouth, N. H. 

John Nason to Bridgett Wey mouth, both of Bar wick, Oct. 7, 

William Saunders to Sarah Wittum, Dec. — , 1687. 


Honorable Elias Dudley and Some 
of His Political Correspondence 

With Notes by the Editor. 

(Concluded from Vol. 4, p. 15) 

Confidential. , Bangor, Jany. 16. 1841. 

My Dear Sir: 

I see by the stage book that you leave Hampden tomorrow for Augusta to 
enter upon your duties as Counsellor. I therefore take the liberty to write 
this to you to say that I shall be a candidate for the office of United States 
District Attorney (the office now held by Mr. Howard of Portland) & I 
should be happy to have a letter from you to the Whig Delegation in Con- 
gress from Maine in my behalf upon the subject if it shall be agreeable to 
your feelings. You will excuse me for writing this but I presume you will 
have applications from other persons at Augusta & I wanted to be in season 
so that ycu might be apprised of my intentions. 

Truly your friend, 

Geo. W. Cooley. 


Elias Dudley, Esq. 

Augusta, Jany. 18, 1841. 
Hon, Elias Dudley, 
My dear Sir: 
Permit me to congratulate you on the change in our State Administration. 
& that you are among the select number associated with our worthy Chief 
Magistrate in the executive department. And as it is usual for this Board 
to appoint a Messenger for their convenience. I take the liberty to recommend 
my neighbor Mr. Ebene. Jones who has heretofore served in this office under 
Gov. Kent's administration, as a suitable person, well qualified for the office. 
Whenever a recess- from business will permit you to visit, we shall be 
gratified to see you at our dwelling in State street. 

Respectfully yours, 

F. H. Sewall. 

Bath. Jany. 25, 1841. 

Elias Dudley, Esq.. 
Dr. Sr.: 

I take pleasure in introducing to your acquaintance (the bearer of this) 
Mr. Henry Masters, who has been induced by numerous friends to apply 
for the Clerk of Courts office in this (Lincoln) County & Mr. Masters is a 
gentleman of good education and character, and should he receive the ap- 
pointment, I am satisfied he would fulfill the duties of the office with honor 
to himself & friends. 

I understand Mr. Hubbard of Thomaston is using every exertion to obtain 
the appointment, should he receive it. I consider he would be extremely 




unpopular notwithstanding the large number of names he may get on his 
petition. Respectfully Yours, 

G. W. Kendall. 

Hampden, Feby. 18, 1841. 
Brother Elias: 

I take the Liberty to introduce to you the bearer of this Letter, George 
Pendleton, Esq., of Camden, which is anxious to obtain the Collector-ship 
of this district. I can say to you he is a man that I have been acquainted 
with for a number of years and he has always sustained a good character 
and I suppose is well qualified for the office. I understand by his friends 
he has a large majority in his own town and an equal share in the towns 
around, ard I think that if you had not pledged yourself to any other man 
there would be no risk in giving him your support. You can enquire of 
Mr. Marshall as to the character of the man for I suppose he is well 
acquainted with him. He is a true Whig and a thorough Temperance man. 

Your Brother, 

John Dudley. 

P. S. We are all well. Our family all join in love to you. 

Bangor, Feb. 20, 1841. 
Dear Sir: 

You will recollect we had some conversation together about the appoint- 
ment of Mr. Hobbs of this city, as County Attorney. Upon inquiry, since I 
arrived home, I do not find that the public mind has settled down in favor of 
any particular person for this office, & finding that Mr. Hobbs would be 
glad to accept this appointment, and that his nomination would be as accept- 
able as any other one, to the people here, I have concluded to write you this 
line, so that, if you are favorably inclined to this appointment, you will use 
such influence as you shall judge most proper to bring it about. 

That Mr. Hobbs is well qualified for this office, & could discharge the 
duties to the acceptance of the public, there can be no doubt, the only 
difficulty is to make the selection, & in taking this course, I think the Gov. & 
Council will find less enbarassment than the appointment of any other person. 

Yours respectfully, 

Elijah L Hamlin. 1 

(*) Elijah L. Hamlin was born in Livermore, Maine, March 29, 1800, and 
was an older brother of Honorable Hannibal Hamlin, formerly Vice-Presi- 
dent and Senator of the United States. He removed to Bangor about 1836. 
He was a lawyer by profession and took a great interest in Maine History. 
He was an early member of the Maine Historical Society and President of 
the Bangor Historical Society. To his investigations along this line, Mr. 
Parkman in his "Pioneers of France in the New World" (Page 304) 
acknowledges his indebtedness for the knowledge of the locality on Mount 
Desert Island, where the Jesuits attempted to establish their mission in 1613— 
Fernald's Point. 

Mr. Hamlin was land agent of the state in 1838 and 1841 and was Mayor of 
Bangor 1851-2-3. He was also Representative to the Legislature from 
Bangor in 1847-48. 

He died in Bangor, July 16. 1872. 


Bangor, Feby. 20, 1841. 
Elias Dudley, Esq., 
Dear Sir: 
I learn that Frederic Hobbs, Esq., is a candidate for the office of County- 

I have no disposition to interfere in the Executive appointments, believing 
that the Gov. & Council have the ability and the disposition to make proper 
selections ; but I would most cheerfully state that if Mr. Hobbs should be 
appointed to the office above referred to, he would perform its duties 
advantageously to the government, acceptably to the community and with 
honor to himself. 

I know of no selection that could be made that would, in my judgment, 
be more satisfactory. 

Yours most truly, 
• James Crosby. 

Hampdex, 3, March, 1841. 
Hon Elias Dudley, 

The whigs of this & lower corner village had a meeting at the Academy 
house last evening on the subject of Petitioning the Post Master General in 
relation to a new Post Master in this place. Samuel Phipps had a majority 
01 the votes. A petition is about to be sent to Washington to that effect. 
We think it desirable to secure the cooperation of Geo. Evings as we shall 
meet with the opposition of the Universalist of this place, the members of 
that order it is said, to a man voted for O. H. Hinckly last evening as to 
Hinckleys qualifications & morals you can judge for yourself. 

Doubtless some members of the Legislature are personally acquainted with 
Mr. Evings & would do us the favor to write that gentleman on the subject. 
Your particular & immediate attention to this business will confer a favor on 
your Hampden friends. 

I am Sir respectfully 

Your Humble servant, 

Hon 1 . Elias Dudley. J. Kidders. 

Dixmont, March 23, 1841. 
Elias Dudley, Esq. 

Dear Sir — Enclosed I send you an application of Capt. Norris Bragg for 
a discharge which you will see is approved by Brig. Gen. Sargent and Col. 
Mudeet, which I wish you to hand to the Gov. after presenting it to Gen. 
Merrill of the Senate for his signature. 

Capt. Bragg was an officer in the Rifle Company here & obtained an hon- 
orable discharge last year & joined the new light Infantry Co. to aid the 
cause — he has recently lost all his uniform by fire & is unable to obtain an 
other — He is a worthy & Industrious young man and his prayer in my 
opinion ought to be granted — in fact I trust under such circumstances, there 
will be no objections to it. 

Your attention to the subject will much oblige. 

Your friend & Obt. Svt. 

F. A. But man.* 



Augusta, March 31st, 1841. 
To the Hon. Elias Dudley 
of the Council, 
Dear Sir: 

As you are well aware of my wishes in regard to the appointment of 
Clerk of the Courts for Penobscot County, I have supposed you would 
permit me to address you upon the subject. This I should have done long 
since, but during the pendency of the County Officer Bill (so called), in 
the Legislature, I thought myself not at liberty to embarrass the minds of 
the Govr. and Council by intruding a subject upon which they could not be 
prepared to act, and also, as I had introduced the matter to the attention of 
Gov. Kent some time since, by a communication of my wishes. As that 
subject seems now to be nearly or quite at rest, in the action of the 
Legislature, and as the time is probably drawing near, when the appoint- 
ment will be made, I take the liberty of introducing my case to your notice, 
with the hope and expectation, that it will have your candid friendly con- 
sideration, and only that degree of attention which it merits. 

I am frank to avow, that I am very desirous of obtaining the office, having 
a family of children and other friends dependent upon my exertions tor a 
living. I do not urge that alone for a reason for my appointment, as I 
know that there are many others as deserving, in the same predicament, but 
it is very natural to think of these things first. 

I have never before asked a favor at the hands of the Govt, for the reason, 
that I have been content to keep along about my business, contributing with 
pleasure, my quota of time, money and influence, for the support of those 
principles which I have ever most sincerely believed to be calculated to per- 
petuate the invaluable blessings bequeathed by our honored Fathers ; for 
which, we can never be too thankful, and for the preservation of which. 
we ought to bend all our energies. With the effects which have followed 
the folly and recklessness of the two last National administrations, particu- 
larly in their application to the mercantile classes, you are well acquainted: 
blighting the prospects of the honest and industrious, and producing dis- 
order in all the departments of active business. In this respect, I have been 
a great sufferer, and by which, I am prevented from engaging in any mer- 
cantile employment to advantage. 

Now, if there are any offices of emolument to be bestowed, I feel that the 
mercantile portion of the community ought to be particularly remembered, and 
the more so in our section of the State, as they have ever been, and are now, 
the most active supporters of the present Whig, State & National Adminis- 
tration. Whilst they have also been, the greatest sufferers from the mis-rule 
and wickedness of Jacobinison. Thank God, we have escaped the utter 
destruction of our institutions, and I trust a better state of things is to 
follow. That it would be gratifying to the class referred to, in our com- 
munity to see my appointment, I have the satisfaction of knowing, and that 
it would also be so to several of the most respectable members of the bar. 
I also am happy to know. As to the Agricultural portion of the community, 
I have the vanity to suppose, from my acquaintance with them, which is 
very extensive, and my connections with them, they also would be pleased. 
That there would be some disaffection is to be expected. If appointed. 



however, it would be my untiring object by an honest and faithful devoted- 
ness to the duties of the office to render myself worthy the approbation of 
all concerned, and fulfil the wishes of those by whose confidence I may be 
empowered to act. When I fail to do this in any of the relations of life, I 
am most unhappy. Of my character and abilities, I am not inclined to 
speak. These are well known to Gov. Kent and others. He knows me well, 
and I prefer to leave the question to the unbiased promptings of his own 
good sense and sound discretion, in which we all have so deserved con- 
fidence, rather than to present before him an array of names, which I might 
have done, but have urged my friends not to do. With these suggestions, 
made in the simplicity of my feelings, I leave the subject to be presented in 
such light, and disposed of in such manner as you may deem proper. 
Meanwhile, I am 

with much respect, 

Your very Obt. Svt, 

Geo. A. Thatcher. 1 

Bangor 19, Oct. 1841. 
Hon. Elias Dudley: 

D. Sir. I am requested by some of your, friends to write you relative to 
the confirmation by the Council of the nomination of Judge Weston to be 
C. Justice of the S. J. Court — It is said that a portion of the Bar of this 
and some of the other counties will do what they can to prevent his nomi- 
nation being confirmed. Some of the Bar here and most all not of the bar 
will be well satisfied with Judge Weston's appointment. It is believed under 
all the circumstances that there is no one so suitable as he, at any rate he 
has been long tried & we know what he is, but take a new man & we should 
not know till we had tried him. 

Judge Weston is acknowledged to be a good nisi prius Judge & his law 
decisions are as correct probably as those of any other Judge. It is but 
recently that we have heard any complaint from the bar & now it is believed 
they are not well founded. Appoint any other man and all the late cases 
must be argued over again, to this the lawyers would not object as they 
would receive fees for rearguing; but their clients must pay. This is the 
first appointment under the alteration in the constitution and it is well 
there should be the example set of keeping party considerations from the 
appointments of the Judiciary and that where the old Judges are believed to 
be better qualified than any others, they should be reappointed. 

Very respectfully, 

Yours, Solomon Parsons.' 

Exeter, Me., August 7th, 1858. 
Dear Sir: 

I have been requested by some of your Republican friends to say to you 
that they are very desirous of having Josiah Crosby of Dexter, Esq., nomi- 

O George A. Thatcher was Recording Secretary of the Bangor Anti- 
Slavery Society, organized in 1837. 

(') Solomon Parsons was President of the Common Council of Bangor, 
1834-5; was President of the Globe Bank in 1841. 



nated for the office of County Attorney, by the Republicans at their approach- 
ing county Convention, and I embrace the opportunity with the more pleasure. 
because it affords the pleasure of tendering to you, and thro' you to your 
Brother, my zcannest thanks for your present of ten dollars sent to me, long 
since, by Genl. John L. Hodsdon, 1 my adopted but generally beloved son, who 
so often has seen & known you as a Juror, whom a mere boy, and has many 
times written your name upon the Dockets and records of the Courts, and 
upon the pay rolls of Jurors, before he was honored with your acquaintance. 
I hope and trust that you have the blessing of good health continued to you, 
and all other blessings that can make old age comfortable and life desirable. 
With political affairs, I have long since been in a state of inactive quietus, 
a mere looker on. Nearly yy years has served to abate my ardour for such 
avocations. But with regard to the particular object of this letter, Mr. 
Crosby, with whom you are probably personally acquainted, I have long had 
rather an intimate acquaintance, he is an able Lawyer, a good advocate, a 
fair practitioner, and above all I believe an honest man, and people, especially 
the Republican party, to which he is warmly attached, are anxious that he 
should be made County Atty. And several of them who know that we had 
some acquaintance with each other would be glad to have me men — to you 
their wishes. Also to desire you, if you approve of their choice, to make 
it favorably known to your acquaintances and especially to those citizens 
of your town who may attend the Convention as delegates. 

For my own part I would as lieve Mr. Crosby would be County Attorney 
as any other man in the County. 

For all your courtesy and kindness to me as well in the Council Chamber 
as elsewhere, I pray you to accept my warmest gratitude and kindest wishes, 
to yourself and all who are dear to you. 

I am Dear Sir, with 
much esteem 

your friend & Serv't, 
Hon. Elias Dudley/ Isaac Hodgdon. 2 


Honorable Josiah Crosby was for a long time a resident of 
Dexter, Maine. He was the son of Oliver Crosby and Harriet 
(Chase) Crosby of Atkinson, Maine. He. was born in Dover, New 
Hampshire, November 14, 1816, and went with his family to 
Atkinson in 1820. He fitted for college at Foxcroft Academy; 
graduated at Bowdoin in the class of 1835 '■> to °k a degree of A. M. 
at the same college in 1838; studied law with Alfred Johnson of 
Belfast, Frederick Hobbs of Bangor and Charles P. Chandler of 

O John L. Hodsdon of Bangor was Adjutant General of Maine 1861-1865. 

(*) Isaac Hodsdon at one time a resident of Corinth, Maine, was the second 
Clerk of Courts of Penobscot County, 1821-1836. 

./&£? "■'■ 


25 1 

Dover; was admitted to the Bar in Piscataquis county, September, 
1838; was in practice in Dover in company with Mr. Chandler six 
months ; then at Levant, now Kenduskeag, a year and a half ; 
then at Exeter, Maine, until January, 1845. when he removed to 

In politics Mr. Crosby was, in his early years, a Whig and a 
Republican, but later in life became a Democrat. He was Repre- 
sentative to the State Legislature from Dexter in 1857, 1863 and 
1865. In 1867 and 1868 he was Senator from Penobscot county 
and was President of the Senate in 1868. 

He was a lawyer of great ability and had an extensive practice 
in Eastern Maine. 

He died in Dexter, Maine, May 5, 1904. 

This concludes the Elias Dudley correspondence, all of which has been con- 
tributed by the Honorable Lucilius A. Emery of Ellsworth. Me. 

( Editor. ) 





^ erst . _ : 

■■■■ - ** 

- •". 


s*r - ^ 


One Guide is Enough for the West Branch Trip. 
Courtesy of B. & A. R. R. 


The Two Hundredth Anniversary 
of the First Permanent Settle- 
ment of Portland 


This event was properly observed by the city of Portland and its Cham- 
ber of Commerce on the afternoon of June 10, 1916. 

A long industrial and historical parade led by a platoon of police and six 
bands of music marched through the streets. 

Its line of march was from Federal street up Franklin to Congress, over 
Washington and thence up Cumberland avenue to State and thence to Con- 
gress ard down Congress street, past the reviewing stand in front of the 
City Hall. 

In the reviewing .stand with Mayor Wilford G. Chapman were: Gov- 
ernor Oakley C. Curtis, Lieut. Colonel George W. Getchell, commander of 
the Portland Coast Defenses ; Rear Admiral DeWitt Coffman. commander 
of the First Division of the Atlantic Fleet ; Rear Admiral Albert Cleaves, 
commander of the Torpedo Boat Destroyer Squadron ; Charles F. Flagg, 
chairman of the Captain Moodey Celebration Committee; President George 
I.. Crosman of the Portland Chamber of Commerce. 

Captain Hugh Redman of the Xew York: Captain D. F. Sellers of the 
Birmingham; Lieut. F. M. Perkins of the Birmingham: Lieut. R. B. 
Coffman of the Xew York; Major Francis A. Pope of the U. S. Engineers 
Department ; Lieut. Hugh Allen, Aldermen Darius H. Roberts, William 
H. Sanborn, Charles E. Clarke, Thomas E. Frates, Henry X. Taylor, Charles 
E. Willis, Joseph P. McCarthy, City Messenger James C. Furnival ; Coun- 
cilmen Francis J. McDonnell, Winthrop W. Riggs, Carroll B. Skillin, Thomas 
A. Sanders, Raymond B. Oakes. The parade committee : George C. Owen, 
Augustus F. Moulton. Willis B. Hall and General Stocker of Canton 
Ridgley, P. M. 

At the Eastern cemetery brief exercises were held over the grave of 
Samuel Moodey, and later in the Auditorium of the City Hall an able and 
exhaustive address was delivered by Honorable James Phinny Baxter, 
Maine's foremost and venerable historian, on The Settlement of Portland, 
by Samuel Moodey and others. 

On the platform were Mayor W.# G. Chapman, Honorable James P. 
Baxter, Charles F. Flagg, president of the State Board of Trade and 
Edward L. Jones, secretary of the Board of Trade at Gorham. 

Mr. Flagg opened the meeting and spoke of the committee appointed 
two months ago to make arrangements for this event which had been 
augmented from time to time by many persons. He spoke of the im- 
pressions and character of the people of Portland and said Mayor Chap- 
man would preside. 

Mayer Chapman ^aid he appreciated the honor conferred upon him as 
presiding officer at the meeting and he extended a greeting to Admiral 
Cleave? and his staff and wished more of them might have been present. 


"America, the Beautiful," was then rendered by Will C. Macfarlane, the 
municipal organist and this was followed by an original poem by Edward 
L. Jones of Gorham, entitled, "The Forest City" and dedicated to Mayor 

In introducing ex-Mayor Baxter, Mr. Chapman said: 

"We are celebrating the 200th anniversary of the permanent settlement 
of Portland by Major Moodey and his brave band." 

And the Mayor expressed the hope that they struck better weather than 
we had last night. He said it was an honor to introduce as the speaker of 
the evening the first citizen of our city today who is held so highly by 
the public. 

Mr. Baxter then made his address and illustrated it by 17 slides which 
were thrown on the screen by W. H. Shaylor, Jr. 

The Journal intends to publish the full text of this address which makes 
an important chapter in the history of Maine. 

The Popham Colony Once More 

By Rev. Henry O. Thayer. 

There recently appeared in the Bath, Maine. Independent, two 
items scissored from Maine papers respecting the recent 300th 
Anniversary of Biddeford. That celebration was put in comparison 
with the Popham Tercentenary. The priority and value of those 
two enterprises need have no discussion. But the second item 
replying to the first carried over the question to permanency and 
pointedly requested "Documents to prove that Popham was per- 
manentlv settled before Biddeford." Then a third item which 
would interpret the others, makes reply to the extent of five lines 
affirming settlements on the Kennebec and Sheepscot from 1607, 
there further asserting. ''Popham colonists did not return when 
the colony was broken up." all under a headline of assurance, "This 
Settles It." 

As printed it goes no further than a simple assertion, with no 
evidence, no reference to documents. 

Will the Editor please permit me to repeat that request for docu- 
mentary or any evidence which will stand in any court or before 
common sense. Let the call be as clear and incisive as can be made 
for proof — not assertion. 

Those who possess or can refer to files of the Independent will 
find in the number of June 13, 1914. — "Prominent Men of Saga- 




tiahoc," a sketch of George Popham and outlines of the Colony's 
history. Evidence is there given of the total disruption of the 

As evidence of the fact I will repeat and enlarge from that 
paper, portions derived from writers and historians of the time, 
nearly all of that same century, yet for brevity will omit authors' 
names, of no value to ordinary readers. The death of Justice John 
Popham was a fatal blow to the colony. "He dying, all fell." 
"The calamity and evil news made the whole company to resolve 
upon nothing but their return with the ships, and for the present to 
leave the country again."' 'The arrival (in England) was a won- 
derful discouragement — no more speech of settling any other plan- 
tation in those parts for a long time after." "After a winter's stay 
they- returned back with the first occasion." "The colonists desert- 
ing the colony returned to England." "All resolved to quit the 
place and with one consent to away, by which all our former hopes 
were frozen to death." 'The company by no means would stay 
any longer in the country, wherefore they all embarked and set sail 
for England." "Abandoned their enterprise the same year and have 
not pursued it since." 

Further and more forcible in bearing on the very point in question 
comes the testimony of the redoubtable Captain John Smith. He 
came to the coast in 1616 — eight years after that departure, ex- 
plored from Penobscot to Cape Cod, examined harbors and rivers, 
made maps and visited some thirty Indian camps, and wrote out 
particulars of his doings. He is entirely silent of any English set- 
tlement, any beginning or remnant existing, or of white men in 
camps, or cabins upon the land. He says all his endeavors and 
urging settlements, availed "no more than to hew rocks with oyster 
shells." Then he refers to the Popham settlement: "They all 
returned to England in the year 1608 and thus the plantation was 
begun and ended in one year," thus supporting the testimonials. 
T hen definitely he makes a pointed declaration in another form : 
"The colony had dissolved itself within a year, and there was not a 
Christian in all the land :" not a Christian, not a European in dis- 
tinction from the American Savage. That puts into a sentence the 
testimony of all his book, that no European was discovered by him 
in all his exploration of the coast harbors and rivers. 

No person of sense and candor will assert that Smith did not 
know, nor that he equivocated. He was on the spot — he traversed 


the ground ; he wrote from direct observation ; is a witness who 
must be credited. V 

These brief quotations can be supplemented and supported by 
other historical material, impossible here and needless. It can be 
said, however, no historical event of that century has clearer and 
stronger evidence by general history and particular documents, 
that every living soul brought over by five ships to Sagadahoc and 
remaining to the autumn of 1608 did depart for England upon the 
disruption and not one was left on the coast of Maine. 

It is regretted by historical scholars that a contrary statement 
was thrust into our literature and has grown and still flourishes like 
a noxious weed. Its seeds were mixed theory and conjecture, a 
cunning and misleading theory, devised for a purpose, very helpful 
to other theories contributing to a big story for Maine. For that 
end it is now continually used. 

Anyone who will study it as presented by its originator can dis- 
cover an attractive, airy structure, skillfully built of pieces of facts 
and events, bound together by conjectures and asserted probabili- 
ties, chiefly resembling the method of a scheming lawyer befogging 
a jury. A showy affair, it has pleased many, and supposed to be 
real and sound history, it has entered heads, unable to go to original 
sources. Allow me to urge with all emphasis on any who hold or 
half-hold this belief, to cast it aside till evidence is found. 

Also I will repeat the call of the Biddeford editor quoted, "Come 
on with your documents/' or with anything that is valid evidence. 

History of Aroostook County Pro- 
bate Office and Records 

There having been some confusion regarding the Probate Court 
records of Aroostook County, on May 2, 1906, Mr. Justice Powers 
presiding at the April term of the Supreme Judicial Court held at 
Houlton, appointed the Honorable Beecher Putnam to examine the 
records in the Probate office and report to the Court at a subsequent 
term. The following is the text of Mr. Putnam's report: 

Prior to May first, 1839, Washington county included a large 
part of what is now Aroostook county, and until April first, 1835, 
the Probate papers for all of Washington county were recorded at 



Machias. The Legislature of 1835 established a Court of Probate 
for the Northern District of Washington county with a Judge and 
Register, said Northern District including the same territory as 
described in an act of the Legislature of 1831, creating a Northern 
Registry of Deeds for Washington County. 

The County of Aroostook was established by Act of the Legis- 
lature of 1839, Chapter 395 of the Public Laws, approved by 
Governor John Fairfield, March 16, 1839, t0 ta ^ e effect May first. 
1839. The first term of Probate Court for the Northern District 
of Washington county was held at Houlton on Tuesday, April 5, 
1836, Samuel Cook, Judge, and Isaac W. Tabor, Register. The first 
paper recorded is petition of Sarah Deering asking for administra- 
tion on the estate of William Deering, late of Lake Settlement near 
Weston (probably what is now Orient). There are 56 pages of 
Probate records at Houlton, which include all the cases before the 
Probate Court from 1836 to 1839, which were seven in number, as 
follows: W'illiam Deering, Abijah Felch, Samuel Jones, John 
Tenney, Elizabeth Boynton, John Bickford and Joseph Whitaker. 
The original papers in these cases were found by me in a box in 
the basement of the Court House at Houlton. They have since 
been properly filed by the present Register, Mr. S. S. Thornton, 
and he has also made an index to the original volume, in which 
they were recorded. 

As there were no newspapers published in Aroostook county 
during the first half of the nineteenth century, notices were ordered 
in the Frontier Journal, published at Calais, in the Bangor Demo- 
crat, in the Augusta Age and in other Maine papers. In 1859 the 
first Probate notices were printed in the Aroostook Pioneer, then 
published at Presque Isle and in i860 notices were printed in the 
Aroostook Times. 

Terms of Probate Court were held at Houlton from 1836 to 1839, 
on the first Tuesday of April and October, and occasionally at other 
times and places. The first term of Probate Court for the County 
of Aroostook was held at Houlton on the first Tuesdav of Julv, 
1839, Samuel G. Tuck, Judge, Thomas P. Packard, Register; and 
thereafter wards for a number of years the Court was held at 
Houlton on the third Tuesday of January, March, May and on the 
first Tuesday of July, September and November, and at Madawaska 
Plantation on the fourth Tuesday of December; after 1848, on 
the fourth Tuesday of January. After March, 1857. Courts of 
Probate were held at Houlton on the third Tuesdav of Februarv. 

, i 


April, June, October and December, at Presque Isle on the third 
Tuesday of August, and at the dwelling-house of Baptiste Fournier. 
Madawaska, on the first Tuesday of September. In more recent 
years terms of Probate Court have been held at Houlton, Presque 
Isle, Fort Kent, and Van Buren each year ; and since the building 
of the Court House at Caribou, in 1895, the Court has been held at 
Caribou in place of Presque Isle. At the present time six terms of 
Probate Court are held at Houlton, five terms at Caribou, one term 
at Fort Kent, one term at Van Buren each vear. 

Many quaint and peculiar expressions occur in these early records. 
in Volume two is the record of a notice posted at "Luther Snell's 
Inn" in Houlton. The Probate Records of Houlton are contained 
in one volume of Washington county records, and in 61 volumes of 
Aroostook County records. In the first four volumes probate papers 
are recorded consecutively as filed in court, the entire record being 
in writing. Volume four, Aroostook county, contains the first 
printed forms for recording probate papers, and were first used by 
Charles M. Herrin, Register of Probate, at the term held at Houlton 
on the third Tuesday of June, 1857. 

I have examined each of the 62 volumes of the probate records, 
and I have found that the records have been kept very well and the 
work well done. I have made no attempt to compare all of the 
original papers with the records, but I have compared some few 
original papers of each year with the records, and I have found 
the records to be very accurate. A few of the original papers are 
missing from the files, but the number of missing papers is very 
small, considering the years that have elapsed since the office was 
created. The present Register has been very diligent in calling in 
all the papers which were out of the office on receipts given by vari- 
ous attorneys. Many original papers have been recovered by him 
which were borrowed from the files years ago. The system of 
indexes to the probate records used in the past has been far from 
satisfactory, and Mr. Thornton is now preparing a complete set of 
new indexes, which will be a great improvement. He plans to have 
index "A" include all the records up to 1895; index "A-i." from 
1895 t0 T 9°5 • index "A-2." from 1905 to 1915. This work should 
be done under the direction of the Countv Commissioners of Aroos- 
took county, and by Chapter 164 of the Public Laws of 1907, they 
are authorized to do so at the expense of the county. 

I have already referred to the fact that, prior to 1836, all probate 
papers were recorded at Machias. and I would recommend that 

<; '. ' •■ 


the county commissioners of Aroostook county have a copy made 
of so much of the early probate records of Washington county as. 
relates to probate cases in what is now Aroostook county. I have 
corresponded with C. Hollis White, Esq., the Register of Probate 
for Washington county. He informs me that the probate records 
of his county are without an index from 1785 to 1865. He thinks 
that the records prior to 1836 could be examined and the Aroostook 
county cases copied at a very small expense, as these cases were 
few in number. 

Since 1836 the office of Judge of Probate for Aroostook county 
has been held by 11 different persons. The longest term was that 
of H. R. Downes, Judge for 16 years, from 1865 to 1880. During 
the same period of time the Registers of Probate have been 21 in 
number. The longest term was that held by Harry M. Briggs, 
Register for 12 years, from 1893 to 1904. I add hereto a list of the 
Judges and Registers of Probate for Aroostook county during the 
period of 71 years. 

Houlton, Maine, April 12th, 1907. 

As said Commissioner. 

Judges of Probate for the Northern District of Washington 

county : 

Samuel Cook 1838 to 1839 

Judges of Probate for Aroostook County. 

Samuel G. Tuck 1839 to 1852 

Joel Wellington * 1852 to 1850 

Bradford Cummings 1857 to i860 

Z. P. Wentworth 1861 to 1863 

William Small 1864101865 

H. R. Downes 1865 to 1880 

Lyman S. Strickland 1881 to 1884 

Louis C. Stearns 1885 to 1888 

George H. Smith 1889 to 1896 

Nicholas Fessenden 1897 to 

Registers of Probate for the Northern District of Washington County. 

Isaac W. Tabor 1838 to 1839 

Registers of Probate for Aroostook County. 

Thomas P. Packard 1839 to 1841 

Z. P. Wentworth 1841 to 1842 

Samuel Cooch 1842 to 1844 

Isaac W. Tabor (Pro tern) 1844 to 

Theodore Cary 1845 to 1846 

E. P. Pierce 1847 to 


t - . - 


Z. P. Wentworth 1847. to 1849 

J. H. Bradford (Pro tern) " 1849 to 1850 

E. D. French 1851 to 1852 

Z. P. Wentworth 1853 to 1855 

Leonard Pierce 1856 to 

Charles M. Herrin 1857 to i860 

Lyman O. Putnam * 1861 to 1868 

Lyman S. Strickland 1869 to 1876 

Nicholas Fessenden 1877 to J 88o 

William T. Spear / 1 881 to 1884 

Charles F. Weed 1885 to 1888 

Ransf ord W. Shaw 1889 to 1892 

Harry M. Briggs 1893 to 1904 

Seth S. Thornton T905 to 

A true copy .of Record. 


Clerk. Supreme Judicial Court. 

Ancient Block House, Wiscasset, Maine. 
Contributed to the Journal by Honorable Frederick \V . Plaisted of 
Augusta, Maine. 



Grandmother's Bear 

By A. W. Stewart. 

There is in all our lives some exploit, incident or story that hap- 
pened, or was told to us in early years, that stands preeminent in 
our minds. As I turn back the pages of memory, I seem to hear 
my father telling again the story I never wearied of hearing, of 
Grandmother and the bear. 

Olive, wife of Deacon Thomas Steward, was the daughter of 
Colonel John Moor, of Bunker Hill fame, and inherited much of 
the undaunted courage and resourcefulness of her parents as the 
following will show. 

One day, when a young woman, her husband being away for the 
day, she was left alone on the partly-cleared farm in that part of 
old Canaan, that is now Skowhegan, Maine, than an almost unbroken 
forest with only a few neighbors, the nearest, perhaps, a mile away. 
As she stood spinning in the living room of their log cabin home, her 
glance wandered across the few acres of land which her husband 
had cleared, she saw lumbering along out of the adjoining woods, 
a large bear. 

Bruin had evidently made up his mind for a feast, for he went 
directly into a field of corn which was just in the milk, exactly as 
bears like it. Grandmother, knowing that the bear would not only 
eat the corn, but would trample and spoil a great deal more than he 
ate, cast about her for some way to circumvent him. Having no 
weapon at hand but an axe, she did not challenge him to mortal 
combat, but having in the house, as every one did at that time, some 
New England rum, which, mixed with molasses, she knew was a 
delicacy no bear could resist, she quickly formed her plan of attack. 
and while his bear-ship was giving his whole attention to filling his 
stomach with corn, she mixed the rum and molasses in an earthern 
pan and slipping around the cornfield, placed it beside a big stump 
where the breeze would carry the scent of the rum in the bear's 

She had scarcely got it placed, when bruin raised himself on his 
hind legs and began sniffing the air, nor did he continue this lon^ 
before he made a beeline for the rum and then," like many of his 
human brothers, he found that which was his undoing, in other 
words, he drank himself drunk and lay down to sleep it off. Then 

1 • ■*- 


grandmother reappeared upon the scene, this time with a stout 
chain with which she fastened the bear to the stump. 

Then when grandfather came home in the evening, he found that 
Mr. Bear, despite his struggles, was still there. 

When killed, he weighed over three hundred pounds, and his 
skin, for many years, was proudly shown by the family, as "Grand- 
mother's Bear." 

The Sword of Bunker Hill 

By William Ross Wallace. 

Fifty years ago and more this was a popular song throughout 
Maine and New England. At all of the old time Fourth of July 
celebrations, usually held in a grove of trees on some Maine farm, 
and after the exercises had been properly opened by prayer by the 
village minister, and the Declaration of Independence had been 
solemnly read by the school-master, the singing of "the Sword of 
Bunker Hill" would be sung by the best male soloist or quartet 
that could be found in the neighborhood. This was the conven- 
tional thing to do in the late fifties, during the Civil War and well 
into the eighties or until this good old fashioned and genuinely 
patriotic manner of observing Independence Day became obsolete 
bv the invasion of baseball and other sports. 


He lay upon his dying bed, 

His eyes were growing dim. 

When, with a feeble voice, he called 

His weeping son to him : 
"Weep not, my boy." the veteran said, 
"I bow to Heaven's high will : 

But quickly from yon antlers bring 

The sword of Bunker Hill." 

The sword was brought ; the soldier's eye 

Lit with a sudden flame, 

And as he grasped the ancient blade. 

He murmured Warren's name. 

Then said: "My boy, I leave you gold, 

But, what is richer still, 

I leave you, mark me, mark me now — 

The sword of Bunker Hill ! 





'Twas on that dread. Immortal day 
We dared the Briton's band : 
A captain raised this blade on me — 
I tore it from his hand ! 
And while the glorious battle raged. 
It lightened Freedom's will. 
For, boy, the God of Freedom blessed 
The Sword of Bunker Hill. 

"Oh. keep the sword !" his accents broke — 
A smile and he was dead ; 
But his wrinkled hand still grasped the blade 
Upon that dying bed. 
The son remains, the sword remains, 
Its glory growing still. 
And twenty millions bless the sire 
And sword of Bunker Hill. 

Cemetery Inscriptions in Piscata- 
quis County 

Copied and Contributed by Edgar Crosby Smith. 
(Continued from page 213) 






MAR. ir, 1836. 

-^t. 74. 



JEt. 85- 



JUNE 14, 1865. 




AUG. 15. 1845. 

JEt. 66. 





DEC. 25, 1844. 

^Et. 76 yrs. & 6 mos. 



APR. 19, 1877. 

JEt. 76. 



DIED MARCH 1. 1848. 

JE. 42. 



DEC. 13 1864. 

JE. 40 yrs. 8 nrs. 9 d's. 



JULY 23, 1893. 

7E. 68 yrs. 



DEC. 13, 1868. 

^E. 77 vs. 7 ms. 28 ds. 








» NOV. 19, 183 1. 

MAR. 24, 1900. 



MAY 17. 1891, 

/£. 75 ys. 5 ms. 






JULY i8, 1885. 

JE. 67 ys. 10 ms. 


DIED NOV. 4, 1904. 

JE. 98 ys. 3 ms. 






FEB. 1, 1891. 

JE. 78 ys. 3 ds. 




DEC. 13, 1892, 

JE. 75 ys. 18 ds. 


DIED MAR. 2, 1899. '/ 

&• 75 yrs. 3 mos. 27 ds. 




APR. 20, 1840. 

APR. 11, 1904. 



AUG. 14, 1 87 1, 

&■ 73 y rs - I0 mos - 



DEC. 20, 1867. 

JE 74 yrs. 


#. " v •■ 





DEC. 30, 1867, 

JE. 69 yrs. 7 m. 18 d. 







OCT. 11, 1880, 

^t. 80 ys. 6 mos. 

JUNE 11, 1869, 
JE. 60 y's 8 m's 
& 27 days. 





JULY 13, 1884, 

2E. 68 ys. 9 ms. 15 ds. 

Deed from General Knox 

(Contributed by Hon. Job H. Montgomery) 

Thomaston, in the county of Lincoln Esquire and Lucy my wife, in con- 
sideration of one dollar paid by Huldah Treat late of Prospect deceased, 
and in further consideration that her late husband lost his life in an operation 
to obtain money to pay for this lot and in further consideration of the 
prolific qualities of the said Huldah, she having had several pair of twins, 
trusting that she who had so much trouble in producing the said children, 
will never forsake their interests, and further that she will never alienate 
this lot of land while she lives, the receipt whereof we do hereby acknowl- 
edge, do hereby, give, grant, -ell and convey unto the said Huldah Treat 


her heirs and assigns, a certain tract of land lying in Prospect bounded as 
follows : — 

In witness whereof we the said Henry Knox and Lucy Knox have hereunto 
set our hands and seals this ^gth day of Sept. A. D. iSor. 
Signed, Sealed and Delivered 
in Presence of 
David Fales H. Knox. (S) 

John Ripner L. Knox. (S) 

Acknowledged Sept. 29, 1801. 
Recorded Aug. 8, 1803. 

Documents and Letters Referring 
to Colonial Maine Subsequent to 
Its Submission to the Massa- 
chusetts Bay Colony 

(From "Baxter Manuscripts" in the 
Documentary History of Maine) 

May it please your Lord'p. 

We the Inhabitants of this Town of Wells have rec'd. a sutable supply of 
Souldiers for our present support, for the which as our Duty we return to 
your Lord'p. as our acknowledgements your great prudence Love and 
fatherly care extended to us in this releife has much Incourag'd and Cheared 
our hearts. Your Lord'ps. Quickness in sending such a supply unto us has 
prevented our Address for the same. We. do give our most humble thanks 
to your Lord'p. and honoured Councill therefore. We would crave leave 
to lay our present wants in your Lord'ps. view Armes and Amunition are of 
absolute necessity for defence if war should arise, and we are but single 
arm'd at the best and if any of them should faile here is no Rrecruits to 
be had. Our store of Ammunition is too little, and that little is not good, 
we humbly pray your Excellency to consider this want and if it may be to 
Grant a Supply. We would also give your Lord'p a short Informacon of 
some ill designs of the Indians lately discovered by an Indian man of some 
account amongst them ; he coming to an English house, asked what made 
the English go to Garrison there being: some Remote families removed, 
we told him it was not for any harm Intended to them but upon some 
suspition of the Westward Indians. We asked him if he knew any Reason 
why so many Indians came from so many parts to Winnebessehkick and there 
about he owned that there was many Indians there but what their designs 
was he knew not. Two days after he came again to the same house, and 


three English men with him, there being one at that house could discourse 
with him in his own Language then he did "say that last Summer there wa; 
a great plot among the Indians at Pennycook and Winnebessehkick and 
ether Indians to make war with the English and had brought their design to 
an head about our Indian Harvest and was in Arms ready to set out upon 
the design and had it not been for Kahton Bamet and Sagamoor of Pegnohket 
they had strok the blow upon us before Winter Wee asked him if he thought 
that that Sagamoor could prevent them now he said he cculd not tell but 
he had done it then but there was now many Indians at the forementioned 
places and some of them came from Canada, some of the Indians have told 
this Winter that the peace that is now is no good peace for it was but Two 
proud Rascally Fellows that made it, and their Sagamoor did never consent 
to it. We have Inform'd upwards of 40 of our Indians among us this 
Winter to their perfect understanding of y'e falsnesse of the Report raised 
that the English designed their destruction, and told them it was raised by 
Evill minded men and upon their faithfullness and Truth the King and your 
Lord'p. would protect and Love them and that the English would do them 
no harm : but we find some of them very hard to believe it. We humbly 
pray your Lord'p. to admit Cap't. James Gooch to give a further acc't. 
particulars and of our State and Condicon We subscribe our selves in behalfe 
oi the Inhabitants 

Your Lord'ps. most humble Serv'ts. 

Joseph Storer 
• John Wheelwright 
Jonathan Hamond 

27th. March 1700. 

End:) Copy of a Lre from M'r. Storer, M'r. Wheelwright & 

M'r. Hammond to y'e. E. of Bellomont. relating to y'e Indians. 

Dated 27th March 1700. Referred to in y'e. E. of Bellomont's 

Lre of y'e 20th. of April 1700 

Rec'd June 27 ) 

Read July 2d ( I7 °° 

(Baxter Manuscripts, Vol. 10. p. 43.) 

The bounds of Xova Scotia, and Penobscot, with the lands 
- belonging to it. as they are expresst in Cromwells 
Patent, and y'e deeds of Partition 

In Oliver Cromwells Patent, the bounds of Nova Scotia, are thus men- 
tioned From Mereliqui-h on the East, to the Port and cape of La Heve, 
leading along the coast, to Cape Sable, from thence to a Port, now called 
La Tour, heretofore named L'omery. From thence following the coast, to 
the cloven cape. From thence to the cape, and river of Ingogen : thence 
to Port Royall : and from thence following the coast, to the bottome of 
the bay. From thence along the bayes to S't. Johns Fort. After this, Oliver 
CromwelN Patent, mentions ro other place, in Nova Scotia by name; only 
saves, all along the coast, to Pentagonet. alias Penobscot, thence to S't. 
Georges river, and thence to Musconcus. 

The true bounds of Nova Scotia, are only to be found, in tjie oriiinall 
Patent, grnunted by King Jame^ the fir^t. But they were alwaies judged, 


by S'r. Charles S't. Estienne, Thomas Temple, and William Crowne, the 
Proprietours and possessours to be Merelequish on the East, and the river 
S't. Croix on y'e west. And beyond the river S't. Croix, Nova Scotia extends 
not westward. 
-The said Thomas Temple and William Crowne, divided their lands; And 
Thomas Temple by his deede bearing date the twelfth of September 1657 
made over to William Crowne, and his heires for ever, Penobscot, and all 
the lands lying westward of the river Machias to y'e river Muscongus, bor- 
dring on Pemaquid Machias Penonscot, and Musconcus, are the only re- 
markeable places, mentioned in the deeds of Partition. Machias is a river 
that runs some few leagues westwards of S't. Croix; the utmost westward 
boundary of Nova Scotia. In S'r. Charles de S't. Estiennes deeds to Thomas 
Temple, and William Crowne, no places are perticularly named, only in 
generall all New Scotland, as it is bounded, in the originall Patent, graunted 
by King James the first, to S'r. William Alexander, and his heires ; and as 
it is mentioned in the said S'r. William Alexanders deeds to S'r. Claud and 
the said S'r. Charles de S't. Estienne and their heires: And all New Scot- 
land, with other lands adjoyning, as they are mentioned in Oliver Crom- 
wells Patent, to the said S'r. Charles de S't. Estienne, Thomas Temple, and 
William Crowne. 


?>o*-.< baa. Eastport, tfe.. -i^- - Mr- ?■'.- . c ti - « 



7* "yy 


->i*2L.~d: ~i ^iifcisifcitsb 

Todd's Head, Eastport, Maine, Most Eastern Point in U. S. 
Courtesy of M. C. R .R. 



Entered as second class matter at the post office, Dover, Maine, by John 
Francis Sprague, Editor and Publisher. 

Terms : For all numbers issued during the year, including an index and 
all special issues, Si.oo. Single copies, 25 cents. Bound volumes of same, 


Bound volumes of Vol. I, $2.50. These will be only furnished to new 

Postage prepaid on all items. 

Commencing with Vol. 3, the terms will be $1.00 only to subscribers who 
pay in advance, otherwise $1.50. 

In history a great Volume is unrolled for our instruction, draw- 
ing the materials of future wisdom from the past errors and infirmi- 
ties of mankind. 


As applicable to all of you, I will say that it is highly expedient 
to go into History; to inquire into zvhat has passed before you on 
this Earth, and in the Family of Man. 


Vol. IV JANUARY, 1917 No. 4 

Teaching Maine History in the 
Portland Graded Schools 

We have before us a copy of a little booklet for the use of 
scholars who are beginners in the study of Maine history, prepared 
by Mr. Fred H. M. Witham of Woodfords, for use in the Portland 
schools. It is a model in its way and the author is entitled to much 
credit for his effort in this direction. 

Among the subjects are : 

Explorations, treating of the first voyagers and explorers who 
visited the Maine coast ; Maine Indians ; Early Settlements ; French 
and Indian Wars; Lowell's War; Revolutionary War; War of 
1812; Civil War; Story of Baron de St. Castin ; Story of Sir 
William Phipps ; Story of Pelig Wadsworth, etc. 



In a letter to the editor of the Journal, Mr. Witham says : 

I have this year prepared and placed this in the hands of my seventh and 
eighth grade teachers with instructions to teach it thoroughly in those grades, 
accompanying the U. S. history as to time. . . . 

I have long felt the importance of our Maine boys and girls being given 
some instruction in this subject and with considerable labor have compiled 
the facts set forth from research in Varney's, Abbott's, Drake's, Williamson's 
and ether histories. 

Those of our readers who are specially interested in early Piscata- 
quis county history will like to know that Judge Smith of Foxcroft 
recently found a deed from Judge Sanford Kingsbury, original 
proprietor and founder of the former town and now plantation of 
Kingsbury, to Charles D. Heald, of land in Kingsbury in which he 
describes himself as a resident of Kingsbury. 

This conveyance is dated September 12, 1836, and is recorded in 
Somerset Registry for Deeds, Vol. 41, p. 334. 

Reference was made to this in the Journal, Vol. 3, p. 193, in 
which we stated that it was a matter of doubt whether he was ever 
a resident of the town. This seems to make it certain that he did 
reside there at one time. 

Mr. Burton Smith, Deputy U. S. Marshal of Portland, has a 
valuable collection of autograph letters of every Governor and 
acting Governor of the State since Maine was admitted to the Union 
in 1820. 

Mrs. Florence Hunt Libby of Portland, Maine, is working on a 
genealogy of the Hunt family. Mrs. Libby is the daughter of the 
late Hiram P. Hunt of Gray. She is descended from Nathan and 
Mary Haskell Hunt and from David Hunt, one of the early settlers 
of the town of Gray. 



"The Trail of the Maine Pioneer" 

Every lover of our State, and every lover of books as well will 
be delighted with the new book recently issued by the women of the 
Federated Clubs of Maine, entitled "The Trail of the Maine 
Pioneer," which is a companion volume to "Maine in History and 
Romance" published by these same enterprising women in 191 5. 
Both have been produced by The Lewiston Journal Publishing Com- 
pany and reflect much credit upon the publishers. 

Twenty-three of Maine's bright and talented women have con- 
tributed every line of its 340 pages of rich literature. They have 
related twenty-three human tales of ancient Maine, each a classic. . 

These Maine Club women are doing a wonderful work that every- 
one highly appreciates. They are adding valuable items to the his- 
torical records of early Maine, and all their pages are an inspiration 
and a stimulation to all to pursue these important and enchanting 

Personal Correspondence 

Portland, Me., November 16, igi 6. 
Mr. John Francis Sprague, Dover, Maine. 

Dear Mr. Sprague : / wish to say that I read your Journal when 
it comes, with very much interest, especially the documents, which 
will be helpful to future historians. r 

You are doing an excellent work for the people of the State. My 
special purpose in writing you is to encourage you in your advocacy 
of teaching Maine History in the public schools. I have long advo- 
cated this, and consider it of the greatest importance. 

With high regards, I am. 

Yours very truly, 

James Phinney Baxter. . 

November 18, 19 16. 

Hon. James Phinney Baxter, 

Portland, Maine. 
My dear Mr. Baxter: 

You cannot know how much your kind letter of the 16th inst. pleased ana 
gratified me and I thank you for it and beg the privilege of publishing it in 
the Journal. Such an indorsement from one whose life work in Maine 


historical research is knowil to the world, as having accomplished far more 
in this direction than all others combined, will" be highly appreciated by and a 
real inspiration to all who may read it. 
With kindest regards, I am. 

Yours sincerely, 

John Francis Sprague. 

From Honorable George C. Wing. 

Auburn, Me., November 20, 19 16. 
Dear Bro. Sprague: 

Herewith subscription to your Journal of Maine History and I 
must take the time to say that I appreciate fully the service you 
are rendering the entire state by preserving in tangible and readable 
form historical events of the state and in gathering together for 
.future generations facts which Jiave been allowed to scatter. This 
country in its Jiutried settlement, its business enterprises, its vast 
extent, from the fact that its late families have scattered so widely 
has made it practically impossible to get together facts that can 
be relied upon concerning which there is great interest and it will 
be an increasing interest in the years to come. 

I hope your venture is remunerative enough to be continued and 
that you are receiving the encouragement of thoughtful man that 
your efforts deserve. . 

■ Sayings of Subscribers 

Mrs. Fannie Hardy Eckstorm, Brewer, Maine, Writer and Author 

of many books : 

"Every number of your Journal records historical material for 
which time to come will thank you. The special numbers have been 
admirably thorough and compact little town histories.'' 

Honorable Job. H. Montgomery, Camden, Maine, a prominent 

Eastern Maine lawyer : 

"The Journal of Maine History is very interesting and instructive. 
I read each issue." 

General Joseph S. Smith, National Soldiers' Home, Virginia, form- 
erly of Bangor, Maine : 


"I wish you were down here with me today. The weather is 
beautiful; the roses in bloom and everything lovely. 

"I continue to enjoy reading your publication and do not see how 
any man, particularly from the State of Maine, can fail to be much 
interested in it, and your subscription list should contain nine- 
tenths of the people of the State." 

Mark A. Barwise, one of Bangor's well known lawyers : 

"You are doing a great work for the historical student of Maine 
History which will endure as long as grass grows and water runs." 

O. R. Emerson, M. D., Newport, Maine: 

"Your Journal is one of my best periodicals." 

Mr. Fred R. Fife of Fryeburg, Maine, well known as a former 
popular assistant in the Secretary of State's office at Augusta, 
Maine : 

All of the numbers of the Journal are very interesting and must call for 
a vast amount of research and study in the compilation of same. Some time 
I wish you would make one correction in regard to the name of the pond 
here at Fryeburg where Chamberlain and the Chieftain Paugus had their 
great fight. It should be Lovewell's Pond, instead of Lovell's Pond. The 
pond was named after Captain Lovewell who was the leader of the rangers 
in their campaign against the Indians. Chamberlain shot Paugus in a duel 
between the two. The guns of each having become foul they had come 
down to the brook, being on opposite sides, and began to clean them and it 
was a case of which one could clean and load first. It was a nip and tuck- 
race, Paugus getting a little advantage of Chamberlain and had began to 
load, but as Chamberlain had what was called a "self primer'' he gained just 
enough time to be able to shoot first, thereby killing Paugus. This brook 
has always been called "Fight Brook'' to this day. And my father who 
was a descendant of the Wyman family, one of whom was in that battle, 
caused a tablet to be erected in honor of those who were killed and took 
part in the affair, giving their names, etc. 

The tablet is of bronze, set into a large granite rock, and placed near 
where the battle was supposed to have been, a picture of which I am sending. 
When a young boy I used to see bullets and arrow heads which had been 
taken from trees in that section. 

This undoubtedly refers to "The Battle of Lovell's Pond," a 
poem by Longfellow, republished in the Journal, (Vol. 2, p. 36) and 
is there printed as it appears in Longfellow's works (Cambridge 
edition, 1893) p. 645. Mr. Fife is correct regarding the name, and 

m # > 



appended to the poem in the Journal above referred to is a note by 
the Editor, saying: "Its reference is to the battle with the Indians 
at Lovell's Pond, named in honor of Captain John Lovewell, who 
led the forces of the white men," etc. Lovewell's Pond is the true 
historical and proper name for it and we are glad indeed if the pres- 
ent generation are using that instead of its abbreviation as made by 

We heartily appreciate the public sentiment that strives to pre- 
serve the ancient names of places in Maine, and are always pleased 
to give it publicity. 


\ Letter from Hon. William R. Allan 

Bangor, Aug. 17, 191 5. 
Editor, Sprague's Journal of Maine History: 

Having read in your Journal of Maine History many articles of 
interest to me, I thought it might be of some interest to your readers 
to know something of one of the first settlers of the eastern part of 
this state. Captain Theophilus Wilder, who with sixteen others 
came to the town of Dennysville on the seventeenth day, May, 
1786, and now his descendants are scattered all over our country. 
One pleasant Sunday morning I was sitting in the little church in 
the town of Dennysville, and looking around I found that there 
were in the church eighty-four people, forty-two of them were the 
direct descendants of Captain Wilder and half of the other forty- 
two had married descendants of the Captain, and a strange thing 
was that in all this number there was but one by the name of 
Wilder, and that was the youngest in the room, little John Wilder. 
I went home and took my History of the Wilders, by Reverend 
Moses Wilder, and this is the result of a search through a long 
list of names going back from the year 191 3 to 1485, seven years 
before Columbus discovered America. And I started with the 
name of little John, or as he is called, Jack Wilder. 

John Wilder, son of W. McWilder of Boston, Mass. 

W. McWilder, son of Frank M. Wilder of Dennysville, Me. 

Frank M. Wilder, son of Ebenezer A. Wilder of Dennysville, Me. 

Ebenezer A. Wilder, son of Ebenezer C. Wilder, Dennysville, Me. 


Ebenezer C. Wilder, son of Theophilus Wilder of Dennysville, 

Theophilus Wilder, son of Theophilus Wilder of Hingham, Mass 

Theophilus Wilder, son of Jabez Wilder of Hingham, Mass. 

Jabez Wilder, son of Edward Wilder of Hingham, Mass. 

Edward Wilder, son of Thomas Wilder of England. 

Thomas Wilder, son of John Wilder of England. 

John Wilder, son of John Wilder of England. 

John Wilder, son of Nicholas Wilder, a German soldier, who 
came from Germany in the year 1485 and fought in the battle of 
Bosworth under the Earl of Richmond. On the fifteenth day of 
April, 1497, King Henry VII, gave to his friend, Nicholas Wilder, 
a landed estate with a coat of arms. This estate was called Sulhan 
Estate. Some time about the year 1636, Martha, widow of Thomas, 
great grand-son of Nicholas, sent her three children, Thomas, 
Elizabeth and Edward, with friends to the New Colonies and in 
1638 she sold her estate in England, it was supposed to her son 
John, ai\d then sailed for America to join her children, who had 
been in America over one year. From Martha's son, Edward, 
came the list of Wilders named above. Captain Wilder was the 
writer's great grandfather. He was a soldier in the Revolution. I 
very much wish that I had some of his papers, but I have not. 
My father's mother was his daughter, and what I know of him 
was told me by my aunt who lived with my father. She told me 
that Captain Wilder was a Captain in a Massachusetts Regiment in 
the war and was with General Washington through that awful 
winter at Valley Forge, where he with two other captains lay in a 
barn sick with smallpox, both the others died. Captain Wilder's 
left arm was opened from wrist to the elbow and the bone scraped 
and when he got well he was so disabled that much against his wish 
he was discharged from the service. In Dennysville and in the 
town of Pembroke there are many of the descendants of the Cap- 
tain. Here in Bangor are myself, wife and daughter, great grand- 
children, and a great great grand-daughter. And in Foxcroft 
lives Colonel Edward J. Mayo, the son of Josiah B. Mayo, whose 
mother was Eliza Sprague of Pembroke, Maine, a great grand- 
daughter. There are also in Bangor two of another branch of this 
Wilder family in the fourth and fifth generation from a brother of 
Captain Wilder, a brother Zenas Wilder of Hingham, Mass. They 
are Mrs. Lillian Loud of Main street, and her daughter, also Irving 
H. Reed of Webster avenue, who is of the thirteenth generation 

""- -. i 




from the old German soldier Nicholas, and of the same generation 
as little Jack Wilder of Dennysville, Maine. 

I do not think there are many families in Maine tnat can do 
better than this for a family record. 

Yours cordially, 

W. R. Allan. 

Lewiston, Maine, November 24, 1916. 
To the Editor of the Journal: 

In my article on Robert Bayley, published in the last issue of the Journal, 
I wish to correct the following typographical errors : 

Page 198, third paragraph should read : 

Between February 8 and March 3, 1740, as appears by deeds of land and 
family history, Mr. Bayley became a resident of North Yamouth. In 1749, 
he was town clerk in that town, and in 1750 he was employed there as School- 

In foot note page 208, "Ambrose and Mark Clark (Bayley) Talbot" 
should of course be Ambrose and Mary Clark (Bayley) Talbot. 

Foot note (47) the words "indicate that the came in -a government ship'' 
should of course be, he came in a government ship." 

I wish to say that the article as a whole is printed in fine shape. 

.Archie Lee Talbot. 

Albert Gallatin in Machias, Maine 

By the Editor. 

Albert Gallatin performed a prominent part in founding the 
American government. 

He was born in Geneva in 1761 and died in New York in 1849. 
He came to the United States in 1780, and for a time was a teacher 
of the French language in Harvard College. He became a large 
land owner in Pennsylvania, and entered political life in 1789. In 
1793 he was elected to the United States Senate. In 1800-13 he 
was Secretary of the Treasury. He took an important part in the 
negotiations for peace with England in 18 14, and was one of the 
signers of the treaty of Ghent. From 181 5 to 1823 he was Minister 
to Paris, and in 1826 he was sent to London as Ambassador-extra- 
ordinary, charged with the duty of arranging various questions of 
difference and among them the North Eastern Boundary dispute. 
He subsequently settled in New York and devoted much of his 


time to literature. He was one of the founders and the first presi- 
dent of the Ethnological Society of America; and from 1843 to his 
death was president of the New York Historical Society. 

When 19 years of age he landed in Boston accompanied by an- 
other young Swiss, by name of Henri Serre, a chum of his, and 
they brought with them a Quantity of tea as a sea venture to sell 
for profit. They were rather home-sick in Boston and used to 
travel about among other neighboring settlements. One day in their 
wanderings they visited a little tavern somewhere among the Blue 
Hills of Milton and met a Swiss woman, the wife of a Genevan, 
one DeLesdernier, who had lived for thirty years in Nova Scotia, 
tut, becoming compromised in an attempt to revolutionize the 
Colony, was compelled to fly to New England and following the lead 
of Colonel John Allan, had settled at Machias. 1 

Tempted by her account of this region and not having been lucky 
in disposing of their tea to advantage, they traded it in Boston for 
a small cargo of rum, sugar, tobacco and other merchandise and 
embarked for Machias, October 1, 1780, where, after quite a long 
and stormy passage they arrived on the 15th of the same month. 
The young travellers were cordially received by the son of De- 
Lesdernier, and made their home with him. 

Gallatin attempted to settle a lot of land, and the meadow where 
lie cut the hay with his own hands can now, it is said, be identified/ 

The record of the simple life led by Gallatin while in this region 
if meagre and uncertain. One transaction is recorded of his having 
sold supplies to the garrison to the amount of four hundred dollars, 
taking in payment a draft on the state treasurer of Massachusetts, 
there being no funds at Machias for its payment, and selling it later 
for one-fourth of its face value. His biographer 3 says: 

The life, rude as it was, was not without its charms. 

Serre seems to have abandoned himself to its fascination without a regret. 
His descriptive letters to Bodollet 4 read like the Idylls of a Faun. Those of 
Gallatin, though more tempered in tone, reveal quiet content with the simple 
life and a thorough enjoyment of nature in its original wildness. In the 
summer they followed the tracks of the moose and deer through the primitive 
forests, and explored the streams and lakes in the light birch canoe, with 
a woodsman or savage for their guide. In the winter they made long jour- 

(*) John Austin Stevens' Life of Albert Gallatin. (American Statesmen 
Series) p. 14. 

(') Stevens locates this lot in what is now the town of Perry. lb. p. 15. 

(') lb. p. 16. 

( 4 ) A friend in Geneva. 


neys over land and water on snow-shoes or on skates, occasionally visiting 
the villages of the Indians, with whom the Lesderniers were on the best of 

When alarms of English invasion reached the settlements, volun- 
teers would gather and march to the defence of the frontier. Twice 
Gallatin accompanied such parties to Passamaquoddy, and once, 
in November, 1780, was left for a time in command of a small 
earthwork and a temporary garrison of Whites and Indians at that 
place. Gallatin relates how he made one acquaintance at Machias 
which greatly interested him, that of LaPerouse, the famous navi- 
gator, who was in command of the Amazone frigate, one of the 
French squadron on the American coast. While convoying a fleet 
of fishing vessels on their way to the Newfoundland banks, La- 
Perouse ran into Machias Bay where Gallatin met him and after- 
wards renewed his acquaintance in Boston. 

In the fall of 1781, Gallatin returned to Boston, having been a 
resident of the Machias settlement for about one vear. 

Lewis Frederick DeLesdernier, whose family name has usually 
been written in recent times as Delesdernier, son of the original 
settler above referred to and with whom Gallatin and Serre lived 
while they were in Machias, was subsequently appointed Lieutenant 
Colonel under Colonel John Allan, (see Baxter Mss.), and was 
Colonel Allan's chief aid throughout the war of the revolution. At 
the close of the war he removed to Eastport and was the first 
Collector of Customs at Passamaquoddy, and was a member of the 
Massachusetts Legislature 1811-12. Kilby's History of Eastport 
(p. 240) says that he died at or near Calais in 183 1. 

His son, Honorable William Delesdernier, at one time an East- 
port merchant, was a leading democratic politician of Washington 
county, represented the Baileyville class in the State Legislature, 
and at the time of his decease, which occurred when the Legislature 
was in session, was Senator from that county. 5 

Emily Pierpont Delesdernier, daughter of the old collector, was 
author of several works of fiction. 

A grandson, Lewis Frederick Delesdernier, was in 1888 residing 
in Houston, Texas, and served in the Confederate Navy during the 
Civil War ; and another grandson, who was in the Southern army 
died of wounds received at the battle of Manassas. 

There seems to be some confusion in Kilby's History of East- 

C) Kilby's History of Eastport, p. 241. 

. • 


port, in reference to the date of the death of the Delesdemier, who 
was the first Collector of Eastport. It is a compilation of historical 
documents, the first one of which is a "History of Eastport and 
Vicinity." A foot note of this one states that it was a lecture de- 
livered April, 1834, before the Eastport Lyceum, by Jonathan D. 
Weston, and it states 8 that he (Delesdemier) was then living at the 
age of eighty-two years. 

C) lb. p. 65. 



Magazines St Pamphlets 



Bangor Historical Magazine, 

Oct., Nov., 1885 

Maine Genealogist and Biog- 
rapher, Dec, 1875 
Dec, 1876 

Mayflower Descendant, 

Jan., July, 1903 

Apr., July, Oct., 1904 

Apr., 1906 

Old Times at North 

Yarmouth, Oct., 1877 

July, 1878 

Poet Lore, Jan., 1894 

Massachusetts Resolves — 

May, 1815 

Ma , 1820 

Jan., Apr., May, 1821 

Jan., May, 1822. 

Jan., May, 1823. 

Jan., 182*4. 

Only the above dates wanted at these 


92 Exchange St., Portland, Maine. 

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Piscataquis Biography, and Frag- 
ments, SI. 00 

Sebastian Rale, a Maine trag- 
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The North Eastern Boundary 
Controversy and the Aroostook 
War. $1.25 

Accidental Shooting in the Game 

Season, .25 

Backww.ds Sketches, $1.00 

Also Piscataquis Historical So- 
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Admits all medical and surgical cases except conta- 
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For information, rates, etc., address: 

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Sir Hiram Maxim 283 

Baron de Saint Castin. . . . 297 
Sons of the American 

Revolution 311 

The First Settler, poem. . . 312 
Mary Harris (Ellison) 

Curran 313 


Letter from Holman Day. 315 

Documentary 316 

The Piscataquis Historical 

Society 3iy 

A word With Our Friends 320 

Notes and Fragments.... 322 

Sayings of Subscribers... 325 


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Sprague's Journal of Maine History 

Vol. IV APRIL, 1917 No. 5 

Sir Hiram Maxim 

Born in Sangerville, Maine, Died in London, England, 

February 5, 1840. November 24. 1916. 

By John Francis Sprague. 

The office of the editor of the Journal is situated on Main 
street in one of the most beautiful (Dover-Foxcroft) of the many 
beautiful villages of our Pine Tree State. Butting off from it at 
Mayo's Block at the corner of South street in a moment or two, 
by turning to the right, you are on Pine street running westerly 
to the east line of the town of Sangerville. The highway over 
which you travel is picturesque, and looking northerly you have 
enchanting glimpses of the River Piscataquis, its banks dotted with 
charming Foxcroft and Dover homes. 

Soon after crossing the boundary line between Dover and San- 
gerville you are in the old Thompson neighborhood and pass the 
farm where was born the late Honorable Elbridge Augustus 
Thompson, once a physician of note and a' Republican politician 
well known over Maine, and also the prosperous farm of his 
cousin, Mr. Freeland Thompson. 

Then you are soon crossing Black Stream, which, during its 
entire course of perhaps ten miles, obstinately persists in running 
toward the north star, when it suddenly, as if weary of such un- 
natural flowing, empties itself into the Piscataquis. On this stream 
are the Knowlton Mills, a reminder of Sangerville pioneer days 
and the birthplace of Professor William Smith Knowlton/'The 
Old School Master," a famous Maine school teacher, Maine legis- 
lator and author, now residing in Monson, Maine ; and near bv is 
also that of Honorable Fred W. Knowlton of Old Town, Maine. 
Their worthy ancestors were two brothers, Captain Isaiah Knowl- 
ton and William Knowlton, who emigrated from Sherborn, Massa- 
chusetts, and arrived at his spot March 9, 1817. 

Soon you are steering your auto to the left in a more southerly 
direction, and after riding a mile or more past Lane's Corner, you 


again turn westerly and are soon at Brockway's Mills, and have 
journeyed only eight American miles from the Journal sanctum. 

At this point you may be apprised of two important facts: One 
is that right here in this Penobscot river water shed, but a short 
distance from the Piscataquis, one of the important tributaries of 
that proud river, you are on Kennebec waters ; and the other is 
that you have arrived at the birthplace of Hiram Stevens Maxim, 
the third son of Maine to receive Knighthood from the British 
Crown, the others having been Sir William Phips and Sir William 
Pepper rell. 

The writer once described this place in the following lines : 
1 In about the central portion of the town of Sangerville, in the State of 
Maine, is situated a large sized pond which, from time immemorial, has 
been called "Center Pond." Its tranquil waters are surrounded by some 

Ifarm lands, pastures, swamps and hardwood ridges. It formerly produced 
immense quantities of suckers and occasionally the most successful dis- 
ciples of Izaak Walton would capture there large strings of perch and 

Its outlet is a shady rivulet which in the old days never received any 
other than the modest appelation of "The Mills Stream" and which meekly 
wends its way through beech woods, alder and cedar bogs, in a southerly 
direction to Dexter and beyond, where it unites with more ambitious streams, 
which finally flow into the Kennebec. 

On this rivulet or stream mills were built when the country was new and 
which was named from an old settler of revered memory, "Uncle" Rufus 
Rrockway. The old mills are now rotted down, but for half a century or 
more they served the wants of the neighbors in sawing boards and shingles 
and grinding out meal and flour, and for miles around the farmers came 
every spring with their sheep and a jug of cider. 

They washed their sheep below the mill dam and quaffed the cider between 
times. The sheep washing season was an important event which the boys 
looked forward to with big anticipation. 

The neighborhood around there has ever since its first settlement been 
known as Brockway's Mills. The mills are no more, but the same old 
bridge exists from which we used to catch chubs and hornpouts where the 
old Avenue Road to Bangor crosses the stream. 

Fifty years ago the schoolhouse at this hamlet was an old, low-posted, 
dilapidated structure within a few feet of Bishop's Woods .and close to the 
old "Nickerson house," the birthplace of Sir Hiram Maxim. It never saw 
a spoonful of paint of any kind, either within or without. 

Its interior, with its rough, wooden seats and benches scarred and cut by 
divers generations of pupils: its old barrel stove; its high and ugly looking 
desk, within which were ever concealed instruments of torture for any 
youth refractorily inclined ; its rattling windows about which the fierce 
wintry winds would make all sorts of dismal sounds ; the old "Scuttle- 

(*) Backwoods Sketches, pp. 9-10-11. 






hole," and every other part in and about this seat of learning are very 
indelibly impressed upon my mind. 

The highway that crosses the stream as it appears in the plan 
inserted herein, is one of the old stage coach roads connecting the 
Moosehead Lake country with the City of Bangor, and was for- 
merly known as the "Avenue Road." Following it southerly from 
Brockway's Mills, one passes by the birthplace of Honorable Willis 
E. Parsons of Foxcroft, and that of the writer as well, on the 
way to Gilman's Corner in Sangerville and Silver's Mills in Dexter. 
In the same monograph (Backwoods Sketches) from which the 
preceding excerpt is taken under the title of "Cy Strong's Neigh- 
borhood," I undertook to portray this region, its people and their 
customs, as they appeared to me in my boyhood days in the fol- 
lowing language : 

Cy's front room had a big open fireplace, by the side of which was a 
long brick oven in which bread, beans, meats, etc., were cooked on baking 

All of the neighbors' houses were just the same. In the kitchen of each 
was an open fireplace where the daily cooking was done. . 

The men wore homespun garments and much of the women's attire was 
of the same material. Sheep's wool was carded, spun and woven into 
cloth in every home. Cotton batting would be purchased and sometimes 
woven with the wool for "linsey woolsey," which was a lighter cloth designed 
for summer wear, and for dresses for women and children. 

Tallow candles and the blaze from pine knots in the fireplaces furnished 
the, evening lights. The school-masters, during the three months of winter 
school, and the school-marms, during the two months of summer school, 
all "boarded around," that is, each neighbor took his turn in keeping them 
during the terms of school. 

The town poor were set up at auction and kept for the year by the lowest 
bidder. . 

Those were good old days, never to return, for the conditions can never 
again be the same. Although they lived far apart in many instances, they 
were, very social and enjoyed life. Besides meeting each other every 
Sunday at the school-houses to attend religious meetings, they would also 
meet together to do considerable of their farm and household work. 

Not a quilt was ever made in the Strong neighborhood except at a quilt- 
ing-bee, when the women and older girls would all assemble at the home 
where the quilt was to be made, and when it was finished the affair would 
wind up with all the men and boys being present at a generous supper of 
baked beans, pies and twisted doughnuts sweetened with molasses. Then 
the visiting women would all inquire of the hostess how she made such 
nice mince and pumpkin pies, and while riding home on the oxsleds would 
turn up their noses to each other and say that "they were about the meanest 
pies they had seen this year." 

All of the apples were prepared for drying at paring-bees, all of the 
corn was husked out and made ready for the shed chamber at husking?, and 




from time immemorial the finding of a red ear of corn by a blushing maiden 
was the signal for a diversion in kissing; all of the houses and barns were 
raised at raisings and the men and women all attended to assist the good 
woman of the house in preparing a big supper. Not least in the round of 
gaieties was the piling-bee. When any of the neighbors had a ten or 
twenty acre lot of trees which had been cut down in long wind-rows and 
which they called "a fell piece," they would set it on fire and get a good or 
a poor burn as the case might be, but after the fire many huge charred trees 
remained, which had to be junked up and rolled into piles to season for a 
second burning. When ready for the first piling, the farmer would send 
invitations to all of the neighbors to come to his piling-bee and the same 
festivities would follow the piling of the burnt piece that followed the 
making of the quilt, the paring of the apples, the husking of the corn and 
the raising of the barn. Then the young folks had their spelling, singing 
and writing schools in the long winter evenings in the school-house when 
all were merry and gay. 

Some twenty years ago there was something of a newspaper 
controversy in the country as to the exact town in Maine in which 
Hiram Maxim was born. His parents were poor and moved about 
considerably and their children were not all born in the same place. 
The towns of Wayne in Kennebec County and Orneville in Pis- 
cataquis, and Dexter in Penobscot, each claimed this distinction. 
In order to fix the fact beyond a shadow of cavil, I addressed at 
the time a letter to his mother, who was then living, and received 
the following reply : 

Wayne, 31th, Dec. A. D. 1897- 
j . F. S fraguc, Esq. 

Dtar Sir: — We lived at Brockways Mills in the Nickerson house when 
my son Hiram was born Wednesday about noon 5th, Feb. A. D. 1840. 

Yours truly, 

Harriet Boston Maxim. 

Isaac Maxim, the father of Hiram Stevens Maxim, was born 111 
the town of Wayne, in the State of Maine, October 16, 1814. 

A few years ago (date not given) Samuel Maxim of Wayne, a 

?on of Isaac and a brother of Hiram, compiled and had printed a 

little brochure of 20 pages, the title of which reads : 





This Little Volume is Respectfully Dedicated 




Only a small edition of it was printed and principally for the 
use of the Maxim family. 

Mr. George H. Maxim of Yarmouth, Maine, son of the late 
Captain Samuel Maxim, who was a brother of Isaac and whose 
home was on the Avenue Road, before mentioned, about one-fourth 
of a mile northerly from Brockway's Mills, presented me with a 
copy from which I herein make excerpts. 

Of tne family ancestry (page 5) he says: 

Samuel Maxim of Rochester, Mass., is the first of the name of which we 
find any record. The inventory of his estate bears date of May 27, 1729. 
His wife's name was Hannah and they had issue Jacob, Thaddeus, Dinah, 
Samuel, Edmund, Adonijah, John, and Freelove. Samuel, son of Samuel 
and Hannah, died in 1762, and left a widow Elizabeth, and issue Hannah, 
born July 2, 1737: Nathan, born October 2, 1739; David, born Sept. 30, 1741 ; 
Elizabeth, born Jan. 19, 1743; Caleb, born June 9, 1746, and Samuel, born 
Sept. 12, 1748. 

Nathan Maxim (Muxsom) of Rochester, married Martha Chubbuck of 
Wareham, Mass., Jan. 17, 1761. Martha was born Nov. 30, 1741. They 
had issue Lydia, Phebe, Silas, Ephraim, Samuel, Jacob. Nathan, Martha. 
Clara, Freelove, and Benjamin. Several of this family settled in Wayne, 
notably Lydia. who married William Churchill ; Ephraim, who married 
Jemima Curtis ; Jacob, who married Sarah Washburn ; Martha, who married 
Dr. Moses Wing ; Clara, who married Melatiah Raymond ; Freelove, who 
married David Howe; Benjamin, who married Eunice Raymond, and 
Samuel, who first settled in Paris, and later removed to Wayne. He was 
born in 1769. He married Saviah Rider of Middleboro, Mass., and had 
issue Clara, who married Francis Knights of Wayne; Patience, who married 
Jason Caswell, of Leeds; Eliza, who married Asa Upton; Samuel, who 
married David Howe; Benjamin, who married Eunice Raymond, and 
Jesse Bishop, Jr., of Wayne: and the subject of this sketch, Isaac Maxim, 
who married Harriet Boston (Stevens) Maxim in the town of Blanchard. 
and settled in the town of Sangerville. He lived in several different towns 
in the counties of Penobscot and Piscataquis, where his eight children were 
born. In 1872. he returned to the town of Wayne, the place of his birth, 
and where he spent his boyhood days. He died April 29, 1883, and was 
buried in Evergreen Cemetery. He left a widow 2 and three sons, the 
youngest of which Samuel, and his mother, now reside at the old home- 
stead in Wayne. 

Referring to Isaac Maxim (page 6) he also says: 

. Not unlike most country boys, of nearly a century gone by, he was 
born of poor parentage, reared with an axe in his hand, and educated in the 
chimney corner by the light of a pitch-pine knot. Could he but have had the 
advantages of education, and sufficient wealth to enable him to apply his 
mechanical genius, it would not have been left to his sons to revolutionize 
the world in that line. What others learned by research and experiment, he 

C) Now deceased. 


knew by intuition. Xo machinery was so complicated or intricate that 
he could not see through it at a glance. Married young, a family of children 
following, possessed of small means of support, not burdened with the 
executive ability of a Xapoleon, generous, freehearted, courteous, and 
strictly honest, may we not ask, what time had he to devote to the improve- 
ment of his native gifts and make a practical application of them? Yet he 
made many discoveries and inventions and instilled into his sons man}' 
important principles and ideas which have been ever present with them and 
developed by them. It was he who conceived the idea of, and modeled 
machine guns. He invented the netting guards for war vessels, the same 
as now used by the nations of the earth. The inventor of knitting machines 
exhausted his skill in trying to produce a double mitten. He had heard of 
Mr. Maxim's gift and sent him a machine, stating his inability and failure 
to produce one, and asked his assistance. He at once saw the necessary 
changes, made them, knit the mitten, forwarded it to the party and received 
therefor the gift of a machine. His spare time, largely night-time, was 
occupied in thought and study. He had a wonderful mind and a retentive 
memory. He was a good historical and biblical scholar, an easy and enter- 
taining conversationalist, a great reasoner, and never, under any circum- 
stances, lowered his standard to vulgarity or profanity. His religious belief 
was closely Unitarian. 

Relative to their mother (page 9) is the following: 

Mrs. Harriet Boston (Stevens) Maxim, widow of the late Isaac Maxim, 
was born in the town of Strong, Franklin County, May 18, 1815. She was 
the eldest of twelve children in a family of fourteen, the two older having 
died in infancy. The earliest knowledge we have of her paternal ancestry 
was Joseph Stevens, who was born previous to 1700. his first wife having 
died Feb. 6, 1713. He married Elizabeth Sherman, in 1719, by whom he 
raised a family, one of whom was Joseph, Jr.. born in Billerica, Mass., Oct. 
17, 1720. He married Elizabeth Emery of Billerica. He settled in Xew 
Ipswich. X'. H., where the most of his children were born. In 1769, with 
his wife and seven children, he moved to Winthrop. He settled on a 200- 
acre lot, on the west side of Maranacook Lake, near the north line of the 
town as now established. His nearest neighbor, with one exception, was 
Gen. John Chandler, at the Mills (Winthrop Village) nearly three miles 
distant. Amos Stevens was the fourth child of Joseph, Jr., and was born 
in New Ipswich, X. H., July 16. 1749. He came from Xew Ipswich n; 
Winthrop in T767, two years earlier than his parents, with a crew of men 
hired by John Chandler, to erect the mills at the village. When he became 
of age he obtained a grant of a 200-acre lot of land on the west side of 
Maranacook Lake, bordering thereon, built him a dwelling, and married Mary, 
daughter of Jonathan Whiting, who was an early settler and located in the 
east part of the town (now called East Winthrop). Mr. Whiting, as were 
his children, was born in Wrentham. Mass. Better educated than any of his 
townsmen, with natural abilities of a high order, benevolent in disposition', 
possessed of abundant energy, just and honorable in his dealings, he had 
so endeared himself to his fellow citizens, that on the organization of the 
town in I77r, he was elected moderator, town clerk, treasurer and selectman, 
and continued to enjoy their confidence and esteem until the close of hi. 


active life. He was Winthrop's first Justice of the Peace, in which capacity 
he solemnized the marriages of the early settlers of the town and planta- 
tions to the west and north, even to the Sandy River. He was born May 25, 
1726. He married Deborah P. Thurston, born May 19. 1728. He died 
Oct. 12, 1807. Amos Stevens lived on the place of his first location, worked 
at his trade, that of a carpenter, and in the meantime subduing the forest 
and fitting the soil for the plow until 1803, when disposing of his estate he 
moved to Strong, where he remained until his death. Feb. 4, 1832. His 
seventh child, Levi, was born in Winthrop, April 3. 1787. He went to 
Strong with the family and there settled. He married Anna Hatch, daughter 
of Gideon Hatch, born in the town of Greene, April, 1795. Died in Abbot 
in 1863. He continued his residence in that town until about 1825, when he 
removed his family to Windham and subsequently to what is now the town 
of Blanchard, Piscataquis County, incorporated in 1831. "A rolling stone 
gathers no moss." He lived in several towns in Piscataquis and Penobscot 
counties, and died in the town of Abbot, April 30, 1866. To his credit the 
honor is due of being the father of the subject of this sketch. Born in 
Strong, her childhood days were spent in that town. Much of her time was 
devoted to an extensive household education, embracing many important 
features since transferred to mechanical labor. October 4. 1838, when 23 
years old, she married Mr. Isaac Maxim, and first settled in the town of 
Sangerville. The custom of moving from place to place, acquired while 
living with parents, was continued after her marriage. She said. "1 have 
changed my residence 33 .times." Her early acquirements were later her 
essential resources. None but one possessed of great executive ability, com- 
bined with energy and tact, and great physical endurance, could have taken 
her place and achieved so great a victory. 

The picture of Isaac Maxim, accompanying this sketch, we'll 
represents him as I remember him ; that of a man of full height. 
well proportioned, with keen black eyes, a massive forehead, with 
hair and a lengthy beard whitened by the frosts of many winters. 
giving him a truly patriarchal appearance. Although never having 
had but a limited education, he was. during his life, a profound 
student of such subjects as engaged his attention. His favorite 
themes of thought were of matters that pertained to the mechanical 
arts and inventions and also scientific and theological subjects. 

His son Hiram said of him in after years in an interview pub- 
lished in the Pall Mall Gazette, "he was a philosopher if there 

ever was one." 

For many years, during his residence in Sangerville and other 
towns in Piscataquis County, he pursued an investigation of what 
is known as spiritualism. He was a firm believer in and an ardent 
advocate of the occult or what is termed "spiritual phenomena.'' 

It is well known that Sir Hiram received the first impression of 
the principle in mechanism upon which is founded the machine 



gun from his father. This fact 
he has often acknowledged pub- 
licly and privately. 

But while the father first 
conceived it and while its germ 
was in his mind during his life- 
time he did not live to perfect 
it. It was the son's genius that 
developed it and made it of 
practical use to the armed 
forces of the world. 

The father's theory about it 
was that his first idea of a ma- 
chine gun was revealed to him 
by spiritual forces and that it 
would be so powerful and 
deadly in its work that its prac- 
tical effect would be to eventu- 
ally abolish war and hasten the 

This is not a tradition or 
hearsay. When a boy, eight or ten 



— ^ -, ■' i 

»■ . 





■ . 

\ K 

■A - ^S^^fe I 

Harriet Boston (Stevens) Maxim 

Isaac Maxim 

years of age, I have often heard 
Isaac Maxim make these state- 
ments. At that time Hiram was 
himself a youth some years 
older and was then developing 
his inventive genius by making 
crude velocipedes, new and more 
fatal kinds of animal traps, etc. 
Hiram was, as a youth, over- 
flowing with latent exuberance 
and energy which oftimes found 
vent in pranks and boyish 
schemes which annoyed and 
sometimes confounded the wiser 
ones around him. In the com- 
mon schools which he attended 
he was more or less of a prob- 
lem to the teachers in their ef- 
forts to maintain the oldtime 
school government. He early 
disp 1 ayed that love for the arts 


and mechanical construction which has developed within him so 
successfully in his later years. 

On the breaking out of the rebellion Hiram was living in Dexter, 
in the State of Maine, and joined the first company that was 
raised there, but that being when our statesmen were suppressing 
the rebellion in a few months' time, it was not every company thai 
was raised that was able to go to the front, as was the case a 
year later. His company was one of those not wanted in Wash- 
ington and it was shortly afterwards disbanded. 

About this time he went to Fitchburg. Mass., being obliged to 
borrow money to pay his railroad fare from Newport, Maine, to 
Boston. Arriving there he began work in a shop where scientific 
instruments were made and was afterwards employed in a factory 
where gas machines for illuminating residences were manufactured. 
It was while at work there that he perfected his first invention 
that was patented. It was a machine for illuminating with gas that 
was much more simple and more valuable than any then known. 
He, however, had a lawsuit with his employer regarding this 
patent, which resulted in Mr. Maxim's favor. 

From that time onward his career as an inventor was one of 
unrivaled success. An English scientific publication, the "Indus- 
tries and Iron," in its issue of March 23. 1894, published an elabo- 
rate article in reference to Mr. Maxim. In 1881, he first went to 
England, where he remained a large portion of the time. 

Again referring to the fact that it was from his father that he 
first derived the idea of the now celebrated Maxim gun, I quote 
from an address which he delivered in London, December 11, 1896, 
before the Royal United Service Institution in England upon "The 
Automatic system of Fire Arms ; its Flistory and Development." 

In this address he says : 

In 1854 I was living with my parents in a little place known as Orneville 
in the State of Maine. Orneville was one of the poorest townships to be 
found in the state, but there was an excellent water-power, where my father 
had" a grist mill and a wood-working shop provided with circular saws, 
lathes and other wood-working machinery. At that time my father con- 
ceived the idea of making a machine gun. 

At this time he made drawings and models of such a gun as he 
and his father had contrived and they were submitted to one 
Ramsdell, a gun maker in Bangor, Maine, but nothing came of 
the venture and it was many years after that Hiram fully developed 
the plan of the automatic gun. 


From these humble surroundings and lowly conditions, from 
this poverty and obscurity up here in Northern Maine, came forth 
one of the world's great inventors, the peer of a Newton, a Morse 
and a Franklin, and a compeer of the great Edison. 

Hiram Maxim was ever a true American and always believed in 
and loved America, her genius and her institutions. 

About the time of the Spanish war he visited Maine and some 
of the old places of his youth. 

In order to meet the late Colonel Charles A. Clark, of Cedar 
Rapids, Iowa, himself a native of Sangerville, and one of his boy 
friends, he at this time spent a day in Monson, Maine, where I 
then resided. It was when it was an unsolved problem as to 
whether or not the government at Washington would permanently 
hold on to the Philippine Islands. I shall never forget his con- 
versation on that occasion. His vision of the future of America, 
if she then grasped the opportunity awaiting her, his great hope 
that she would ultimately take and hold the proud position as a 
world power that she was entitled to, was convincing that the 
vicissitudes of a strange life had not lessened his ardor for, and 
devotion to the best interests of his native country. And it was 
an inspiration to me that can never fade from my memory. 

And yet the destinies of a wonderful career and possibly the 
attitude of his own government when it was in the hands of 
politicians so ultra-conservative that time-worn moss clung to their 
garments and who branded such statesmen as Blaine and Tilden as 
"jingoists," impelled him into activities that finally resulted in his 
adopting Great Britain as his government. In reality he became 
more of a resident of the world than of any one commonwealth, 
nation or kingdom. He made contracts and had dealings with 
great governments, and with sovereigns and potentates that repre- 
sented millions of the world's inhabitants. 

The world will know his name as long as it keeps record of the 
desperate and deadly struggles of mankind. 

In 1898, when engaged in some literary work I wrote him for 
desired information relative to himself and familv, and received 
the following reply : 

18, Queen's Gate Place. 
London. S. W., 
Jan. 20. 1898. 
/. F. Sprague, Esq., 

My dear Sir : — Yours is received. I am sending you several publications 
which will give you some idea of the work I am doing & have been doing. 


I should have supposed that my brother Samuel would have been able to 
give you some information about our ancestry, in fact more than I am able 
to do. As far as I know Samuel Maxim, my grandfather, & Ephraim 
Maxim, his brother, left Wareham. Mass., about 113 years ago. They set- 
tled on the banks of the Lake at Wayne. When they had established them- 
selves their father Xathan came to live with them & continued to do so 
until his death. From Samuel and Ephraim Maxim all the Maxims who live 
about Wayne, Winthrop & further East are descended, while those who 
live at Paris, Maine, are descended from another brother by the name ot 

The Maxim gun is being made at our works, in England, Stockholm, 
Sweden, Placencia in Spain ; they are also being made by Krupp & Ludwig 
Loewe of Berlin; Bariquand of Paris; Armstrong in England; the British 
Government in England ; the American Ordnance Co. of Bridgeport, Conn. 
& the U. S. Gov't, at Washington, D. C. 

The present name of the firm is Vickers,. Sons & Maxim & we employ 
altogether at all of our various works about 14,000 hands. The total value 
of our works, good will of the business capital, etc., is about $40,000,000 & 
we are able to manufacture in our own works, the largest kind of a battle- 
ship, making the engines, boilers, hull, the large & small guns & the armor 
plates all ourselves. It is the second largest concern in the British Empire. 

I have been decorated by the French Government, being therefore a 
chevalier de la legion d'honneur; I have also been decorated by the Portu- 
guese, and Spanish Governments, by the Sultan of Turkey & the Emperor 
of China. 

Yours truly, 

Hiram S. Maxim. 

It is a long road from Brockway's Mills in Sangerville, Maine, 
to a magnificent landed estate near London in England. It is an 
exceedingly long journey for the son of a man so circumstanced 
that for years he made and peddled wooden bowls in order to 
obtain a livelihood, to a place of equality with crowned heads, and 
with all of the great and the powerful and the brilliant men and 
women of the world. 

And yet it is just what one poor Maine boy born away up in the 
back woods about thirty miles below the foot of Moosehead Lake, 
inheriting ideals from an idealist and acquiring, from his contact 
with a hard-headed, selfish and rough and tumble world, knowledge 
as to how to put those ideals into execution, did actually accom- 

If there are any boys enough interested in the history of Maine 
and of her great men to read these pages — and there are some 
who do — we submit to you that this brief story of Hiram Maxim 
is a potential illustration of the possibilities before any Maine boys 

-.'•■< ';• 


of today. Should it not appeal to you ? May it not be an inspira- 
tion ? 

Some one has said that the people of this world are divided into 
two classes, viz : 'The men who have seen visions and the herd 
that has laughed at the visions and visionary." 

Isaac Maxim saw visions and dreamed dreams, but he and his 
noble wife reared up and gave inspiration to a family of inventors 
who were not dreamers but pre-eminently men of affairs. 

And at this fated hour when the American government is uniting 
with the other great democracies of the world in the most gigantic, 
bloodv and deathlv conflict that the historv of the human race 
discloses, may we not all indulge in the hope that the vision that 
old Isaac Maxim once beheld and believed in may yet prove to be 
true and a part of the ultimate destiny of mankind. 

An Important Contribution to 

Maine History 

It is not generally known today, except by a few antiquarians 
and close students of Maine's ancient history, that there was in 
the early part of the eighteenth century quite a large German 
migration and colonization along the coast of Maine at Broad Bay 
(now Waldoboro) and adjacent towns. Williamson makes only 
slight reference to it and historical writers, generally, have over- 
looked it. And yet, it was an important event in the settlement 
of the then District of Maine. 

Professor Garrett W. Thompson of the University of Maine 
has made an exhaustive study of this subject and has prepared a 
series of articles relating to it which, we are pleased to announce 
to our readers, will be published in the Journal; the first of which 
will appear in the first part of volume 5, which will be the next 
number. It will be the most valuable addition to the history of 
Maine that has been made in recent years. 




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Courtesy of IV. A. Richer. 

This plate was made from a painting of Baron St. Castin by W. H. Low 
of New York. The original was an ideal likeness suggested by lines In 
Whittier's poem, Mogg Megone. 


Baron de Saint Castin 

By John Francis S Prague. 

That glittering dream of the Frenchman of the sixteenth cen- 
tury, of a New France in the New World, began with Jacques 
Carrier's first voyage (1534) and did not entirely fade from their 
national horizon, although somewhat obscured for the first half 
century after Cartier, until Wolfe captured Quebec in 1759. 

During the beginnings of the English settlements along the coast 
of Maine and for more than a century thereafter it was no longer 
a golden vision of the optimist, but a well defined scheme of a 
proud and powerful nation, its Kings using the zealous missionaries 
of the invincible church of Rome and gold from its coffers and 
soldiers from its garrisons in its development and maintenance. 
And this fierce struggle for a century's time between the Latin and 
the Britain for supremacy in America is interwoven in its every 
page with Maine's colonial history. 

From the French point of view that portion of what is now 
the State of Maine, lying between the Kennebec and St. Croix 
rivers, was a part of ancient Acadia. Just what w r as actually the 
western boundary of Acadia was, however, never completely 

For a long time the French and English settlers contended for 
the possession of this territory. 

Within this disputed region, what is now the town of Castine 
and much of the lower Penobscot Valley, was anciently known as 

In 1665 France made a renewed effort to raise colonists for 
its American possessions, and amortg the soldiers dispatched to 
defend them and to conquer their strenuous enemy, the Iroquois, 
was the regiment of Carignan-Salieres. 

The Carignan regiment took its name from having been raised 
by Thomas Francis, Prince de Carignan, of the family of the then 
king of Italy, and was still considered as belonging to and com- 
manded by his son ; but the king had placed in actual command 
Henry de Chapelas, Sieur de Salieres, proprietor and colonel of 
another regiment, which was incorporated with that of Carignan ; 
hence the double name. The Carignan regiments participated in 
the war of LaFrande and served under Turenne at Auxerre. It 
v;as part of the 4,000 men sent in 1664 to aid Leopold against the 
Turks, and was distineaiished at the battle of St. Godard. 




The officers of this regiment and many of its soldiers were 
sons of wealthy, refined and aristocratic families of France, and 
among such was Baron Jean Vincent D'Abaddie de St. Castin. 

Charlevoix says that 

he was a native of Oleron. in Beam ; came to Canada in 1665, not as 
colonel of the regiment Carignan Salieres, as erroneously stated by 
Dexter (Church's Indian Wars, part ii., p. 19) and other American 
writers, who follow Raynal, but as we are told by Rev. Mr. Petit (letter in 
Mgr. St. Valier's Etat Present, p. 39), himself originally a captain in that 
regiment, as ensign in Chambly's company, being at the time only fifteen 
years of age. That he ever became captain is doubtful: Ferland. ii, p. 151. 
He married a daughter of Madockawando, by whom he had several chil- 
dren. When the Chevalier de Grandfontaine, captain in the regiment C. S., 
was put in command in Acadia (ante 138), St. Castin is said to have been 
made his lieutenant, although this may have been under Grandfontaine's 
successor, de Chambly. The plundering of St. Castin's place by the Eng- 
lish drove him among the Indians, whose life he to some extent adopted. 
and over whom he acquired great influence. His wrongs cost New England 

The statement that the "English drove him among the Indians" 
is not correct. It is well proven that he allied himself with the 
Indians several years before the English attacked him. 

In reply to inquiries by the Earl of Bellomont, Captain John 

Alden, made to him a "relation . .of what passed between 

him and Monsr. de St. Castin, about the Eastern bounds between us 

and the French, 13 June, 1700," 1 of which the following is an 

extract : 

Monsr. de St. Castin is said to be a Gentleman of good Family who leav- 
ing France on Some disgust in his Youth, came & settled on Penobscot 
River, married the chief Sagamore's Daughter, Speaks the Indian tongue, 
lives after the Indian manner, and is become Chief or Sagamore of the 
Penobscot Indians consisting in about 130 Families, being grown rich by 
Trade. 'Tis said the French GoverViours of Canada & St. Johns have sent 
several times to him to go to them, but he would not go near 'em. He 
professes great kindness to the English and Speaks English. He gave 
advice to some of the late Governours here, of the designes of the French 
against this Countrey, and the return he had was the sending a Frigat & 
some souldiers, who ravag'd his Country and burnt the Wigwams or houses 
of him and his Indians, Which faithless action he complains of to this day. 

It is now quite impossible to acquire a full knowledge of either 
the character or career of Baron St. Castin. That his was an 
adventuresome spirit, bold and daring, is evident from the few 
and obscure facts relative to him which may be discovered by 
much research. That his life has been misunderstood and mis- 

(*) Baxter Manuscripts Vol. X, pp. 57-58. 


represented is also apparent. It is not known just what first 
attracted him to the coast of Maine. His selection of Pentagoet 
for a trading post is evidence of sound judgment and foresight. It 
seems apparent from all sources of information that he was suc- 
cessful in the fur trade and amassed quite a fortune for that time. 

Alden's letter indicates that his dealings with the Massachusetts 
Bay settlers were honorable and that he maintained friendly rela- 
tions with them when they were at peace with the French. And 
yet, when duty to New France called him to arms, he responded 
willingly and served faithfully. 

Where is now the town of Castine and on the same spot which 
had previously been occupied by D'Aulney and by Temple he 
erected a fortified habitation. 

Sullivan 2 says that 

One Castine, who had been a Colonel of the regiment of Corignon, and 
who according to Voltaire and the Abbe Raynal, was a man of family and 
fortune became an adventurer in America, about the year 1670. 

He ranks him as a "mortal enemy to the English" but other 
reliable authorities state that, until war broke out between the 
French and English Colonists twenty years later, he traded with 
the English and maintained amicable relations with them. 

Sullivan contends that his influence with the Indians greatly 
injured the English who "were by him at all times filled with a 
jealousy," which caused much trouble and "which" he adds "the 
English had not prudence or address enough to dissipate." For 
many years he carried on an extensive and successful trade with 
the Indians, receiving supplies of merchandise from France which 
he profitably exchanged for beaver peltry and other furs. 

La Hontan estimated his profits to have been between two or 
three hundred thousand crowns. 3 He was a zealous church man 
and within his habitation was a chapel decorated with the emblems 
of the Catholic church. Among his nearly forty retainers were 
several priests. 

Some writers, especially Sullivan, have seemed impressed with 
the idea that his coming to the Penobscot was shrouded in mystery ; 
that there was some secret reason why he, a scion of the first 
families of France and reared in opulence, should have adopted 
this wild life and allied himself with a band of savages. This view 
is, however, a doubtful one. 

( 2 ) Sullivan's History of Maine (1795) p. 93. 
(*) La Hontan New Voyages 1, 471. 


The entire undertaking of establishing a New France in the 
New World was resplendent with the noblest ideals of the Frencn 
nation. Its germ came from the reign of Henry IV, one of the 
greatest characters in its history. Its highest aims were to rival, 
if not to surpass, the ambitious Britain in his progress in American 
colonization ; to establish permanently French sovereignty and 
dominion on this side of the ocean and to convert a continent ot 
savages to the Catholic faith. 

While there is some confusion about the age of the Baron, when 
he established himself at Pentagoet, he was assuredly only a young 

The Jesuit Relations, which may be presumed to be as accurate 
as any authority, states that he was born in 1636 ; came to Canada 
in 1665, and settled on the Penobscot 1667, thus making him 29 
years of age. 

Parkman asserts that 

When fifteen years of age he came to Canada with the regiment of 
Carignan-Salieres, ensign in the company of Chambly ; and when the regi- 
ment disbanded he followed his natural bent and betook himself to the 
Acadian woods. 4 f 

Is it not more reasonable to presume that at this impressionable 
age he might have been enthused with his country's aspirations and 
desired to participate in her great adventure ; that a free, ad- 
venturesome life in an unexplored wilderness with an unknown 
people, might have appealed to him and its romantic possibilities 
have captivated his imagination? 

Madockawando was the powerful chief of the Tarratines, a 
tribe which inhabited the Penobscot region and a part of the 
Abnakis nation. He often visited Quebec and formed the ac- 
quaintance of some of the French soldiers and officers. Among 
such was Baron St. Castin. They became strong friends. Un- 
doubtedly he received from him his first knowledge of the impor- 
tance of Pentagoet as a trading post. 

We are permitted to know of Madockawando only by tradition 
and occasional glimpses of him as a warrior which have crept into 
the pages of history. From these sources we perceive a personage 
of high character for ability, resourcefulness, courage and human- 

(*) Frontenac and New France, p. 343. Parkman is undoubtedly wrong 
as to his age of enlistment. 



These two picturesque characters, one a youth from the circles 
of culture and nobility in sunny France, and the other a savage 
nobleman from the pine and hemlock wilderness of the Penobscot, 
formed a strange and lasting attachment for each other which 
was never disrupted. 

The Indian had himself been more or less under the influence of 
the Jesuits before he met St. Castin, which perhaps accounted for 



• * 

, - . * ; 

ill --■ ■ . J 


. . ~-jK*jt*£ *vrr«.'at«i ; 



..J«A j.-.-*ju<iM 

Courtesy of IV. A. Ricker. 

Bagaduce River From Normal School, Castine, Maine. 

"the gravity and seriousness of his speech" with which he has 
been accredited. 

On the other hand St. Castin, like the Frenchmen generally of 
'.hat day, had not inherited a natural aversion to intimacy with 
savages as had the English. 

At all events, after following the Chief to Pentagoet and locating 
there he soon identified himself with the Indians, was an acknowl- 
edged leader among them, became the object of their homage and 
retained their unbounded confidence and esteem as long as he 
remained with them. "They regarded him," says La Hontan "as 
their tutelar deity." He also seemed to exert the same remark- 
able influence over all of the other tribes in Maine that he had with 



the Penobscots. His marriage to Mathilde, the daughter of 

Madockawando, is well authenticated. 

According to records now accessible in Nova Scotia, the Castin 

family was registered as that of the 

Sieur Jean Vincent, Baron de St. Castin, and of dame Mathilde, of the 
Parish of Sainte Famille at Pentagoet. 

Some writers have believed that he had two wives to whom he 

was married under the rites of his church. Noah Brooks remarks: 

It is likely that the second wife, named Marie Pidiaskie, was the legitimate 
successor of Mathilde, who had probably departed this life when the second 
marriage took place. 

The early writers who wrote as Mr. Brooks (supra) observes, 

"before the unearthing and publication of authentic records'' 

believed that, so far as his intercourse with Indian women was 

concerned, he was a brazen and lawless libertine whose daily Hie 

if recorded would exceed the extravagances of all of the tales ot 

a Boccaccio or a Balzac that were ever related. Even Parkman 

evidently did not give this matter his usually careful investigation 

when he said in his chapter on "State of Acadia:" 8 

Still sailing westward, passing Mount Desert, another scene of ancient 
settlement, and entering Penobscot Bay, you would have found the Baron dc 
Saint-Castin with his harem at Pentagoet, where the town of Castine now 
stands. V 

It was believed that he openly practiced polygamy which 
anciently was permissible among the Indians of Acadia, and New 
England writers have seriously stated that he had "forty wives." 

One of Longfellow's most charming poems relates to the Baron. 
Yet, as much as its lines entrance us, we must admit that other 
from the fact that St. Castin was at Pentagoet and did return to 
his ancestral home in France, it is based upon scarcely any his- 
torical truth. In this he says that the gay Baron had wedded his 
Indian wife, "as the Indians wed," and had "bought her for a 
knife and gun." And yet he was a devout Catholic associating 
and having intercourse with priests and missionaries of that 
church ; hence it is inconceivable that he could have been a polyga- 

To comprehend clearly the cause for this apparently distorted 
public sentiment regarding the Baron, it is necessary to turn back- 
in history to the beginning of his career at Pentagoet. 

( 5 ) Noah 'Brooks in Magazine of American History, (May. 1883) p. 368. 
( 8 ) Frontenac and New France, p. 337. 


Perrot was the Governor of Acadia. He had formerly been 
Governor of Montreal ; had quarreled with nearly all with whom 
he had ever had official relations ; fought a duel with one of his 
lieutenants and had insulted Frontenac and conspired against him. 
He was arrested for resisting royal authority, but having some 
influential friends among the priests and others, the affair was 
compromised and he was returned to France and was subsequently 
sent to Acadia as Governor. He was also an extensive trader 
with the Indians and, according to most of the accounts of him, 
was unscrupulous and fraudulent in his dealings with his govern- 
ment. As soon as he discovered St. Castin and realized that he 
had in him a dangerous rival he immediately sought to destroy 
him. He began his campaign against him by vilifying his char- 
acter and undertaking to poison the minds of the priests and 
Denonville, then the Governor of Canada, regarding him. St. 
Castin retaliated by writing the Governor and entering complaint 
against Perrot. In a letter addressed to him quoted by Parkman 
(supra, p. 344) he says: 


I will only say that he (Perrot) kept me under arrest from the twenty- 
first of April to the ninth of June, on pretence of a little weakness I had 
for some women, and even told me that he had your orders to do it ; but 
that is not what troubles him ; and as I do not believe there Is another man 
under heaven who will do meaner things through love of gain, even to 
selling brandy by the pint and half-pint before strangers in his own house, 
because he does not trust a single one of his servants, — I see plainly what is 
the matter with him. He wants to be the only merchant in Acadia. 

But these troubles as annoying as they might have been for a 
time were of short duration, for Perrot was soon recalled to 
France. For nearly twenty years he lived peacefully and enjoyed 
a prosperous trade with the red men and remained on friendly 
terms with the English with whom he also had more or less trade. 
From all that can now be learned of him he was a shrewd and 
capable business man. But he was not destined to longer lead 
a tranquil life. His fortress and home, situated on ground claimed 
by the English within territory which had been granted to the 
Duke of York, and which, on his accession to the throne as James 
II, became a part of the royal domain, was never safe from attack. 

In 1686, it was plundered by an agent of Thomas Dongan, Gov- 
ernor of New York. In 1687. it was plundered again. In 1688. 
Sir Edmond Andros, the royal Governor of the Massachusetts 
Colony, anchored before it in his frigate, the "Rose." landed with 
his attendants, and stripped the building of all it contained except 


an altar with pictures and ornaments, St. Castin escaping to the 

woods. Andros was severely criticized for this act by the people of 

New England. He was the representative of King James whom 

the Puritans cordiallv hated. 

Increase Mather was especially virulent in his attacks upon the 

Governor and called his standing military forces, 

a crew that began to teach New England to Drab, Drink, Blaspheme, 
Curse and Damn . . . What good did that* Frigot do New England? 
unless this were so, that it fetched home the Plunder of Castaine, upon 
which began the Bloudy Warr. 

It is said, that Madockawando visited Boston after the affair, 
and stated that the Baron was highly affronted at it, and that 4, a 
great war was apprehended." This was after James was deposed 
and Andros removed. The new Governor at Boston, in a respect- 
ful address to St. Castin, disclaimed any sympathy with Andros 
in his treatment of him and proposed generous terms of arrange* 
ment. It is not stated that he rejected the overtures. 

In a tract published by the inhabitants of Boston in 1691, en- 
titled "The Revolution in New England Justified," Andros is 
charged with 

involving the countrey in a War with the Indians, by means whereof he 
hath occasioned the Ruine of many Families and Plantations, yea the 
Death or Captivity of we know not how many Souls. For he went with the 
(Rose Frigat) and violently seized and took and carried away, in a time of 
peace, all the Household Goods and Merchandizes of Mounsieur Casteen a 
Frenchman at Panobscot who was Allied to the Indians, having married a 
Daughter of one of thei** Princes whom they call Sagamores or Sachems: 
and when this was done, it was easie to foresee, and was generally concluded, 
that the French and Indians would soon be upon the English, as it quickly 
came to pass. 7 

The late Honorable John E. Godfrey of Bangor, Maine, at one 
time made considerable research regarding these subjects and in 
his paper on Baron St. Castin, published in the Maine Historical 
Collections, Vol. VII, p. 57, says: 

It is true, that in the August afterward there was a collision betwixt the 
English and the Indians. The former were establishing themselves in 
North Yarmouth and building a garrison on the easterly side of Royall's 
River. The Indians, who complained that the treaty stipulations of the 
English had not been complied with by the payment for their corn which 
had been destroyed by the cattle of the English, who were taking up their 
lands arid fishing berths and leaving them to perish with hunger, deemed 
this new establishment a "direct encroachment," and made an attack in 

O Andros Tracts, 1,118, ii, 50. 



which three whites and several Indians were killed. This was followed by 
the arrest of some twenty Indians on a magistrate's warrant at Saco and 
their imprisonment in Fort Loyal, and this by reprisals by the Indians at 
Sagadahoc and New- Dartmouth (Newcastle). Houses were plundered and 
prisoners taken — some of whom were killed, 8 and others sent to Ticonic 
(Waterville). But there is no evidence whatever that St. Castin incited the 
Indians to these acts. On the contrary*, the evidence is, that he rendered 
the English service, which he certainly would not have done if he had been 
so unreasonable as to revenge himself on innocent people for an act of Sir 
Edmund Andros that they deprecated. He ransomed 'John Koyall who was 
taken prisoner on the evening of the skirmish at Royall's River. 

During the next few years the settlements along the coast of 
Maine and the old debatable grounds were the scene of constant 
skirmishing, killing and capturing prisoners. 


r 2!IL0£THE Missions 





. . -. * .-..- » -^ ^-.-. ... ...^: ■•■..." : >- ...■--■:,■■*■. — , ■*,-;•■ tm* im<£sitifck\ 

Courtesy of IV. A. Richer. 

Historic Ground in Castine, Maine. 

War began in earnest in 1689, James II, having fled to France, 
and England and France having begun hostilities. Frontenac, who 
was now, for a second time, Governor-General of Canada, organ- 
ized three expeditions of French and Indians, in 1690. One of 
these accomplished the massacre of Schenectady; the second a raid 
on Salmon Falls, New Hampshire, and the third made a descent 
upon Falmouth, now Portland. This last-named expedition was 
composed of regular soldiers from Acadia, with Abenakis, and 
Canadians. A part of the contingent was furnished by St. Castin 
and Madockawando, both of whom accompanied the forces. Port- 

( 8 ) Williamson's Hist. Maine, i, 607 et seq. 


neuf was commander of the expedition, and to his account must be 
charged the butchery that followed the surrender of the fort, 
known as Fort Royal, near what is now known as the foot oi 
India Street, Portland. Attempts have been made to fasten the 
responsibility for this deed of blood upon St. Castin. He took the 
part of his country in the light, as was natural, but he held only a 
subordinate place in the command which reduced Fort Royal. 

In one exchange- of prisoners, according to a French account, 
St. Castin "took charge of the business alone in the name of the 
Count de Frontenac." After a naval battle off Mt. Desert, in 
which he captured an English twenty-four gun ship, the French 
Admiral, d'Iberville, went to Pentagoet, by appointment, where he 
was joined by two hundred and fifty Tarratines commanded by 
St. Castin. After distributing presents sent by Frontenac, to the 
value of four thousand livres, and holding a grand feast, d'Iber- 
ville set sail for Fort William Henry, at Pemaquid, commanded 
by Captain Pasco Chubb, the purpose being to revenge the death 
of three chiefs, slain by Chubb while under a flag of truce. This 
expedition was successful. The fort, which cost nearly twenty 
thousand pounds, and which was defended with fifteen heavy can- 
non, fell into the hands of the besiegers, after two days' fighting. 
The fort was dismantled and then ceased to be the standing menace 
to the French on the Penobscot which it so long had been. 

This was the last exploit in which St. Castin assisted. Peace 
soon after returned to the distracted country, and in 1693 the 
baron and his family gave in their allegiance to the English Gov- 
ernment, now in possession of Pentagoet and the adjacent coast. 
About 1700 or 1 701 St. Castin went to France, taking with him, 
according to the chronicle of the time, "two or three thousand 
crowns in good dry gold." He had, in the meantime, fallen heir 
to an estate of five thousand pounds a year. This estate, for some 
reason, he never secured, as we hear of his son Anselm being kept 
out of it, long afterward, by the Lieutenant-General of Oleron, 
who is described as "the first chicanier of Europe,'' and who 
managed to keep and hold the estate while the Castin family were 
carrying on their adventures among the savages of the New World. 
His picturesque and romantic career has attracted the attention 
of poets and romancers. Whittier's conception of his appearance 
was. in Mogg Megone, one "with bearded cheek and wrinkled 
brow" and having 



A few long locks of scattered snow 
Beneath a battered morion flow. 

In the harsh outlines of his face 
Passion and sin have left their trace. 

He gives him "a worn brow and thin gray hair" and calls him "a 
hoary veteran." 

As St. Castin could not have been more than 29 when he went 
to the Penobscot and no more than 63 years of age when he re- 
turned to France, this picture of him possibly presents the exercise 
of imagination careless of the facts. 

Further on in the poem he is on his way to the Kennebec, and 

A mournful task is his, — to lay 
Within the earth the bones of those 

Who perished on that fearful day, 
When Norridgewock became the prey 

Of all unsparing foes. 

As that " fearful day" when Sebastian Rale and his followers 
were massacred at Norridgewock, was August 23d, 1724, the Baron 
would, if living, have been with his Indian wife at his old home 
in his native France. 

But it is a delight to turn from the rather dismal strains of 
Whittier's muse and listen to the sweet notes of Longfellow's 
charming vision of the Baron's homecoming in the beautiful 
Pyrenees, even though the one may have no more historic value than 
the other. 

First we listen to the pathetic tale of "His father, lonely, old 
and gray" sitting alone by his fireside mourning the absence of his 
beloved son and longing for his return. The holy father of the 
church calls on the aged sire and offers him consolation : 

Ah yes, dear friend ! in our young days 
We should have like to hunt the deer 
All day amid those forest scenes. 
And to sleep in the tents of the Tarratines ; 
But now it is better sitting here 
Within four walls, and without the fear 
Of losing our hearts to Indian queens; 
•For man is fire and woman is tow. 
And the Somebody comes and begins to bio'. 

Then a fatal letter "wings its way" and he learns that "the 
young Baron of St. Castin," 



Swift as the wind is and as wild, 

Has married a dusky Tarratine, . - 

Has married Madocawando's child ! 
i "For many a year the old chateau lies tenantless and desolate" 
until one bright day the good Curate is speeding "along the wood- 
land way" humming gayly 

'No day is so long 

But it comes at last to vesper-song.' 

He stops at the porter's lodge to say- 
That at last the Baron of St. Castine 

Is coming home with his Indian queen, 

Is coming without a week's delay; 

And all the house must be swept and clean 

And all things set in good array ! 

And the solemn porter shakes his head ; 

And the answer he makes is: "Lackaday! 
*We will see,' as the blind man said!" 

With what feelings of fear and trepidation the father looked 
forward to the coming of the wild daughter of the dusky Penob- 
scots : He looked "to see a painted savage stride 
Into the room, with shoulders bare, 
And eagle feathers in her hair, 
_____ And around her a robe of panther's hide." 

Instead, he beholds with secret shame 

A form of beauty undefined, 

A loveliness without a name. 

Not of degree, but more of kind; 

Nor bold nor shy, nor short nor tall, 

But a new mingling of them all. 

Yes, beautiful beyond belief, 

Transfigured and transfused, he sees 

The lady of the Pyrenees, 

The daughter of the Indian chief. 

Beneath the shadow of her hair 

The gold-bronze color of the skin 

Seems lighted by a fire within, 

As when a burst of sunlight shines 

Beneath a. sombre grove of pines, — 

A dusky splendor in the air. 

The two small hands ; that now are pressed 

In his, seem made to be caressed, 

They lie so warm and soft and still, • 

Like birds half hidden in a nest. 

Trustful, and innocent of ill. 

And ah ! he cannot believe his ears 

When her melodious voice he hears 

Speaking his native Gascon tongue; 


The words she utters seem to be 

Part of some poem of Goudouli, 

They are not spoken, they are sung ! 

And the Baron smiles, and says. "You see, 

I told you but the simple truth ; 

Ah, you may trust the eyes of youth !" 

The "poet's license" makes Longfellow say : 

And Baron Castine of St. Castine 
Hath come at last to his own again. 

This was not true, for, as we have seen, he *iid not recover his 
inheritance during his lifetime, as there are records disclosing the 
fact that his son, Anselm, was contending in the Courts of France 
for it after the father's death. 

It is frequently stated that Baron de St. Castin was once a Chief 
of the Penobscot tribe. This cannot be true for Madockawando 
lived until 1697-8 and the Baron apparently returned to France 
within two or three years after the death of his dusky old friend 
and comrade. 

In later years his son Anselm was a Chief of this tribe. 

It is known that he had children but the family record is in- 
definite. His first wife, Mathilde, was the mother of his son 
Anselm and daughter Anestasia (who married Sieur Alx'r. Belle- 
isle). * 

Maria Pedianskge is the recorded name of the mother of his 
daughter, Theresa, who married Philip de Pombomcom. He also 
had another son younger than Anselm, named Joseph Dabadis. 

There is also more or less evidence of his having had several 
other children but confusion exists regarding the matter and the 
authorities disagree. 

His two sons figure considerably in our colonial history during 
the early part of the eighteenth century. Anselm was the most 
prominent one and his name appears with more frequency than 
his brother's. In 1721 Anselm appeared at what was known as 
the "Arrowsic Conference," which was a meeting on Arrowsic 
Island, between Penhallow, the commander of the English, and 
about two hundred Abenakis from Norridgewock and Penobscot. 
The object of their visit was to demand that the English should 
remove immediately from certain lands on which the Indians 
alleged they had encroached. Two of the missionaries, La Chasse 
and Rale accompanied the Indians. Anselm was at that time a 
lieutenant in the French army and on occasions dressed in his 
official uniform and wore it at this time. It is probable that he 

if ' - : i. 




was also then the real chief of the Penobscots, at any rate he was 
their military leader. It seems that the English were very much 
offended because he was there in the dress of a French officer, and 
at once arrested him and cast him into prison. The English Colo- 
nists were divided in sentiment as to the justice of this proceeding. 
but the House of Representatives, however, ordered that he be 
tried by the Superior Court of the County of Suffolk. The Coun- 
cil did not concur in this but voted to send for witnesses that the 
Court might determine the proper course of procedure. After due 
investigation. Anselm was discharged. In reply to interrogatories 
by the committee he made the following statement, in which it ap- 
pears that he was proud of the fact that his mother was an Abe- 
nakis : 

I received no orders from the Governor of Canada to t>e present at 
Arrowsic. I have always lived with my kindred and people — my mother 
was an Abenakis — I was in authority over them. I should not have been 
true to my trusts if I had neglected to be present at a meeting wherein their 
interests were concerned. My uniform is required by my position, which is 
that of a Lieutenant under the French King. I have the highest friendship 
for the English. My disposition is to prevent my people from doing them 
mischief ; and my efforts shall be to influence them to keep peace. 9 

Viewed from the angle of the high standards of morality preva- 
lent in the twentieth century, the Baron would be subject to criti- 
cism. But his character cannot be fairly tested by the rules and 
customs of this day, but rather by those in vogue two hundred and 
fifty years ago. A comparison of his practices and mode of living 
while mingling with a primeval people dwelling in the forests of 
the Penobscot, with the daily life of the sovereigns and nobility 
in the courts of his own and other European nations of his day, 
would undoubtedly be favorable to Baron St. Castin. 

His must have been the soul of a true child of nature. He must 
have loved the woods and the lakes, the birds and the animals. 
He must have delighted in the chase, been learned in all wood craft 
and forest lore and have acquired from his red brother many of 
nature's secrets. 

No ancient record, manuscript or letter has yet been brought to 
light that reflects upon his integrity as a man. He was not robbei, 
murderer or pirate. Not a line hints that he ever cheated, wronged 
or defrauded his fellow men. Only a big kind heart could have 
throbbed in the breast of the man who won the love and devotion 
of a nation of wild savages and held it fast for thirty years. 

(•) Shea's Charlevoix, v. 274. Williamson's Hist. Maine, ii. 108. 


Sons of the American Revolution 

The annual meeting and banquet of the Maine Society of the 
S. A. R. occurred at the Congress Square Hotel in Portland, 
Thursday, afternoon and evening, February 22, 191 7, Wainwright 
Gushing of Foxcroft, the president, being in the chair. 

It was voted to send a telegram to President Wilson assuring 
him of the loyalty of the members of the society and their dis- 
position to stand by him in the country's present crisis. It was 
also voted to endorse the bill now before the Legislature, known as 
Senate bill No. 86. regarding compulsory military training in the 
public schools. The following officers were elected : 

President, Frederick S. Vaill of Portland ; vice presidents, 
Charles L. Andrews of Augusta, William K. Sanderson of Portland 
and John C. Stewart of York; secretary and registrar, Francis L. 
Littlefield of Portland; treasurer, Enoch O. Greenleaf of Portland; 
librarian, William T. Cousens of Portland; historian, John F 
Sprague of Dover ; chaplain. Rev. William G. Mann of Westbrook ; 
councillors, Hon. Wilford G. Chapman of Portland, Willis B. Hall, 
Convers E. Leach and Frederick L. Tower of Portland, Edward J. 
Haskell of Westbrook. 

A communication was read from George F. Drew of Brunswick, 
suggesting that the old liberty bell might, if the custodians wished 
tc do so, be made whole by an electric welding of oxy-acetylene 
process and could then be hung again in the tower of Independence 
hall and used for the purpose for which it was designed. He' sug- 
gested that the society forward this matter to the officials of ,the 
Pennsylvania society. It was voted to refer the matter to the 
board of managers for action. 

Colonel E. K. Gould of Rockland presented a resolution favoring 
an appropriation by the State for the Knox memorial and the same 
was adopted by a unanimous vote. 

President dishing presided at the banquet, the principal speaker 
being Dean McCallister of Tufts College, who spoke eloquently 
upon the life and career of Patrick Henry. 

The exercises of another very enjoyable event in the history of 
this Society closed with the introduction of the new president, 
Frederick S. Vaill. and the singing of "America." 


The First Settler 

What was his name ? I do not know his name, 
I only know he heard God's voice and came ; 
Brought all he loved across the sea. 
To live and work for God — and me ; 
Felled the ungracious oak, — 
With horrid toil 
Dragged from the soil 
The thrice-gnarled roots and stubborn rock ; 
With plenty piled the haggard mountain-side, 
And when his work was done, without memorial died. 
No blaring trumpet sounded out his fame ; 
He lived and died. I do not know his name. 

No form of bronze and no memorial stones 
Show me the place wmere lie his mouldering bones. 
Only a cheerful city stands, 
Builded by his hardened hands ; 
Only ten thousand homes. 
Where every day 
The cheerful play 
Of love and hope and courage comes ; 
These are his monuments, and these alone, — 
There is no form of bronze and no memorial stone ! 


And I! 

Is there some desert or some boundless sea 
Where thou, great God of angels, wilt send me? 

Some oak for me to rend, some sod for me to break, 

Some handful of thy corn to take, 
And scatter far afield, 


Till it in turn shall yield 
Its hundredfold 
Of grains of gold, 
To feed the happy children of my God? — 
Show me the desert, Father, or the sea. 
Is it thine enterprise? Great God, send me! 
And though the holy body lie where ocean rolls. 
Father, count me among all faithful souls ! 

Edward Everett Hale. 
November, 1885. 


Mary Harris (Ellison) Curran 


l>y Charles A. Flagg, Librarian of the Bangor Public Library. 

The death on Monday, February 19, 191 7, of the Associate 
Librarian of the Bangor Public Library, comes as a real loss to the 
community, and above all to the institution to which she had given 
over 40 years of continuous service and whose destinies she had 
guided for a quarter of a century. 

Mrs. Curran — Mary Harris Ellison — was the daughter of 
Edward and Lucy G. (Mills) Ellison. Her father came to Bangor 
from Massachusetts in the "thirties," and practically her entire 
life was spent in the family home, corner of Penobscot and Pine 
streets. Devotion to family and to native place were among her 
prominent traits. 

After short periods of teaching in Bangor and elsewhere and 
a brief married life, she entered the employ of the old Bangot 
Mechanic Association in 1876 as cataloguer. From that date to 
the end, her life was devoted to library work. It was at once her 
profession and her recreation. The spirit of faithful service could 
have no finer example than was hers : Ever striving after and 
slowly attaining better things. The path of progress led through 
discouragements of various sorts, small remuneration, wretched 
quarters, and finally, after she had laboriously built up a collection 
that stood third in size among Maine's libraries, the disappointment 
cf seeing it all swept away in the fire of 191 1. 

Mrs. Curran never enjoyed robust health and for many years 
past was handicapped by increasing weight and bodily weakness. 
But weakness with her never extended beyond the physical plane ; 
no one ever left her presence without feeling that there was a 
woman of strong individuality, and even the last days of her life 
brought no failure of mental faculties. 

In her chosen profession she was one of the last representatives 
of the older school of librarians, combining a wide acquaintance 
with general literature, an exhaustive knowledge of her own library, 
and a remarkable familiarity with her community. Such a librarian 
was the index and the key to the books in her keeping. In our 
day, the rapid multiplying of literature, especially in certain lines, 
has gone far beyond the grasp of any individual mind. Library 


service necessarily is coming to lay greater stress on problems of 
administration and extension and to lean more and more on the 
available sources of information such as reference books, cata- 
logues, indexes, bibliographies and the like. Still, personal service 
is invaluable, and there is small wonder that some of the older 
patrons never become reconciled to the new conditions. 

Mrs. Curran's industry was prodigious. Every work added to 
the Library was classified and entered in the accession book by 
herself down to the end of her active service in 191 5. Perhaps 
history and genealogy were her favorite studies ; inquiries in these 
fields were sure of thorough research, accuracy and sound advice. 
not infrequently after days and weeks of investigation. 

She was devoted to her profession at large and it was her cus- 
tom to attend some of the meetings of the American Library 
Association held in various parts of the Union. She thus formed a 
wide acquaintance among the leading librarians of the country. 
For years she was a member of the Massachusetts Library club, 
and was one of the last survivors of the little group who in 1891 
organized the Maine Librarv Association. It had always been her 
hope to entertain this body in Bangor some day, but conditions m 
the old quarters forbade it. When in October, 191 5, the associa- 
tion did come to Bangor for its annual meeting, though she had 
been eight months out of active service, she made the effort neces- 
sary to come down to the public library, ascended to the upper 
floor which she had never seen before, was present to welcome the 
guests and listened to the reading of a paper prepared by herself 
for the occasion. She never left her home again in life. 

After the fire of 191 1 she started with indomitable energy to 
gather the collection anew, and the first 20,000 volumes added 
under her direction, as well as her comprehensive plans for series 
of local and other scrap books, will place all future users of the 
library in her debt. 

But advancing years and infirmities and the. administrative 
details made necessary by the new building then under construction 
led her in 1912 to express to the Board of Managers her wish to 
resign the librarianship. The next spring, on the appointment of 
her successor, the position of associate librarian was created for 
Iter and she was re-elected annually, the last time in January, 1917- 

At length, even the physical exertion of coming down to the 
Library became too great and in February, 191 5, she was relieved 
of that also, and thereafter her services consisted chieflv in the 


compilation and transcription of various records. A considerable 
number of volumes neatly and carefully written by her hand will 
remain in evidence of her industry in this period. 

Her wise counsel, loyal assistance and helpfulness, through these 
last years, have been of the utmost value to her successor. 

Letter from Holman Day, Maine's 

Famous Novelist 

Portland, Me., March 13, 1917. 
Honorable John F. Sprague, Foxcroft, Maine. 

My dear John : — This must be held to be a well-considered testi- 
monial because I have had it in mind for two or three years, always 
intending to drop you a line in regard to the sterling worth and 
the peculiar interest attaching to your Journal. I have carefully 
preserved every number and find that I am always repaid for re- 
reading. I have constantly wondered how you have managed to 
secure so much good stuff and I admire that happy faculty you 
have of diversifying the material and packing it in so solidly. 1 
must confess to you that out of the names, alone, I liave received 
many inspirations for my work and in every issue there is some 
quirk, twist or bit of fact which suggests a yarn. I think it is 
generally conceded that Maine history and the characters involve a 
supply more of the picturesque than the annals of any other State 
and I find that little is escaping you as you go on in your work. 
I do hope that the Journal's circulation will increase constatitly ; 
Maine folks should not be missing any of the numbers. Especially 
good was your story of (< Poet Dave" Barker. I am sorry, my dear 
old friend, that I have been so slow in telling you zvhat I think of 
your efforts to collect all this illuminating material, but I trust 
you will be "willing to accept now my sincere appreciation and my 
hope, as our old friend Sheriff John Ballon used to put it "that 
you will live to be a thousand years old and grow to enormous size" 

As I write this I am reminded of the historic days when you 
and I struggled together to get out a "weekly newspaper and I 
am coming up some day and look over tliose old files you have and 
refresh my memory and swap yarns. 

With renewed assurance of my regard, I am 

Sincerely yours, 

Holman Day. 





(From "Baxter Manuscripts'" in the Documentary History of 

Maine, Vol. 10, p. 99.) 

A part of "A Memorial of the Council and Representatives ot 
your Majesty's Province of the Massachusetts Bay Colony" and 
addressed "to the Kings most, Excellent Majesty." 

(August 9, 1 701) 

As to Fortifications. 

The last Summer we caused a small Fortification to be erected at Casco 
Bay, where there is a Garrison posted, upwards of fifty miles to ye East- 
ward of any present Settlement of the English whereby we design'd to Ac- 
comodate the Indians for Trade, and to supply them at easie rates tho with 
less to the Publick to prevent their going to the French therefor, and to fix 
them in the English Interests, as also to encourage the resettlement of that 
part of the Province. And a Plantation will be speedily set forward there 
in case a new War do not commence. 

The Fort formerly erected at Pemaquid, cost us not less than Twenty 
Thousand pounds to build and maintain the same, and we are not sensible 
we had in any measure a proportionable advantage thereby. The Situation 
thereof was on a Promontary towards the Sea Much out of the ordinary 
roads of the Indians Yet were we careful to furnish & supply the same 
with all necessary Stores and provisions & had newly reinforced the Garrison 
(which 'with that recruit consisted of more than four score men) and sent 
them fresh supplies a little before it unhappily fell into the hands of the 
Enemy. Had the Commander been as well furnished with conduct and 
Resolution it had probably been defended. 

We are humbly of opinion That the building of a Fort at Pemaquid, lying 
upwards of one hundred miles distant from any part of ye Province at 
present inhabited by the English, can be no security to our Frontiers, or 
Bridle to the Indians. The only benefit we conceive might arise thereby 
would be to shelter a few Boats that may be imployed in fishing towards 
those parts and at some times put in there. And it would draw such a con- 
siderable charge upon your Matys Subjects as they cannot possibly support. 

From "An Answer to the First Query Proposed by the Rt. 
HonVle the Lords of Trade & referring to the Province of the 

Massachusetts Bav." 


(lb. p. 108) 

In the Neighbourhood of this Province to the North East or towards 

Nnva ^rntia ther/* arp fwn Trihp<; nf Tnr1i->ns rvn*» r\f tht>rr\ Irnnwn Kv fVi*» 


name of the Kennibeck Indians One. hundred, fighting men who live chiefly 
at a place called Noridgiawock within a Sort of Fort made of Wood and 
where, is a small Chappel and a Jesuit. There are two or three other small 
Settlements of Indians that may make out in all fifty fighting men at Penni- 
cook Amarascogin and Pegwoket. One other Tribe called the Penobscot 
Indians lying up the River of that name One hundred and fifty fighting Men 
both Tribes too much inclined to the French Interest thro the Influence of 
the Jesuits who have allways one among them, and during the late Warrs 
between England and France they have been bloody Enemys to the English ; 
At present they are pretty Quiet ; but there is no depending on them. 

Letter from J. Dummer to Wm. Popple Esqr. of Oct. II, 1720 with his 
answers to the Circular Querys, relating to the •=■.? 01 Vi . 

Letter from J. Dummer to Wm. Popple Esqr. of Oct. 11, 1720 
with his answers to the Circular Querys, relating to the 

Massachusetts — Bay 

\ Queries for Mr. Dummer. 

Massachusetts — Bay & New Hampshire 

14th. What Forts & Places of Defence are there within that Province, 
and in what condition? 

Castle Willm. is the Cheif which defends Boston Harbour & is kept in 
very good condition. There are other little Forts in the Province of Main. 
There's a little one in Brunswick at ye head of Casco Bay called George's 
Fort, which has in it 15 souldiers, and a Capt. Lieut. & Serjeant. It is built 
of stone & lime, with four bastions, having 14 pretty large cannon mounted 
on ye Walls : There's another at a town call'd Augusta about 22 miles from 
Brunswick; & a third at Winter harbour a place about 4 miles westward of 
Casco. There is also a Garrison in Arowsick Island, where the inhabitants 
keep guard by turns, there being no Soldiers in pay. 

15. What Number of Indians have you. & how are they inclin'd? 

We have but very few Indians well affected to us that are able to go to 
war, excepting the Iroquoise (who are call'd the 5 nations) they onely guard 
New York & keep a constant newtrality with the French Indians. 

16th. What is the strength of their Neighbouring Indians? 

We reckon the Eastern Indians (as they are call'd) not to exceed five 
hundred fighting men. These are Situated at Penobscot & towards Nova 
Scotia. But the Canada Indians who some times come down upon our 
Western Setlements consist of many Nations, as the Hurons Illinois & others. 

17th. What is the Strength of your neighbouring Europeans? 

We have none but the French of Canada, who can't hurt us but by Sur- 
prizing our Frontier Setlements, & so preventing the growth of the Colonies. 
Their Number is inconsiderable, camparM with the British Subjects. 



(Contributed by Edward P. Blanch ard.) 

Oct. 3, 1838. Gave a certificate of the publishment of the Intentions of 
marriage between Mr. Isaac Maxim of Sangerville and Miss Harriet B. 
Stevens of Blanchard. 

Ephraim Packard, 

Town Clerk. 
This certifies that Isaac Maxim of Sangerville and Harriet B. Stevens 01 
Blanchard in the County of Piscataquis and State of Maine were married 
agreeably to law in said Blanchard on the 5 day of Sept. 1838 by me 

Ephraim Packard, Justice of Peace. 
A true copy, 

Ephraim Packard, Town Clerk. 


The Following from 
Shows the Amount 
Year 1854. 


Addison 175 

Arrowsic 248 

Augusta 1 ,300 

Bangor 659 

Bath 40,415 

Belfast 6,707 

Biddeford 1,340 

Bluehill 1,130 

Boothbay 2,237 

Bowdoinham 50,295 

Bristol 3,400 

Brewer 3497 

Brunswick 1,117 

Bucksport 2,603 

Calais 2,831 

Camden 4,4 T 3 

Cape Elizabeth 925 

Castine 2,200 

Cherryfield *,37o 

Columbia 720 

Damariscotta 2,530 

the Maine Register of 1855, p. 255. 
of Tonnage Built in Maine in the 


East Machias 1,621 

Kennebunkport 3,4*4 

Kittery 4,392 

Lincolnville 994 

Lubec 568 

Machias 1,122 

Milbridge l,75o 

Newcastle 4,300 

Nobleboro 750 

Orland 1*097 

Orrington 303 

Pittston 3,394 

Pembroke 5,003 

Perry 300 

Phippsburg 1,415 

Portland 2 ,735 

Prospect 4,244 

Richmond 12,801 

Robbinston 8,135 

Rockland 14473 

Scarboro 450 




Searsport 3*652 

South Xhomaston 7,101 

Eastport 3>7i 2 

Edmunds 250 

Ellsworth 3,400 

Falmouth 175 

Farmingdale 2,070 

Frankfort 3>35o 

Franklin 900 

Freepori 7,220 

Georgetown 2,050 

Gouldsboro . 950 

Hancock 115 

Hallowell 6,424 

Harrington 632 

Hampden 1,030 

Jonesborough 380 

Jonesport 188 


Kennebunk 5444 

Steuben 182 

Sedgwick . 415 

Sullivan 1,520 

Surry 1,364 

Thomaston 6,067 

Tremont 680 

Trenton 360 

Trescott 2,100 

Waldoboro 8,236 

Warren 1,651 

Wells 64 

Westbrook 2,012 

Wiscasset 4,000 

Woolwich 1,004 

York 450 

Yarmouth 3,160 

The Piscataquis Historical Society 

The annual meeting of the Piscataquis Historical Society was held iit 
Dover, January 22, 191 7, when the following officers were elected: 

President, John F. Sprague ; Vice-President, Sarah A. Martin ; Treasurer, 
Liston P. Evans; Corresponding Secretary, Edgar C. Smith: Recording 
Secretary, Wm. C. Woodbury ; Trustees. Henry Hudson. Charles D. Shaw* 
Martin L. Durgin, Charles J. Chase. Osgood P. Martin, Mary E. Averill. 

On motion of Dr. E. D. Merrill, it was voted to instruct the Corresponding 
Secretary to communicate with the relatives of Sir Hiram Maxim, a native 
of Sangerville; Bill Nye, a native of Shirley: and Mrs. L. M. X. Stevens. 
a native of Dover, all in Piscataquis County, relative to placing appropriate 
monuments at their birth places ; and also to make a list of other historic 
points of interest in the County with an estimate of the cost of markers for 

assa .1 • 




Entered as second class matter at the post office, Dover, Maine, by John 
Francis Sprague. Editor and Publisher. 

Terms : For all numbers issued during the year, including an index and 
all special issues, $1.00. Single copies, 25 cents. Bound volumes of same, 

Bound volumes of Vol. I, $2.50. These will be only furnished to new 

subscribers. / 

Postage prepaid on all items. 

Commencing with Vol. 3. the terms will be $1.00 only to subscribers who 
pay in advance, otherwise $1.50. 

In history a great Volume is unrolled for our instruction, draw- 
ing the materials of future ivisdom from the past errors and infirmi- 
ties of mankind. 


As applicable to all of you, I ivill say that it is highly expedient 
to go into History ; to inquire into ivhat has passed before you on 
this Earth, and in the Family of Man. 


Vol. IV APRIL, 1917 No. 5 

A Word With Our Friends 

Mr. A. J. Huston at 92 Exchange street, in that delightful Maine 
city wherein is Longfellow's birthplace, presides over the largest 
collection of all kinds of Maine books that we know of in the 
world that are for sale. 

Prior to the issuing of the first number of the Journal in April, 
1913, we confided to him our intention of so doing. His reply, in 
substance, was: "Such an effort is a laudable one, and deserves 
success, but many have heretofore entered this same field with 
buoyant hopes only to retire after a struggle of one or two years ; 
some, however, have continued three or four years and one that 
I now recall existed nine years. If you contrive to maintain your 
proposed publication five years you will, I think, then have ex- 
ceeded the average age of this class of Maine periodicals, and if 

Jf< .' 


perchance you publish ten annual volumes you will have surpassed 
all of your worthy predecessors in this line of activity." 

Another friend, whose opinion we prized highly, he having 
devoted much of a worthy life to Maine historical research, was 
the late Nathan Goold, then the librarian of the Maine Historical 
Society. His enthusiasm about the enterprise was no greater, pos- 
sibly less than was that of Mr. Huston. 

Others whose judgment we esteemed were consulted and we 
recall only two who appeared really sanguine about the undertaking. 
Generally their suggestions impressed us as being more or less like 
a frost. But regardless of all this and of the late Mr. Pope's wise 
admonition that 

fools rush in where angels dare not tread, 
we made the venture and are now presenting our readers with 
the closing part of its fourth volume. The results thus far have 
been highly satisfactory. The appreciation of the Journal's work 
by Maine people and quite a large circle of readers outside of our 
State as well, is truly encouraging. Words of commendation come 
to us from those well equipped to judge of its merits with a fre- 
quency that is pleasing. 

It is a pleasure to us, therefore, to hereby extend to all such our 
sincere thanks. 

One of the chief purposes of the Journal is to do whatever may 
be possible to aid in developing in the public mind a deeper love 
and a higher regard for the history of our grand old State of 
Maine. The records of the earliest voyagers to the Maine coast ; 
the two centuries of Maine's colonial history ; the story of the eany 
struggles of her brave pioneers ; her traditions, her ideals and her 
achievements in war and in peace, all constitute a rich field for 
research and study. 

Its every page is fascinating and food for imaginative and artistic 
minds. The two charming books recently published by the Fed- 
eration of the Women's Clubs of Maine forcibly demonstrate the 
truth of this. We believe none will deny that a fuller knowledge 
of these subjects will promote patriotism and good citizenship 
among all of our people, old and young. 

We deem it our duty to urge upon all whose work is to direct 
schools and colleges in Maine, and all teachers of such institutions 
to become themselves more and more enthusiastically interested in 
these important matters. 


As a final word to all of our patrons and»well wishers wherever 
found, we respectfully suggest that if your views are in harmony 
with ours in this respect you can cooperate with us in extending 
this work among the people of Maine and among all Maine folks 
in other places who yet love the Pine Tree State by prompt advance 
•payments and recommending the Journal to all of your friends. 

Notes and Fragments 

Education is not of the mind only, but of the body also. To fill 
the memory with immense quantities of uncorrected, misinter- 
preted, and undigested facts is far more noxious than to remain in 
sheer ignorance. A true education is that which trains the senses 
to investigate for themselves, the brain to observe and correlate 
sensation, the spirit to receive it and give it out to the world. 

The Dial. 

Fred H. M. Witham, principal of the Haseltine school and 
teacher in the Portland and Deering schools for more than 25 
years, died January 20, 191 7, aged 57 years. 

The Portland papers say that he was born in Surry and was a 
graudate of Castine Normal school. 

He had made several trips abroad and met his wife, who was 
a native of Texas, while on his last trip. They were married less 
than two years ago. Mr. Witham had taught more than 35 years 
and was an unusually efficient instructor. 

He was also deeply interested in the study of Maine history in 
the public schools and had been active in this work in his own 
schools. (See last issue of the Journal, pp. 269-70.) 

The Maine Writers Research Club is one of the most active, 
interesting and important women's clubs in our state. 

On January 22, 191 7, it held its annual meeting at Augusta, 
Mrs. E. C. Carll being the hostess. Twenty-two members were 
present and the following officers were elected : President. Mrs. 
E. C. Carll, Augusta: Vice-Pres., Mrs. Boyd Bartlett, Castine, 
Secretary and Treasurer, Miss Jessica J. Haskell, Hallowell. 

It is state wide in its jurisdiction, having members from Portland, 
among whom we notice the name of Mrs. Scott Wilson, and also 


that of Mrs. Mina Rounds Murchie residing as far easterly as 

Before philosophy can teach by experience, the philosophy has 
to be in readiness, the experience must be gathered and intelligibly 
recorded. Carlyle. 

Mr. F. W. Sanborn, editor and publisher of the Norway Adver- 
tiser, is writing for his paper a series of very interesting local and 
historical reminiscences entitled "Big Barn Door Sketches." 

The eighteenth Report of the National Society of the Daughters 
of the American Revolution (Oct. 11, 1914-Oct. 11, 1915) gives 
a list (page 59) of the "Real Daughters" then living. In Maine 
were the following: 

• Mrs. Sarah E. Hatch, born 1816, Portland. Maine, member of 
Elizabeth Wadsworth Chapter, Portland ; Mrs. Eunice M. Jones, 
South Freeport, Maine, member of Elizabeth Wadsworth Chapter, 
Portland; Mrs. Nancy- M. Warren, 31 Cary street, Augusta. Maine, 
member of Ruth Heald Cragin Chapter, North Anson. 

A valuable addition to the biographical history of Maine has 
just been issued from the press of Charles E. Nash & Son, Augusta, 
relating to the life and character of the late Herbert Milton Heath, 
entitled "A Son of Maine." It also contains a collection of some 
of his public addresses and speeches on different subjects pertaining 
to our State and its welfare. It is edited and arranged by Gertrude 
E. Heath and deserves a place in every library in the State. It is a 
beautiful and worthy tribute to a beautiful and worthy and noble 
son of Maine, who as an able lawyer, an eloquent orator, and one 
of Maine's greatest publicists, was loved by all. 

Mr. Granville Fenland of South W r aterford, Maine, recently 
sent to the Eastern Argus an article clipped from the Morning Star 
of June 17, 183 1, which is an interesting and ingenious argument 
in favor of the former quite prevalent theory that the American 
Indians descended from the ten tribes of Israel. 

Some students of ethnology have maintained that there is evi- 
dence of value that the red man originated in the Eastern hemi- 




"C. E. B." in the Eastern Argus says : 

Portland has a peculiar interest in the name of Mowatt for 
historic and incendiary reasons and the following record from the 
births, deaths and marriages of Newbury, Mass., will excite re- 
newed attention to it: 

Henry Mowatt, a resident of Newbury about 1800, had two Wives, Lydia 
who died 21 February, 1S02, by whom he had a daughter, Lydia; he married 
2nd, Mary' Merrill of Newburyport, (int. pub. 11, Nov. 1803). His children: 

Henry Tappan. b. 26 Nov. 1804. 

Twins, b. and d. ir Aug. 1806. 

Samuel Chapman, 8 Feb. 1808. 

Lydia Merrill, 12 May, 1810. 

Stephen Hooper, 14 Mch. 1812. 

Commodore, 31 July, 1814. 

Joshua Tappan, 6 Nov. 1S16. 

That this Henry Mowatt was a son of the Captain (or Commodore) 
Henry Mowatt who destroyed Falmouth in 1775 seems probable because of 
the name "Commodore" given to one of his sons. That Captain Henry 
Mowatt was married and had a son is known from his correspondence but 
nothing has been known of his later and adult life. The name is sufficiently 
rare to make indentification easier and it would be ineresting to know what 
became of this "Commodore" Mowatt, so named in 1814 at Newbury when 
the flames of war were again burning between this Country and England. 

It has recently been discovered that Ralph Waldo Emerson was 
once for about six weeks, (1847-8) pastor of a church in Bangor, 
Maine. At that time Dr. Frederick Henry Hedge was pastor of the 
First Unitarian Church in that city, and wishing to make a trip to 
Europe secured his long time friend, Emerson, to substitute for 
him during his absence. 

Mrs. Franklin A. Wilson of Bangor, says the Commercial, has 
just presented to the Bangor Historical society a manuscript poem 
from the pen of the poet who has been called America's greatest 
word artist, Edgar Allan Poe. The poem is The Conqueror Worm. 
and its theme is that the worm will get us all in the end, one that is 
not very cheerful, as may be imagined. This is the closing stanza : 

Out, out are the lights out all 

And, over each dying form 
The curtain, a funeral pall, 

Comes down with the rush of a storm 
And the seraphs all haggard and wan 

Uprising, unveiling affirm 
That the play is the tragedy 'Man' 
Its hero, the Conqueror Worm. 




This manuscript was given by Poe to the famous American pub- 
lisher, R. W. Griswold, editor of Graham's magazine, and one of 
the editors of the works of Poe in 1843. Later it came to the 
possession of William McC. Griswold, his son, who later became a 
resident of Bangor and gave the poem to the late Honorable 
Franklin A. Wilson, and now Mrs. Wilson gives it to the Bangor 
Historical society, which will guard it most carefully. 

The manuscript is in Poe's small and exquisite handwriting on a 
time faded sheet of paper about 8 x 10 inches. Though the ink is 
a little faded it is easily legible. 

Sayings of Subscribers 

Honorable Leslie C. Cornish, Justice of the Supreme Judicial 

Court, Augusta. Maine : 

"I cheerfully renew my subscription to Sprague's Journal of 
Maine History.- It is a welcome visitor and is performing a dis- 
tinctively useful service for the State." 

Mrs. Josephine O'B. Campbell. Providence, R. I. : 

"Was much interested in your item on 'Slavery in Maine.' Only 

a few days before the Journal came one of my school girls asked 

me if slavery ever existed in that state. 

"Each number of your magazine is eagerly read in my family." 

Mrs. Janet H. Blackford, Rochester, Vermont: 

"I enjoy every article in each number of your Journal and con- 
gratulate you upon the success of such a valuable magazine." 

Mrs. Elizabeth W. Delano, Abbot Village, Maine : 

"In the last Journal I noticed the inscriptions from the old Abbot 
Village cemetery and it occurred to me that you might mention 
that Liberty Moore Dow was the first white child born in what is 
now the town of Abbot. 

"I think the Journal very interesting and instructive." 





Honorable David D. Stewart, St. Albans, Maine, the nestor of the 
Maine Bar: 
"I cannot afford to lose your valuable magazine.." 

G. Smith Stanton, Author, New York City, N. Y. : 

"It is with pleasure I send you this photo of President Lincoln, 
as it sends us a welcome return. 

"Our home at Great Rock is closed and we are spending the 
winter in town. 'Sprague's Journal' is forwarded to my office. As 
I sat at a window this P. M. perusing its contents and overlooking 
one of New York's busiest thoroughfares — Herald Square — and 
saw the crowd of nervous wrecks elbowing their way along Broad- 
way, I could not help but think how much better off they and the 
country would be if they were living the life of the territory your 
Journal so interestingly portrays. 

"How out of place your little publication seems coming as it does 
from the virtuous air of the Pine Tree State to an office that over- 
looks the Great White Way of New York. I can almost detect a 
blush coming over your Journal's innocent physiognomy." 

Professor Windsor P. Daggett, U. of M., Orono, Maine 
"The Journal has a mission in the life of our state." 

Honorable James O. Bradbury, a leading lawyer of western Maine : 
"We wish that a larger per cent of the citizens of the State were 
more deeply interested in local history. W T e hope the Journal will 
be instrumental in increasing the desire of our inhabitants in read- 
ing and preserving the history of Maine." 

C. B. Flinn, President of the Metropolitan Lumber Company, 

Chicago, 111. : 

"I am enclosing my check to you for $2.00 as per your bill of 
December 1st which kindly receipt and return to me. 

"I read your Journal with much interest as my boy days were 
spent in Penobscot County, Maine. I have a picture hanging in my 
office of Mollie Molasses, an Old Town Indian. 

"I served in the Civil War as member of the 19th Maine Regi- 
ment and I have lived in Chicago forty-six years. I have never 
lost interest in the old State." 


Mr. E. M. Stubbs, a well known citizen of Rockland, Maine: 

"You are doing a good work with your Journal of Maine History. 
I enjoy and appreciate it very much." 

Honorable J. W. Manson, Prominent Lawyer, Pittsfield, Maine : 

"Yours is a very interesting and entertaining Journal of Maine 

George W. Gower, a well known lawyer, Skowhegan, Maine: 

"I find the Journal most interesting reading and worth many 
times the subscription price." 

Honorable Andrew P. Havey, former member of the Legislature 

and Insurance Commissioner for Maine : 

"I have been a subscriber to the Journal since its inception, and 
1 sav to you in all sincerity that I am reading it todav with more 
interest than at any time since I have received it. When you first 
approached me at Augusta several years ago on the matter of 
becoming interested in such a publication, I well remember that I 
was most favorably impressed, and the people of Maine owe you 
an everlasting debt of gratitude for having conceived the idea of 
preserving for posterity the remarkable experiences of our forbears. 

"I am now principal of the Sullivan High School, and it may be 
of some interest to you to know that your Journal was the impelling 
power that prompted my pupils to undertake the publication of 
a brief history of the towns of Sullivan, Hancock, Sorrento and 
Gouldsboro. Material is now being collected, and I will be glad to 
mail you a copy when the same comes from the press. The reason 
for the selection of these towns is found in the fact that boys and 
girls from these four towns attend the school. 

"Your work is highly interesting and instructive and I wish you 

every success." 

Mr. B. W. Howe, Pulp Wood Dealer, Patten, Maine: 

"Enclosed find my check for your Magazine. How you get the 
time to dig up the many things you do in regard to Maine History 
and families is something beyond my comprehension, the only thing 
that worries me is whether you will live a hundred years more, so 
as to complete it, for I do not think any one else ever can. Your 
Journal is most interesting and educational." 


A. M. Card, M. D., Head Tide, Maine : 

"Your Journal is a source of much pleasure to me. I am much 
interested in the good work you are doing. You can count on me as 
a constant subscriber to the Journal." 

S. P. Crosby, lawyer and a Dexter, Maine, boy, St. Paul, Minn.: 
"Such a magazine as you publish I find of especial interest, 

coming as it does from the land of my nativity. 
"I read each issue from cover to cover." 

Mr. William W. Fellows, Bangor, Maine: 

"I appreciate the Journal very much and hope you will continue 
to publish it indefinitely, as I also hope I may have the pleasure of 
reading it until I pass over to the majority." 

Honorable George C. Wing, Auburn, Maine : 

"I was much pleased with your remembrance of me with the 
Calendar. This brought up memories of the long past when I was 
a little boy in Livermore, a four horse coach (oftentimes with 
trailers) went by the place of my birth, from Dixfield to Hallo well, 
and I watched with childish delight the 'stage.' " 

Marita S. H. Savage, Bingham, Maine: 

"In the Journal of Maine History, June, 1916, page 60, the 
article in regard to Rebecca Weston refers to her as 'daughter 01 
Josiah Weston,' and that later Josiah and his two sisters, Elizabeth 
and Rebecca, moved to Chandlers River. 

"In George Driscoll's 'Life of Hannah Weston/ First Edition, 
page 82, he says : 

" 'Two sisters, Elizabeth and Mary, came to Chandlers River 
with their brother Josiah.' 

"We think these were the only family connection of Mr. Weston 
who ever came east. 

"Later he refers (page 97) to Rebecca who accompanied Mrs. 
W'eston on her powder journey, and on page 90, says: 

" 'Miss Weston, a sister of Mrs. Weston's husband.' 

"Can you tell me which is correct? 

"Cannot find that Josiah had a daughter Rebecca. 

"Can you direct me to anything that would give me genealogical 
data in regard to Josiah Weston's parents? 


"The History also says : 'A brother practiced law in Portland 
(Falmouth) with eminent success/ 

"Have been trying to learn more in regard to this family, but 
thus far have not been successful. 

"Am very- much interested in your Journal." 

George F. Huff, Editor and Publisher of the Dexter (Maine; 
Gazette : 

"In looking over your Journal of Maine History yesterday, I 
noticed the item about the Judge Sanford Kingsbury deed and the 
statement that it established the fact that he did reside in Kings- 
bury at one time. 

"When a boy, living in Wellington. I used to hear my father 
tell about the old Judge Kingsbury house in Kingsbury, which was 
burned years ago. It seems that the house was rather an elaborate 
one for those times and the place. One thing I remember in con- 
nection with it was that a stone drain was laid from the cellar of 
the house to the shore of the pond. 

"I always understood that the Judge lived there, at least a part 
of the year, and that he owned the Kingsbury mills at the outlet 
of the pond. Probably old residents of Kingsbury could tell you 
more about it." 

Honorable Frederic E. Boothby, Waterville. Maine : 

"I notice that the Piscataquis Historical Society wants an appro- 
priate monument at the birth place of Bill Nye. This reminds me 
of a story Bill Nye's brother, Frank, told me once which may be 
old to you, i. e. : Certain friends of Bill were motoring in Maine and 
when in Bangor decided it would be a good thing to go up to 
Shirley and see his birthplace. When getting bat*< to New York 
they went in to tell him of their visit and how pleased they were 
that the citizens of the town had recognized the fact of his being 
born in that house by putting a tablet thereon. Bill expressed his 
pleasure and told them how kind he thought the citizens were 
and finally asked what the inscription was and was told it said '9 
Miles to Greenville/ " 

Calvin B. Kittridge. Folsom City, California: 

"Your last number of the Journal received today was one of the 
most interesting of any of these valuable numbers. 





"A Word With Our Friends" 320 

Abbot, town of 78, 325 

first child born in 323 

William 11, 12 

Village Cemetery 16, 211, 325 

Abenaki War 203, 208 

Abnaki Indians 3, 300, 309 

Abnakis and their History, The 4 

Academy, Foxcroft 214 
Acadia 219," 297, 302 

Adams, Sarah 27 

Capt., of Portland 194 

"Advocate, The" 232 

Ahem, Rev. J. J., 59 

Alden, Austin 18 

Capt. John, 298 

Allan, Col. John 277, 27S 

William R., 40 

letter of, 274 

Allen, Joseph. 204 

American Revolution, Sons of 311 

• Anthropologist, The 36 

Andrews, Charles L., 311 

Elisha, Letter of 54 

Lieut. Elisha, 225 

Andros, Sir Edmond, 224, 303 

Tracts, 304 

Anson, first mill in 20 

Appleton, John, sketch of 13 

Archangel, The 25 

Armistice, schooner, wreck of 193 

Aroostook County, established 256 

Judges of Probate, 258 

Probate office history, 255 

Registers of Probate. 23S 

History, the Pageant, 229 

Arrowsic, 309, 317 

Conference, 309 

Island, 309, 317 

Arundel, 201 

Lord, 25, 26 

Ashton, England, 25 

old church at, 25 

Atkins, Mrs. Blanche, 60 

Atkinson, town of, 43, 250 

Augusta, fort at 317 


Babson, John J., 
"Backwoods Sketches" 
Bailey, Dea. John 
Ballard, Ephraim 
Ballon, John, 


3, 284 




Bangor, 3, 10, 43, 46, 53, 222, 313 

Anti Slavery Society, 249 

Annals of, ^ 

Commercial, The 324 

First mayor of, 13 

Gazette, ^ 

Historical Society, 11, 40, 324 

Mechanic Association, 313 

Public Library, 313 

Banks, Dr. Charles E., 206, 207 

Bapst. Father (John) 4, 5, 6 

Bar Harbor High School 38, 46, 228 

Times, the 38, 46, 228 

Barker, David, 222, 314 

Ezerriah, 262 

Barnard, Hannah, 48 

town of, 43 

Barnes, Anna, 229 

Bartlett, Joanna, 213 

Dea. Malaehi, 212, 213 

Barwise, Mark A., 273 

Bashaba, The 7 

Bates College, first president 62 

Bath Independent, the 253 
Battle, first naval of Revolution, 60 

Baxter, James Phinney, 40, 252 

letter of, 271 

54, 224, 266, 278, 298, 316 

Bavlev, Achsah 205, 206 

' Anna, 201 

Bethsheba, 205, 206, 207 

Daniel, 201, 202 

Hannah, 201, 205, 206 

John, 199, 200, 201, 202, 200 

John, Jr., 200, 201 

Joseph, 200, 201, 202 

Judith, ' 201, 205, 206 

Lydia, 201 

Martha, 199, 203, 205, 206 

Mary, 201 
Mary Clark, 205, 206, 208, 276 

Naomi, 205, 206, 207 

Noah, 201, 202 

Priscilla, 201 

Rebecca, 201 
Robert, first schoolmaster in 

Falmouth, 196-211, 276 

homestead, 207 

house lot, 196 

Robert, Jr., 205, 206, 210 

Sarah, 201 

Beauchamp, John, 77 

Beecher. Henry Ward, 56 

Bennett. Isaac 80, 85, 148 

John, 80, 84, 148 

John Sumner, 140 

Nathaniel, 80, 84, 148 


27, 54, 
196, 201, 205, 



Beverly, Lenox, deposition of. 
Black Point, 
Blackford, Janet H., 
Blanchard, Colonel, 

Edward P., 

Col. Joseph, 

town of, 
Blanchett, Richard, 
Blanding, Edward M 
Blood, Abel, 
Blue Point, 
Boardman, Samuel H 
Boothby, Frederic E. 
Bowd, Samuel S., 
Bowdoin Alumni Association, 

Bugle, the, 


13, 15, 24, 35, 79, 125, 14S, 
grant to 

the relations between, and 
the judiciary, 
Bowerbank, town of, 
Bowman, Dr. Nathaniel, 
Braekett. Capt. Anthony. 
Bradbury, Anna, 




James O.. 



Bragg, Capt. Norris. 
Brewster, Mrs. Carrie, 
Briggs, Abiathar, 

Broadsides, 193, 

Brockway, Cyrus, 
Brooks, Noah, 
Brownville, town of, 
Brunswick, fort at, 
Bryant family, massacre of, 
Buck, Almira, 


Bunker Hill, Capt. John Moor at, 21 

The Sword of, 
Burleigh, Albert A., 
Burne, Very Rev. William, 
Burrage, Rev. Henry S., 
Butman, F. A., letter of 

Butterfield, Deborah, 

Lieut. Joseph, 
Byram, Jonathan, 

Cabahis, Chief, 

224 Campbell. Angus O., 
19S . Josephine O'B., 
325 Canaan, first settler of, 
253 Canibas. the, 

21 Cape Elizabeth, 

318 Card, A. M., M. D., 

20 Carey, Daniel 78, 

31S Carsley, Daniel, 

244 Nancy, 

40 Carter, Olive, 

42 Casco Bay, 197, 204, 
27 Castin, Baron de Saint, sketch of, 

146 in Whittier's and Longfel- 

329 low's poems, 307, 308, 

35 Charlevioux statement, 

35 John Alden's statement, 

24 Sullivan's estimate of. 

Castine, town of, 297, 299, 

250 Castle William, 

35 Cemetery Inscriptions, Piscata- 

-78 quis County, 16, 211, 
Centennial (see Guilford) 

35 Penobscot County, 

43 Chamberlain, H. H., 
194 Samuel, 

225 Champlain, 

48 Chandler, Charles P., 

201 Zachariah, 

48 Chandler's River, 

48 Chapman, L. B.. 

b26 Wilford G., 

48 Charles, Schooner, wreck of, 

48 Chase, Charles J., 

48 Capt. Ezekiel, 

247 Mary, 

60 Sarson, 

263 Cheney, Oreu B., 
194 Cherryfield, town of, 

264 Church, Benjamin, 
302 first of Falmouth, 

43 Freeport, 209, 

317 North Yarmouth, 205, 206, 

18 Clark. Colonel Charles A., 

48 Lieut. Thaddeus. 

16 Cleaves, Benj. F., letter of 

48 Coale, Mary, 

, 22 Cobb, Capt. Samuel, 

261 Coe, Sarah, 

231 Coffin, Joshua, 

6 Cohasset Rocks, 
40 Colby College 

247 Collins, Richard, 

13 Colonial Maine, 

20 Letters, 

20 Comming, Thorns. 

209 Cooley, George W., letter of 
Coombs, Hannah S., 

Constitutional Convention, 

7 Copp's Hill, 
11 Cotton, Frances Me.serve, 

Documents and 
54, 224, 266, 











































Cornish, Leslie C, 323 

Cousens, Wm. T., . , 311 

Cousins, Joseph, 133 

Craigie, Andrew, 29 

Craigie's Mills, 29 

Cromwell's Patent, 267 

Crosby, Harriet, 250 

James, 13 

letter of, 247 

Josiah, 249 

sketch of, 250 

Oliver, 250 

S. P., 328 

Crown Point, 21 

Cumberland County, deeds 19S, 20S, 210 

first brick house in 17 

Superior Court. 35 

Curran, Mary H., (Ellison), a 

tribute, 313 

Curtis, Gov. Oakley C, 40 

Susanna, 48 

Cushing, Col. Ezekiel, 210 

Wainwright, 311 

Cutting, Judge, 41 

"Cy Strong's Neighborhood" 286 



Daggett, Windsor P., Ph. B., 193, 320 
D. A. R., Elizabeth Wadsworth 

Hannah Weston Chapter, 

National Society of, 

Rebecca Weston Chapter, 

Ruth Heald Cragin Chapter, 323 

Davis, Harry W., 75, 119, 120, 143 

Capt. Silvanus, 225 

Day, Holman, 220 

letter from, 315 

Deering, Joseph H., 80 

News, 201 

Delano, Elizabeth W., 325 

DeLesdernier, Emily P., 278 

Lewis F., 278 

William, 278 

Dennysville, early settlers, 274 
Derryfield, N. H., 20, 21, 22 

Dexter High School, 
settlement of, 
town of, 

Dingley, Frank L., 



60, 79, 251 



District of Maine, slavery in 
Documentary History of Maine, 

54, 224. 266. 316 
Documents and Letters, Colonial 

Maine. 54, 224, 260. 316 

Dongon, Thomas, 303 

Donham. Elisha, 199 

Douglass, Capt., 193 

George H., 127 

Henry, 99, 131 

Dover, town of, 42, 

Dow, Capt. George, 

Liberty S., 
Drake, Elisha, 
Drew, George F., 

hanging of, 
Drisko, George W., 
Drummond, Thomas, 
Dudley, Hon. Elias, 
Correspondence of 

John, letter of, 
Dunbar, David, 

Kendall M., letter of, 
Dunnack, Rev. H. E., 
Dunton, Emma H., 
Durgin, Martin L., 
Dutton, Col. Samuel, 
Dyer, Abigail, 






Belinda R., 









Capt. Henry, 



Sir Lodowic, 






Sarah J., 

Dyer's Bay, 
Dyer's of Narraguagus, 

43, 46, 48, 251 

* 263 



10, 232, 245 


49, 50 
49, 50 
the 49 


East Coast R. R., Florida, 
Eastern Argus, the, 229, 

"Eastern Lands" Committee, 

Eaton, Virgil G., 
Eckstorm, Fannip Hardy, 
Eden, incorporated, 
Edes, Joseph Kelsey, 
Edgerly, Abigail R., 


Mary A.. 

Rufus O., 



















Ellis, Columbus W., 

Melleu F., 

Maj. Stephen, 
Ellison, Edward, 

Lucy G. (Mills) 
Elms, Edward. 
Emerson, Rev. John, 

O. R., M. D., 

Ralph Waldo, in Bangor, 

Emery, Lueillius A., 

letter of, 
Endicott, Gilbert, 
Evans, George, letter of. 

sketch of, 
Everton, Esther, 


Falmouth, First Church of 

first schoolmaster in, 

Indian raid on, 


proprietors of, 
Felch, Alpheus, 
Fellows, William W., 
Fenland. Granville, 
Fickett, Thomas, 
Fife, Fred R.. 
First Settler. The. poem 
Fitzpatriek, Rt. Rev. John B 
Flagg. Charles A., 
Flagler, Gen. Henry M., 
Flinn, C. B.. 
Fogg, Dorcas, 
Folsom, Josiah. 

Fort Edward. 

Foster. Charles. 

Edna A.. 

Fourth of July Celebration. 
Foxcroft Academy, 

town of, 43. 46, 

Francis, Sachem. 
Frasher. Zachariah. 
Freeport, first church of. 

town of. 

57, 228, 




Gallatin, Albert, in Machias, 




Garland, town of, 


settlement of, 


George, sloop, 




"Gift of God, the" 


Gillin, James, 



Gilman, Allan, letter of. 


Godfrey, Ethel, 

10, 35, 36 

George F., 




John E., 

16. 211, 


letter of, 


sketch of, 


writings of, 


John F., 

80, 83, 


Laura J., 

■ • 

Goffe, Hannah, 


Capt. John, 


Col. John, 



Maj. John, Jr., 





Gooch, Capt. James, 


"Good Old Times," 


Googins, Dr. George, 


George E., 


Goold, Nathan, 


Gorges, Sir Ferdinando, 

French, John E., 
Julia J., 
U. S., 

French's Mill Cemetpry, 





5, 6 


32, *4 










early, 261 

214. 250 

48. 78, 214 



209. 227 







303, 305 




20, 24 




38, 46, 50 


26. 28, 207,- 210 


Gorham Meeting house, fall of, 194 

Shubael, 17 

village, 17 

William, 19 

Goss, Benjamin C, 43 

Gould, Col. E. K., 311 

Gowen, John, 224 

Cower, George W.. 327 

Gowge, Hannah, 244 

"Grandmother's Bear," 260 

Greenleaf, Enoch O., 311 

Greenville, town of, 53 

Greenwood. Alexander, 62 

Gren, Jennie Ames. 25 

Griswold, R. W., 325 

William Mc, 325 

Guernsey, Frank E., 37, 231 

Samuel J., 36 

Guilford, act of incorporation, 151 

biographical sketches, 123-147 

births, 162-171 

Board" of Trade, 67, 135 

bridges, 85-89 


antiques, 73 

auto parade, 71 



committees, 66, 67, 68 
exercises at town ball, 69 
historical address, 77 
ode, 71 
oration, 109 
poem, 104 
proceedings of, 65-116 
Sunday exercises, 70 
trades parade, 69 
church, at Center, 92, 93 
county officers from, 118 
deaths. 171-177 
documentary history, 148-190 
early schools, 81, 14S 
first clearing, 80, 148 
crops, 80, 148 
minister, 90 
road, 91 
school house, 97 
settlers, 79, 80, 148 
tavern, 95 
historical sketch from plan- 
tation records, 148 
incorporated, S5, 151 
Manufacturing Co., 75 
marriages, 177-190 
meeting house built, 94 
Memorial Library, sketcb, 121 
old school house, 117 
plantation officers, 150 
organized? 1 81, 149 
public lots, 189 
records of early town meet- 
ings, 151-15S 
of ministerial funds, 156-15S 
plantation meetings, 149 15D 
roads, 92. 96. 153, 154, 155 
school districts. . 96-100 
social compact, 80, 81, 148 
surveyed, 78 
town hall, 98-100 
town officers, 159-162 
Trust Company, sketch, 119 
village site described. 94-96 
vital records, 162-190 
Gunnison, Elisha, 225 


Hale. Edward Eve 







Mrs. Eugene. 




Hall, Willis B.. 



10, 15 



Hamlin, Elijah L. 

. letter of. 


sketch of, 




Hannibal E.. 


Hammon. Mary, 

206, 210 

Hammond. Allen E., 


Hamond. Jonathan, 


Hampden, town of. 

10, 222. 

Hampton, N. H., 


Hancock County, 

40, 43 



Hartford, Benjamin, 


Harvey. Lula Marie. 


Haskell, Edward J., 


Hatch, Sarah E., 


Havey, Andrew P., 


Heath, Gertrude E., 


Herbert M., 




William S., In Memoriam, 


letter of, 


Hebron Academy, 


town of, incorporated, 


Hedge, Frederick H., 


Hermon, town of, 

— — — . 

Herring. Robert, family record, 82 

Deacon Robert. 74, 79. 80, 92, 14S 

Robert. Jr., 80 

Hinckley. O. H., 247 

Historical Society, Bangor. 11, 40, 324 

Maine, 11, 196, 211 

Piscataquis County 40, 318, 320 

History in Our Schools. 38, 46 

Maine, questions on. 216-217 

teaching in our public 

schools, 214 

the value of. 217-222 

Hobbs. Frederick. 246, 247, 250 

Hodgdon. Isaac, letter of. 249-250 

Hodsdon, Gen. John L., SO 

Holt. Dr. John D., 31 

Homes. Jane, 27 

Honniwell. Joane, 25 

Mathew. 25 

Honnywill. William. 25 

Honywell. Roger. 25 

House, Maj. Charles J.. 64 

first brick in Cumberland 

county. 17 

the old Hugh McLellan. 17 

Houston, Archie, 133 

John, 67. 118. 121. 137 

Howe. B. W.. 327 

Hoxie, Abner, 62 

Hudson, Henry. 64. 77. 125. 135. 222 

address of. 77 

James H.. 67. 71. 134 

Micajah. 142 

HuT. Gporjre F.. 320 

Hunnewell. Ambrose, 27 

Charles. 27 

data. 25 

Jane. 27 

John. 26. 27 

Mary. 27 

Richard. 26. 27 

Rnjrer. 25, 26, 27 


Hunt, David, 


"John Lyneh's Book," 


family genealogy, 


Johnson, Abigail, 






Mary Haskell, 






Jones, Ebenezer, 


Hussey, Elizabeth, 


Eunice M., 


Mareellus L., 

67, 75, 130 



Huston, A. J„ 


Joyce, Fannie A., 


Judiciary, the. Bowdoin College and, 35 


Ilsley, Isaac. 

198, 199 

Indian agents, 


attack on Sagadahock, 


attack on Scarborough. 


Bashaba, the 


camping grounds, 


. canoe, the 


Great Fire Council, 


' Island, 


Memorial, Passamaquoddy, 


New Party, 

3, 4 

Old Party, 

3, 4 



tribal committee, 


tribal parties, 

3, <i 

tribes, origin of. 


troubles at Wells, 


Indians, Abnaki, 

3, 6 



captives of Wayniouth, 

27, 2S 

Drake's history of the 




of Maine, the, 


Old Town Island. 


as guides, 


characteristics of 

6, 9 

their village. 


Passamaquoddy, tribe of. 

3, 59 

Penobscot, tribe of, 

3, 317 





the religion of the 

7, 8 



Industrial Journal, the 


Ingalls, John J., 

61, 230 

Ingersoll. Benjamin, 


Lieut. George, 





202, 204 



Ingerson. Lieut. George, 


Kellogg, Elijah, 


Kelsey, Joseph, 

42, 85, 80 

, 118, 119, 



Kendall, G. W., letter 



William B., 


address of, 


Kennebunkport, town 



Kent, Edward, 


, 39, 


letter of, 


sketch of, 


William Austin, 


Key West, 


Kidders, J., letter of. 


Kilby's History of En 



Kineo, Mount, 


Indian traditions < 



King, Dr. Alfred, 


Arno W., 


Phillip's War, 


Kingsbury, Judge San 




Kitchen, an old time. 


Kittery, town of, 




Kittridge. Calvin B., 


Knight, Nathaniel. 


Knowlton, Fred W., 


Capt. Isaiah, 


Paul H., 





Prof. William S., 


Knox, Gen. Henry, deed from, 




Jacksonville, Fla., 32 

Tampa and Key West R. R.. 32, 33 

Jefferson, Joseph, 56 

Jeffords, Francis, 199. 203, 204 

John, 202 

Ladd. Albion, 


Jennie N., 
Lafayette, General, 
Lake George, battle of, 
Lake View, 
Langdon, Oner, 

Langley, Hon'e. 
Larraby, Benjamin. 
"Latch String, The." 
Leach, Convers E., 
Learned, Gen. David, 
Leavitt, Thilip, 
Leightou, John. 










202, 203 




80, 149 




Leverett, Thomas, 77 

Lewiston. 34 

Lexington, Mass., 21 

Libbee, Andrew, 199 

Libby, Charles F., 31 

Florence Hunt, 270 

Lincoln County. 40, 41, 245 

Lithgow, Capt. William, 210 

Little, Alfred, 224 

Littlefield, Francis L., 311 

Samuel. . 244 

Local History in Our Public Schools, 40 

Lockwood, Rev. George A., 31 

Longfellow, (Stephen) Jr., 19 

Lord, Henery. 40 

Loring, Charles, 48 

Ellen C, 48 

Louisa, 48 

Loud, Lillian. 275 

Lovell's Pond, 273. 274 

Battle of. 273 

Lovewell, Capt. John, 273, 274 

Lowe-well's Pond, 273, 274 

Low, David, 80, 85, 14S 

Moses Guilford, 12S 

Robert, 74, 79. SO. 92, 118. 123, 148 

family record of 83 

W. H., 296 

Lowell. Mary. 213 

Oliver, 213 

Samuel. 212 

Lowney, William R., 43 

Low's Bridge. 80, 85, 87 

Lynch. John F., 232 


McClary, Maj., 
McDonald, Jere, 
Macdonald, Gordan R„ 
McLellan, Alexander, 



the old house, 


Machias, town of, 

17, 18 

17, 18 

18, 19 
17, 18 

49, 59, 60, 270 

Macomber, Rev. Thomas, 90. 93, 123, 151 
Madockawando, 298, 300. 304, 309 

Maine 1920, 45 

Adj. General's Report, 1S62, 

237, 240, 243 

a forest sanctuary in, 57 

associate justices, 35 

„ Chief Justices, 35 

Colonial Documents and Letters, 

54, 224, 266, 316 
Documentary History of, 

54, 224, 266, 316 
Farmers Almanac, 63 

Fish and Game Association, 

37, 38, 57 

forts, 317 

forts in 1701, 316 

Historical Society, 11, 196, 211 

History, Journal of, 46, 214, 320 

Questions, 216-217 
teaching in public schools, 

38, 214, 269 

the value of, 217-222 

Indians of, the 3 

Library Association, 314 

map, 29 

Province of, 225 

Ship Building in 1854, 318 

Slavery in the District of 224, 325 

State Board of Trade, 45 

Town's Centennial, A, poem, 191 

Varney's History of, 46 

Wills, 202 

Woods, the. 62 

Writers Research Club, 322 

Malone. Judge, 230 

Manchester, N. H., 21 

Mann, Rev. William G.. 311 

Manson, J. W., 327 

Map, District of Maine, 29 

"Margaretta. The" 60 

Marsh. Dr. Ralph H.. 142 

Martha's Vineyard Explorations, 36 

Martin, Addison, 126 

Rev. George A.. 109, 136 

Otis, 125, 126, 145 

Sarah Lucas, 104, 144 

Massachusetts Archives, 210 

Bay Colony. 54, 224. 266, 316 

Bay Province, Laws of 197, 198 

Masters, Henry. 245 

Mather, Increase, 304 

Mathilde, 302, 309 

Maxim, family ancestry. 288 

George H., 288 

Harriet Boston, 

287, 288, 289, 291, 318 

Sir Hiram S.. 284, 318 

letter of, 293 

sketch of. 283 

Isaac, 287. 288, 289, 291, 295, 318 

marriage intentions, 31S 

Samuel. 287, 294 

Mayo, Col. Edward J., 275 

Eliza S.. 275 

Josiah B., 275 

Med ford, town of. *3 

Megguier, Edward, 34 

Hill. 3* 

Island, 34 

Mellen, Chief Justice, 12, 15, 35, 39 

Prudence, . 15 

Mercier, Helen, 34 


Merrill, Capt. Moses, 


Paul S., 


Merritt, Frank C, 


Merrynieeting Bay, 




Metcalf, James, 


MiUbridge, town of 


first postmaster, 


Millet, John, 

203, 204 

Martha, 199, 202, 


204, -207 

Thomas. 199, 202 

, 203, 

204, 205 

Mills, Lucy G., 


Milo, town of, 


Mitchell, Benjamin, 




Col. Jonathan, 


Capt. Solomon, 


Mollie Molasses, 




Monson, extracts from early records. 62 

Montgomery, Job H.. 


265. 272 

Moor, Abraham, 

20, 24 




20, 24 








20, 24 

Maj. John, sketch of. 

20, 260 

John White, 



20, 24 


20, 24 


20, 24 




20, 24 

Moore, Abraham. 




(Jefferson) P., 


John G., 


Lncy M.. 


W. B. S., 


Moosehead Lake. ' 

9, 53, 

286, 294 

Morey, Nicholas, 


Morgan, John, 


Morrill, Amos, 


Mount Desert, divided. 


Street's history of, 


Mount Katahdin National 


, 37, 57 

Mowatt, family data, 


Muscongus, Patent, 



Narragansett No. 7. 


Narraguagus, the Dyers of, 




Nason, John, 


Newburg, town of 


New Casco, 




148, 210 

England, early data, 


Nichols, Samuel, 
Norridgewock. 20. 22, 23, 307, 
Northeastern Boundary, The 
North Yarmouth, 48, 19S, 

First church of, 
Norton, Frances, 
Norway Advertiser, the, 
Notes and Fragments, 
Nottingham, Earl of. 
Nova Scotia, bounds of. 
Noyes, Dr. B. Lake. 
Nye, '-Bill' 





309, 317 

15, 276 

205, 20S 

206, 210 

61. 322 
319, 329 

Oak, Charles E., 222 

O'Brien, Capt. Jeremiah, 60, 219 

Old Falmouth, 196 

Old Hugh McLellan House, the 17 

Old Town Island, 6 

"Opportunity," poem. 61, 230 

Orne, Judge Henry, 62 

Orneville, town of, 43, 62, 292 

Otis, George E., 233 
Oxford, town of. cloth making in, 29 

free high school, 30, 31 

incorporated, 29 

origin of name, 

Packard, Cyrus, 

Page, Rev. Ira J., 

Mary E., 
Paine, Albert W., 
Parkman Corner Cemetery, 
Parrott, George J., 


Joseph R.. sketch of, 
Parsons, Sarah, 

Solomon, letter of, 

Willis E., 
Passamaquoddy, Indian Memorial, 

tribe of Indians. 
Patrick, Sarah, 
Paugus, Chieftain, 
Peabody Museum, 
Pearson, David, 

Pedianskge. Maria, 

Garrison, relating to 

Soldiers at in 1689, 
Pendleton, George. 
Penobscot Bar, 

County Centennial, 

Tribe of Indians, 















3, 4, 59 








201, 224, 316 

55, 56, 316 






297, 299 



Pepperell, Sir William, 78, 284 

Perham, Sidney, 30 

Perkins, Mary, 4S 

Perrot, Governor of Acadia, 303 

Perry, John, 224 

Personal Correspondence, 271 

Peters, John A., 233 

Pettengill, Sarah, 48 

Phillips Academy, 31 

Allen M., 53 

Phinney, Col. Edmund, 210 

Phips, Sir William, 284 

letter of, 225 

Phipps, Samuel, 247 

Pidiaskie, Marie, 302 

Pike, Israel, 48 

Piscataquis County, 40, 42, 43 

Cemetery Inscriptions, 

16, 211, 262 

Historical Society, 40, 318, 320 

Teachers' Convention, 214 

Pleasant Point, 

Poe, Edgar Allan, 
Poland, town of, 
Pollock, John R., 
Popham, Chief Justice, 


Porter, Rhoda J., 

3, 59 





26, 254 

26, 253 




Anniversary 200th of settlement, 252 

city hall fire, 196 

Express, the, 211 

first school master, 196 

high school, 211 

schools, teaching history in, 260 

Portsmouth, N. H., 196, 244 

Potter, Chandler E., 22 

Powell, Jeremiah, 208 

Pratt, Edmund, 209 

George W., 98, 99 

Presumpscot, 197 

Pring, Martin, 221 

Proctor, Samuel, 19S 

Pudsey, Ambrose, 208 

Jane, 20>> 

Purpooduck. 197, 199 

Putnam, Beeeher, 255 

S. N., 233 

Questions on Maine History, 216-217 

Revolution, first naval battle of, . 60 
Rale, Seba'stian. 307, 309 

Rand, Charles N., 134 

Ranney, Hannah, 14 

Dr. Thomas Stowe, 14 

Ray, Mary C., 49 

Captain Joseph, 49 

Reed, Irving H., 275 

Revolution, first naval battle of 60 
Revolutionary Soldiers, 

18, 21. 22. 49, 193, 209. 210, 219 

Gorham, 18 

mentioned, 18. 21, 24, 49, 00 

Rice, James, 74 

Rich, George, 62 

Richards, Betsey, 262 

Samuel, 262 

Richmond's Island, 194 

Ripley, Peter, 224 

Robinson, Joseph, -29 

family of, 30 

Mary, 30 

Royall, Elijah, 206. 20< 

Jacob, 200, 206, 207 

Samuel W., 206, 207 

William, 207 

grant to, 207 

William, Jr., 207 

Russell, Abel D., 64 

Saccarappa, 201 

Saco, 26, 27 

Sagadahock Point, Indian attack on, 54 



3, 306, 309, 310 

3, 221, 297 

St. Augustine, Florida, 
St. Castin, Anestasia, 



(see Castin) 

Theresa, 309 

St. Croix River, 3 

St. George, 25 

Sakkis, Piel, 5 

Salisbury, Mass., 47, 48 

Sampson, Prof. E. P., 231 

Sanborn, F. W., 323 

Sanderson. William K. 311 

Sangerville, town of 43, 48, 85. 2S4. 288 

Sargent's Island, 193 

Saunders, William, 244 

Savage. Alexander, letter of, 12 

Marita S. H., 328 

Saxe, John G.. 242 

Sayings of Subscribers, 64, 230, 272, 325 

Scales. Charles F., 140 

John. 145 

Scarborough. 198 

Indian attack on, 54 

Schools, History in Our, 38. 46 

Teaching Maine History in, 214 

Schooner Armistice, wreck of, 195 

Charles, wreck of, 191 


' BS&A?: 





Scottow, Thomas, letter of, 54 

Seabury, Ann S., 263 

Salome, 263 

Thomas, 263 

Thomas B., 263 

Sebec, town of, 13, 43, 78 

Serre, Henri, 277 

Sewall, F. H., letter of 245 

Shaw, Charles D., 137 

Thomas, "Mournful Songs of," 


house of, 192 

Shepard, Alexander, Jr., 29 

Shepardsfield plantation, 29 

Ship Building, Maine, in 1854, 318 

Shipley, Rev. David, 205 

Shirley Corner, 53 

House, the, 53 

town of, 53 

Shokas, The, 7 

Simonton, Betsey, 49 

Slavery in the District of Maine, 

224, 323 

Sloop George, 
Small, Charles O., 
Smith, Burton, 

Edgar Crosby, 

Capt. John, 

Gen. Joseph S., 



Rev. Thomas, 
Snow, Eleazer W., 
Somerset County, 
Sons of American Revolution, 
Southampton. Earl of 




16, 211, 262 





200, 203, 205 




25, 26 

Sprague, Elbri.lge G., 212, 264 

Eliza, 275 
John Francis, 

3, 40, 46, 214, 283, 297, 311 
Address of 217-222 

letter of 42, 271 

Sprague's Journal of Maine His- 

Stackpole, David, 

Elizabeth A.. 
Standlsh, town of 
Stanton, G. Smith, 
Starblrd, Charles M., 
Stark, Colonel. 
State Board of Trade, 
Stetson, Major Amasa, 



Samuel, letter of, 
sketch of, 

town of, 

W. W„ 
Steuben, town of, 
Stevens, Benjamin, 

46, 214, 320 
27, 197 


192, 193 

Eleanor, • 43 

family ancestry, 289 

Hannah, 48 

Harriet Boston, 289, 318 

Capt. William, 74 

Steward, Olive, 260 

Dea. Thomas, 260 

Stewart, A. W., 20, 64, 260 

David D., 326 

John C, 311 

Stockman, Elizabeth, 48 

Storer. Bellamey 35 

Joseph, 2t>7 

"Stories of Maine" 46 

Stowe, Harriet Beecher, 32 

Straw, David R. (I) 124 

David R. (II), 125 

Stroudwater, 196, 197 

Stubbs, E. M., 327 

Sullivan High School, 327 

Swartz, Laura J., 11 

Michael, U 

Swassin, Atien, 4 

Sweetser, Benjamin, 199, 200 

Swett, Sophie, 46 

Sword of Bunker Hill, The 261 

Taft. William H., 

Talbot, Ambrose, 206, 208, 

Ambrose, Jr., 

Archie Lee, 196, 



farm, the 


Herbert S„ 






Robert Bayley, 


sketch of, 



Tarbox, Samuel, 
Tarratines, The, 
Taunton, Mass., 
Tempest, Shakespeare's, 
Thatcher, George A., letter 
Thayer, Rev. Henry O., 
Thoits, Joanna, 
Thompson, Elbridge A., 


Thyng, Captain, 
Tower, Frederick L„ 


209, 227, 276 


211, 227, 276 




208, 209 














7, 221, 300 


26, 27, 28 

of, 24S 





29, 34 





Towne, Eli, 

"Trail of the Maine Pioneer,' 

Trarise, Hannah, 

Treat, Huldah, 

True, Almira, 



Caleb W., 



Family, the, 






Mabel L., 



Walter E., 


William H., 
Trysell, a slave, 
Turner, Betsey, 



Zadoc L., 

Vaill, Frederick S., 
Varney's History of Maine, 
Vassal House, old, 
Vetromile, Rev. Eugene, 


Waite, John, 
Waldo, Jonathan, 

Patent, the, 

Gen. Samuel, 
Walker, Sir Hovenden, 
Wallace, Dea. Daniel, 


William R., 
Walton, Benjamin, 

Sarah P., 
Warren, Nancy M., 
Washburn, Peleg, 

Washington County, 
Waterman, Charles S., 
Waterville College. 
Watts, Hannah, 

Capt. Samuel, 
Waugh, Jane. 
Wawenocks, the 
Weymouth, Capt 







47, 4S 






47, 48 







47, 48 






99, 12S 





Wayne, town of, 

25, 26, 

198, 199 


77, 221, 222 











3, 255 


15, 237 





27, 28, 221 
288, 294 

Webber, Samuel, . 99, 12b 

Weeins, James, letter of. 55 

Wells, Indian troubles at, 266 

Westbrook, Col. Thomas, liw 

town of, 190 

W <;*ton, Edmund, 60 

Elizabeth, 60, 328 

Hannah, 60, 61, 328 

Chapter D. A. R. a» 

Joseph, 23, 60 

Josiah, 60, 328 

Mary, 32S 

Rebecca, 60, 61, 328 

Chapter D. A. R., 60 


instructions of, 
letter of, 

Weymouth, Bridgett, 

Wheelwright, John, 

"Where are the Mournful Songs 
of Thomas Shaw?" 

White, Peregrine. 

Whitefoot. Joseph r 

Whitney, Samuel, 

Wilder, Alice M., 
Ebenezer A., 
Ebenezer C, 
family datn 
Frank M.. 
Rev. Moses, 


Capt. Theophilus, 



Williams College, Grant to, 
John S., 

Williamsburg, town of, 

Williamson's Bibliography of 
Maine. 195 

Willis, Nathaniel. 229 

Nathaniel Parker, 229 

Sarah Payson, 229 

William, 197 

Wilson, Charles E., obituary, 233 

Franklin A.. 233. 325 

Mrs. Franklin A., 324 

Fred M., 233 

John H., 233 

Melinda K., 233 

Miles, 233 

Thomas K.. 233 

town of, 53 















274, 275 




274, 275 








Wingr, qeorge C, 328 

letter of, 272 

Nathan, 212 

Winslow, Nathan, 200 

Winter Harbor, 27 

Wise, William E., 141 
Witchcraft, letter of Sir William 

Phips, 225 
Witham, Fred H. M., 269, 322 

Wittum. Sarah, 244 

Wood, Howard, 62 

Woods, Dr. Chandler, 16 

Sarah, lt> 

Woolwich, first jury list, 


Yale University, 31 

Yeaton, Sally, 49 

York County, 40, 42, r« 

Deeds, 27, 196, 198, 199, 200, 202. 

203, 204, 206, 207 

Probate Records, 244 

town of 42 

''>&■■-:■ >?&«•*<*'■*$ 




Tip Top of Mt. Katahdin 2 

Street Scene in Indian Village, Old Town 5 

Maine Indians Making Baskets 8 

Hugh McLellan House. Gorhani 17 

The Old Shirley Tavern 53 

Guilford Centennial Executive Committee 66 

Guilford School Houses 68 

Guilford Auto Parade 72 

Guilford Trades Parade '. 73,87 

Guilford Mfg. Co., Mills 75 

M. L. Hussey Woolen Co., Mill 79 

Guilford M. E. Church 84 

Guilford, Universalist Church 91 

Plan of Guilford School Districts, 1S2C 97 

Piscataquis Woolen Co., Mill 113 

Old School House, Guilford 117 

Guilford Trust Co.. Bldg 119 

Guilford Memorial Library- 121 

Rev. Thomas Macomber 123 

Robert Low 123 

Joseph Kelsey 124 

David R. Straw, Sr • 124 

David R. Straw, Jr 125 

Henry Hudson, Sr 125 

Addison Martin 126 

Samuel Webber rj 126 

Howard and Betsey E. Turner ft 127 

George H. Douglass 127 

Robinson Turner 128 

Moses Guilford Low 128 

John Morgan 129 

Joseph Kelsey Edes 129 

Maj. Stephen Ellis ijjq 

Henry Douglass \ 131 

Columbus W. Ellis '. 131 

John Ramsey Pollock 130 

David Pearson 132 

Joseph Cousins 133 

Archie Houston ..." 133 

Charles ST. Rand 134 

James H. Hudson 134 

Henry Hudson, Jr ; ; 135 

Rev. George A. Martin 136 

John Houston mmm 137 

Charles D. Shaw 137 

Paul H. Knowlton .* 138 

Zadoc L. Turner 13g 

John E. French 139 

Marcellus L. Hussey 139 

Charles Sumner Bennett 140 

Charles F. Scales 140 

Mellen F. Ellis ; ............ Ill 

William E. Wise ^.. ........... .. 141 

Ralph H. Marsh, M. D \\\ 140 

Micajah Hudson 1^2 

Harry W. Davis \\ 14J 

Sarah (Lucas) Martin 14 4 


Otis Martin .' 

John Scales .... 

Samuel H. Boardruan 

John S. Williams 

Thomas Shaw House at Standish.. 

Scene on Pleasant River 

An Old Time Kitchen 

On West Branch Penobscot River. 

Block House at Wiscasset 

Todd's Head, Eastport 

Sir Hiram Maxim 

Map of Brockway's Mills 

Isaac Maxim 

Harriet Boston (Stevens) Maxim . 

Baron St. Castin 

Bagaduce River 

Historic Ground in Castine 




-- .J)